Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,811. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 60% 4% 30% 5% 2% 9,811
2007 51% 4% 39% 3% 3% 11,149

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by religious group

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 44% 8% 36% 10% 2% 1,545
Evangelical Protestant 73% 2% 21% 2% 2% 4,757
Historically Black Protestant 55% 5% 36% 3% 2% 1,094
Jehovah's Witness 81% < 1% 14% 2% 3% 107
Mainline Protestant 52% 4% 38% 4% 2% 1,266
Mormon 75% 1% 14% 5% 5% 210
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 37% 7% 46% 8% 2% 546

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 6,008. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 13% 34% 31% 22% 6,008
Philosophy/reason 23% 33% 28% 15% 365
Common sense 16% 34% 29% 21% 2,673
Science 22% 41% 23% 14% 354
Don't know 13% 29% 28% 30% 196

Generational cohort among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 6,008. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 8% 11% 28% 37% 15% 2% 6,008
Philosophy/reason 16% 13% 28% 32% 10% 2% 365
Common sense 10% 11% 29% 34% 14% 2% 2,673
Science 14% 17% 32% 26% 9% 2% 354
Don't know 7% 9% 26% 33% 23% 2% 196

Gender composition among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 41% 59% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 48% 52% 373
Common sense 45% 55% 2,716
Science 51% 49% 361
Don't know 49% 51% 207

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 6,082. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 61% 17% 2% 16% 3% 6,082
Philosophy/reason 45% 21% 2% 28% 3% 368
Common sense 53% 24% 3% 17% 3% 2,689
Science 30% 17% 4% 46% 3% 358
Don't know 60% 14% < 1% 19% 6% 192

Immigrant status among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 6,070. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 15% 7% 78% 6,070
Philosophy/reason 24% 11% 66% 359
Common sense 16% 8% 76% 2,664
Science 47% 11% 43% 351
Don't know 16% 7% 77% 201

Income distribution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 5,245. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 22% 25% 11% 5,245
Philosophy/reason 59% 17% 13% 11% 319
Common sense 51% 22% 18% 9% 2,303
Science 62% 21% 12% 6% 313
Don't know 52% 23% 17% 8% 145

Educational distribution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 6,112. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 32% 12% 6% 6,112
Philosophy/reason 60% 24% 10% 5% 370
Common sense 64% 26% 7% 3% 2,699
Science 67% 21% 6% 6% 355
Don't know 52% 33% 11% 4% 205

Marital status among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 6,130. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 4% 14% 9% 17% 6,130
Philosophy/reason 36% 8% 18% 9% 30% 371
Common sense 45% 8% 16% 9% 22% 2,703
Science 37% 9% 15% 6% 33% 361
Don't know 42% 5% 21% 16% 16% 203

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 6,130. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 31% 69% 6,130
Philosophy/reason 30% 70% 373
Common sense 30% 70% 2,713
Science 32% 68% 360
Don't know 26% 74% 200

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 92% 7% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 80% 15% 3% 2% < 1% < 1% 373
Common sense 84% 12% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 2,716
Science 67% 26% 4% 2% 1% < 1% 361
Don't know 86% 10% < 1% 4% < 1% 1% 207

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 93% 6% 1% < 1% < 1% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 73% 19% 4% 4% < 1% 373
Common sense 72% 23% 3% 2% < 1% 2,716
Science 70% 23% 4% 2% < 1% 361
Don't know 84% 10% 1% 2% 4% 207

Attendance at religious services among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 72% 20% 8% < 1% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 42% 37% 20% 1% 373
Common sense 42% 38% 20% 1% 2,716
Science 38% 39% 21% 1% 361
Don't know 57% 27% 15% 2% 207

Frequency of prayer among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 87% 9% 1% 2% < 1% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 67% 21% 4% 7% < 1% 373
Common sense 70% 17% 5% 8% 1% 2,716
Science 63% 20% 6% 12% < 1% 361
Don't know 79% 12% 2% 4% 4% 207

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 56% 13% 8% 22% 1% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 34% 13% 11% 40% 1% 373
Common sense 31% 13% 11% 44% 1% 2,716
Science 32% 17% 11% 40% < 1% 361
Don't know 43% 12% 7% 35% 3% 207

Frequency of meditation among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 58% 6% 3% 31% 3% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 49% 7% 2% 40% 1% 373
Common sense 44% 8% 4% 43% 2% 2,716
Science 50% 10% 3% 34% 2% 361
Don't know 56% 2% 4% 30% 8% 207

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 83% 8% 4% 4% 1% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 65% 12% 7% 14% 1% 373
Common sense 65% 15% 8% 11% 1% 2,716
Science 61% 13% 11% 14% 1% 361
Don't know 67% 7% 8% 9% 8% 207

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 14% 9% 24% 2% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 46% 13% 10% 28% 2% 373
Common sense 39% 15% 12% 32% 2% 2,716
Science 44% 10% 18% 27% < 1% 361
Don't know 44% 8% 14% 27% 8% 207

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 43% 1% 1% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 28% 70% 1% 1% 373
Common sense 31% 66% 1% 2% 2,716
Science 30% 67% 1% 2% 361
Don't know 35% 52% 4% 9% 207

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 74% 10% 4% 11% 1% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 48% 15% 8% 28% 1% 373
Common sense 45% 13% 10% 31% 1% 2,716
Science 39% 14% 11% 35% 1% 361
Don't know 60% 11% 5% 20% 4% 207

Belief in Heaven among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 90% 5% 5% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 90% 5% 6% 373
Common sense 94% 4% 3% 2,716
Science 89% 7% 4% 361
Don't know 87% 5% 9% 207

Belief in Hell among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 85% 9% 6% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 76% 17% 7% 373
Common sense 79% 15% 7% 2,716
Science 77% 18% 5% 361
Don't know 73% 15% 13% 207

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 51% 17% 32% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 31% 22% 48% 373
Common sense 34% 19% 47% 2,716
Science 29% 19% 53% 361
Don't know 34% 33% 33% 207

Political ideology among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 60% 22% 11% 7% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 41% 29% 25% 5% 373
Common sense 41% 31% 19% 9% 2,716
Science 42% 25% 27% 5% 361
Don't know 43% 26% 17% 15% 207

Views about size of government among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 56% 39% 2% 3% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 36% 60% 1% 3% 373
Common sense 42% 53% 2% 3% 2,716
Science 24% 74% < 1% 2% 361
Don't know 44% 36% 6% 14% 207

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 42% 4% 2% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 44% 50% 4% 2% 373
Common sense 47% 48% 3% 2% 2,716
Science 43% 52% 2% 3% 361
Don't know 43% 31% 11% 14% 207

Views about abortion among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 24% 73% 4% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 42% 53% 5% 373
Common sense 44% 51% 5% 2,716
Science 46% 49% 5% 361
Don't know 29% 55% 17% 207

Views about homosexuality among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 28% 64% 4% 4% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 53% 41% 3% 3% 373
Common sense 49% 43% 4% 4% 2,716
Science 58% 35% 4% 2% 361
Don't know 31% 45% 11% 12% 207

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 19% 75% 7% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 44% 50% 6% 373
Common sense 37% 53% 10% 2,716
Science 46% 47% 7% 361
Don't know 18% 61% 21% 207

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 44% 2% 4% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 43% 53% 2% 3% 373
Common sense 47% 46% 2% 4% 2,716
Science 44% 51% 1% 3% 361
Don't know 42% 35% 6% 17% 207

Views about human evolution among adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of adults who say their holy scripture is the word of God and should be taken literally who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,154. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 7% 20% 2% 66% 5% 6,154
Philosophy/reason 22% 27% 3% 43% 6% 373
Common sense 17% 26% 2% 49% 6% 2,716
Science 28% 22% 2% 45% 3% 361
Don't know 6% 17% 8% 44% 25% 207