DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 2,756. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 39% 24% 9% 2,756
2007 28% 41% 22% 9% 2,674

Generational cohort among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 2,756. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 16% 20% 31% 27% 6% < 1% 2,756
2007 < 1% 21% 35% 33% 9% 2% 2,674

Gender composition among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 50% 2,822
2007 51% 49% 2,747

Racial and ethnic composition among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 2,736. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 17% 9% 15% 7% 2,736
2007 61% 13% 6% 13% 6% 2,678

Immigrant status among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 2,744. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 20% 11% 69% 2,744
2007 16% 10% 73% 2,705

Income distribution among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 2,437. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 42% 21% 22% 15% 2,437
2007 35% 23% 27% 16% 2,269

Educational distribution among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 2,799. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 31% 15% 9% 2,799

Marital status among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 2,798. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 10% 15% 4% 32% 2,798
2007 48% 10% 12% 5% 24% 2,726

Parent of children under 18 among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 2,806. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 68% 2,806
2007 38% 62% 2,734

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 31% 12% 12% 2% 2,822
2007 42% 33% 13% 11% 2% 2,747

Attendance at religious services among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 35% 46% 1% 2,822
2007 15% 34% 50% 1% 2,747

Frequency of prayer among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 55% 18% 7% 19% 1% 2,822
2007 51% 18% 7% 22% 2% 2,747

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 17% 8% 9% 65% 1% 2,822
2007 13% 7% 7% 72% 1% 2,747

Frequency of meditation among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 8% 4% 42% 3% 2,822
2007 43% 6% 4% 45% 2% 2,747

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 61% 14% 9% 14% 2% 2,822
2007 54% 12% 10% 21% 3% 2,747

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 14% 9% 24% 2% 2,822
2007 47% 11% 11% 27% 3% 2,747

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 21% 13% 53% 9% 4% 2,822
2007 14% 12% 63% 6% 4% 2,747

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 71% 2% 2% 2,822

Frequency of reading scripture among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 29% 10% 8% 51% 1% 2,822
2007 23% 10% 9% 57% 1% 2,747

Interpreting scripture among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 23% 3% 38% 11% 2,822
2007 23% 23% 3% 39% 11% 2,747

Belief in Heaven among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 69% 22% 9% 2,822
2007 65% 24% 11% 2,747

Belief in Hell among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 41% 8% 2,822
2007 47% 42% 11% 2,747

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 28% 46% 2,822
2007 24% 25% 52% 2,747

Political ideology among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 34% 31% 10% 2,822
2007 24% 39% 28% 9% 2,747

Views about size of government among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 47% 4% 5% 2,822
2007 36% 52% 5% 7% 2,747

Views about government aid to the poor among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 53% 5% 3% 2,822

Views about abortion among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 57% 37% 6% 2,822
2007 60% 33% 7% 2,747

Views about homosexuality among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 66% 26% 4% 4% 2,822
2007 62% 26% 5% 6% 2,747

Views about same-sex marriage among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 59% 32% 9% 2,822

Views about environmental regulation among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 59% 3% 4% 2,822
2007 27% 64% 4% 6% 2,747

Views about human evolution among Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain

% of Non-Christians who say they believe in God; absolutely certain who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,822. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 29% 29% 5% 31% 5% 2,822