Religious composition of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

  • Christian 86%
  • Evangelical Protestant 36%
    • Baptist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 13%
      • Southern Baptist Convention 8%
      • Independent Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) 4%
      • Missionary Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Conservative Baptist Association of America < 1%
      • Free Will Baptist < 1%
      • General Association of Regular Baptist Churches < 1%
      • Other Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
    • Methodist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Nondenominational Family (Evangelical Trad.) 7%
      • Nondenominational evangelical 3%
      • Nondenominational fundamentalist < 1%
      • Nondenominational charismatic 1%
      • Nondenominational Christian (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Interdenominational (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Community Church (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Other Nondenominational (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
    • Lutheran Family (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
      • Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod 1%
      • Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod < 1%
      • Other Lutheran (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Presbyterian Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Presbyterian Church in America < 1%
      • Other Presbyterian (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Pentecostal Family (Evangelical Trad.) 5%
      • Assemblies of God 2%
      • Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) 1%
      • Foursquare Church < 1%
      • Pentecostal Church of God < 1%
      • Pentecostal Holiness Church < 1%
      • Calvary Chapel < 1%
      • Apostolic Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Nondenominational Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Church of God of the Apostolic Faith < 1%
      • Other Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
    • Episcopalian/Anglican Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Restorationist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
      • Churches of Christ 2%
      • Christian Churches and Churches of Christ < 1%
      • Other Restorationist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Congregationalist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Conservative Congregational Christian Conference < 1%
      • Other Congregationalist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Holiness Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Church of the Nazarene < 1%
      • Wesleyan Church < 1%
      • Free Methodist Church < 1%
      • Christian and Missionary Alliance < 1%
      • Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) < 1%
      • Other Holiness (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Reformed Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Christian Reformed Church < 1%
      • Other Reformed (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Adventist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Seventh-day Adventist < 1%
      • Other Adventist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Anabaptist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Pietist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Other evangelical/fundamentalist family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Nonspecific Protestant Family (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
  • Mainline Protestant 15%
    • Baptist Family (Mainline Trad.) 3%
      • American Baptist Churches USA 2%
      • Other Baptist (Mainline Trad.) 1%
    • Methodist Family (Mainline Trad.) 4%
      • United Methodist Church 4%
      • Other Methodist (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Nondenominational Family (Mainline Trad.) 1%
      • Interdenominational (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • Other Nondenominational (Mainline Trad.) 1%
    • Lutheran Family (Mainline Trad.) 2%
      • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) 1%
      • Other Lutheran (Mainline Trad.) 1%
    • Presbyterian Family (Mainline Trad.) 1%
      • Presbyterian Church (USA) 1%
      • Other Presbyterian (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Episcopalian/Anglican Family (Mainline Trad.) 1%
      • Episcopal Church 1%
      • Anglican Church < 1%
      • Other Episcopalian/Anglican (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Restorationist Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • Disciples of Christ < 1%
      • Other Restorationist (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Congregationalist Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • United Church of Christ < 1%
      • Other Congregationalist (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Reformed Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • Reformed Church in America < 1%
      • Other Reformed (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Anabaptist Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Friends Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Nonspecific Protestant Family (Mainline Trad.) 2%
  • Historically Black Protestant 9%
    • Baptist Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 6%
      • National Baptist Convention 2%
      • Progressive Baptist Convention < 1%
      • Independent Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • Missionary Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 1%
      • Other Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 2%
    • Methodist Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 1%
      • African Methodist Episcopal Church < 1%
      • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church < 1%
      • Christian Methodist Episcopal Church < 1%
      • Other Methodist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Pentecostal Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 2%
      • Church of God in Christ 1%
      • Apostolic Pentecostal (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • United Pentecostal Church International < 1%
      • Other Pentecostal (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 1%
    • Holiness Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Nondenominational Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Nonspecific Protestant Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 1%
  • Catholic 23%
  • Mormon 2%
    • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 2%
    • Other Mormon < 1%
  • Orthodox Christian 1%
    • Greek Orthodox < 1%
    • Russian Orthodox < 1%
    • Orthodox Church in America < 1%
    • Other Orthodox Christian < 1%
  • Jehovah's Witness < 1%
  • Other Christian < 1%
    • Metaphysical Family < 1%
      • Spiritualist < 1%
      • Unity Church < 1%
      • Other Metaphysical Christian ("Other Christian" Trad.) < 1%
    • Others in the "Other Christian" Tradition < 1%
  • Non-Christian Faiths 3%
  • Jewish 1%
  • Muslim 1%
  • Buddhist < 1%
  • Hindu < 1%
  • Other World Religions < 1%
  • Other Faiths < 1%
    • Unitarians and other liberal faiths in the "Other Faiths" Tradition < 1%
      • Unitarian < 1%
      • Humanist < 1%
      • Deist < 1%
      • Spiritual but not religious < 1%
      • Eclectic, a bit of everything, "I have my own beliefs" < 1%
      • Other in the "Unitarian and other liberal faiths" family < 1%
    • New Age < 1%
      • Pagan or Wiccan < 1%
      • Other in the New Age family < 1%
    • Native American Religions < 1%
  • Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 10%
  • Atheist < 1%
  • Agnostic 1%
  • Nothing in particular 10%
    • Nothing in particular (religion not important) 3%
    • Nothing in particular (religion important) 7%
  • Don't know < 1%

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 17,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 21% 35% 27% 17% 17,845
2007 21% 40% 24% 16% 18,820

Generational cohort among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 17,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 14% 14% 28% 32% 11% 1% 17,845
2007 < 1% 16% 31% 34% 16% 4% 18,820

Gender composition among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 53% 18,174
2007 47% 53% 19,232

Racial and ethnic composition among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 17,963. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 63% 15% 3% 15% 4% 17,963
2007 68% 14% 2% 12% 3% 19,052

Immigrant status among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 17,922. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 14% 9% 77% 17,922
2007 11% 7% 82% 19,062

Income distribution among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 15,810. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 21% 26% 15% 15,810
2007 34% 23% 29% 15% 15,998

Educational distribution among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 18,078. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 33% 14% 7% 18,078

Marital status among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 18,104. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 49% 6% 13% 7% 24% 18,104
2007 55% 6% 12% 8% 19% 19,135

Parent of children under 18 among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 18,105. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 69% 18,105
2007 37% 63% 19,177

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 79% 17% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 18,174
2007 85% 12% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 19,232

Importance of religion in one's life among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 69% 24% 5% 2% < 1% 18,174
2007 69% 24% 5% 2% 1% 19,232

Attendance at religious services among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 35% 19% 1% 18,174
2007 49% 33% 17% < 1% 19,232

Frequency of prayer among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 68% 17% 5% 9% 1% 18,174
2007 68% 17% 5% 8% 1% 19,232

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 12% 10% 46% 1% 18,174
2007 29% 10% 9% 51% 1% 19,232

Frequency of meditation among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 8% 4% 44% 2% 18,174
2007 42% 7% 4% 46% 2% 19,232

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 65% 15% 9% 11% 1% 18,174
2007 57% 14% 12% 14% 3% 19,232

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 16% 13% 26% 2% 18,174
2007 37% 14% 14% 31% 4% 19,232

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 7% 40% 6% 2% 18,174
2007 39% 6% 49% 4% 3% 19,232

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 59% 1% 1% 18,174

Frequency of reading scripture among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 12% 9% 32% 1% 18,174
2007 44% 12% 8% 36% 1% 19,232

Interpreting scripture among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 33% 3% 15% 5% 18,174
2007 46% 31% 4% 13% 6% 19,232

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 17% 39% 18,174
2007 40% 16% 44% 19,232

Political ideology among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 32% 17% 6% 18,174
2007 44% 35% 15% 7% 19,232

Views about size of government among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 54% 41% 2% 3% 18,174
2007 42% 49% 4% 6% 19,232

Views about government aid to the poor among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 45% 4% 2% 18,174

Views about abortion among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 54% 4% 18,174
2007 42% 52% 6% 19,232

Views about homosexuality among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 41% 4% 3% 18,174
2007 40% 49% 5% 5% 19,232

Views about same-sex marriage among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 51% 8% 18,174

Views about environmental regulation among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 51% 2% 3% 18,174
2007 34% 57% 3% 6% 19,232

Views about human evolution among who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell

% of who believe in Heaven who believe in Hell who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 30% 3% 44% 4% 18,174