DemographicInformation

Age distribution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 357. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 14% 28% 31% 27% 357
2007 10% 39% 28% 24% 510

Generational cohort among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 357. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 5% 25% 38% 16% 3% 357
2007 < 1% 7% 26% 38% 21% 7% 510

Gender composition among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 54% 364
2007 44% 56% 519

Racial and ethnic composition among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 363. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 95% 1% 1% 1% 2% 363
2007 96% 1% 1% 1% 1% 518

Immigrant status among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 361. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 3% 7% 90% 361
2007 3% 6% 91% 516

Income distribution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 19% 24% 31% 26% 316
2007 25% 23% 36% 16% 432

Educational distribution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 361. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 33% 36% 20% 12% 361

Marital status among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 62% 2% 9% 8% 18% 364
2007 65% 2% 11% 12% 11% 517

Parent of children under 18 among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 22% 78% 364
2007 34% 66% 518

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 75% 23% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 364
2007 87% 12% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 519

Importance of religion in one's life among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 63% 31% 5% 1% < 1% 364
2007 69% 28% 3% < 1% < 1% 519

Attendance at religious services among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 33% 51% 15% < 1% 364
2007 51% 41% 8% < 1% 519

Frequency of prayer among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 56% 29% 6% 8% < 1% 364
2007 64% 22% 6% 7% 1% 519

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 18% 9% 12% 61% < 1% 364
2007 17% 16% 15% 53% < 1% 519

Frequency of meditation among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 29% 12% 4% 55% < 1% 364
2007 35% 7% 4% 51% 2% 519

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 57% 23% 10% 10% 1% 364
2007 51% 18% 15% 12% 4% 519

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 22% 14% 24% < 1% 364
2007 32% 17% 18% 28% 5% 519

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 38% 6% 48% 6% 1% 364
2007 34% 8% 52% 3% 3% 519

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 33% 66% 1% < 1% 364

Frequency of reading scripture among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 27% 15% 16% 42% < 1% 364
2007 35% 14% 11% 39% 1% 519

Interpreting scripture among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 48% 2% 19% 4% 364
2007 29% 52% 3% 11% 5% 519

Belief in Heaven among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 97% 2% 1% 364
2007 95% 1% 4% 519

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 10% 44% 364
2007 49% 11% 40% 519

Political ideology among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 38% 23% 2% 364
2007 42% 41% 13% 4% 519

Views about size of government among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 66% 31% 2% 1% 364
2007 55% 34% 6% 6% 519

Views about government aid to the poor among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 45% 2% 1% 364

Views about abortion among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 62% 37% 1% 364
2007 54% 40% 6% 519

Views about homosexuality among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 69% 28% 2% 1% 364
2007 48% 41% 6% 5% 519

Views about same-sex marriage among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 61% 34% 5% 364

Views about environmental regulation among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 64% 1% 1% 364
2007 26% 67% 2% 4% 519

Views about human evolution among members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell

% of members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who believe in Hell who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 16% 43% 2% 37% 2% 364