DemographicInformation

Generational cohort among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 36% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1,316
2007 < 1% 76% 24% < 1% < 1% < 1% 569

Gender composition among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 59% 41% 1,316
2007 62% 38% 569

Racial and ethnic composition among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,310. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 8% 8% 16% 4% 1,310
2007 74% 6% 6% 11% 3% 560

Immigrant status among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,306. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 19% 69% 1,306
2007 9% 12% 79% 563

Income distribution among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,188. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 23% 24% 16% 1,188
2007 34% 22% 29% 14% 493

Educational distribution among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 41% 19% 4% 1,316

Marital status among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,315. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 10% 14% 3% < 1% 73% 1,315
2007 22% 14% 2% < 1% 62% 567

Parent of children under 18 among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,314. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 13% 87% 1,314
2007 22% 78% 568

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 12% 15% 13% 1% 56% 4% 1,316
2007 22% 23% 12% < 1% 35% 8% 569

Importance of religion in one's life among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 4% 14% 30% 51% < 1% 1,316
2007 6% 22% 28% 43% < 1% 569

Attendance at religious services among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 2% 23% 74% < 1% 1,316
2007 3% 20% 77% < 1% 569

Frequency of prayer among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 9% 5% 5% 80% < 1% 1,316
2007 11% 12% 7% 69% < 1% 569

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 2% 1% 4% 93% < 1% 1,316
2007 4% 2% 2% 92% 1% 569

Frequency of meditation among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 21% 11% 6% 61% < 1% 1,316
2007 23% 8% 5% 63% 1% 569

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 21% 9% 34% 1% 1,316
2007 29% 13% 11% 47% 1% 569

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 54% 19% 11% 16% < 1% 1,316
2007 42% 17% 15% 26% 1% 569

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 2% 24% 50% 22% 1% 1,316
2007 3% 21% 62% 12% 1% 569

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 13% 86% < 1% 1% 1,316

Frequency of reading scripture among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 4% 5% 6% 85% < 1% 1,316
2007 5% 5% 6% 83% 1% 569

Interpreting scripture among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 3% 5% < 1% 89% 3% 1,316
2007 4% 8% < 1% 83% 5% 569

Belief in Heaven among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 16% 81% 3% 1,316
2007 23% 72% 5% 569

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 18% 21% 61% 1,316
2007 18% 18% 64% 569

Political ideology among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 13% 32% 48% 7% 1,316
2007 13% 35% 46% 7% 569

Views about size of government among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 48% 3% 2% 1,316
2007 34% 60% 2% 4% 569

Views about government aid to the poor among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 63% 3% 2% 1,316

Views about abortion among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 80% 18% 2% 1,316
2007 73% 24% 3% 569

Views about homosexuality among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 94% 4% 1% 1% 1,316
2007 86% 10% 2% 2% 569

Views about same-sex marriage among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 92% 6% 3% 1,316

Views about environmental regulation among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 21% 75% 2% 2% 1,316
2007 22% 76% 1% 2% 569

Views about human evolution among the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell

% of the Unaffiliated 18-29 year olds who do not believe in Hell who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,316. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 79% 9% 3% 8% 1% 1,316