Religious composition of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

  • Christian 77%
  • Evangelical Protestant 32%
    • Baptist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 11%
      • Southern Baptist Convention 5%
      • Independent Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) 3%
      • Missionary Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Conservative Baptist Association of America < 1%
      • Free Will Baptist < 1%
      • General Association of Regular Baptist Churches < 1%
      • Other Baptist (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
    • Methodist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Nondenominational Family (Evangelical Trad.) 5%
      • Nondenominational evangelical 2%
      • Nondenominational fundamentalist 1%
      • Nondenominational charismatic < 1%
      • Nondenominational Christian (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Interdenominational (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Community Church (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Other Nondenominational (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
    • Lutheran Family (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
      • Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod 1%
      • Wisconsin Evangelical Lutheran Synod < 1%
      • Other Lutheran (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Presbyterian Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Presbyterian Church in America < 1%
      • Other Presbyterian (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
    • Pentecostal Family (Evangelical Trad.) 6%
      • Assemblies of God 2%
      • Church of God (Cleveland, Tennessee) 1%
      • Foursquare Church < 1%
      • Pentecostal Church of God < 1%
      • Pentecostal Holiness Church < 1%
      • Calvary Chapel < 1%
      • Apostolic Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Nondenominational Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Church of God of the Apostolic Faith < 1%
      • Other Pentecostal (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
    • Episcopalian/Anglican Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Restorationist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 2%
      • Churches of Christ 1%
      • Christian Churches and Churches of Christ < 1%
      • Other Restorationist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Congregationalist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Conservative Congregational Christian Conference < 1%
      • Other Congregationalist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Holiness Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Church of the Nazarene < 1%
      • Wesleyan Church < 1%
      • Free Methodist Church < 1%
      • Christian and Missionary Alliance < 1%
      • Church of God (Anderson, Indiana) < 1%
      • Other Holiness (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Reformed Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
      • Christian Reformed Church < 1%
      • Other Reformed (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Adventist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
      • Seventh-day Adventist 1%
      • Other Adventist (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Anabaptist Family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
    • Pietist Family (Evangelical Trad.) < 1%
    • Other evangelical/fundamentalist family (Evangelical Trad.) 1%
    • Nonspecific Protestant Family (Evangelical Trad.) 3%
  • Mainline Protestant 14%
    • Baptist Family (Mainline Trad.) 3%
      • American Baptist Churches USA 2%
      • Other Baptist (Mainline Trad.) 1%
    • Methodist Family (Mainline Trad.) 3%
      • United Methodist Church 2%
      • Other Methodist (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Nondenominational Family (Mainline Trad.) 1%
      • Interdenominational (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • Other Nondenominational (Mainline Trad.) 1%
    • Lutheran Family (Mainline Trad.) 2%
      • Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) 1%
      • Other Lutheran (Mainline Trad.) 1%
    • Presbyterian Family (Mainline Trad.) 1%
      • Presbyterian Church (USA) < 1%
      • Other Presbyterian (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Episcopalian/Anglican Family (Mainline Trad.) 1%
      • Episcopal Church < 1%
      • Anglican Church < 1%
      • Other Episcopalian/Anglican (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Restorationist Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • Disciples of Christ < 1%
      • Other Restorationist (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Congregationalist Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • United Church of Christ < 1%
      • Other Congregationalist (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Reformed Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
      • Reformed Church in America < 1%
      • Other Reformed (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Anabaptist Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Friends Family (Mainline Trad.) < 1%
    • Nonspecific Protestant Family (Mainline Trad.) 3%
  • Historically Black Protestant 5%
    • Baptist Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 2%
      • National Baptist Convention 1%
      • Progressive Baptist Convention < 1%
      • Independent Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • Missionary Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • Other Baptist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 1%
    • Methodist Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • African Methodist Episcopal Church < 1%
      • African Methodist Episcopal Zion Church < 1%
      • Christian Methodist Episcopal Church < 1%
      • Other Methodist (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Pentecostal Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 1%
      • Church of God in Christ 1%
      • Apostolic Pentecostal (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
      • United Pentecostal Church International < 1%
      • Other Pentecostal (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 1%
    • Holiness Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Nondenominational Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) < 1%
    • Nonspecific Protestant Family (Historically Black Protestant Trad.) 1%
  • Catholic 24%
  • Mormon 1%
    • Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints 1%
    • Other Mormon < 1%
  • Orthodox Christian 1%
    • Greek Orthodox < 1%
    • Russian Orthodox < 1%
    • Orthodox Church in America < 1%
    • Other Orthodox Christian < 1%
  • Jehovah's Witness < 1%
  • Other Christian < 1%
    • Metaphysical Family < 1%
      • Spiritualist < 1%
      • Unity Church < 1%
      • Other Metaphysical Christian ("Other Christian" Trad.) < 1%
    • Others in the "Other Christian" Tradition < 1%
  • Non-Christian Faiths 5%
  • Jewish 1%
  • Muslim 2%
  • Buddhist < 1%
  • Hindu 1%
  • Other World Religions < 1%
  • Other Faiths 1%
    • Unitarians and other liberal faiths in the "Other Faiths" Tradition 1%
      • Unitarian < 1%
      • Humanist < 1%
      • Deist < 1%
      • Spiritual but not religious 1%
      • Eclectic, a bit of everything, "I have my own beliefs" < 1%
      • Other in the "Unitarian and other liberal faiths" family < 1%
    • New Age < 1%
      • Pagan or Wiccan < 1%
      • Other in the New Age family < 1%
    • Native American Religions < 1%
  • Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 17%
  • Atheist 1%
  • Agnostic 1%
  • Nothing in particular 16%
    • Nothing in particular (religion not important) 5%
    • Nothing in particular (religion important) 11%
  • Don't know 1%

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 2,772. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 40% 22% 13% 2,772
2007 24% 41% 22% 13% 2,835

Generational cohort among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 2,772. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 15% 18% 33% 26% 8% 1% 2,772
2007 < 1% 18% 34% 32% 14% 3% 2,835

Gender composition among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 53% 2,894
2007 46% 54% 3,010

Racial and ethnic composition among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 2,823. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 56% 10% 4% 24% 6% 2,823
2007 60% 10% 3% 22% 5% 2,933

Immigrant status among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 2,791. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 24% 8% 68% 2,791
2007 21% 7% 72% 2,910

Income distribution among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 2,213. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 51% 21% 19% 9% 2,213
2007 45% 24% 20% 10% 2,106

Educational distribution among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 2,844. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 55% 30% 10% 5% 2,844

Marital status among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 2,858. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 8% 15% 7% 25% 2,858
2007 53% 8% 13% 7% 19% 2,971

Parent of children under 18 among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 2,866. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 64% 2,866
2007 39% 61% 2,984

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 73% 19% 4% 1% 1% 1% 2,894
2007 79% 15% 2% 1% 1% 2% 3,010

Importance of religion in one's life among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 25% 6% 4% 1% 2,894
2007 65% 25% 6% 3% 1% 3,010

Attendance at religious services among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 40% 34% 25% 1% 2,894
2007 45% 30% 24% 1% 3,010

Frequency of prayer among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 17% 6% 12% 1% 2,894
2007 64% 17% 5% 12% 2% 3,010

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 30% 10% 9% 50% 2% 2,894
2007 28% 8% 7% 55% 2% 3,010

Frequency of meditation among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 7% 3% 43% 3% 2,894
2007 43% 7% 3% 44% 4% 3,010

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 63% 13% 8% 14% 2% 2,894
2007 53% 13% 12% 18% 5% 3,010

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 13% 12% 29% 3% 2,894
2007 37% 10% 12% 33% 7% 3,010

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 7% 42% 7% 4% 2,894
2007 33% 5% 50% 6% 7% 3,010

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 33% 63% 2% 2% 2,894

Frequency of reading scripture among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 10% 8% 37% 1% 2,894
2007 41% 10% 7% 41% 1% 3,010

Interpreting scripture among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 42% 27% 5% 17% 9% 2,894
2007 44% 26% 6% 14% 10% 3,010

Belief in Heaven among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 94% 3% 3% 2,894
2007 93% 3% 4% 3,010

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 30% 32% 18% 21% 2,894
2007 29% 32% 17% 22% 3,010

Views about size of government among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 46% 4% 7% 2,894
2007 33% 51% 6% 10% 3,010

Views about government aid to the poor among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 47% 6% 4% 2,894

Views about abortion among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 42% 52% 7% 2,894
2007 39% 51% 10% 3,010

Views about homosexuality among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 35% 7% 6% 2,894
2007 40% 43% 7% 10% 3,010

Views about same-sex marriage among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 43% 14% 2,894

Views about environmental regulation among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 40% 51% 4% 6% 2,894
2007 32% 53% 4% 11% 3,010

Views about human evolution among who believe in Hell who identify as no lean

% of who believe in Hell who identify as no lean who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 21% 27% 5% 40% 7% 2,894