DemographicInformation

Age distribution among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 876. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 41% 25% 7% 876
2007 27% 46% 19% 8% 710

Generational cohort among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 876. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 15% 19% 33% 28% 5% < 1% 876
2007 < 1% 20% 36% 35% 8% 1% 710

Gender composition among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 57% 897
2007 45% 55% 726

Racial and ethnic composition among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 875. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 23% 2% 18% 6% 875
2007 58% 20% 1% 15% 6% 707

Immigrant status among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 867. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 16% 8% 76% 867
2007 10% 8% 82% 718

Income distribution among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 777. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 20% 18% 10% 777
2007 45% 24% 22% 8% 606

Educational distribution among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 889. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 54% 32% 9% 4% 889

Marital status among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 890. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 11% 16% 5% 34% 890
2007 49% 11% 11% 6% 24% 721

Parent of children under 18 among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 895. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 68% 895
2007 42% 58% 724

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 73% 20% 4% < 1% < 1% 1% 897
2007 81% 15% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 726

Importance of religion in one's life among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 31% 11% 7% 1% 897
2007 51% 35% 7% 6% 2% 726

Attendance at religious services among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 17% 38% 45% < 1% 897
2007 16% 36% 47% < 1% 726

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 20% 11% 8% 61% 1% 897
2007 20% 7% 8% 64% 1% 726

Frequency of meditation among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 8% 3% 42% 2% 897
2007 45% 7% 4% 43% 2% 726

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 14% 8% 12% 2% 897
2007 56% 14% 11% 15% 4% 726

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 13% 10% 28% 1% 897
2007 45% 13% 12% 26% 4% 726

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 12% 53% 6% 4% 897
2007 17% 9% 63% 6% 5% 726

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 27% 69% 2% 2% 897

Frequency of reading scripture among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 13% 6% 44% 1% 897
2007 35% 12% 11% 41% 1% 726

Interpreting scripture among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 24% 3% 29% 10% 897
2007 33% 27% 3% 26% 12% 726

Belief in Hell among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 70% 25% 4% 897
2007 71% 22% 7% 726

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 26% 26% 48% 897
2007 29% 22% 50% 726

Political ideology among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 28% 33% 28% 11% 897
2007 29% 42% 22% 8% 726

Views about size of government among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 50% 3% 4% 897
2007 34% 55% 3% 8% 726

Views about government aid to the poor among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 57% 5% 3% 897

Views about abortion among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 43% 6% 897
2007 49% 43% 8% 726

Views about homosexuality among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 65% 27% 4% 4% 897
2007 56% 31% 6% 7% 726

Views about same-sex marriage among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 55% 36% 9% 897

Views about environmental regulation among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 56% 3% 4% 897
2007 32% 59% 4% 5% 726

Views about human evolution among the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily

% of the Unaffiliated who believe in Heaven who pray at least daily who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 897. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 30% 4% 35% 5% 897