Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults with a household income of less than $30,000

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 10% 45% 9% 2% 8,845
2007 32% 7% 52% 6% 3% 8,068

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by religious group

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 33% 9% 44% 11% 2% 1,812
Evangelical Protestant 56% 6% 33% 3% 2% 2,370
Historically Black Protestant 45% 7% 42% 5% 2% 791
Jehovah's Witness 77% 1% 14% 5% 3% 102
Mainline Protestant 31% 10% 52% 6% 2% 1,208
Mormon 58% 4% 28% 7% 3% 131
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 10% 16% 57% 15% 2% 1,852

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 3,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 18% 31% 28% 23% 3,146
Philosophy/reason 43% 28% 18% 11% 825
Common sense 28% 30% 24% 18% 3,875
Science 37% 33% 17% 13% 702
Don't know 24% 32% 22% 22% 220

Generational cohort among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 3,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 11% 13% 25% 33% 16% 2% 3,146
Philosophy/reason 25% 25% 21% 20% 8% 1% 825
Common sense 16% 18% 23% 29% 12% 1% 3,875
Science 22% 23% 24% 21% 9% 1% 702
Don't know 11% 18% 26% 26% 18% 1% 220

Gender composition among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 38% 62% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 47% 53% 829
Common sense 43% 57% 3,903
Science 52% 48% 706
Don't know 49% 51% 223

Racial and ethnic composition among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 3,160. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 20% 2% 24% 4% 3,160
Philosophy/reason 52% 14% 3% 26% 5% 821
Common sense 57% 17% 3% 18% 5% 3,863
Science 45% 10% 5% 35% 5% 703
Don't know 48% 14% 3% 30% 5% 217

Immigrant status among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 3,133. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 22% 7% 71% 3,133
Philosophy/reason 20% 14% 66% 815
Common sense 14% 11% 75% 3,832
Science 35% 14% 51% 689
Don't know 27% 6% 67% 216

Educational distribution among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 3,173. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 63% 29% 6% 2% 3,173
Philosophy/reason 48% 36% 12% 5% 827
Common sense 62% 30% 6% 2% 3,893
Science 59% 27% 10% 5% 703
Don't know 54% 34% 8% 4% 221

Marital status among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 3,175. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 35% 7% 20% 13% 25% 3,175
Philosophy/reason 21% 12% 18% 6% 44% 827
Common sense 25% 12% 21% 10% 32% 3,893
Science 23% 13% 16% 5% 43% 702
Don't know 23% 6% 22% 17% 31% 219

Parent of children under 18 among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 3,177. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 29% 71% 3,177
Philosophy/reason 25% 75% 828
Common sense 29% 71% 3,895
Science 26% 74% 706
Don't know 29% 71% 223

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 85% 12% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 51% 23% 9% 1% 12% 4% 829
Common sense 59% 23% 7% 1% 8% 2% 3,903
Science 40% 28% 9% 1% 20% 2% 706
Don't know 70% 18% 3% 5% 3% 2% 223

Importance of religion in one's life among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 87% 11% 1% 1% < 1% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 40% 30% 15% 15% < 1% 829
Common sense 44% 31% 12% 12% 1% 3,903
Science 35% 31% 14% 19% 1% 706
Don't know 62% 22% 4% 6% 6% 223

Attendance at religious services among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 59% 27% 13% 1% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 20% 36% 43% 1% 829
Common sense 24% 36% 40% < 1% 3,903
Science 18% 35% 46% 1% 706
Don't know 31% 35% 28% 6% 223

Frequency of prayer among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 81% 12% 2% 4% 1% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 45% 18% 6% 30% 1% 829
Common sense 51% 17% 7% 24% 1% 3,903
Science 35% 19% 9% 36% 1% 706
Don't know 64% 15% 3% 14% 3% 223

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 13% 8% 31% 1% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 15% 10% 9% 66% < 1% 829
Common sense 17% 9% 8% 66% 1% 3,903
Science 13% 11% 8% 68% 1% 706
Don't know 25% 12% 8% 50% 5% 223

Frequency of meditation among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 58% 7% 3% 29% 2% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 45% 10% 4% 40% < 1% 829
Common sense 38% 9% 4% 48% 1% 3,903
Science 35% 12% 5% 46% 2% 706
Don't know 48% 6% 5% 35% 7% 223

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 77% 10% 5% 7% 1% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 53% 15% 10% 21% 1% 829
Common sense 50% 17% 10% 22% 1% 3,903
Science 48% 13% 12% 25% 1% 706
Don't know 66% 9% 9% 12% 5% 223

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 14% 10% 22% 2% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 61% 11% 10% 17% 1% 829
Common sense 43% 15% 11% 30% 1% 3,903
Science 45% 13% 14% 27% 1% 706
Don't know 51% 7% 12% 20% 9% 223

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 40% 57% 1% 1% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 20% 77% 2% 1% 829
Common sense 23% 75% 1% 1% 3,903
Science 24% 74% 1% 1% 706
Don't know 26% 56% 6% 12% 223

Frequency of reading scripture among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 66% 11% 4% 18% 1% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 27% 12% 11% 50% < 1% 829
Common sense 27% 12% 9% 51% 1% 3,903
Science 18% 11% 9% 61% 1% 706
Don't know 43% 11% 8% 36% 3% 223

Interpreting scripture among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 63% 23% 3% 7% 5% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 23% 23% 1% 46% 7% 829
Common sense 29% 25% 2% 35% 9% 3,903
Science 30% 16% 1% 47% 6% 706
Don't know 32% 18% 15% 17% 18% 223

Belief in Heaven among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 90% 6% 4% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 62% 28% 10% 829
Common sense 75% 18% 7% 3,903
Science 58% 34% 7% 706
Don't know 76% 12% 12% 223

Belief in Hell among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 78% 15% 6% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 47% 44% 9% 829
Common sense 59% 33% 9% 3,903
Science 48% 46% 6% 706
Don't know 58% 19% 23% 223

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 34% 22% 44% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 21% 22% 57% 829
Common sense 25% 23% 52% 3,903
Science 19% 24% 57% 706
Don't know 21% 40% 39% 223

Political ideology among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 45% 27% 19% 9% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 21% 34% 39% 6% 829
Common sense 27% 36% 27% 9% 3,903
Science 27% 28% 40% 5% 706
Don't know 28% 25% 29% 18% 223

Views about size of government among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 39% 55% 3% 4% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 37% 57% 3% 4% 829
Common sense 39% 55% 3% 4% 3,903
Science 30% 66% 2% 2% 706
Don't know 30% 44% 8% 18% 223

Views about government aid to the poor among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 56% 4% 2% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 29% 66% 4% 2% 829
Common sense 34% 59% 4% 3% 3,903
Science 35% 61% 2% 2% 706
Don't know 25% 50% 16% 10% 223

Views about abortion among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 30% 65% 5% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 62% 35% 3% 829
Common sense 58% 37% 5% 3,903
Science 59% 37% 4% 706
Don't know 35% 46% 19% 223

Views about homosexuality among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 39% 53% 4% 4% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 77% 18% 3% 2% 829
Common sense 70% 23% 3% 3% 3,903
Science 75% 19% 3% 3% 706
Don't know 47% 29% 12% 12% 223

Views about same-sex marriage among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 29% 63% 8% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 70% 23% 6% 829
Common sense 59% 32% 9% 3,903
Science 67% 27% 6% 706
Don't know 42% 33% 26% 223

Views about environmental regulation among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 43% 50% 2% 5% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 28% 67% 2% 3% 829
Common sense 39% 55% 2% 4% 3,903
Science 33% 63% 1% 3% 706
Don't know 25% 50% 9% 16% 223

Views about human evolution among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,184. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 13% 27% 3% 52% 6% 3,184
Philosophy/reason 46% 24% 5% 22% 3% 829
Common sense 34% 25% 4% 33% 5% 3,903
Science 52% 15% 3% 27% 3% 706
Don't know 11% 20% 15% 29% 26% 223