LITTLE PORTUGAL, TORONTO, ONTARIO, CANADA - 2015/06/06: Islam women wearing hijab in North American city, Multicultural city celebrates together the Dundas West Festival in Little Portugal, the festival is a traditional event held every year. (Photo by Roberto Machado Noa/LightRocket via Getty Images)
Pew Research CenterApril 5, 2016

Restrictions on Women’s Religious Attire

Many countries have laws that ban or limit women from wearing religious attire in public places. By comparison, far fewer countries require women to wear particular types of attire for religious reasons.

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Pew Research CenterMarch 22, 2016

The Gender Gap in Religion Around the World

Standard lists of history’s most influential religious leaders – among them Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Muhammad, Siddhartha Gautama (the Buddha) – tend to be predominantly, if not exclusively, male. Many religious groups, including Roman Catholics and Orthodox Jews, allow only men to be clergy, while others, including some denominations in the evangelical Protestant tradition, have lifted that restriction only in recent decades. Yet it often appears that the ranks of the faithful are dominated by women.

Pew Research CenterMarch 22, 2016

1. Women more likely than men to affiliate with a religion

Pew Research CenterMarch 22, 2016

2. Gender differences in worship attendance vary across religious groups

Pew Research CenterMarch 22, 2016

3. Women report praying daily at higher rates than men

Pew Research CenterMarch 22, 2016

4. Religion is equally or more important to women than men in most countries

Pew Research CenterMarch 22, 2016

5. Women and men about equally likely to believe in heaven, hell and angels

Pew Research CenterMarch 22, 2016

6. In the U.S., religious commitment is high and the gender gap is wide

Pew Research CenterMarch 22, 2016

7. Theories explaining gender differences in religion

Pew Research CenterMarch 22, 2016

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