April 15, 2010

Sub-Saharan Africa Religion Database

This interactive database allows users to explore public opinion in 19 sub-Saharan African nations on topics ranging from religious beliefs and practices to views on religious extremism and morality.

The findings come from more than 25,000 face-to-face interviews in more than 60 languages or dialects in 19 countries, representing 75% of the total population of sub-Saharan Africa. The data are among the results published in a report by the Pew Research Center's Forum on Religion & Public Life.

Morality & Culture › Belief in God and Morality

Is it necessary to believe in God to be moral and have good values?

Select a response option and use the arrows to sort the data alphabetically, by total population, among Christians or among Muslims.

Percent responding “necessary”

Country % Total Population % Among Christians % Among Muslims
Botswana
63
65
NA
Cameroon
67
66
74
Chad
68
70
69
Djibouti
74
NA
75
DR Congo
63
65
63
Ethiopia
72
73
73
Ghana
64
68
53
Guinea Bissau
66
67
65
Kenya
71
71
75
Liberia
53
54
53
Mali
66
NA
65
Mozambique
68
68
70
Nigeria
72
76
68
Rwanda
58
57
NA
Senegal
72
NA
72
South Africa
83
85
NA
Tanzania
82
80
87
Uganda
69
69
69
Zambia
83
83
NA

Complete Question Wording: Q16. Which one of these comes closest to your opinion, number 1 or number 2? Number 1 - It is not necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values. Number 2 - It is necessary to believe in God in order to be moral and have good values.

Note: In countries where there were too few interviews with either Muslims or Christians, that subpopulation was not analyzed. Figures may not add to 100 due to rounding.

Read the survey methodology and the topline questionnaire.