DemographicInformation

Age distribution among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 105. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 9% 21% 25% 45% 105
2007 4% 30% 31% 35% 106

Generational cohort among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 105. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 8% 5% 17% 38% 25% 7% 105
2007 < 1% < 1% 18% 39% 29% 13% 106

Gender composition among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 57% 43% 108
2007 52% 48% 110

Racial and ethnic composition among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 93% 4% 2% < 1% 2% 108
2007 89% 5% 2% < 1% 5% 110

Immigrant status among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 107. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 7% 5% 87% 107
2007 6% 8% 86% 110

Educational distribution among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 106. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 14% 22% 38% 26% 106

Marital status among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 59% 4% 9% 17% 11% 108
2007 65% 3% 12% 14% 7% 109

Parent of children under 18 among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 74% 108
2007 31% 69% 110

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 33% 35% 18% < 1% 10% 4% 108
2007 35% 35% 13% 3% 10% 4% 110

Importance of religion in one's life among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 14% 41% 40% 3% 2% 108
2007 32% 34% 27% 6% 1% 110

Attendance at religious services among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 14% 51% 34% 1% 108
2007 27% 47% 25% 1% 110

Frequency of prayer among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 13% 11% 46% 1% 108
2007 37% 21% 13% 29% < 1% 110

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 8% 3% 7% 82% < 1% 108
2007 12% 2% 8% 78% < 1% 110

Frequency of meditation among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 12% 4% 52% < 1% 108
2007 32% 12% 10% 46% < 1% 110

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 14% 20% 28% < 1% 108
2007 33% 13% 20% 32% 2% 110

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 12% 17% 20% 1% 108
2007 37% 23% 19% 20% 2% 110

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 6% 18% 63% 13% < 1% 108
2007 13% 15% 55% 14% 2% 110

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 22% 78% < 1% < 1% 108

Frequency of reading scripture among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 11% 6% 12% 72% < 1% 108
2007 17% 7% 14% 62% < 1% 110

Interpreting scripture among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 1% 15% < 1% 75% 8% 108
2007 2% 14% 1% 73% 10% 110

Belief in Hell among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 11% 89% < 1% 108
2007 3% 94% 2% 110

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 8% 60% 108
2007 39% 12% 48% 110

Political ideology among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 34% 39% 1% 108
2007 26% 46% 26% 2% 110

Views about size of government among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 42% 9% 4% 108
2007 63% 27% 4% 6% 110

Views about government aid to the poor among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 61% < 1% < 1% 108

Views about abortion among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 86% 12% 2% 108
2007 77% 20% 3% 110

Views about homosexuality among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 79% 14% 3% 4% 108
2007 70% 26% 4% 1% 110

Views about same-sex marriage among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 77% 22% 1% 108

Views about environmental regulation among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 67% < 1% 1% 108
2007 21% 67% 5% 7% 110

Views about human evolution among presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven

% of presbyterians in the Mainline Tradition who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 108. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 74% 9% 4% 13% < 1% 108