Sources of guidance on right and wrong among whites

% of whites who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,900. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 11% 46% 8% 2% 24,900
2007 29% 9% 54% 5% 3% 27,309

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among whites by religious group

% of whites who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Religious tradition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 141. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 3% 31% 33% 22% 11% 141
Catholic 28% 10% 53% 7% 2% 4,827
Evangelical Protestant 60% 4% 30% 3% 2% 6,633
Jewish 16% 16% 50% 15% 4% 782
Mainline Protestant 29% 11% 52% 6% 3% 5,322
Mormon 67% 4% 23% 4% 3% 575
Orthodox Christian 25% 14% 50% 8% 3% 153
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 5% 18% 59% 16% 2% 5,490

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who are ages…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 7,976. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 13% 29% 32% 26% 7,976
Philosophy/reason 27% 33% 25% 15% 2,789
Common sense 19% 33% 28% 21% 10,874
Science 27% 34% 23% 16% 2,158
Don't know 14% 28% 28% 29% 673

Generational cohort among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 7,976. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 8% 9% 24% 39% 18% 2% 7,976
Philosophy/reason 17% 17% 26% 29% 10% 1% 2,789
Common sense 11% 13% 27% 33% 13% 1% 10,874
Science 18% 16% 28% 28% 10% 1% 2,158
Don't know 8% 9% 25% 35% 20% 3% 673

Gender composition among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 42% 58% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 55% 45% 2,824
Common sense 51% 49% 11,053
Science 56% 44% 2,194
Don't know 52% 48% 707

Immigrant status among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 8,058. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 3% 6% 91% 8,058
Philosophy/reason 6% 9% 85% 2,804
Common sense 4% 8% 88% 10,966
Science 7% 10% 83% 2,167
Don't know 4% 8% 88% 700

Income distribution among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who have a household income of…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 7,009. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 29% 21% 32% 18% 7,009
Philosophy/reason 24% 18% 30% 29% 2,562
Common sense 29% 20% 29% 22% 9,705
Science 24% 17% 30% 30% 1,970
Don't know 24% 26% 29% 21% 541

Educational distribution among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who have completed…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 8,094. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 39% 33% 17% 10% 8,094
Philosophy/reason 23% 31% 26% 20% 2,816
Common sense 41% 33% 17% 10% 11,013
Science 25% 28% 26% 21% 2,181
Don't know 30% 33% 21% 16% 699

Marital status among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 8,089. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 64% 3% 11% 9% 14% 8,089
Philosophy/reason 45% 10% 13% 5% 27% 2,817
Common sense 50% 9% 13% 7% 21% 11,021
Science 48% 8% 11% 4% 29% 2,179
Don't know 54% 5% 11% 12% 18% 698

Parent of children under 18 among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 8,093. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 28% 72% 8,093
Philosophy/reason 24% 76% 2,820
Common sense 26% 74% 11,030
Science 25% 75% 2,188
Don't know 23% 77% 701

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who say they…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 93% 6% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 38% 27% 10% 1% 20% 5% 2,824
Common sense 50% 27% 7% 1% 12% 3% 11,053
Science 28% 24% 10% < 1% 33% 5% 2,194
Don't know 66% 16% 3% 3% 6% 6% 707

Importance of religion in one's life among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who say religion is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 88% 10% 1% 1% < 1% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 26% 32% 20% 21% 1% 2,824
Common sense 32% 35% 17% 15% 1% 11,053
Science 18% 26% 21% 34% < 1% 2,194
Don't know 59% 20% 8% 9% 5% 707

Attendance at religious services among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who attend religious services…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 67% 23% 9% 1% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 16% 37% 46% < 1% 2,824
Common sense 18% 38% 44% < 1% 11,053
Science 11% 33% 55% < 1% 2,194
Don't know 38% 32% 27% 3% 707

Frequency of prayer among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who pray…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 85% 10% 2% 3% 1% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 32% 19% 8% 40% 1% 2,824
Common sense 39% 19% 8% 33% 1% 11,053
Science 21% 16% 6% 56% < 1% 2,194
Don't know 61% 14% 4% 18% 3% 707

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who attend prayer group…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 47% 12% 10% 31% 1% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 8% 6% 8% 77% < 1% 2,824
Common sense 10% 6% 7% 77% < 1% 11,053
Science 6% 4% 5% 84% < 1% 2,194
Don't know 23% 9% 8% 56% 3% 707

Frequency of meditation among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who meditate…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 50% 6% 3% 38% 2% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 38% 12% 6% 44% 1% 2,824
Common sense 28% 8% 5% 58% 1% 11,053
Science 25% 10% 5% 59% 1% 2,194
Don't know 44% 6% 4% 38% 7% 707

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 79% 11% 5% 4% 1% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 47% 20% 11% 20% 1% 2,824
Common sense 45% 17% 12% 24% 1% 11,053
Science 38% 19% 12% 30% 2% 2,194
Don't know 67% 10% 5% 11% 7% 707

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 48% 16% 11% 23% 2% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 55% 17% 12% 14% 1% 2,824
Common sense 39% 17% 15% 29% 1% 11,053
Science 50% 18% 13% 19% 1% 2,194
Don't know 50% 12% 11% 20% 7% 707

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 57% 40% 1% 1% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 24% 73% 2% 1% 2,824
Common sense 27% 71% 1% 1% 11,053
Science 20% 78% 1% 1% 2,194
Don't know 30% 57% 8% 5% 707

Frequency of reading scripture among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who read scripture…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 65% 11% 6% 17% 1% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 14% 11% 10% 64% < 1% 2,824
Common sense 16% 9% 9% 65% 1% 11,053
Science 10% 6% 7% 76% < 1% 2,194
Don't know 37% 10% 8% 41% 4% 707

Interpreting scripture among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who say the holy scripture is…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 53% 34% 4% 5% 4% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 8% 21% 1% 63% 7% 2,824
Common sense 16% 29% 2% 46% 8% 11,053
Science 8% 16% 1% 69% 6% 2,194
Don't know 20% 26% 10% 26% 18% 707

Belief in Heaven among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who …in heaven

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 88% 5% 6% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 50% 41% 9% 2,824
Common sense 67% 26% 8% 11,053
Science 42% 50% 7% 2,194
Don't know 67% 17% 17% 707

Belief in Hell among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who …in hell

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 80% 13% 7% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 33% 59% 8% 2,824
Common sense 49% 42% 9% 11,053
Science 30% 64% 6% 2,194
Don't know 48% 30% 22% 707

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who identify as…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 65% 14% 21% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 32% 13% 55% 2,824
Common sense 41% 18% 41% 11,053
Science 27% 14% 59% 2,194
Don't know 38% 28% 34% 707

Political ideology among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who are…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 62% 24% 9% 5% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 20% 36% 40% 3% 2,824
Common sense 31% 38% 24% 6% 11,053
Science 20% 36% 41% 3% 2,194
Don't know 36% 31% 21% 12% 707

Views about size of government among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who would rather have…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 73% 22% 2% 3% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 51% 42% 4% 3% 2,824
Common sense 61% 33% 3% 4% 11,053
Science 47% 47% 3% 3% 2,194
Don't know 48% 24% 10% 18% 707

Views about government aid to the poor among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who say government aid to the poor…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 60% 34% 4% 2% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 34% 61% 4% 1% 2,824
Common sense 49% 46% 3% 2% 11,053
Science 32% 64% 3% 2% 2,194
Don't know 34% 43% 13% 9% 707

Views about abortion among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who say abortion should be…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 26% 71% 3% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 73% 24% 3% 2,824
Common sense 66% 30% 4% 11,053
Science 78% 20% 3% 2,194
Don't know 48% 38% 14% 707

Views about homosexuality among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who say homosexuality…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 34% 58% 5% 4% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 85% 11% 2% 1% 2,824
Common sense 73% 21% 3% 3% 11,053
Science 84% 12% 2% 2% 2,194
Don't know 53% 27% 9% 11% 707

Views about same-sex marriage among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who …same-sex marriage

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 25% 69% 7% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 80% 16% 4% 2,824
Common sense 65% 28% 8% 11,053
Science 80% 15% 4% 2,194
Don't know 47% 37% 16% 707

Views about environmental regulation among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who say…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 51% 43% 3% 3% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 23% 73% 2% 2% 2,824
Common sense 38% 57% 2% 3% 11,053
Science 24% 74% 2% 1% 2,194
Don't know 32% 51% 7% 10% 707

Views about human evolution among whites by sources of guidance on right and wrong

% of whites who say humans…

Sources of guidance on right and wrong Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,122. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Religion 8% 26% 2% 60% 5% 8,122
Philosophy/reason 57% 23% 5% 13% 2% 2,824
Common sense 43% 26% 5% 23% 4% 11,053
Science 70% 15% 3% 10% 2% 2,194
Don't know 23% 22% 17% 24% 15% 707