Sources of guidance on right and wrong among independents and those who don't lean to either party

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 5,658. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 9% 46% 9% 4% 5,658
2007 26% 7% 53% 6% 7% 5,770

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among independents and those who don't lean to either party by religious group

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 31% 11% 46% 10% 3% 1,158
Evangelical Protestant 55% 4% 34% 3% 4% 1,230
Historically Black Protestant 55% 5% 31% 5% 4% 184
Jehovah's Witness 82% < 1% 11% 1% 5% 188
Mainline Protestant 29% 7% 55% 5% 4% 822
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 10% 15% 58% 14% 4% 1,474

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,697. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 19% 38% 26% 16% 1,697
Philosophy/reason 39% 38% 15% 7% 528
Common sense 25% 39% 23% 13% 2,440
Science 35% 39% 16% 10% 452
Don't know 24% 33% 27% 16% 267

Generational cohort among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,697. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 12% 15% 31% 31% 11% 1% 1,697
Philosophy/reason 23% 26% 29% 18% 4% < 1% 528
Common sense 14% 19% 31% 28% 8% 1% 2,440
Science 22% 21% 31% 20% 6% < 1% 452
Don't know 16% 14% 27% 30% 12% 2% 267

Gender composition among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 39% 61% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 59% 41% 544
Common sense 50% 50% 2,555
Science 63% 37% 471
Don't know 57% 43% 302

Racial and ethnic composition among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,731. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 51% 13% 3% 28% 5% 1,731
Philosophy/reason 54% 7% 6% 28% 5% 534
Common sense 65% 6% 5% 18% 5% 2,478
Science 48% 6% 11% 30% 5% 459
Don't know 62% 6% 3% 21% 9% 267

Immigrant status among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,732. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 28% 8% 65% 1,732
Philosophy/reason 28% 13% 59% 528
Common sense 18% 9% 73% 2,470
Science 35% 11% 53% 456
Don't know 22% 9% 69% 283

Income distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,335. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 21% 19% 9% 1,335
Philosophy/reason 47% 20% 18% 15% 436
Common sense 47% 19% 22% 12% 1,993
Science 49% 16% 21% 14% 386
Don't know 49% 20% 21% 10% 191

Educational distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 55% 29% 10% 6% 1,754
Philosophy/reason 43% 32% 17% 8% 541
Common sense 52% 32% 11% 5% 2,512
Science 50% 24% 15% 10% 461
Don't know 43% 28% 16% 12% 292

Marital status among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,763. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 6% 15% 8% 20% 1,763
Philosophy/reason 39% 10% 14% 3% 34% 543
Common sense 42% 11% 15% 6% 26% 2,517
Science 37% 10% 14% 3% 36% 464
Don't know 41% 4% 17% 7% 31% 289

Parent of children under 18 among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,769. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 35% 65% 1,769
Philosophy/reason 30% 70% 541
Common sense 33% 67% 2,536
Science 28% 72% 469
Don't know 26% 74% 292

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 84% 13% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 44% 25% 11% 2% 15% 4% 544
Common sense 53% 24% 7% 1% 10% 4% 2,555
Science 39% 26% 5% < 1% 26% 4% 471
Don't know 66% 14% 3% 5% 4% 8% 302

Importance of religion in one's life among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 85% 11% 1% 1% 1% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 32% 29% 21% 16% 2% 544
Common sense 36% 34% 14% 15% 1% 2,555
Science 26% 29% 15% 28% 1% 471
Don't know 55% 18% 6% 10% 10% 302

Attendance at religious services among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 62% 25% 12% 1% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 18% 33% 48% 1% 544
Common sense 20% 35% 45% 1% 2,555
Science 15% 31% 53% 1% 471
Don't know 36% 28% 26% 10% 302

Frequency of prayer among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 81% 10% 3% 4% 2% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 36% 18% 8% 37% 1% 544
Common sense 42% 16% 8% 32% 1% 2,555
Science 29% 14% 8% 48% 1% 471
Don't know 54% 13% 3% 18% 10% 302

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 12% 8% 30% 2% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 15% 8% 9% 68% 1% 544
Common sense 13% 6% 7% 72% 1% 2,555
Science 10% 5% 7% 77% 1% 471
Don't know 28% 5% 8% 50% 8% 302

Frequency of meditation among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 6% 3% 30% 4% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 41% 9% 4% 44% 1% 544
Common sense 33% 8% 4% 53% 2% 2,555
Science 31% 9% 5% 51% 3% 471
Don't know 49% 5% 2% 36% 8% 302

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 76% 10% 5% 7% 2% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 56% 12% 11% 18% 3% 544
Common sense 48% 15% 10% 24% 3% 2,555
Science 46% 12% 11% 28% 3% 471
Don't know 65% 6% 5% 14% 9% 302

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 53% 11% 9% 23% 4% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 59% 11% 10% 20% 1% 544
Common sense 39% 14% 13% 31% 2% 2,555
Science 48% 13% 12% 26% 1% 471
Don't know 53% 7% 11% 20% 10% 302

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 41% 54% 2% 2% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 19% 77% 3% 1% 544
Common sense 24% 73% 2% 1% 2,555
Science 22% 75% 1% 2% 471
Don't know 31% 50% 10% 9% 302

Frequency of reading scripture among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 66% 9% 5% 18% 1% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 21% 12% 10% 55% 1% 544
Common sense 20% 9% 8% 61% 1% 2,555
Science 15% 6% 8% 69% 2% 471
Don't know 40% 10% 7% 37% 6% 302

Interpreting scripture among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 55% 26% 6% 7% 6% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 16% 17% 2% 51% 14% 544
Common sense 20% 23% 3% 41% 13% 2,555
Science 17% 17% 1% 55% 10% 471
Don't know 23% 20% 12% 23% 22% 302

Belief in Heaven among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 84% 8% 8% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 50% 35% 15% 544
Common sense 66% 23% 11% 2,555
Science 50% 41% 9% 471
Don't know 62% 17% 22% 302

Belief in Hell among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 68% 23% 9% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 39% 48% 13% 544
Common sense 48% 40% 11% 2,555
Science 42% 51% 7% 471
Don't know 46% 29% 25% 302

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 34% 25% 14% 27% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 19% 40% 27% 14% 544
Common sense 21% 37% 21% 21% 2,555
Science 21% 36% 28% 15% 471
Don't know 25% 30% 14% 31% 302

Views about size of government among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 43% 45% 5% 7% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 52% 38% 5% 5% 544
Common sense 49% 40% 4% 6% 2,555
Science 41% 51% 3% 5% 471
Don't know 39% 25% 15% 21% 302

Views about government aid to the poor among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 41% 49% 6% 4% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 38% 51% 8% 3% 544
Common sense 44% 46% 5% 4% 2,555
Science 38% 55% 4% 3% 471
Don't know 28% 38% 18% 16% 302

Views about abortion among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 26% 68% 6% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 62% 33% 5% 544
Common sense 58% 34% 8% 2,555
Science 59% 34% 7% 471
Don't know 38% 35% 27% 302

Views about homosexuality among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 36% 50% 8% 7% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 77% 13% 7% 3% 544
Common sense 69% 20% 5% 6% 2,555
Science 77% 16% 4% 3% 471
Don't know 46% 26% 11% 18% 302

Views about same-sex marriage among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 27% 59% 13% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 71% 20% 9% 544
Common sense 60% 26% 14% 2,555
Science 70% 19% 11% 471
Don't know 35% 29% 36% 302

Views about environmental regulation among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 37% 51% 4% 8% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 29% 63% 4% 5% 544
Common sense 36% 54% 4% 6% 2,555
Science 33% 60% 3% 4% 471
Don't know 26% 44% 13% 17% 302

Views about human evolution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,786. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 10% 26% 3% 53% 8% 1,786
Philosophy/reason 48% 21% 7% 19% 6% 544
Common sense 36% 23% 7% 27% 7% 2,555
Science 54% 16% 5% 21% 3% 471
Don't know 19% 17% 16% 24% 24% 302