State among adults who do not believe in Heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are in…

Survey year Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Sample Size
Sample size = 7,973. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 16% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 7% 2% 1% 1% 4% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 4% 3% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 8% 2% < 1% 3% 1% 2% 4% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 6% 1% < 1% 2% 3% < 1% 2% < 1% 7,973
2007 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 17% 2% 2% < 1% < 1% 6% 2% < 1% 1% 4% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 3% 3% 2% < 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 8% 2% < 1% 4% 1% 2% 5% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 5% 1% 1% 3% 3% < 1% 2% < 1% 6,275

Learn More: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin

State among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are in…

Religious tradition Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 24% 4% 2% < 1% < 1% 3% 2% 4% < 1% 7% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 2% 6% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% 2% 11% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 4% < 1% < 1% < 1% 3% 6% 1% < 1% 1% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 151
Catholic < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 18% 2% 2% < 1% < 1% 10% 1% 1% < 1% 5% 1% 1% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 2% 6% 3% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 4% 2% 8% 1% < 1% 3% < 1% 1% 5% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 9% < 1% < 1% 1% 2% < 1% 2% < 1% 709
Evangelical Protestant 2% < 1% 3% 1% 8% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% 8% 4% 1% < 1% 3% 3% 2% 1% 1% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 2% 2% 1% 3% 1% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 2% 3% < 1% 3% 3% 1% 5% < 1% 3% < 1% 5% 6% < 1% < 1% 4% 4% < 1% 1% < 1% 503
Jewish < 1% < 1% 3% < 1% 15% 3% 2% 1% 1% 10% < 1% < 1% < 1% 5% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 5% 5% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 8% < 1% 19% 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 2% 3% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 3% < 1% 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 461
Mainline Protestant 1% < 1% 1% 1% 12% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% 8% 2% 1% 1% 5% 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 3% 3% 3% 3% < 1% 3% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 3% 1% 4% 4% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 6% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 7% 1% < 1% 3% 3% < 1% 3% < 1% 861
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 16% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 6% 2% < 1% 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 4% 3% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 8% 2% < 1% 3% 1% 2% 4% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 6% 1% < 1% 2% 4% < 1% 2% < 1% 4,429

Learn More: Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

State 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 18% 37% 34% 10% 103
Arizona 28% 34% 18% 21% 161
California 28% 37% 21% 14% 1,137
Colorado 24% 37% 26% 13% 161
Connecticut 28% 28% 27% 17% 105
Florida 21% 31% 24% 23% 489
Georgia 35% 36% 21% 8% 154
Illinois 30% 30% 22% 17% 280
Indiana 24% 46% 14% 15% 106
Maine 22% 29% 28% 21% 100
Maryland 29% 35% 23% 13% 175
Massachusetts 32% 34% 20% 15% 258
Michigan 31% 27% 27% 16% 177
Minnesota 33% 35% 24% 8% 113
Missouri 29% 38% 13% 19% 112
New Hampshire 26% 31% 27% 16% 101
New Jersey 27% 37% 21% 15% 206
New York 28% 36% 21% 14% 532
North Carolina 27% 36% 22% 15% 179
Ohio 29% 36% 21% 13% 191
Oregon 22% 33% 28% 17% 143
Pennsylvania 34% 33% 20% 13% 279
Texas 32% 34% 23% 11% 420
Vermont 24% 32% 28% 16% 128
Virginia 27% 37% 22% 14% 196
Washington 24% 37% 25% 14% 234
Wisconsin 28% 38% 18% 16% 124

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

State Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 9% 15% 32% 37% 7% < 1% 103
Arizona 17% 20% 25% 23% 15% < 1% 161
California 16% 19% 29% 25% 9% 1% 1,137
Colorado 13% 18% 30% 31% 6% 2% 161
Connecticut 20% 16% 20% 33% 9% 2% 105
Florida 14% 11% 27% 32% 12% 3% 489
Georgia 25% 21% 24% 23% 6% < 1% 154
Illinois 20% 20% 20% 28% 11% 1% 280
Indiana 14% 15% 42% 17% 11% 2% 106
Maine 18% 14% 19% 32% 15% 2% 100
Maryland 15% 21% 28% 28% 8% < 1% 175
Massachusetts 19% 21% 26% 24% 8% 3% 258
Michigan 16% 21% 21% 33% 7% 2% 177
Minnesota 24% 20% 25% 27% 5% < 1% 113
Missouri 19% 15% 33% 17% 15% 1% 112
New Hampshire 18% 19% 20% 33% 10% < 1% 101
New Jersey 17% 21% 26% 25% 9% 3% 206
New York 18% 20% 27% 26% 9% 1% 532
North Carolina 13% 18% 31% 26% 10% 1% 179
Ohio 18% 18% 30% 26% 7% 1% 191
Oregon 8% 21% 26% 32% 11% 2% 143
Pennsylvania 24% 17% 26% 24% 8% 1% 279
Texas 22% 19% 25% 26% 8% 1% 420
Vermont 20% 12% 23% 32% 11% 1% 128
Virginia 13% 26% 25% 26% 10% < 1% 196
Washington 12% 17% 32% 30% 8% 1% 234
Wisconsin 19% 14% 34% 24% 9% 1% 124

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

State Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 59% 41% 104
Arizona 61% 39% 161
California 58% 42% 1,158
Colorado 56% 44% 162
Connecticut 61% 39% 110
Florida 62% 38% 499
Georgia 61% 39% 157
Illinois 62% 38% 287
Indiana 62% 38% 107
Maine 61% 39% 100
Maryland 49% 51% 177
Massachusetts 52% 48% 263
Michigan 57% 43% 180
Minnesota 57% 43% 114
Missouri 62% 38% 114
New Hampshire 63% 37% 102
New Jersey 60% 40% 209
New York 54% 46% 545
North Carolina 60% 40% 179
Ohio 57% 43% 194
Oregon 55% 45% 145
Pennsylvania 59% 41% 281
Texas 60% 40% 430
Vermont 48% 52% 129
Virginia 55% 45% 197
Washington 52% 48% 235
Wisconsin 67% 33% 124

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

State White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 75% 2% 4% 4% 13% 103
Arizona 67% 4% 5% 17% 6% 155
California 54% 3% 18% 22% 3% 1,139
Colorado 80% 3% 1% 9% 7% 160
Connecticut 83% 7% 3% 4% 3% 108
Florida 69% 5% 1% 22% 3% 493
Georgia 66% 19% 2% 8% 6% 155
Illinois 66% 10% 6% 14% 4% 282
Indiana 88% 3% < 1% 8% 1% 104
Maine 98% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 100
Maryland 71% 16% 5% 8% 1% 176
Massachusetts 84% 1% 5% 4% 6% 254
Michigan 84% 9% 1% 6% 1% 180
Minnesota 87% 1% 3% 6% 3% 113
Missouri 86% 5% 1% 6% 2% 111
New Hampshire 90% 2% 2% 4% 3% 100
New Jersey 67% 4% 14% 9% 5% 203
New York 66% 8% 7% 16% 4% 537
North Carolina 81% 6% 3% 7% 3% 177
Ohio 87% 5% 2% 4% 2% 190
Oregon 88% < 1% 4% 3% 5% 140
Pennsylvania 82% 6% 2% 6% 3% 273
Texas 55% 4% 3% 35% 3% 426
Vermont 96% < 1% 2% 2% 1% 128
Virginia 75% 10% 5% 8% 2% 193
Washington 76% 1% 9% 9% 5% 233
Wisconsin 88% 1% 5% 5% 2% 122

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

State Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 14% 4% 82% 104
Arizona 10% 15% 75% 158
California 29% 19% 52% 1,149
Colorado 13% 12% 75% 162
Connecticut 14% 11% 76% 108
Florida 22% 15% 63% 490
Georgia 10% 9% 80% 157
Illinois 14% 14% 72% 283
Indiana 10% 8% 82% 107
Maine 2% 15% 82% 100
Maryland 17% 12% 71% 173
Massachusetts 12% 18% 70% 260
Michigan 10% 8% 82% 180
Minnesota 8% 11% 81% 114
Missouri 6% 8% 86% 112
New Hampshire 2% 14% 84% 100
New Jersey 23% 13% 63% 203
New York 23% 18% 59% 542
North Carolina 14% 8% 78% 177
Ohio 7% 9% 84% 191
Oregon 7% 10% 83% 144
Pennsylvania 8% 9% 83% 277
Texas 23% 15% 61% 422
Vermont 4% 20% 76% 127
Virginia 12% 7% 81% 194
Washington 15% 10% 75% 233
Wisconsin 9% 7% 84% 124

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

State Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 29% 20% 26% 25% 142
California 25% 18% 26% 31% 1,036
Colorado 19% 24% 27% 31% 151
Florida 26% 21% 31% 22% 435
Georgia 30% 17% 25% 28% 146
Illinois 30% 16% 27% 27% 248
Maryland 16% 17% 30% 38% 163
Massachusetts 20% 18% 27% 35% 232
Michigan 33% 19% 25% 22% 163
Minnesota 25% 13% 31% 32% 105
Missouri 25% 20% 23% 32% 105
New Jersey 12% 9% 37% 41% 182
New York 21% 20% 32% 27% 482
North Carolina 24% 15% 34% 26% 162
Ohio 40% 17% 24% 19% 180
Oregon 26% 27% 25% 21% 133
Pennsylvania 29% 14% 26% 30% 245
Texas 28% 19% 27% 26% 390
Vermont 26% 23% 33% 17% 122
Virginia 18% 17% 31% 34% 176
Washington 24% 22% 28% 26% 217
Wisconsin 27% 22% 30% 20% 115

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

State High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 17% 43% 20% 20% 104
Arizona 26% 42% 17% 15% 159
California 28% 30% 24% 18% 1,148
Colorado 19% 31% 28% 22% 162
Connecticut 25% 24% 26% 26% 110
Florida 36% 26% 20% 17% 496
Georgia 34% 37% 16% 13% 155
Illinois 31% 29% 23% 18% 285
Indiana 42% 23% 19% 16% 107
Maryland 27% 29% 23% 21% 175
Massachusetts 26% 26% 26% 23% 262
Michigan 27% 33% 24% 15% 180
Minnesota 27% 38% 22% 13% 114
Missouri 31% 25% 26% 18% 113
New Hampshire 32% 25% 26% 17% 101
New Jersey 21% 25% 25% 29% 209
New York 26% 27% 28% 19% 544
North Carolina 27% 28% 23% 22% 179
Ohio 29% 37% 19% 15% 192
Oregon 25% 29% 29% 17% 145
Pennsylvania 35% 25% 23% 16% 280
Texas 31% 32% 23% 14% 427
Vermont 21% 35% 26% 18% 128
Virginia 27% 14% 29% 30% 197
Washington 29% 30% 26% 16% 235
Wisconsin 37% 25% 19% 18% 124

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

State Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 54% 7% 14% 2% 23% 103
Arizona 45% 11% 17% 3% 25% 160
California 44% 11% 11% 3% 31% 1,150
Colorado 50% 11% 11% 3% 24% 162
Connecticut 44% 8% 15% 3% 30% 109
Florida 47% 9% 15% 4% 25% 499
Georgia 45% 8% 14% 1% 32% 157
Illinois 46% 7% 8% 3% 37% 285
Indiana 49% 8% 13% 6% 23% 106
Maine 54% 9% 12% 4% 22% 100
Maryland 41% 10% 9% 5% 35% 176
Massachusetts 41% 10% 10% 5% 34% 261
Michigan 44% 14% 13% 4% 25% 180
Minnesota 45% 5% 7% 2% 41% 114
Missouri 45% 10% 18% 5% 22% 113
New Hampshire 41% 17% 14% 2% 26% 101
New Jersey 51% 8% 7% 4% 29% 207
New York 38% 11% 8% 3% 40% 544
North Carolina 41% 9% 15% 5% 31% 179
Ohio 49% 9% 11% 2% 28% 193
Oregon 53% 8% 15% 3% 21% 144
Pennsylvania 42% 6% 12% 6% 34% 280
Texas 47% 10% 13% 2% 29% 427
Vermont 47% 11% 12% 3% 26% 129
Virginia 53% 9% 10% 1% 26% 197
Washington 44% 15% 13% 5% 23% 235
Wisconsin 42% 12% 13% 4% 29% 124

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

State Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 31% 69% 104
Arizona 25% 75% 160
California 24% 76% 1,155
Colorado 27% 73% 162
Connecticut 20% 80% 109
Florida 22% 78% 498
Georgia 29% 71% 156
Illinois 22% 78% 287
Indiana 32% 68% 107
Maine 30% 70% 100
Maryland 31% 69% 175
Massachusetts 24% 76% 262
Michigan 24% 76% 180
Minnesota 26% 74% 114
Missouri 28% 72% 114
New Hampshire 17% 83% 102
New Jersey 23% 77% 208
New York 20% 80% 544
North Carolina 23% 77% 178
Ohio 31% 69% 192
Oregon 24% 76% 145
Pennsylvania 26% 74% 280
Texas 33% 67% 428
Vermont 28% 72% 129
Virginia 24% 76% 196
Washington 22% 78% 234
Wisconsin 21% 79% 124

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

State Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 27% 22% 10% < 1% 35% 5% 104
Arizona 22% 20% 12% < 1% 40% 5% 161
California 22% 18% 14% 1% 41% 4% 1,158
Colorado 23% 24% 13% 1% 35% 4% 162
Connecticut 20% 16% 8% < 1% 47% 9% 110
Florida 28% 20% 8% 1% 39% 4% 499
Georgia 27% 23% 14% < 1% 35% 2% 157
Illinois 23% 20% 13% < 1% 39% 6% 287
Indiana 22% 18% 4% 1% 52% 4% 107
Maine 17% 25% 11% < 1% 44% 2% 100
Maryland 26% 16% 11% < 1% 40% 6% 177
Massachusetts 10% 21% 14% 1% 48% 5% 263
Michigan 23% 20% 11% < 1% 44% 3% 180
Minnesota 22% 14% 11% < 1% 41% 11% 114
Missouri 33% 19% 13% 1% 32% 2% 114
New Hampshire 20% 12% 11% < 1% 47% 10% 102
New Jersey 18% 27% 12% 1% 38% 5% 209
New York 20% 18% 15% 1% 41% 5% 545
North Carolina 24% 21% 9% < 1% 43% 2% 179
Ohio 23% 22% 12% 1% 35% 6% 194
Oregon 16% 18% 16% < 1% 42% 9% 145
Pennsylvania 21% 21% 11% 1% 40% 6% 281
Texas 28% 21% 11% 1% 34% 4% 430
Vermont 13% 17% 5% 1% 56% 8% 129
Virginia 23% 19% 13% < 1% 39% 5% 197
Washington 19% 21% 16% < 1% 40% 4% 235
Wisconsin 9% 17% 13% < 1% 57% 3% 124

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

State Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 19% 26% 16% 39% 1% 104
Arizona 17% 19% 22% 41% 2% 161
California 16% 19% 25% 40% < 1% 1,158
Colorado 18% 25% 19% 37% < 1% 162
Connecticut 11% 19% 28% 42% < 1% 110
Florida 18% 21% 23% 39% < 1% 499
Georgia 17% 21% 23% 39% < 1% 157
Illinois 17% 19% 26% 37% < 1% 287
Indiana 20% 11% 17% 49% 3% 107
Maine 13% 14% 29% 44% < 1% 100
Maryland 17% 21% 26% 36% < 1% 177
Massachusetts 9% 18% 28% 44% 1% 263
Michigan 14% 20% 22% 43% 1% 180
Minnesota 15% 13% 27% 45% 1% 114
Missouri 26% 16% 26% 31% 1% 114
New Hampshire 18% 19% 23% 40% < 1% 102
New Jersey 9% 26% 29% 36% < 1% 209
New York 14% 22% 23% 40% 2% 545
North Carolina 18% 18% 24% 38% 1% 179
Ohio 17% 16% 24% 42% < 1% 194
Oregon 14% 15% 18% 53% 1% 145
Pennsylvania 15% 21% 26% 38% < 1% 281
Texas 26% 23% 18% 32% < 1% 430
Vermont 8% 17% 24% 51% < 1% 129
Virginia 15% 22% 28% 34% 1% 197
Washington 16% 14% 30% 40% < 1% 235
Wisconsin 7% 17% 26% 48% < 1% 124

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 13% 33% 54% < 1% 104
Arizona 13% 27% 60% < 1% 161
California 11% 28% 62% < 1% 1,158
Colorado 12% 20% 67% < 1% 162
Connecticut 5% 29% 66% < 1% 110
Florida 14% 26% 59% 1% 499
Georgia 12% 28% 61% < 1% 157
Illinois 8% 27% 65% < 1% 287
Indiana 17% 22% 58% 3% 107
Maine 11% 20% 69% < 1% 100
Maryland 10% 30% 59% 1% 177
Massachusetts 6% 27% 67% < 1% 263
Michigan 11% 26% 63% < 1% 180
Minnesota 14% 19% 67% < 1% 114
Missouri 17% 27% 56% 1% 114
New Hampshire 10% 20% 71% < 1% 102
New Jersey 6% 34% 60% < 1% 209
New York 8% 26% 66% < 1% 545
North Carolina 12% 28% 60% < 1% 179
Ohio 14% 26% 60% < 1% 194
Oregon 7% 23% 71% < 1% 145
Pennsylvania 11% 23% 65% < 1% 281
Texas 18% 28% 53% 1% 430
Vermont 8% 24% 68% < 1% 129
Virginia 15% 26% 60% < 1% 197
Washington 10% 25% 63% 1% 235
Wisconsin 5% 27% 68% < 1% 124

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

State At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 29% 13% 1% 57% 1% 104
Arizona 18% 13% 5% 64% < 1% 161
California 22% 8% 7% 62% < 1% 1,158
Colorado 20% 11% 5% 63% < 1% 162
Connecticut 15% 8% 5% 71% < 1% 110
Florida 23% 11% 4% 61% 1% 499
Georgia 22% 11% 4% 63% 1% 157
Illinois 16% 9% 7% 68% < 1% 287
Indiana 18% 9% 5% 65% 3% 107
Maine 19% 10% 6% 64% < 1% 100
Maryland 21% 11% 3% 64% 1% 177
Massachusetts 9% 8% 6% 77% 1% 263
Michigan 24% 6% 5% 65% < 1% 180
Minnesota 15% 8% 4% 73% < 1% 114
Missouri 32% 9% 6% 51% < 1% 114
New Hampshire 19% 6% 8% 67% < 1% 102
New Jersey 13% 12% 7% 66% 2% 209
New York 19% 10% 5% 65% 1% 545
North Carolina 29% 6% 4% 59% 1% 179
Ohio 24% 9% 4% 62% < 1% 194
Oregon 13% 4% 10% 72% < 1% 145
Pennsylvania 21% 9% 4% 65% < 1% 281
Texas 30% 11% 4% 54% < 1% 430
Vermont 13% 7% 5% 75% < 1% 129
Virginia 25% 7% 7% 60% 1% 197
Washington 17% 11% 7% 65% 1% 235
Wisconsin 10% 10% 5% 75% < 1% 124

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 11% 4% 1% 85% < 1% 104
Arizona 13% 4% 3% 80% < 1% 161
California 8% 4% 5% 83% < 1% 1,158
Colorado 4% 3% 6% 87% < 1% 162
Connecticut 5% 2% 8% 86% < 1% 110
Florida 10% 2% 4% 84% < 1% 499
Georgia 10% 4% 6% 80% < 1% 157
Illinois 6% 1% 5% 88% < 1% 287
Indiana 14% 4% 2% 78% 2% 107
Maine 4% 1% 2% 93% < 1% 100
Maryland 10% 2% 4% 83% 1% 177
Massachusetts 4% 1% 3% 91% < 1% 263
Michigan 9% 5% 2% 84% < 1% 180
Minnesota 11% 2% 1% 86% < 1% 114
Missouri 13% 8% 2% 77% < 1% 114
New Hampshire 8% 3% 1% 87% < 1% 102
New Jersey 5% 5% 5% 85% < 1% 209
New York 6% 4% 4% 85% < 1% 545
North Carolina 11% 3% 3% 82% 1% 179
Ohio 10% 3% 5% 82% < 1% 194
Oregon 6% 3% 3% 88% < 1% 145
Pennsylvania 8% 3% 5% 83% < 1% 281
Texas 12% 6% 5% 77% < 1% 430
Vermont 4% 2% 3% 91% < 1% 129
Virginia 10% 5% 3% 82% 1% 197
Washington 9% 2% 4% 84% 1% 235
Wisconsin 3% 4% 2% 90% < 1% 124

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 29% 8% 7% 56% < 1% 104
Arizona 31% 13% 1% 54% 1% 161
California 31% 11% 5% 50% 2% 1,158
Colorado 38% 8% 5% 49% 1% 162
Connecticut 26% 15% 5% 54% < 1% 110
Florida 35% 8% 4% 52% 2% 499
Georgia 30% 10% 15% 44% 1% 157
Illinois 31% 7% 6% 55% 1% 287
Indiana 33% 9% 5% 52% < 1% 107
Maine 32% 7% 8% 52% 1% 100
Maryland 34% 12% 3% 50% 2% 177
Massachusetts 23% 7% 4% 64% 1% 263
Michigan 31% 7% 4% 58% < 1% 180
Minnesota 25% 11% 6% 56% 2% 114
Missouri 40% 11% 4% 45% < 1% 114
New Hampshire 26% 18% 2% 53% < 1% 102
New Jersey 24% 13% 6% 55% 2% 209
New York 31% 11% 8% 49% 1% 545
North Carolina 33% 10% 5% 51% 1% 179
Ohio 34% 8% 3% 54% 2% 194
Oregon 31% 13% 6% 49% 1% 145
Pennsylvania 30% 8% 7% 54% 1% 281
Texas 34% 9% 7% 48% 2% 430
Vermont 27% 8% 9% 56% < 1% 129
Virginia 32% 14% 7% 46% 1% 197
Washington 29% 10% 4% 57% < 1% 235
Wisconsin 19% 12% 8% 59% < 1% 124

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 46% 11% 9% 31% 2% 104
Arizona 38% 12% 10% 40% < 1% 161
California 45% 15% 10% 28% 2% 1,158
Colorado 51% 15% 8% 24% 2% 162
Connecticut 40% 24% 8% 27% 2% 110
Florida 47% 12% 8% 30% 2% 499
Georgia 36% 25% 12% 26% < 1% 157
Illinois 41% 18% 9% 32% 1% 287
Indiana 41% 16% 9% 31% 3% 107
Maine 39% 15% 9% 35% 2% 100
Maryland 43% 18% 13% 26% 1% 177
Massachusetts 35% 16% 11% 37% 2% 263
Michigan 44% 12% 8% 36% < 1% 180
Minnesota 50% 14% 9% 22% 4% 114
Missouri 46% 20% 9% 23% 2% 114
New Hampshire 30% 21% 13% 35% 1% 102
New Jersey 39% 14% 15% 31% 2% 209
New York 36% 16% 12% 33% 3% 545
North Carolina 49% 13% 11% 26% 1% 179
Ohio 42% 13% 7% 36% 1% 194
Oregon 41% 23% 8% 26% 2% 145
Pennsylvania 41% 11% 9% 37% 1% 281
Texas 47% 14% 9% 28% 2% 430
Vermont 42% 14% 13% 30% < 1% 129
Virginia 35% 21% 11% 31% 2% 197
Washington 42% 20% 12% 27% < 1% 235
Wisconsin 27% 19% 13% 42% < 1% 124

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 52% 15% 16% 17% < 1% 104
Arizona 47% 17% 12% 23% < 1% 161
California 50% 17% 15% 17% 1% 1,158
Colorado 55% 13% 17% 13% 2% 162
Connecticut 47% 22% 9% 20% 1% 110
Florida 49% 14% 14% 22% 1% 499
Georgia 52% 20% 9% 19% < 1% 157
Illinois 49% 12% 15% 21% 2% 287
Indiana 57% 11% 6% 26% < 1% 107
Maine 42% 9% 21% 28% < 1% 100
Maryland 46% 12% 17% 25% 1% 177
Massachusetts 48% 17% 13% 22% < 1% 263
Michigan 47% 17% 13% 23% 1% 180
Minnesota 56% 14% 10% 19% < 1% 114
Missouri 49% 19% 6% 26% < 1% 114
New Hampshire 51% 18% 7% 23% < 1% 102
New Jersey 44% 14% 20% 21% < 1% 209
New York 48% 18% 14% 18% 1% 545
North Carolina 50% 15% 12% 22% < 1% 179
Ohio 52% 18% 8% 22% < 1% 194
Oregon 54% 20% 8% 18% < 1% 145
Pennsylvania 48% 18% 15% 20% < 1% 281
Texas 53% 14% 13% 19% 2% 430
Vermont 52% 22% 13% 13% < 1% 129
Virginia 49% 16% 16% 18% 2% 197
Washington 50% 18% 13% 18% 1% 235
Wisconsin 35% 26% 18% 21% < 1% 124

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

State Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 11% 7% 51% 26% 5% 104
Arizona 12% 16% 51% 18% 3% 161
California 8% 22% 47% 20% 2% 1,158
Colorado 9% 26% 48% 15% 2% 162
Connecticut 1% 13% 66% 17% 3% 110
Florida 11% 16% 55% 17% 1% 499
Georgia 11% 23% 47% 18% 1% 157
Illinois 9% 20% 51% 18% 2% 287
Indiana 13% 17% 50% 17% 2% 107
Maine 7% 13% 64% 13% 2% 100
Maryland 9% 14% 54% 20% 3% 177
Massachusetts 3% 14% 54% 26% 3% 263
Michigan 10% 13% 58% 17% 1% 180
Minnesota 11% 17% 53% 15% 4% 114
Missouri 12% 23% 48% 14% 3% 114
New Hampshire 8% 12% 59% 19% 2% 102
New Jersey 3% 20% 57% 18% 1% 209
New York 7% 22% 49% 19% 3% 545
North Carolina 13% 16% 51% 18% 2% 179
Ohio 10% 18% 53% 17% 1% 194
Oregon 3% 24% 43% 30% < 1% 145
Pennsylvania 11% 14% 50% 24% 1% 281
Texas 14% 16% 48% 20% 2% 430
Vermont 3% 21% 54% 20% 2% 129
Virginia 11% 25% 44% 20% 1% 197
Washington 8% 17% 51% 22% 2% 235
Wisconsin 5% 19% 54% 22% 1% 124

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

State There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 33% 61% 2% 4% 104
Arizona 26% 70% 3% 1% 161
California 22% 76% 1% 1% 1,158
Colorado 26% 69% < 1% 5% 162
Connecticut 22% 78% < 1% < 1% 110
Florida 24% 74% 2% 1% 499
Georgia 22% 77% 1% < 1% 157
Illinois 17% 79% 1% 2% 287
Indiana 25% 74% < 1% 1% 107
Maine 16% 79% 5% < 1% 100
Maryland 15% 84% 1% < 1% 177
Massachusetts 17% 81% 1% 2% 263
Michigan 22% 77% 1% < 1% 180
Minnesota 19% 80% < 1% < 1% 114
Missouri 33% 66% 1% < 1% 114
New Hampshire 26% 73% < 1% < 1% 102
New Jersey 20% 77% 1% 1% 209
New York 18% 81% 1% < 1% 545
North Carolina 24% 74% 2% 1% 179
Ohio 27% 72% < 1% < 1% 194
Oregon 14% 85% < 1% 1% 145
Pennsylvania 26% 73% < 1% < 1% 281
Texas 20% 77% 2% 2% 430
Vermont 23% 75% 2% < 1% 129
Virginia 23% 73% 1% 3% 197
Washington 23% 75% 2% < 1% 235
Wisconsin 18% 81% 1% < 1% 124

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 13% 6% 11% 69% < 1% 104
Arizona 15% 7% 4% 73% < 1% 161
California 11% 4% 6% 78% 1% 1,158
Colorado 14% 2% 8% 76% < 1% 162
Connecticut 6% 4% 9% 80% < 1% 110
Florida 17% 6% 5% 72% < 1% 499
Georgia 16% 5% 6% 73% < 1% 157
Illinois 11% 5% 9% 74% 1% 287
Indiana 12% 8% 5% 73% 1% 107
Maine 9% 1% 5% 84% < 1% 100
Maryland 14% 7% 6% 73% < 1% 177
Massachusetts 3% 5% 8% 84% 1% 263
Michigan 8% 10% 6% 76% < 1% 180
Minnesota 12% 4% 8% 75% 1% 114
Missouri 21% 5% 11% 63% < 1% 114
New Hampshire 6% 4% 5% 84% 1% 102
New Jersey 10% 5% 4% 81% < 1% 209
New York 7% 4% 10% 78% 1% 545
North Carolina 16% 5% 8% 71% < 1% 179
Ohio 11% 4% 7% 79% < 1% 194
Oregon 7% 6% 7% 80% < 1% 145
Pennsylvania 11% 5% 5% 79% < 1% 281
Texas 16% 7% 8% 68% < 1% 430
Vermont 5% 5% 6% 84% < 1% 129
Virginia 19% 6% 7% 69% 1% 197
Washington 10% 7% 4% 78% < 1% 235
Wisconsin 5% 5% 5% 85% < 1% 124

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

State Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 5% 10% 1% 80% 4% 104
Arizona 5% 12% < 1% 71% 12% 161
California 6% 7% 1% 82% 5% 1,158
Colorado 6% 9% 1% 80% 5% 162
Connecticut 3% 3% < 1% 87% 6% 110
Florida 8% 11% 1% 75% 5% 499
Georgia 11% 8% < 1% 75% 5% 157
Illinois 5% 9% 1% 81% 5% 287
Indiana 9% 6% < 1% 80% 5% 107
Maine 6% 5% < 1% 82% 8% 100
Maryland 6% 7% < 1% 85% 1% 177
Massachusetts 2% 7% < 1% 87% 4% 263
Michigan 7% 12% 1% 74% 6% 180
Minnesota 6% 5% 3% 79% 7% 114
Missouri 6% 17% 3% 69% 5% 114
New Hampshire 8% 9% < 1% 77% 6% 102
New Jersey 2% 6% < 1% 86% 6% 209
New York 5% 6% 1% 83% 6% 545
North Carolina 10% 5% < 1% 79% 6% 179
Ohio 6% 12% 1% 76% 4% 194
Oregon 5% 6% 1% 83% 5% 145
Pennsylvania 8% 10% < 1% 77% 6% 281
Texas 13% 9% 1% 73% 4% 430
Vermont 2% 1% 1% 92% 3% 129
Virginia 9% 9% 1% 79% 3% 197
Washington 5% 6% 1% 82% 6% 235
Wisconsin 4% 9% < 1% 85% 3% 124

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

State Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 6% 94% < 1% 104
Arizona 6% 94% 1% 161
California 5% 94% 1% 1,158
Colorado 6% 89% 5% 162
Connecticut 6% 92% 2% 110
Florida 8% 91% 1% 499
Georgia 10% 88% 2% 157
Illinois 8% 91% < 1% 287
Indiana 7% 89% 5% 107
Maine 4% 92% 4% 100
Maryland 3% 97% < 1% 177
Massachusetts 1% 98% 1% 263
Michigan 8% 92% 1% 180
Minnesota 6% 92% 2% 114
Missouri 11% 89% < 1% 114
New Hampshire 4% 94% 2% 102
New Jersey 1% 98% 1% 209
New York 5% 94% 1% 545
North Carolina 9% 88% 2% 179
Ohio 10% 90% < 1% 194
Oregon 5% 95% < 1% 145
Pennsylvania 8% 91% 1% 281
Texas 10% 88% 2% 430
Vermont 1% 97% 1% 129
Virginia 10% 88% 2% 197
Washington 3% 95% 2% 235
Wisconsin 7% 92% 1% 124

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

State Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 26% 20% 54% 104
Arizona 25% 17% 58% 161
California 20% 19% 61% 1,158
Colorado 23% 14% 63% 162
Connecticut 23% 19% 58% 110
Florida 31% 19% 50% 499
Georgia 24% 19% 56% 157
Illinois 18% 19% 63% 287
Indiana 34% 25% 41% 107
Maine 27% 12% 61% 100
Maryland 22% 13% 65% 177
Massachusetts 21% 14% 65% 263
Michigan 15% 17% 68% 180
Minnesota 25% 19% 56% 114
Missouri 34% 20% 46% 114
New Hampshire 18% 21% 61% 102
New Jersey 21% 16% 63% 209
New York 17% 18% 64% 545
North Carolina 22% 28% 50% 179
Ohio 31% 22% 47% 194
Oregon 18% 20% 62% 145
Pennsylvania 24% 18% 58% 281
Texas 25% 23% 52% 430
Vermont 15% 4% 81% 129
Virginia 31% 15% 54% 197
Washington 22% 15% 63% 235
Wisconsin 19% 11% 69% 124

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

State Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 22% 36% 39% 2% 104
Arizona 21% 31% 42% 7% 161
California 15% 32% 48% 5% 1,158
Colorado 12% 33% 51% 5% 162
Connecticut 21% 32% 42% 6% 110
Florida 22% 31% 41% 6% 499
Georgia 16% 35% 44% 5% 157
Illinois 16% 32% 45% 7% 287
Indiana 17% 40% 30% 13% 107
Maine 27% 35% 37% 1% 100
Maryland 12% 32% 47% 9% 177
Massachusetts 11% 31% 53% 4% 263
Michigan 17% 36% 42% 5% 180
Minnesota 14% 33% 45% 8% 114
Missouri 27% 36% 31% 6% 114
New Hampshire 22% 28% 47% 3% 102
New Jersey 13% 38% 43% 6% 209
New York 16% 28% 52% 4% 545
North Carolina 16% 37% 41% 5% 179
Ohio 24% 36% 33% 8% 194
Oregon 17% 33% 47% 3% 145
Pennsylvania 19% 35% 40% 6% 281
Texas 24% 36% 34% 6% 430
Vermont 8% 34% 57% 1% 129
Virginia 21% 40% 36% 4% 197
Washington 16% 29% 48% 7% 235
Wisconsin 18% 33% 47% 2% 124

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

State Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 44% 52% 1% 3% 104
Arizona 54% 40% 4% 2% 161
California 43% 49% 5% 3% 1,158
Colorado 43% 49% 6% 3% 162
Connecticut 41% 45% 6% 9% 110
Florida 48% 47% 2% 3% 499
Georgia 47% 45% 4% 4% 157
Illinois 45% 46% 5% 3% 287
Indiana 53% 40% 2% 4% 107
Maine 54% 41% 4% 2% 100
Maryland 40% 52% 1% 7% 177
Massachusetts 43% 51% 2% 4% 263
Michigan 46% 47% 5% 2% 180
Minnesota 47% 48% 3% 2% 114
Missouri 61% 33% 1% 5% 114
New Hampshire 62% 34% 1% 3% 102
New Jersey 47% 45% 6% 1% 209
New York 37% 54% 5% 4% 545
North Carolina 50% 45% 3% 3% 179
Ohio 62% 30% 2% 5% 194
Oregon 43% 52% 2% 2% 145
Pennsylvania 51% 41% 3% 5% 281
Texas 50% 45% 3% 3% 430
Vermont 38% 54% 4% 4% 129
Virginia 51% 45% 3% 1% 197
Washington 46% 48% 3% 2% 235
Wisconsin 41% 56% 1% 2% 124

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

State Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 31% 63% 6% < 1% 104
Arizona 31% 59% 4% 6% 161
California 27% 68% 3% 2% 1,158
Colorado 31% 65% 2% 1% 162
Connecticut 34% 57% 6% 2% 110
Florida 40% 56% 3% 1% 499
Georgia 35% 59% 6% 1% 157
Illinois 29% 69% 1% 1% 287
Indiana 44% 46% 6% 4% 107
Maine 30% 65% 5% 1% 100
Maryland 25% 67% 6% 1% 177
Massachusetts 27% 70% 2% 1% 263
Michigan 33% 64% 2% 1% 180
Minnesota 26% 72% 2% < 1% 114
Missouri 47% 49% 3% 1% 114
New Hampshire 26% 69% 1% 5% 102
New Jersey 38% 56% 4% 2% 209
New York 28% 65% 6% 1% 545
North Carolina 41% 57% 1% 1% 179
Ohio 41% 54% 4% 2% 194
Oregon 27% 70% 2% < 1% 145
Pennsylvania 36% 62% 2% 1% 281
Texas 40% 55% 4% 1% 430
Vermont 13% 82% 3% 3% 129
Virginia 33% 62% 4% 2% 197
Washington 29% 67% 2% 1% 235
Wisconsin 29% 70% 2% < 1% 124

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

State Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 82% 16% 2% 104
Arizona 68% 27% 4% 161
California 79% 17% 4% 1,158
Colorado 79% 13% 8% 162
Connecticut 86% 8% 6% 110
Florida 71% 26% 3% 499
Georgia 78% 21% 1% 157
Illinois 82% 17% 1% 287
Indiana 66% 26% 8% 107
Maine 83% 17% < 1% 100
Maryland 77% 21% 2% 177
Massachusetts 90% 9% 1% 263
Michigan 80% 18% 3% 180
Minnesota 74% 22% 4% 114
Missouri 69% 27% 3% 114
New Hampshire 84% 15% 1% 102
New Jersey 83% 14% 3% 209
New York 81% 18% 1% 545
North Carolina 72% 23% 6% 179
Ohio 75% 23% 2% 194
Oregon 85% 13% 2% 145
Pennsylvania 75% 21% 4% 281
Texas 67% 30% 3% 430
Vermont 91% 9% < 1% 129
Virginia 72% 26% 2% 197
Washington 86% 12% 2% 235
Wisconsin 82% 14% 4% 124

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

State Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 76% 18% 5% < 1% 104
Arizona 80% 11% 5% 4% 161
California 83% 12% 2% 2% 1,158
Colorado 86% 9% 3% 2% 162
Connecticut 87% 9% 1% 3% 110
Florida 78% 16% 3% 3% 499
Georgia 82% 16% 1% 1% 157
Illinois 86% 11% 1% 1% 287
Indiana 73% 18% 3% 6% 107
Maine 80% 17% 2% 1% 100
Maryland 85% 13% 1% 1% 177
Massachusetts 93% 6% 1% 1% 263
Michigan 86% 11% 2% < 1% 180
Minnesota 85% 14% 1% < 1% 114
Missouri 70% 17% 5% 7% 114
New Hampshire 81% 14% 3% 2% 102
New Jersey 86% 8% 3% 3% 209
New York 85% 12% 2% 1% 545
North Carolina 78% 16% 4% 1% 179
Ohio 82% 14% 2% 2% 194
Oregon 88% 9% 3% < 1% 145
Pennsylvania 87% 10% 2% 1% 281
Texas 77% 17% 3% 3% 430
Vermont 98% 1% < 1% 1% 129
Virginia 84% 13% 2% 1% 197
Washington 86% 12% < 1% 2% 235
Wisconsin 88% 12% < 1% < 1% 124

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

State Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 75% 23% 2% 104
Arizona 79% 15% 6% 161
California 82% 14% 4% 1,158
Colorado 88% 9% 2% 162
Connecticut 86% 10% 3% 110
Florida 72% 21% 7% 499
Georgia 75% 21% 5% 157
Illinois 82% 14% 4% 287
Indiana 68% 23% 9% 107
Maine 80% 17% 4% 100
Maryland 82% 16% 3% 177
Massachusetts 87% 8% 5% 263
Michigan 74% 17% 9% 180
Minnesota 83% 17% < 1% 114
Missouri 70% 21% 9% 114
New Hampshire 80% 15% 5% 102
New Jersey 82% 14% 4% 209
New York 83% 13% 4% 545
North Carolina 76% 18% 6% 179
Ohio 74% 23% 3% 194
Oregon 84% 14% 2% 145
Pennsylvania 82% 14% 4% 281
Texas 73% 23% 5% 430
Vermont 93% 4% 3% 129
Virginia 82% 15% 3% 197
Washington 85% 13% 2% 235
Wisconsin 87% 9% 4% 124

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

State Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 25% 74% 1% < 1% 104
Arizona 27% 71% 1% 1% 161
California 20% 76% 2% 2% 1,158
Colorado 18% 78% 2% 3% 162
Connecticut 24% 71% 1% 4% 110
Florida 29% 68% 2% 1% 499
Georgia 23% 73% 2% 3% 157
Illinois 25% 71% 2% 2% 287
Indiana 23% 73% 2% 2% 107
Maine 26% 68% 2% 4% 100
Maryland 20% 77% 1% 3% 177
Massachusetts 20% 76% 1% 4% 263
Michigan 18% 76% 2% 4% 180
Minnesota 22% 74% 2% 2% 114
Missouri 37% 61% 2% < 1% 114
New Hampshire 25% 72% 2% < 1% 102
New Jersey 22% 76% 2% < 1% 209
New York 18% 77% 3% 2% 545
North Carolina 24% 74% 1% 1% 179
Ohio 34% 63% 2% 1% 194
Oregon 21% 71% 1% 7% 145
Pennsylvania 29% 69% 1% 1% 281
Texas 30% 64% 4% 3% 430
Vermont 5% 94% < 1% 1% 129
Virginia 23% 74% 2% 1% 197
Washington 19% 76% 2% 2% 235
Wisconsin 23% 72% 3% 2% 124

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by state

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

State Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 66% 13% 4% 16% 1% 104
Arizona 65% 11% 6% 14% 4% 161
California 71% 9% 4% 14% 1% 1,158
Colorado 72% 15% 4% 7% 2% 162
Connecticut 72% 8% 6% 13% 1% 110
Florida 63% 11% 3% 22% 1% 499
Georgia 68% 8% 5% 17% 2% 157
Illinois 74% 10% 3% 12% 1% 287
Indiana 69% 11% 1% 14% 4% 107
Maine 73% 3% 3% 20% 1% 100
Maryland 70% 10% 2% 17% 1% 177
Massachusetts 78% 7% 5% 6% 2% 263
Michigan 69% 12% 1% 13% 5% 180
Minnesota 65% 11% 4% 19% 1% 114
Missouri 57% 16% 1% 20% 6% 114
New Hampshire 78% 9% < 1% 12% < 1% 102
New Jersey 75% 10% 4% 9% 2% 209
New York 75% 13% 2% 9% 1% 545
North Carolina 72% 6% 5% 15% 2% 179
Ohio 65% 13% 3% 16% 3% 194
Oregon 82% 5% 3% 9% 1% 145
Pennsylvania 70% 13% 2% 14% 1% 281
Texas 63% 13% 3% 19% 2% 430
Vermont 87% 3% 5% 6% < 1% 129
Virginia 72% 11% 3% 13% 1% 197
Washington 76% 9% 6% 9% < 1% 235
Wisconsin 76% 9% 2% 11% 2% 124