Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who seldom or never read scripture

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 16,085. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 14% 58% 14% 2% 16,085
2007 11% 12% 67% 8% 3% 15,857

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who seldom or never read scripture by religious group

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 147. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 4% 25% 45% 21% 4% 147
Catholic 19% 10% 57% 12% 2% 3,807
Evangelical Protestant 27% 8% 57% 6% 1% 1,462
Hindu 2% 20% 49% 27% 2% 120
Historically Black Protestant 29% 5% 57% 7% 2% 308
Jewish 6% 17% 57% 17% 3% 580
Mainline Protestant 14% 12% 64% 8% 2% 2,641
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 4% 17% 59% 18% 2% 6,116

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,871. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 16% 31% 30% 23% 1,871
Philosophy/reason 33% 33% 22% 12% 2,307
Common sense 25% 34% 25% 16% 9,038
Science 32% 36% 20% 12% 2,226
Don't know 19% 28% 30% 23% 378

Generational cohort among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,871. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 10% 12% 24% 37% 14% 2% 1,871
Philosophy/reason 23% 19% 25% 25% 7% 1% 2,307
Common sense 15% 16% 27% 30% 10% 1% 9,038
Science 21% 19% 28% 24% 7% 1% 2,226
Don't know 9% 15% 23% 36% 15% 2% 378

Gender composition among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 46% 54% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 55% 45% 2,345
Common sense 53% 47% 9,183
Science 59% 41% 2,263
Don't know 54% 46% 397

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,875. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 66% 10% 3% 18% 3% 1,875
Philosophy/reason 73% 4% 6% 13% 3% 2,324
Common sense 75% 6% 4% 11% 3% 9,072
Science 67% 5% 8% 17% 4% 2,239
Don't know 72% 5% 4% 16% 3% 375

Immigrant status among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,860. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 17% 10% 73% 1,860
Philosophy/reason 14% 15% 71% 2,320
Common sense 11% 11% 78% 9,091
Science 22% 14% 65% 2,234
Don't know 15% 13% 72% 387

Income distribution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,630. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 40% 20% 24% 15% 1,630
Philosophy/reason 26% 18% 27% 28% 2,100
Common sense 29% 20% 28% 22% 8,088
Science 28% 17% 27% 28% 2,022
Don't know 33% 23% 25% 19% 287

Educational distribution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,880. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 53% 27% 12% 8% 1,880
Philosophy/reason 26% 32% 24% 18% 2,337
Common sense 41% 32% 17% 10% 9,149
Science 31% 26% 24% 19% 2,249
Don't know 36% 30% 20% 13% 389

Marital status among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,889. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 7% 14% 8% 21% 1,889
Philosophy/reason 40% 11% 12% 3% 34% 2,337
Common sense 46% 10% 12% 5% 27% 9,158
Science 43% 10% 10% 3% 34% 2,250
Don't know 43% 6% 12% 10% 29% 389

Parent of children under 18 among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,887. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 28% 72% 1,887
Philosophy/reason 23% 77% 2,339
Common sense 27% 73% 9,157
Science 29% 71% 2,257
Don't know 23% 77% 395

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 76% 18% 3% 1% 2% < 1% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 28% 28% 13% 1% 25% 5% 2,345
Common sense 39% 30% 10% 1% 16% 4% 9,183
Science 22% 25% 12% 1% 37% 4% 2,263
Don't know 44% 26% 7% 5% 12% 7% 397

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 65% 28% 5% 2% < 1% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 14% 31% 25% 28% 1% 2,345
Common sense 20% 37% 22% 20% 1% 9,183
Science 13% 27% 22% 38% < 1% 2,263
Don't know 33% 31% 15% 17% 4% 397

Attendance at religious services among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 32% 40% 28% < 1% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 7% 34% 58% < 1% 2,345
Common sense 9% 36% 55% < 1% 9,183
Science 6% 32% 63% < 1% 2,263
Don't know 17% 32% 49% 2% 397

Frequency of prayer among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 22% 7% 14% < 1% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 20% 17% 9% 53% 1% 2,345
Common sense 26% 18% 10% 45% 1% 9,183
Science 15% 13% 8% 64% < 1% 2,263
Don't know 36% 14% 8% 39% 3% 397

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 11% 6% 7% 75% < 1% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 2% 3% 4% 91% < 1% 2,345
Common sense 3% 2% 4% 91% < 1% 9,183
Science 2% 2% 4% 92% < 1% 2,263
Don't know 7% 2% 4% 86% 1% 397

Frequency of meditation among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 30% 6% 4% 59% 2% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 29% 12% 6% 53% < 1% 2,345
Common sense 23% 8% 5% 64% 1% 9,183
Science 21% 9% 6% 63% 1% 2,263
Don't know 35% 8% 4% 49% 4% 397

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 55% 15% 12% 17% 1% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 41% 20% 13% 25% 1% 2,345
Common sense 37% 17% 13% 30% 1% 9,183
Science 36% 16% 13% 33% 1% 2,263
Don't know 51% 12% 6% 24% 6% 397

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 34% 13% 16% 36% 2% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 52% 18% 13% 17% < 1% 2,345
Common sense 36% 16% 15% 32% 1% 9,183
Science 44% 16% 15% 24% 1% 2,263
Don't know 44% 10% 11% 29% 7% 397

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 35% 63% 1% 1% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 20% 77% 2% 1% 2,345
Common sense 23% 75% 1% 1% 9,183
Science 19% 80% 1% 1% 2,263
Don't know 21% 65% 5% 9% 397

Interpreting scripture among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 36% 3% 18% 7% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 6% 15% 1% 72% 7% 2,345
Common sense 11% 23% 1% 57% 8% 9,183
Science 8% 13% < 1% 73% 6% 2,263
Don't know 12% 18% 6% 41% 24% 397

Belief in Heaven among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 88% 7% 4% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 42% 48% 9% 2,345
Common sense 58% 33% 9% 9,183
Science 39% 55% 6% 2,263
Don't know 54% 28% 19% 397

Belief in Hell among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 71% 23% 7% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 29% 64% 8% 2,345
Common sense 41% 49% 9% 9,183
Science 27% 67% 6% 2,263
Don't know 36% 40% 24% 397

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 40% 19% 41% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 24% 16% 60% 2,345
Common sense 34% 20% 47% 9,183
Science 21% 18% 61% 2,263
Don't know 25% 32% 44% 397

Political ideology among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 41% 31% 20% 8% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 16% 37% 44% 4% 2,345
Common sense 25% 38% 29% 7% 9,183
Science 18% 33% 45% 4% 2,263
Don't know 21% 34% 25% 19% 397

Views about size of government among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 44% 3% 3% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 45% 48% 3% 3% 2,345
Common sense 53% 40% 3% 4% 9,183
Science 40% 55% 3% 2% 2,263
Don't know 35% 36% 9% 20% 397

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 49% 45% 3% 2% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 31% 64% 4% 1% 2,345
Common sense 46% 49% 4% 2% 9,183
Science 32% 64% 3% 1% 2,263
Don't know 24% 50% 12% 14% 397

Views about abortion among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 44% 52% 5% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 77% 20% 3% 2,345
Common sense 71% 25% 4% 9,183
Science 77% 20% 3% 2,263
Don't know 57% 26% 18% 397

Views about homosexuality among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 59% 32% 5% 4% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 90% 6% 2% 1% 2,345
Common sense 79% 15% 3% 3% 9,183
Science 86% 10% 2% 2% 2,263
Don't know 68% 13% 8% 11% 397

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 45% 8% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 85% 12% 4% 2,345
Common sense 71% 21% 7% 9,183
Science 82% 14% 4% 2,263
Don't know 63% 16% 21% 397

Views about environmental regulation among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 44% 51% 2% 3% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 22% 73% 2% 2% 2,345
Common sense 34% 61% 2% 3% 9,183
Science 24% 73% 1% 2% 2,263
Don't know 22% 57% 8% 13% 397

Views about human evolution among adults who seldom or never read scripture by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who seldom or never read scripture who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 19% 34% 4% 39% 5% 1,897
Philosophy/reason 66% 18% 4% 10% 2% 2,345
Common sense 50% 22% 5% 19% 3% 9,183
Science 72% 12% 3% 11% 1% 2,263
Don't know 36% 19% 17% 9% 19% 397