Sources of guidance on right and wrong among liberals

% of liberals who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,504. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 18% 17% 48% 15% 2% 8,504
2007 16% 15% 58% 8% 3% 6,809

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among liberals by religious group

% of liberals who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 136. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 5% 36% 43% 11% 5% 136
Catholic 25% 13% 48% 14% 2% 1,474
Evangelical Protestant 38% 11% 42% 6% 3% 937
Historically Black Protestant 42% 7% 43% 4% 3% 467
Jewish 8% 19% 49% 20% 4% 394
Mainline Protestant 19% 16% 53% 9% 3% 1,259
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 5% 23% 50% 21% 1% 3,107

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,374. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 18% 37% 29% 17% 1,374
Philosophy/reason 36% 33% 20% 11% 1,567
Common sense 27% 35% 24% 14% 3,897
Science 31% 39% 18% 12% 1,316
Don't know 16% 26% 30% 28% 236

Generational cohort among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,374. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 12% 13% 29% 34% 11% 1% 1,374
Philosophy/reason 22% 21% 25% 25% 6% 1% 1,567
Common sense 17% 18% 27% 29% 8% 1% 3,897
Science 18% 21% 31% 22% 8% 1% 1,316
Don't know 13% 5% 24% 37% 18% 3% 236

Gender composition among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 43% 57% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 48% 52% 1,588
Common sense 44% 56% 3,947
Science 50% 50% 1,336
Don't know 39% 61% 241

Racial and ethnic composition among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,375. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 24% 3% 26% 4% 1,375
Philosophy/reason 68% 7% 6% 15% 4% 1,569
Common sense 64% 12% 5% 15% 4% 3,903
Science 62% 6% 9% 19% 5% 1,323
Don't know 65% 13% 4% 16% 3% 235

Immigrant status among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 25% 10% 65% 1,367
Philosophy/reason 17% 16% 67% 1,575
Common sense 15% 13% 72% 3,892
Science 24% 14% 62% 1,317
Don't know 18% 12% 69% 238

Income distribution among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 20% 18% 12% 1,260
Philosophy/reason 30% 17% 27% 26% 1,453
Common sense 35% 21% 25% 19% 3,596
Science 31% 17% 25% 27% 1,208
Don't know 41% 20% 20% 19% 191

Educational distribution among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,387. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 51% 28% 11% 10% 1,387
Philosophy/reason 22% 30% 26% 22% 1,581
Common sense 39% 30% 19% 12% 3,933
Science 27% 25% 24% 24% 1,327
Don't know 32% 31% 18% 19% 239

Marital status among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,385. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 41% 8% 18% 7% 25% 1,385
Philosophy/reason 39% 11% 13% 3% 34% 1,582
Common sense 40% 11% 13% 5% 31% 3,937
Science 41% 12% 12% 3% 32% 1,326
Don't know 41% 9% 14% 12% 24% 237

Parent of children under 18 among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,389. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 29% 71% 1,389
Philosophy/reason 24% 76% 1,588
Common sense 27% 73% 3,939
Science 29% 71% 1,331
Don't know 26% 74% 239

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 77% 18% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 31% 25% 12% 1% 26% 5% 1,588
Common sense 44% 25% 8% 1% 18% 3% 3,947
Science 24% 24% 10% 1% 38% 3% 1,336
Don't know 54% 19% 6% 3% 11% 7% 241

Importance of religion in one's life among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 80% 15% 3% 2% < 1% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 22% 28% 21% 28% 1% 1,588
Common sense 30% 30% 18% 21% 1% 3,947
Science 19% 25% 19% 37% < 1% 1,336
Don't know 49% 23% 6% 15% 7% 241

Attendance at religious services among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 33% 16% < 1% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 14% 34% 52% < 1% 1,588
Common sense 16% 35% 49% < 1% 3,947
Science 11% 30% 59% < 1% 1,336
Don't know 31% 32% 35% 2% 241

Frequency of prayer among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 74% 17% 3% 7% < 1% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 29% 17% 8% 46% 1% 1,588
Common sense 37% 16% 8% 39% 1% 3,947
Science 22% 13% 6% 58% < 1% 1,336
Don't know 57% 12% 3% 27% 2% 241

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 38% 13% 9% 40% < 1% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 9% 7% 7% 77% 1% 1,588
Common sense 10% 6% 5% 77% < 1% 3,947
Science 7% 6% 5% 82% < 1% 1,336
Don't know 23% 7% 11% 57% 3% 241

Frequency of meditation among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 52% 8% 5% 32% 3% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 41% 13% 5% 40% 1% 1,588
Common sense 34% 10% 6% 50% 1% 3,947
Science 28% 10% 6% 55% 1% 1,336
Don't know 48% 5% 4% 37% 6% 241

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 71% 12% 7% 10% 1% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 50% 19% 10% 19% 1% 1,588
Common sense 47% 17% 12% 23% 1% 3,947
Science 41% 18% 12% 28% 1% 1,336
Don't know 65% 9% 10% 12% 4% 241

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 13% 12% 23% 1% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 59% 17% 11% 12% 1% 1,588
Common sense 45% 17% 13% 24% 1% 3,947
Science 50% 16% 14% 19% < 1% 1,336
Don't know 54% 11% 13% 15% 8% 241

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 29% 68% 1% 2% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 17% 82% 1% < 1% 1,588
Common sense 17% 81% 1% 1% 3,947
Science 16% 82% < 1% 1% 1,336
Don't know 16% 70% 4% 10% 241

Frequency of reading scripture among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 54% 12% 8% 26% < 1% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 16% 10% 9% 65% 1% 1,588
Common sense 17% 8% 9% 66% < 1% 3,947
Science 8% 6% 7% 78% 1% 1,336
Don't know 35% 10% 8% 45% 3% 241

Interpreting scripture among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 28% 3% 15% 7% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 8% 15% < 1% 71% 6% 1,588
Common sense 15% 20% 1% 58% 6% 3,947
Science 11% 10% < 1% 74% 5% 1,336
Don't know 17% 12% 12% 39% 21% 241

Belief in Heaven among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 88% 8% 3% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 39% 53% 8% 1,588
Common sense 56% 37% 7% 3,947
Science 36% 57% 7% 1,336
Don't know 52% 27% 21% 241

Belief in Hell among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 71% 23% 6% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 24% 69% 7% 1,588
Common sense 40% 53% 7% 3,947
Science 26% 69% 4% 1,336
Don't know 40% 40% 19% 241

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 15% 19% 66% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 8% 11% 80% 1,588
Common sense 13% 15% 72% 3,947
Science 8% 12% 80% 1,336
Don't know 7% 21% 72% 241

Views about size of government among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 25% 68% 4% 3% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 25% 68% 3% 3% 1,588
Common sense 32% 61% 3% 4% 3,947
Science 23% 72% 3% 2% 1,336
Don't know 20% 51% 13% 15% 241

Views about government aid to the poor among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 28% 66% 3% 2% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 17% 80% 2% 1% 1,588
Common sense 27% 69% 3% 1% 3,947
Science 19% 78% 2% 1% 1,336
Don't know 14% 63% 14% 8% 241

Views about abortion among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 45% 4% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 84% 14% 2% 1,588
Common sense 75% 22% 3% 3,947
Science 81% 17% 3% 1,336
Don't know 61% 27% 12% 241

Views about homosexuality among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 36% 4% 3% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 90% 8% 1% < 1% 1,588
Common sense 84% 12% 2% 2% 3,947
Science 90% 8% 1% 1% 1,336
Don't know 70% 16% 6% 8% 241

Views about same-sex marriage among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 43% 7% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 90% 9% 2% 1,588
Common sense 80% 16% 5% 3,947
Science 88% 9% 3% 1,336
Don't know 64% 20% 16% 241

Views about environmental regulation among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 28% 67% 1% 3% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 12% 86% 1% 1% 1,588
Common sense 23% 74% 1% 2% 3,947
Science 14% 83% 1% 1% 1,336
Don't know 13% 65% 6% 15% 241

Views about human evolution among liberals by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of liberals who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,392. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 19% 32% 3% 42% 4% 1,392
Philosophy/reason 66% 18% 4% 10% 2% 1,588
Common sense 53% 22% 4% 18% 3% 3,947
Science 75% 12% 2% 10% 1% 1,336
Don't know 36% 15% 15% 13% 20% 241