DemographicInformation

Generational cohort among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 < 1% 10% 90% < 1% < 1% < 1% 129
2007 < 1% < 1% 61% 39% < 1% < 1% 213

Gender composition among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 47% 129
2007 56% 44% 213

Racial and ethnic composition among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 126. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 79% 3% 2% 11% 5% 126
2007 80% 2% 3% 10% 5% 207

Immigrant status among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 128. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 2% 85% 128
2007 9% 6% 85% 213

Income distribution among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 118. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 19% 30% 26% 118
2007 14% 22% 38% 26% 195

Educational distribution among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 42% 17% 15% 129

Marital status among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 6% 16% 1% 12% 129
2007 72% 7% 9% 2% 10% 212

Parent of children under 18 among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 63% 37% 129
2007 67% 33% 212

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 76% 16% 6% < 1% 2% 1% 129
2007 84% 10% 2% < 1% 2% 2% 213

Importance of religion in one's life among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 62% 25% 8% 4% 1% 129
2007 75% 18% 5% 2% < 1% 213

Attendance at religious services among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 49% 39% 12% < 1% 129
2007 66% 22% 12% < 1% 213

Frequency of prayer among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 66% 14% 4% 16% < 1% 129
2007 76% 12% 2% 10% < 1% 213

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 42% 11% 7% 39% < 1% 129
2007 46% 11% 10% 32% 1% 213

Frequency of meditation among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 6% 4% 46% < 1% 129
2007 42% 7% 2% 48% 2% 213

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 18% 7% 11% < 1% 129
2007 66% 10% 8% 13% 3% 213

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 18% 13% 18% 1% 129
2007 44% 12% 12% 30% 3% 213

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 8% 27% 10% 3% 129
2007 60% 9% 27% 3% 2% 213

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 53% 46% 1% < 1% 129

Frequency of reading scripture among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 13% 5% 33% < 1% 129
2007 63% 12% 7% 17% < 1% 213

Interpreting scripture among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 29% 4% 28% 5% 129
2007 50% 25% 6% 15% 4% 213

Belief in Hell among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 64% 8% 129
2007 49% 47% 4% 213

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 56% 21% 24% 129
2007 63% 13% 24% 213

Political ideology among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 29% 17% 2% 129
2007 62% 24% 7% 7% 213

Views about size of government among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 66% 34% < 1% 1% 129
2007 56% 36% 4% 4% 213

Views about government aid to the poor among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 63% 32% 1% 3% 129

Views about abortion among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 65% 3% 129
2007 29% 66% 5% 213

Views about homosexuality among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 45% 5% 2% 129
2007 28% 64% 5% 4% 213

Views about same-sex marriage among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 53% 9% 129

Views about environmental regulation among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 48% 2% 3% 129
2007 34% 58% 4% 4% 213

Views about human evolution among Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven

% of Evangelical Protestants 30-49 year olds who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 129. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 17% 27% < 1% 53% 3% 129