Orthodox Christianity in the 21st Century
Concentrated in Europe, Orthodox Christians have declined as share of the global Christian population, from 20% in 1910 to 12% today. But the Ethiopian community is highly observant and growing.
Religious Belief and National Belonging in Central and Eastern Europe
Religion has reasserted itself as an important part of individual and national identity in a region that was once dominated by atheist communist regimes.
In America, Does More Education Equal Less Religion?
Overall, U.S. adults with college degrees are less religious than others on some measures. However, Christians with higher levels of education appear to be just as religious as those with less schooling.
Restrictions on religion among the 25 most populous countries, 2007-2015
Among the world’s 25 most populous countries, Russia, Egypt, India, Pakistan, and Nigeria stand out as having the most restrictions on religion (as of the end of 2015) when both government restrictions and religious hostilities are taken into account.
Global Restrictions on Religion Rise Modestly in 2015, Reversing Downward Trend
Government restrictions on religion and social hostilities involving religion increased in 2015 for the first time in three years. Government harassment and use of force surged in Europe, as did social hostilities against Muslims.
The Changing Global Religious Landscape
More babies were born to Christian mothers than to members of any other religion in recent years. Less than 20 years from now, however, the number of babies born to Muslims is expected to modestly exceed births to Christians.
Americans Express Increasingly Warm Feelings Toward Religious Groups
Americans generally express more positive feelings toward various religious groups today than they did just a few years ago.
Educational Attainment of Religious Groups by Country
There are important differences in educational attainment among religious groups living in the same region — or even the same country.
How Religious Groups Differ in Educational Attainment
A new Pew Research Center global demographic study shows differences in educational attainment among the world’s major religious groups.
Religion and Education Around the World
Jews are more highly educated than any other major religious group around the world, while Muslims and Hindus tend to have the fewest years of formal schooling. But all religious groups are making gains, particularly among women.