Political ideology among adults in Pennsylvania

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,366. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 34% 23% 8% 1,366
2007 36% 38% 20% 6% 1,896

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

Political ideology among adults in Pennsylvania by religious group

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Religious tradition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 37% 44% 16% 3% 355
Evangelical Protestant 59% 21% 10% 9% 248
Mainline Protestant 39% 35% 19% 7% 344
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 17% 35% 38% 10% 243

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are ages…

Political ideology 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 494. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 15% 30% 30% 24% 494
Moderate 22% 34% 28% 17% 455
Liberal 30% 29% 23% 19% 318

Generational cohort among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Political ideology Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 494. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 10% 12% 23% 36% 17% 2% 494
Moderate 16% 9% 30% 33% 11% 1% 455
Liberal 20% 15% 23% 28% 12% 1% 318

Gender composition among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Political ideology Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 53% 47% 498
Moderate 48% 52% 462
Liberal 43% 57% 321

Racial and ethnic composition among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who identify as…

Political ideology White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 492. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 86% 7% 2% 3% 2% 492
Moderate 81% 10% 2% 5% 2% 456
Liberal 76% 12% 2% 7% 2% 318

Immigrant status among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Political ideology Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 492. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 4% 7% 89% 492
Moderate 5% 8% 87% 458
Liberal 11% 7% 82% 315

Income distribution among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who have a household income of…

Political ideology Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 430. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 34% 21% 25% 20% 430
Moderate 32% 22% 27% 20% 389
Liberal 36% 20% 23% 21% 282

Educational distribution among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who have completed…

Political ideology High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 497. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 51% 26% 15% 8% 497
Moderate 39% 31% 18% 13% 461
Liberal 42% 24% 19% 16% 319

Marital status among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Political ideology Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 495. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 60% 6% 7% 8% 18% 495
Moderate 47% 7% 10% 9% 27% 457
Liberal 39% 9% 13% 8% 32% 321

Parent of children under 18 among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who are…

Political ideology Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 496. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 28% 72% 496
Moderate 25% 75% 460
Liberal 27% 73% 320

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say they…

Political ideology Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 76% 15% 4% 1% 3% 2% 498
Moderate 53% 27% 6% < 1% 12% 2% 462
Liberal 45% 25% 8% 1% 18% 3% 321

Importance of religion in one's life among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say religion is…

Political ideology Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 70% 20% 6% 4% < 1% 498
Moderate 40% 32% 14% 13% 1% 462
Liberal 36% 26% 15% 23% < 1% 321

Attendance at religious services among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who attend religious services…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 49% 31% 20% 1% 498
Moderate 27% 41% 31% < 1% 462
Liberal 21% 33% 46% < 1% 321

Frequency of prayer among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who pray…

Political ideology At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 70% 14% 5% 11% < 1% 498
Moderate 46% 17% 8% 30% < 1% 462
Liberal 40% 17% 7% 36% < 1% 321

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who attend prayer group…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 34% 6% 12% 48% < 1% 498
Moderate 13% 8% 7% 72% < 1% 462
Liberal 15% 6% 7% 72% < 1% 321

Frequency of meditation among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who meditate…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 41% 8% 3% 46% 2% 498
Moderate 35% 7% 5% 52% 1% 462
Liberal 35% 12% 7% 45% < 1% 321

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 62% 18% 9% 11% 1% 498
Moderate 52% 17% 12% 19% < 1% 462
Liberal 50% 14% 12% 24% 1% 321

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 47% 18% 11% 23% 1% 498
Moderate 42% 19% 15% 24% < 1% 462
Liberal 47% 19% 12% 22% < 1% 321

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Political ideology Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 50% 6% 35% 7% 1% 498
Moderate 22% 9% 56% 10% 3% 462
Liberal 23% 14% 45% 18% 1% 321

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say…

Political ideology There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 54% 44% 2% < 1% 498
Moderate 28% 71% < 1% < 1% 462
Liberal 21% 78% 1% 1% 321

Frequency of reading scripture among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who read scripture…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 45% 7% 11% 36% 1% 498
Moderate 22% 11% 10% 57% < 1% 462
Liberal 21% 8% 10% 61% < 1% 321

Interpreting scripture among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say the holy scripture is…

Political ideology Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 43% 29% 2% 19% 6% 498
Moderate 20% 35% 2% 37% 5% 462
Liberal 21% 15% < 1% 58% 5% 321

Belief in Heaven among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who …in heaven

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 81% 11% 8% 498
Moderate 74% 22% 4% 462
Liberal 55% 37% 8% 321

Belief in Hell among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who …in hell

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 70% 22% 8% 498
Moderate 56% 38% 6% 462
Liberal 43% 50% 7% 321

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who identify as…

Political ideology Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 68% 10% 22% 498
Moderate 32% 12% 56% 462
Liberal 9% 16% 75% 321

Views about size of government among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who would rather have…

Political ideology Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 73% 23% 1% 2% 498
Moderate 59% 33% 3% 5% 462
Liberal 29% 65% 3% 3% 321

Views about government aid to the poor among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say government aid to the poor…

Political ideology Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 66% 27% 4% 2% 498
Moderate 46% 48% 4% 2% 462
Liberal 25% 73% 2% < 1% 321

Views about abortion among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say abortion should be…

Political ideology Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 34% 63% 3% 498
Moderate 59% 36% 5% 462
Liberal 70% 25% 5% 321

Views about homosexuality among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say homosexuality…

Political ideology Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 45% 48% 4% 3% 498
Moderate 72% 20% 5% 3% 462
Liberal 79% 16% 3% 3% 321

Views about same-sex marriage among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who …same-sex marriage

Political ideology Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 32% 58% 10% 498
Moderate 63% 27% 10% 462
Liberal 77% 17% 6% 321

Views about environmental regulation among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say…

Political ideology Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 64% 34% 1% 2% 498
Moderate 29% 65% 4% 3% 462
Liberal 21% 78% 1% 1% 321

Views about human evolution among adults in Pennsylvania by political ideology

% of adults in Pennsylvania who say humans…

Political ideology Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 17% 22% 2% 56% 4% 498
Moderate 40% 29% 3% 26% 2% 462
Liberal 55% 20% 4% 19% 2% 321