State among adults who believe in Hell

% of adults who believe in Hell who are in…

Survey year Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Sample Size
Sample size = 19,167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 2% < 1% 2% 1% 11% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 6% 4% < 1% < 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 2% 2% < 1% 2% 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 3% 1% 5% 4% < 1% 4% 1% 1% 4% < 1% 2% < 1% 3% 9% 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 19,167
2007 2% < 1% 1% 1% 9% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 5% 3% < 1% < 1% 4% 3% 1% 1% 2% 2% < 1% 2% 2% 3% 2% 1% 3% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 2% 1% 5% 4% < 1% 5% 2% 1% 5% < 1% 2% < 1% 3% 7% 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 20,461

Learn More: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

State among adults who believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who believe in Hell who are in…

Religious tradition Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic < 1% < 1% 2% 1% 17% 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 6% 1% < 1% < 1% 5% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 3% 3% 2% < 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 1% 4% 1% 9% 1% < 1% 3% 1% 1% 5% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 9% < 1% < 1% 2% 2% < 1% 2% < 1% 4,475
Evangelical Protestant 3% < 1% 2% 2% 9% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 6% 5% < 1% < 1% 3% 3% 1% 1% 3% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 2% 3% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 3% 4% < 1% 4% 2% 1% 3% < 1% 2% < 1% 5% 10% < 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 6,978
Historically Black Protestant 4% < 1% < 1% 1% 5% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 8% 8% < 1% < 1% 4% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 5% < 1% 5% 1% 4% 1% 4% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 3% < 1% 4% 7% < 1% 4% 1% < 1% 3% < 1% 4% < 1% 3% 8% < 1% < 1% 4% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 1,557
Jewish < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 10% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 15% 2% < 1% < 1% 4% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 2% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 15% < 1% 28% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 3% < 1% < 1% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 144
Mainline Protestant 2% < 1% 2% 1% 7% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 6% 2% < 1% 1% 4% 3% 2% 2% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 4% 3% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 2% 1% 5% 4% < 1% 5% 2% 1% 7% < 1% 2% 1% 2% 7% < 1% < 1% 3% 2% 2% 2% < 1% 3,327
Mormon < 1% 1% 7% 1% 10% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 7% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 2% 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 5% 26% < 1% 4% 5% < 1% < 1% 1% 381
Muslim 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 11% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 8% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 3% 4% 4% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 11% < 1% 15% 2% < 1% 4% 1% 1% 3% < 1% < 1% < 1% 3% 7% 1% < 1% 4% 1% 1% 2% < 1% 173
Orthodox Christian < 1% 3% 1% < 1% 10% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 8% 3% < 1% 1% 7% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 8% < 1% 16% 7% < 1% 1% < 1% 3% 5% < 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 5% < 1% < 1% 3% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 101
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 1% < 1% 3% 1% 10% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 7% 3% 1% 1% 3% 3% 1% 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 2% 4% 1% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 7% 3% < 1% 5% 1% 1% 4% < 1% 2% < 1% 2% 8% 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 1,699

Learn More: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Virginia, Washington, West Virginia, Wisconsin, Wyoming

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who are ages…

State 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 357. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 18% 34% 29% 19% 357
Alaska 22% 42% 28% 8% 141
Arizona 23% 36% 25% 16% 328
Arkansas 23% 32% 25% 20% 226
California 24% 38% 25% 14% 1,635
Colorado 19% 38% 26% 17% 231
Connecticut 15% 38% 32% 15% 157
Delaware 20% 33% 28% 19% 167
District of Columbia 28% 34% 21% 17% 122
Florida 20% 32% 27% 21% 1,070
Georgia 24% 35% 25% 17% 619
Hawaii 25% 32% 22% 21% 143
Idaho 18% 38% 30% 14% 168
Illinois 21% 35% 27% 17% 698
Indiana 21% 32% 31% 16% 412
Iowa 22% 33% 26% 18% 191
Kansas 24% 34% 25% 16% 190
Kentucky 19% 35% 28% 18% 316
Louisiana 24% 33% 24% 19% 317
Maine 15% 40% 31% 14% 123
Maryland 21% 36% 29% 14% 299
Massachusetts 18% 34% 33% 16% 224
Michigan 19% 36% 29% 17% 563
Minnesota 20% 34% 27% 18% 299
Mississippi 18% 34% 28% 20% 242
Missouri 19% 32% 29% 19% 408
Montana 21% 28% 33% 18% 145
Nebraska 23% 33% 27% 17% 189
Nevada 20% 34% 27% 18% 149
New Hampshire 23% 32% 28% 18% 116
New Jersey 17% 35% 30% 18% 415
New Mexico 20% 33% 26% 21% 148
New York 23% 34% 26% 18% 871
North Carolina 23% 34% 27% 17% 656
North Dakota 25% 27% 29% 20% 213
Ohio 19% 34% 29% 18% 659
Oklahoma 21% 35% 27% 17% 255
Oregon 23% 31% 26% 20% 170
Pennsylvania 19% 33% 29% 20% 746
Rhode Island 21% 28% 32% 19% 138
South Carolina 23% 33% 26% 19% 324
South Dakota 23% 35% 26% 16% 186
Tennessee 18% 33% 29% 20% 473
Texas 24% 37% 25% 15% 1,579
Utah 36% 39% 18% 7% 135
Virginia 20% 35% 28% 17% 488
Washington 23% 35% 24% 17% 293
West Virginia 18% 28% 31% 23% 227
Wisconsin 18% 34% 33% 15% 318
Wyoming 18% 37% 30% 14% 180

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

State Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 357. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 13% 12% 28% 34% 12% 1% 357
Alaska 15% 16% 33% 29% 5% 2% 141
Arizona 15% 16% 29% 28% 11% 1% 328
Arkansas 16% 10% 29% 32% 13% < 1% 226
California 17% 15% 31% 28% 9% 1% 1,635
Colorado 7% 20% 30% 31% 12% < 1% 231
Connecticut 12% 9% 32% 36% 11% < 1% 157
Delaware 14% 11% 28% 33% 14% < 1% 167
District of Columbia 15% 17% 30% 23% 14% 1% 122
Florida 13% 12% 27% 32% 14% 2% 1,070
Georgia 16% 12% 31% 30% 11% < 1% 619
Hawaii 19% 14% 24% 31% 9% 2% 143
Idaho 11% 13% 33% 34% 10% < 1% 168
Illinois 14% 14% 28% 31% 12% 1% 698
Indiana 15% 12% 26% 34% 11% 1% 412
Iowa 16% 12% 27% 31% 12% 1% 191
Kansas 16% 17% 26% 31% 9% 1% 190
Kentucky 9% 16% 29% 34% 10% 1% 316
Louisiana 14% 18% 25% 29% 13% 1% 317
Maine 4% 15% 35% 36% 9% 1% 123
Maryland 13% 13% 30% 32% 10% 1% 299
Massachusetts 13% 12% 27% 38% 9% 1% 224
Michigan 12% 12% 30% 34% 11% 1% 563
Minnesota 11% 16% 27% 34% 12% 1% 299
Mississippi 11% 12% 30% 33% 14% < 1% 242
Missouri 13% 14% 25% 34% 13% 1% 408
Montana 9% 19% 22% 37% 14% < 1% 145
Nebraska 15% 14% 27% 31% 11% 2% 189
Nevada 14% 12% 28% 34% 11% 1% 149
New Hampshire 17% 8% 29% 32% 13% 1% 116
New Jersey 11% 11% 30% 34% 12% 2% 415
New Mexico 11% 14% 28% 35% 12% < 1% 148
New York 14% 15% 28% 31% 11% 1% 871
North Carolina 13% 16% 28% 33% 10% 1% 656
North Dakota 13% 18% 20% 36% 9% 4% 213
Ohio 12% 14% 28% 34% 12% 1% 659
Oklahoma 14% 14% 28% 31% 11% 2% 255
Oregon 14% 13% 27% 31% 13% 2% 170
Pennsylvania 13% 12% 27% 33% 14% 1% 746
Rhode Island 11% 15% 23% 37% 12% 2% 138
South Carolina 16% 11% 28% 34% 11% < 1% 324
South Dakota 13% 20% 25% 30% 11% 1% 186
Tennessee 10% 13% 28% 35% 13% 1% 473
Texas 14% 16% 30% 28% 10% 1% 1,579
Utah 22% 23% 30% 20% 5% 1% 135
Virginia 10% 15% 30% 33% 12% < 1% 488
Washington 17% 14% 28% 30% 9% 2% 293
West Virginia 13% 8% 25% 37% 16% 2% 227
Wisconsin 11% 15% 27% 36% 10% 1% 318
Wyoming 10% 16% 30% 35% 9% < 1% 180

Gender composition among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

State Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 45% 55% 367
Alaska 47% 53% 144
Arizona 47% 53% 330
Arkansas 46% 54% 232
California 48% 52% 1,669
Colorado 52% 48% 235
Connecticut 42% 58% 160
Delaware 46% 54% 168
District of Columbia 44% 56% 132
Florida 46% 54% 1,087
Georgia 45% 55% 634
Hawaii 51% 49% 146
Idaho 48% 52% 171
Illinois 44% 56% 713
Indiana 46% 54% 417
Iowa 53% 47% 192
Kansas 45% 55% 192
Kentucky 47% 53% 321
Louisiana 47% 53% 318
Maine 44% 56% 123
Maryland 51% 49% 304
Massachusetts 52% 48% 231
Michigan 48% 52% 571
Minnesota 51% 49% 303
Mississippi 46% 54% 243
Missouri 48% 52% 413
Montana 46% 54% 149
Nebraska 50% 50% 191
Nevada 45% 55% 154
New Hampshire 43% 57% 118
New Jersey 51% 49% 432
New Mexico 50% 50% 149
New York 47% 53% 886
North Carolina 46% 54% 664
North Dakota 54% 46% 218
Ohio 48% 52% 669
Oklahoma 49% 51% 258
Oregon 50% 50% 170
Pennsylvania 47% 53% 756
Rhode Island 44% 56% 141
South Carolina 46% 54% 332
South Dakota 51% 49% 191
Tennessee 47% 53% 483
Texas 47% 53% 1,612
Utah 56% 44% 139
Virginia 44% 56% 503
Washington 48% 52% 302
West Virginia 49% 51% 229
Wisconsin 45% 55% 327
Wyoming 55% 45% 182

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

State White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 362. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 69% 26% < 1% 2% 3% 362
Alaska 63% 6% 4% 4% 23% 140
Arizona 61% 4% 2% 29% 5% 324
Arkansas 78% 15% 1% 5% 2% 230
California 35% 8% 12% 42% 3% 1,649
Colorado 69% 6% 2% 21% 3% 233
Connecticut 66% 9% 2% 20% 3% 159
Delaware 64% 27% 3% 6% 1% 166
District of Columbia 20% 64% 1% 13% 2% 130
Florida 56% 17% 1% 23% 3% 1,076
Georgia 57% 32% 1% 7% 4% 627
Hawaii 20% 6% 46% 11% 18% 144
Idaho 92% 2% 1% 5% < 1% 168
Illinois 63% 17% 2% 14% 3% 702
Indiana 83% 10% < 1% 5% 2% 413
Iowa 91% 4% 1% 3% 1% 192
Kansas 78% 7% 3% 9% 4% 191
Kentucky 88% 9% < 1% 1% 2% 320
Louisiana 61% 32% < 1% 4% 3% 315
Maine 93% 3% 1% 2% 2% 122
Maryland 48% 35% 2% 9% 6% 299
Massachusetts 67% 13% 3% 15% 2% 226
Michigan 77% 15% 1% 3% 4% 566
Minnesota 82% 8% < 1% 4% 7% 298
Mississippi 59% 38% < 1% 1% 1% 241
Missouri 81% 12% 1% 3% 3% 410
Montana 90% < 1% 1% 3% 6% 147
Nebraska 83% 5% 1% 10% 2% 190
Nevada 45% 12% 4% 28% 11% 154
New Hampshire 94% 1% < 1% 1% 3% 116
New Jersey 56% 17% 3% 19% 5% 424
New Mexico 43% 1% 2% 42% 12% 149
New York 53% 19% 6% 18% 5% 870
North Carolina 64% 24% 1% 7% 4% 661
North Dakota 89% < 1% 1% 2% 8% 213
Ohio 83% 12% 1% 3% 2% 661
Oklahoma 73% 8% < 1% 4% 15% 254
Oregon 82% 1% 2% 10% 5% 166
Pennsylvania 80% 10% 2% 6% 1% 748
Rhode Island 76% 5% < 1% 12% 7% 140
South Carolina 64% 28% < 1% 5% 2% 329
South Dakota 90% < 1% < 1% 2% 7% 191
Tennessee 78% 17% < 1% 3% 2% 479
Texas 47% 14% 2% 33% 4% 1,592
Utah 77% 2% 1% 15% 5% 136
Virginia 65% 20% 5% 7% 4% 493
Washington 74% 4% 4% 10% 7% 298
West Virginia 93% 3% < 1% < 1% 3% 226
Wisconsin 85% 7% 1% 4% 2% 323
Wyoming 87% 1% < 1% 9% 4% 182

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

State Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 362. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 3% 4% 93% 362
Alaska 9% 9% 82% 140
Arizona 15% 10% 75% 328
Arkansas 4% < 1% 95% 231
California 36% 16% 48% 1,640
Colorado 13% 7% 80% 232
Connecticut 20% 14% 66% 155
Delaware 13% 7% 81% 166
District of Columbia 19% 7% 73% 127
Florida 23% 12% 65% 1,065
Georgia 7% 5% 88% 622
Hawaii 21% 15% 63% 142
Idaho 10% 5% 86% 171
Illinois 12% 11% 77% 706
Indiana 4% 5% 91% 417
Iowa 6% 3% 91% 190
Kansas 5% 7% 89% 191
Kentucky 1% < 1% 98% 316
Louisiana 2% 3% 95% 316
Maine 3% 11% 86% 122
Maryland 11% 10% 79% 298
Massachusetts 23% 16% 61% 229
Michigan 5% 6% 88% 565
Minnesota 7% 3% 90% 302
Mississippi 1% 1% 99% 240
Missouri 4% 3% 93% 406
Montana 1% 4% 95% 146
Nebraska 10% 4% 87% 188
Nevada 25% 13% 63% 151
New Hampshire 8% 12% 80% 116
New Jersey 22% 18% 60% 422
New Mexico 15% 6% 79% 145
New York 27% 18% 55% 864
North Carolina 8% 3% 89% 658
North Dakota 4% 5% 91% 216
Ohio 4% 6% 90% 665
Oklahoma 4% 2% 94% 255
Oregon 9% 10% 81% 170
Pennsylvania 6% 6% 88% 741
Rhode Island 19% 12% 69% 140
South Carolina 5% 5% 90% 331
South Dakota 4% 2% 94% 190
Tennessee 5% 3% 92% 475
Texas 20% 11% 70% 1,596
Utah 9% 6% 85% 137
Virginia 11% 6% 83% 491
Washington 15% 9% 76% 297
West Virginia 2% 2% 96% 227
Wisconsin 4% 6% 89% 321
Wyoming 5% 9% 86% 179

Income distribution among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who have a household income of…

State Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 318. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 38% 24% 23% 15% 318
Alaska 25% 25% 29% 21% 124
Arizona 37% 20% 31% 12% 293
Arkansas 43% 19% 24% 14% 207
California 43% 17% 23% 16% 1,434
Colorado 30% 19% 29% 21% 207
Connecticut 35% 22% 24% 19% 141
Delaware 25% 28% 27% 20% 144
District of Columbia 39% 22% 26% 13% 111
Florida 41% 23% 21% 14% 935
Georgia 38% 22% 25% 15% 561
Hawaii 38% 22% 20% 21% 124
Idaho 23% 32% 28% 16% 159
Illinois 35% 20% 29% 16% 611
Indiana 40% 20% 28% 12% 359
Iowa 28% 23% 34% 15% 172
Kansas 33% 29% 27% 11% 173
Kentucky 49% 15% 26% 10% 280
Louisiana 43% 17% 25% 15% 278
Maine 41% 31% 23% 5% 103
Maryland 22% 24% 34% 20% 262
Massachusetts 40% 17% 21% 22% 193
Michigan 41% 19% 28% 12% 498
Minnesota 29% 19% 32% 20% 269
Mississippi 46% 21% 22% 11% 213
Missouri 36% 31% 21% 12% 373
Montana 28% 24% 29% 18% 137
Nebraska 30% 24% 26% 19% 168
Nevada 34% 31% 24% 11% 136
New Jersey 31% 22% 24% 23% 368
New Mexico 40% 25% 26% 9% 123
New York 39% 19% 26% 16% 736
North Carolina 42% 20% 24% 13% 577
North Dakota 22% 23% 33% 22% 195
Ohio 41% 22% 26% 12% 598
Oklahoma 37% 21% 29% 12% 218
Oregon 39% 26% 24% 11% 151
Pennsylvania 37% 25% 23% 15% 655
Rhode Island 41% 20% 32% 7% 116
South Carolina 39% 21% 29% 11% 280
South Dakota 25% 26% 34% 15% 172
Tennessee 41% 23% 22% 14% 420
Texas 40% 20% 24% 16% 1,391
Utah 24% 24% 30% 22% 122
Virginia 27% 24% 33% 16% 445
Washington 34% 23% 26% 17% 268
West Virginia 44% 20% 28% 8% 201
Wisconsin 31% 21% 33% 15% 283
Wyoming 29% 31% 26% 14% 171

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who have completed…

State High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 45% 35% 13% 6% 364
Alaska 44% 39% 11% 7% 144
Arizona 43% 36% 12% 8% 329
Arkansas 51% 32% 12% 4% 229
California 47% 33% 13% 6% 1,656
Colorado 36% 36% 20% 9% 234
Connecticut 46% 30% 13% 10% 158
Delaware 49% 30% 12% 10% 168
District of Columbia 38% 28% 20% 14% 126
Florida 46% 35% 13% 7% 1,078
Georgia 46% 30% 14% 10% 629
Hawaii 42% 37% 15% 5% 145
Idaho 37% 43% 13% 7% 171
Illinois 46% 32% 14% 8% 709
Indiana 49% 33% 12% 6% 416
Iowa 40% 37% 16% 8% 191
Kansas 39% 41% 13% 7% 191
Kentucky 52% 32% 9% 7% 318
Louisiana 51% 30% 15% 4% 317
Maine 45% 37% 16% 2% 123
Maryland 41% 30% 16% 13% 303
Massachusetts 47% 28% 17% 8% 229
Michigan 44% 36% 13% 7% 566
Minnesota 36% 34% 23% 7% 301
Mississippi 42% 38% 15% 5% 243
Missouri 46% 35% 14% 6% 413
Montana 36% 42% 16% 6% 148
Nebraska 39% 33% 19% 9% 190
Nevada 52% 29% 10% 9% 154
New Hampshire 40% 36% 14% 11% 118
New Jersey 44% 28% 17% 11% 429
New Mexico 54% 31% 12% 3% 149
New York 46% 30% 14% 10% 883
North Carolina 46% 34% 12% 8% 663
North Dakota 34% 35% 20% 10% 218
Ohio 50% 31% 12% 7% 666
Oklahoma 49% 32% 13% 7% 257
Oregon 42% 41% 11% 7% 169
Pennsylvania 51% 27% 15% 7% 754
Rhode Island 54% 26% 12% 8% 140
South Carolina 49% 32% 13% 6% 332
South Dakota 39% 36% 16% 9% 189
Tennessee 51% 30% 11% 8% 479
Texas 46% 32% 15% 6% 1,605
Utah 32% 41% 18% 8% 139
Virginia 42% 33% 17% 8% 500
Washington 37% 41% 17% 5% 300
West Virginia 58% 27% 10% 5% 227
Wisconsin 41% 37% 17% 5% 325
Wyoming 42% 35% 18% 6% 182

Marital status among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

State Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 52% 1% 20% 7% 19% 364
Alaska 53% 8% 7% 4% 27% 144
Arizona 47% 8% 15% 5% 25% 329
Arkansas 54% 5% 14% 11% 16% 230
California 45% 9% 14% 5% 27% 1,662
Colorado 62% 7% 8% 6% 18% 234
Connecticut 39% 10% 17% 7% 27% 159
Delaware 52% 6% 11% 8% 23% 168
District of Columbia 26% 7% 17% 11% 40% 128
Florida 47% 8% 16% 6% 23% 1,080
Georgia 48% 5% 15% 8% 24% 634
Hawaii 45% 7% 11% 8% 28% 146
Idaho 66% 4% 14% 4% 12% 171
Illinois 47% 6% 12% 6% 29% 710
Indiana 46% 4% 15% 10% 25% 414
Iowa 62% 6% 9% 4% 19% 192
Kansas 54% 6% 9% 7% 23% 192
Kentucky 53% 4% 16% 8% 19% 321
Louisiana 47% 5% 14% 7% 27% 317
Maine 46% 11% 19% 6% 17% 122
Maryland 43% 4% 13% 8% 32% 304
Massachusetts 42% 9% 18% 6% 24% 230
Michigan 52% 8% 10% 7% 22% 567
Minnesota 54% 5% 10% 6% 25% 303
Mississippi 45% 4% 18% 7% 27% 242
Missouri 48% 7% 13% 10% 22% 412
Montana 60% 8% 9% 5% 18% 149
Nebraska 52% 6% 14% 6% 22% 191
Nevada 44% 8% 16% 8% 24% 154
New Hampshire 52% 10% 6% 6% 27% 118
New Jersey 45% 7% 15% 6% 26% 431
New Mexico 48% 7% 18% 5% 23% 148
New York 46% 5% 11% 7% 31% 880
North Carolina 51% 6% 12% 6% 26% 663
North Dakota 51% 3% 10% 12% 24% 217
Ohio 49% 6% 12% 8% 25% 666
Oklahoma 54% 7% 15% 9% 15% 257
Oregon 49% 5% 14% 8% 24% 170
Pennsylvania 52% 7% 9% 9% 23% 752
Rhode Island 41% 6% 21% 12% 20% 141
South Carolina 46% 9% 16% 7% 21% 330
South Dakota 50% 10% 10% 8% 23% 191
Tennessee 57% 7% 11% 6% 19% 481
Texas 51% 6% 15% 7% 22% 1,606
Utah 58% 11% 4% 3% 24% 139
Virginia 54% 5% 15% 8% 18% 501
Washington 52% 5% 11% 8% 25% 300
West Virginia 50% 7% 17% 10% 16% 229
Wisconsin 59% 3% 12% 5% 21% 326
Wyoming 58% 6% 17% 2% 16% 182

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

State Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 30% 70% 364
Alaska 38% 62% 143
Arizona 32% 68% 330
Arkansas 33% 67% 232
California 35% 65% 1,662
Colorado 34% 66% 233
Connecticut 25% 75% 159
Delaware 33% 67% 168
District of Columbia 31% 69% 129
Florida 28% 72% 1,082
Georgia 32% 68% 632
Hawaii 32% 68% 146
Idaho 32% 68% 168
Illinois 28% 72% 711
Indiana 28% 72% 416
Iowa 35% 65% 192
Kansas 39% 61% 190
Kentucky 28% 72% 320
Louisiana 37% 63% 317
Maine 28% 72% 123
Maryland 25% 75% 303
Massachusetts 27% 73% 230
Michigan 32% 68% 568
Minnesota 29% 71% 303
Mississippi 29% 71% 242
Missouri 32% 68% 409
Montana 22% 78% 148
Nebraska 29% 71% 190
Nevada 26% 74% 153
New Hampshire 23% 77% 117
New Jersey 29% 71% 428
New Mexico 29% 71% 149
New York 26% 74% 885
North Carolina 29% 71% 662
North Dakota 25% 75% 218
Ohio 33% 67% 667
Oklahoma 32% 68% 258
Oregon 32% 68% 170
Pennsylvania 28% 72% 753
Rhode Island 22% 78% 141
South Carolina 28% 72% 331
South Dakota 31% 69% 191
Tennessee 33% 67% 483
Texas 37% 63% 1,606
Utah 43% 57% 138
Virginia 30% 70% 500
Washington 28% 72% 301
West Virginia 24% 76% 229
Wisconsin 36% 64% 326
Wyoming 33% 67% 182

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they…

State Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 89% 9% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 367
Alaska 73% 24% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 144
Arizona 77% 18% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 330
Arkansas 85% 13% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 232
California 70% 22% 4% 1% 1% 1% 1,669
Colorado 78% 16% 3% 1% < 1% 2% 235
Connecticut 69% 25% 2% 1% 3% < 1% 160
Delaware 72% 24% 3% < 1% 1% < 1% 168
District of Columbia 78% 21% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 132
Florida 80% 16% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1,087
Georgia 87% 10% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% 634
Hawaii 73% 18% 6% 2% 1% < 1% 146
Idaho 78% 18% 2% < 1% < 1% 2% 171
Illinois 78% 18% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% 713
Indiana 75% 19% 2% 1% 1% 1% 417
Iowa 83% 12% 3% 2% < 1% 1% 192
Kansas 76% 20% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 192
Kentucky 89% 8% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 321
Louisiana 88% 11% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 318
Maine 74% 22% 3% < 1% < 1% < 1% 123
Maryland 84% 14% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 304
Massachusetts 66% 24% 5% 2% 2% 2% 231
Michigan 80% 17% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 571
Minnesota 73% 24% 3% < 1% < 1% < 1% 303
Mississippi 88% 8% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 243
Missouri 83% 13% 4% < 1% < 1% < 1% 413
Montana 83% 13% 3% < 1% < 1% < 1% 149
Nebraska 76% 22% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 191
Nevada 77% 18% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% 154
New Hampshire 62% 29% 8% < 1% < 1% < 1% 118
New Jersey 76% 20% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 432
New Mexico 80% 18% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 149
New York 74% 19% 4% 1% 2% 1% 886
North Carolina 85% 13% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 664
North Dakota 73% 23% 2% < 1% 2% < 1% 218
Ohio 80% 15% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 669
Oklahoma 82% 15% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 258
Oregon 80% 14% 4% < 1% 1% 1% 170
Pennsylvania 77% 18% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 756
Rhode Island 85% 11% 1% < 1% 2% 1% 141
South Carolina 85% 12% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 332
South Dakota 77% 21% < 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 191
Tennessee 85% 13% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 483
Texas 80% 16% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 1,612
Utah 73% 14% 8% 1% 3% 1% 139
Virginia 82% 13% 3% < 1% 1% < 1% 503
Washington 78% 18% 3% < 1% < 1% 1% 302
West Virginia 88% 11% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 229
Wisconsin 74% 21% 3% 1% 1% 1% 327
Wyoming 78% 15% 5% < 1% 1% 1% 182

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who say religion is…

State Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 86% 11% 2% 1% < 1% 367
Alaska 59% 29% 8% 4% < 1% 144
Arizona 64% 24% 8% 3% < 1% 330
Arkansas 79% 14% 5% 2% < 1% 232
California 64% 27% 7% 2% 1% 1,669
Colorado 68% 22% 7% 3% < 1% 235
Connecticut 56% 28% 13% 4% < 1% 160
Delaware 55% 35% 6% 2% 2% 168
District of Columbia 74% 20% 4% 1% 1% 132
Florida 69% 22% 6% 2% < 1% 1,087
Georgia 77% 19% 3% 1% 1% 634
Hawaii 57% 31% 9% 2% 1% 146
Idaho 66% 27% 7% 1% < 1% 171
Illinois 66% 26% 7% 1% < 1% 713
Indiana 63% 27% 9% 2% < 1% 417
Iowa 68% 23% 8% 1% < 1% 192
Kansas 63% 25% 9% 3% < 1% 192
Kentucky 72% 23% 3% 1% < 1% 321
Louisiana 80% 17% 2% 1% < 1% 318
Maine 55% 29% 6% 9% 1% 123
Maryland 68% 26% 5% 2% < 1% 304
Massachusetts 54% 35% 6% 4% 1% 231
Michigan 62% 28% 7% 3% < 1% 571
Minnesota 62% 27% 6% 5% < 1% 303
Mississippi 79% 16% 3% 2% 1% 243
Missouri 66% 28% 3% 2% < 1% 413
Montana 57% 25% 15% 3% < 1% 149
Nebraska 68% 24% 6% 2% 1% 191
Nevada 60% 31% 7% 2% < 1% 154
New Hampshire 49% 25% 21% 5% < 1% 118
New Jersey 67% 25% 7% 2% < 1% 432
New Mexico 77% 18% 1% 2% 1% 149
New York 62% 26% 7% 5% < 1% 886
North Carolina 75% 20% 4% 1% < 1% 664
North Dakota 61% 26% 11% 2% < 1% 218
Ohio 68% 25% 5% 2% < 1% 669
Oklahoma 73% 23% 2% 1% 1% 258
Oregon 66% 25% 7% 1% 1% 170
Pennsylvania 65% 25% 6% 2% 1% 756
Rhode Island 73% 20% 2% 4% < 1% 141
South Carolina 81% 14% 3% 1% 1% 332
South Dakota 66% 26% 7% 1% 1% 191
Tennessee 80% 16% 2% 1% < 1% 483
Texas 74% 21% 3% 2% < 1% 1,612
Utah 73% 15% 10% 1% 1% 139
Virginia 74% 20% 4% 1% 1% 503
Washington 60% 27% 9% 4% 1% 302
West Virginia 75% 20% 3% 1% 1% 229
Wisconsin 58% 32% 7% 3% < 1% 327
Wyoming 59% 29% 9% 4% < 1% 182

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend religious services…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 55% 34% 11% 1% 367
Alaska 40% 37% 23% < 1% 144
Arizona 44% 30% 25% < 1% 330
Arkansas 47% 32% 21% < 1% 232
California 42% 38% 19% < 1% 1,669
Colorado 44% 33% 23% < 1% 235
Connecticut 40% 34% 26% < 1% 160
Delaware 42% 35% 22% 1% 168
District of Columbia 46% 30% 24% 1% 132
Florida 46% 33% 21% < 1% 1,087
Georgia 52% 33% 14% 1% 634
Hawaii 38% 40% 22% < 1% 146
Idaho 45% 32% 23% < 1% 171
Illinois 45% 35% 20% < 1% 713
Indiana 43% 35% 22% 1% 417
Iowa 49% 33% 18% < 1% 192
Kansas 45% 36% 19% < 1% 192
Kentucky 48% 31% 20% 1% 321
Louisiana 55% 33% 12% < 1% 318
Maine 33% 30% 35% 2% 123
Maryland 42% 37% 21% < 1% 304
Massachusetts 40% 33% 27% < 1% 231
Michigan 43% 34% 23% < 1% 571
Minnesota 46% 38% 16% < 1% 303
Mississippi 53% 31% 15% 1% 243
Missouri 46% 35% 17% 1% 413
Montana 39% 37% 25% < 1% 149
Nebraska 50% 30% 19% < 1% 191
Nevada 39% 39% 22% 1% 154
New Hampshire 33% 33% 33% 1% 118
New Jersey 44% 37% 19% 1% 432
New Mexico 46% 32% 22% < 1% 149
New York 40% 36% 23% 1% 886
North Carolina 48% 37% 15% 1% 664
North Dakota 40% 37% 23% 1% 218
Ohio 48% 31% 20% 1% 669
Oklahoma 50% 35% 15% < 1% 258
Oregon 45% 37% 17% 1% 170
Pennsylvania 45% 35% 19% < 1% 756
Rhode Island 49% 30% 21% < 1% 141
South Carolina 55% 31% 13% < 1% 332
South Dakota 44% 39% 18% < 1% 191
Tennessee 58% 23% 18% 1% 483
Texas 50% 33% 17% < 1% 1,612
Utah 63% 19% 15% 3% 139
Virginia 56% 30% 13% 1% 503
Washington 42% 34% 23% 1% 302
West Virginia 55% 31% 13% 1% 229
Wisconsin 36% 41% 22% 1% 327
Wyoming 43% 33% 22% 2% 182

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who pray…

State At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 81% 11% 4% 3% < 1% 367
Alaska 67% 12% 8% 12% < 1% 144
Arizona 67% 18% 3% 12% < 1% 330
Arkansas 72% 16% 3% 7% 2% 232
California 66% 15% 6% 12% < 1% 1,669
Colorado 70% 12% 6% 12% < 1% 235
Connecticut 58% 20% 9% 12% 1% 160
Delaware 62% 18% 6% 12% 2% 168
District of Columbia 76% 13% 4% 6% < 1% 132
Florida 70% 15% 5% 9% 1% 1,087
Georgia 75% 16% 3% 6% 1% 634
Hawaii 65% 16% 3% 15% < 1% 146
Idaho 63% 18% 6% 11% 1% 171
Illinois 65% 19% 7% 8% 1% 713
Indiana 62% 23% 3% 11% 1% 417
Iowa 61% 24% 6% 9% < 1% 192
Kansas 62% 24% 7% 6% < 1% 192
Kentucky 73% 12% 5% 10% < 1% 321
Louisiana 76% 16% 2% 6% < 1% 318
Maine 54% 19% 2% 23% 2% 123
Maryland 65% 23% 3% 9% < 1% 304
Massachusetts 56% 20% 9% 14% 1% 231
Michigan 63% 20% 6% 10% 1% 571
Minnesota 61% 21% 6% 11% < 1% 303
Mississippi 82% 9% 5% 4% 1% 243
Missouri 69% 18% 5% 8% 1% 413
Montana 62% 22% 7% 8% < 1% 149
Nebraska 63% 23% 4% 10% < 1% 191
Nevada 61% 23% 6% 10% < 1% 154
New Hampshire 50% 21% 8% 18% 3% 118
New Jersey 71% 15% 4% 9% < 1% 432
New Mexico 69% 18% 3% 9% 2% 149
New York 61% 17% 7% 15% 1% 886
North Carolina 76% 15% 4% 5% 1% 664
North Dakota 59% 18% 11% 12% 1% 218
Ohio 67% 17% 7% 9% < 1% 669
Oklahoma 76% 17% 3% 4% 1% 258
Oregon 61% 19% 5% 15% < 1% 170
Pennsylvania 66% 17% 6% 10% < 1% 756
Rhode Island 70% 15% 7% 7% < 1% 141
South Carolina 76% 15% 3% 5% 1% 332
South Dakota 66% 17% 8% 10% < 1% 191
Tennessee 80% 14% 1% 4% 1% 483
Texas 72% 16% 4% 7% < 1% 1,612
Utah 74% 13% 1% 10% 2% 139
Virginia 72% 16% 2% 8% 1% 503
Washington 63% 12% 9% 15% 1% 302
West Virginia 77% 13% 4% 6% < 1% 229
Wisconsin 57% 22% 7% 13% 1% 327
Wyoming 63% 18% 5% 14% 1% 182

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 44% 11% 12% 32% 1% 367
Alaska 28% 5% 12% 55% < 1% 144
Arizona 31% 11% 9% 49% < 1% 330
Arkansas 34% 16% 9% 41% < 1% 232
California 28% 14% 10% 47% < 1% 1,669
Colorado 32% 10% 12% 45% < 1% 235
Connecticut 23% 8% 8% 61% < 1% 160
Delaware 26% 14% 11% 48% 1% 168
District of Columbia 35% 9% 9% 47% 1% 132
Florida 32% 10% 10% 47% 1% 1,087
Georgia 39% 14% 10% 37% < 1% 634
Hawaii 36% 11% 15% 38% < 1% 146
Idaho 40% 4% 8% 47% 1% 171
Illinois 27% 13% 10% 50% 1% 713
Indiana 33% 13% 9% 45% < 1% 417
Iowa 31% 7% 16% 45% 1% 192
Kansas 33% 10% 8% 49% < 1% 192
Kentucky 34% 10% 14% 42% < 1% 321
Louisiana 37% 17% 10% 36% < 1% 318
Maine 19% 5% 6% 69% 1% 123
Maryland 34% 12% 9% 45% < 1% 304
Massachusetts 23% 11% 8% 58% < 1% 231
Michigan 26% 13% 8% 52% 1% 571
Minnesota 23% 9% 11% 55% 1% 303
Mississippi 46% 13% 11% 30% < 1% 243
Missouri 31% 11% 10% 48% < 1% 413
Montana 24% 7% 13% 55% < 1% 149
Nebraska 27% 11% 12% 49% 1% 191
Nevada 25% 16% 9% 49% 1% 154
New Hampshire 11% 8% 13% 67% 1% 118
New Jersey 28% 8% 11% 52% 1% 432
New Mexico 31% 20% 5% 44% < 1% 149
New York 26% 9% 7% 57% 1% 886
North Carolina 36% 12% 11% 40% < 1% 664
North Dakota 24% 9% 9% 57% < 1% 218
Ohio 32% 10% 8% 49% 1% 669
Oklahoma 45% 11% 9% 35% < 1% 258
Oregon 30% 13% 9% 48% < 1% 170
Pennsylvania 29% 9% 10% 51% < 1% 756
Rhode Island 25% 4% 13% 58% < 1% 141
South Carolina 42% 14% 8% 35% 1% 332
South Dakota 24% 9% 8% 59% 1% 191
Tennessee 45% 12% 9% 33% 1% 483
Texas 36% 14% 9% 40% 1% 1,612
Utah 55% 7% 5% 32% 1% 139
Virginia 39% 15% 6% 38% 1% 503
Washington 32% 12% 9% 47% 1% 302
West Virginia 42% 14% 10% 33% 1% 229
Wisconsin 21% 10% 12% 56% 1% 327
Wyoming 30% 9% 9% 51% 1% 182

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who meditate…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 47% 7% 3% 43% < 1% 367
Alaska 40% 7% 6% 44% 2% 144
Arizona 44% 7% 4% 43% 2% 330
Arkansas 39% 5% 2% 52% 2% 232
California 46% 8% 3% 41% 2% 1,669
Colorado 39% 10% 4% 45% 2% 235
Connecticut 43% 11% 5% 39% 1% 160
Delaware 40% 7% 4% 47% 2% 168
District of Columbia 53% 5% 3% 37% 2% 132
Florida 47% 8% 3% 41% 2% 1,087
Georgia 50% 9% 1% 37% 3% 634
Hawaii 46% 10% 3% 39% 2% 146
Idaho 48% 9% 2% 40% 1% 171
Illinois 43% 7% 5% 43% 1% 713
Indiana 35% 8% 3% 52% 2% 417
Iowa 41% 4% 2% 52% 2% 192
Kansas 35% 10% 4% 50% 1% 192
Kentucky 42% 9% 4% 44% 1% 321
Louisiana 48% 6% 3% 42% 1% 318
Maine 34% 7% < 1% 57% 1% 123
Maryland 43% 9% 5% 41% 2% 304
Massachusetts 38% 13% 8% 40% < 1% 231
Michigan 39% 6% 3% 50% 1% 571
Minnesota 34% 6% 3% 57% < 1% 303
Mississippi 49% 8% 2% 37% 4% 243
Missouri 40% 7% 3% 49% 1% 413
Montana 28% 12% 4% 54% 2% 149
Nebraska 38% 8% 3% 49% 1% 191
Nevada 40% 12% 6% 41% < 1% 154
New Hampshire 31% 8% 5% 55% < 1% 118
New Jersey 42% 8% 4% 44% 2% 432
New Mexico 48% 15% 3% 34% 1% 149
New York 41% 9% 4% 43% 3% 886
North Carolina 48% 8% 2% 40% 1% 664
North Dakota 29% 7% 3% 60% 1% 218
Ohio 40% 8% 3% 47% 2% 669
Oklahoma 46% 5% 3% 43% 2% 258
Oregon 45% 7% 4% 42% 2% 170
Pennsylvania 40% 9% 3% 47% 1% 756
Rhode Island 51% 8% 3% 37% 1% 141
South Carolina 52% 5% 3% 38% 2% 332
South Dakota 32% 5% 3% 58% 1% 191
Tennessee 45% 6% 2% 43% 3% 483
Texas 49% 6% 4% 39% 2% 1,612
Utah 54% 13% 1% 30% 3% 139
Virginia 43% 9% 6% 39% 2% 503
Washington 45% 6% 3% 45% 1% 302
West Virginia 39% 7% 5% 47% 3% 229
Wisconsin 30% 7% 6% 56% < 1% 327
Wyoming 36% 7% 2% 54% 1% 182

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 75% 14% 5% 5% 1% 367
Alaska 60% 23% 8% 9% < 1% 144
Arizona 67% 14% 6% 12% 2% 330
Arkansas 68% 13% 9% 8% 1% 232
California 63% 16% 9% 11% 1% 1,669
Colorado 64% 12% 14% 10% < 1% 235
Connecticut 52% 17% 11% 19% 1% 160
Delaware 52% 23% 9% 13% 2% 168
District of Columbia 62% 13% 18% 5% 1% 132
Florida 69% 13% 7% 11% 1% 1,087
Georgia 73% 11% 7% 7% 2% 634
Hawaii 64% 14% 11% 12% < 1% 146
Idaho 73% 11% 6% 9% < 1% 171
Illinois 62% 16% 8% 13% 1% 713
Indiana 63% 17% 8% 11% < 1% 417
Iowa 63% 18% 8% 11% 1% 192
Kansas 66% 18% 10% 6% < 1% 192
Kentucky 65% 13% 7% 13% 2% 321
Louisiana 70% 14% 7% 9% 1% 318
Maine 51% 15% 10% 19% 6% 123
Maryland 63% 18% 8% 10% 1% 304
Massachusetts 55% 17% 9% 18% 1% 231
Michigan 63% 16% 10% 10% 2% 571
Minnesota 60% 17% 10% 13% < 1% 303
Mississippi 74% 11% 4% 9% 2% 243
Missouri 66% 14% 8% 11% 1% 413
Montana 55% 23% 11% 8% 2% 149
Nebraska 62% 18% 9% 10% 2% 191
Nevada 68% 10% 7% 15% < 1% 154
New Hampshire 49% 17% 7% 27% < 1% 118
New Jersey 66% 15% 6% 12% 2% 432
New Mexico 66% 19% 6% 10% < 1% 149
New York 60% 16% 10% 14% 1% 886
North Carolina 70% 13% 9% 8% 1% 664
North Dakota 56% 17% 12% 14% 1% 218
Ohio 61% 14% 13% 11% 1% 669
Oklahoma 66% 16% 4% 13% 1% 258
Oregon 66% 16% 8% 8% 2% 170
Pennsylvania 61% 16% 11% 12% 1% 756
Rhode Island 68% 13% 7% 12% < 1% 141
South Carolina 75% 13% 5% 7% 1% 332
South Dakota 65% 15% 7% 11% 2% 191
Tennessee 74% 11% 6% 7% 2% 483
Texas 68% 12% 9% 9% 2% 1,612
Utah 76% 8% 6% 9% 1% 139
Virginia 67% 15% 8% 9% 1% 503
Washington 64% 12% 9% 14% 2% 302
West Virginia 71% 14% 5% 7% 3% 229
Wisconsin 55% 19% 10% 17% < 1% 327
Wyoming 61% 10% 11% 16% 2% 182

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 40% 12% 10% 36% 2% 367
Alaska 43% 14% 16% 24% 2% 144
Arizona 55% 13% 9% 22% 2% 330
Arkansas 39% 16% 12% 32% 1% 232
California 46% 15% 14% 24% 1% 1,669
Colorado 44% 17% 14% 24% < 1% 235
Connecticut 42% 20% 13% 25% < 1% 160
Delaware 35% 21% 13% 30% 1% 168
District of Columbia 42% 13% 15% 29% 1% 132
Florida 46% 15% 11% 26% 2% 1,087
Georgia 42% 16% 11% 30% 1% 634
Hawaii 42% 21% 13% 21% 2% 146
Idaho 46% 17% 12% 25% < 1% 171
Illinois 42% 16% 14% 26% 2% 713
Indiana 41% 16% 13% 29% 1% 417
Iowa 38% 20% 19% 22% 1% 192
Kansas 40% 16% 14% 28% 2% 192
Kentucky 41% 14% 11% 32% 2% 321
Louisiana 40% 15% 14% 28% 2% 318
Maine 36% 19% 7% 38% 1% 123
Maryland 41% 14% 14% 29% 1% 304
Massachusetts 43% 14% 13% 27% 2% 231
Michigan 40% 17% 13% 27% 3% 571
Minnesota 39% 16% 13% 32% < 1% 303
Mississippi 43% 12% 11% 33% 1% 243
Missouri 44% 16% 11% 27% 2% 413
Montana 43% 17% 14% 23% 4% 149
Nebraska 38% 21% 12% 26% 2% 191
Nevada 53% 15% 12% 19% 1% 154
New Hampshire 34% 18% 13% 34% < 1% 118
New Jersey 44% 16% 13% 27% 1% 432
New Mexico 51% 10% 9% 26% 4% 149
New York 47% 13% 12% 26% 2% 886
North Carolina 44% 17% 13% 25% 1% 664
North Dakota 39% 14% 15% 31% < 1% 218
Ohio 39% 18% 15% 26% 2% 669
Oklahoma 41% 15% 11% 32% 1% 258
Oregon 47% 16% 14% 22% 1% 170
Pennsylvania 42% 20% 13% 25% < 1% 756
Rhode Island 30% 22% 17% 31% < 1% 141
South Carolina 47% 15% 11% 26% 2% 332
South Dakota 39% 18% 10% 33% < 1% 191
Tennessee 46% 17% 9% 25% 3% 483
Texas 46% 17% 11% 24% 2% 1,612
Utah 48% 31% 10% 10% 1% 139
Virginia 45% 15% 14% 23% 2% 503
Washington 46% 16% 14% 22% 1% 302
West Virginia 46% 20% 8% 26% 1% 229
Wisconsin 37% 19% 16% 28% 1% 327
Wyoming 41% 17% 7% 34% 1% 182

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

State Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 56% 4% 35% 2% 3% 367
Alaska 41% 7% 43% 5% 5% 144
Arizona 41% 6% 43% 8% 2% 330
Arkansas 56% 5% 35% 3% 1% 232
California 43% 7% 39% 8% 2% 1,669
Colorado 48% 5% 38% 5% 4% 235
Connecticut 29% 12% 46% 13% < 1% 160
Delaware 37% 7% 50% 5% 2% 168
District of Columbia 45% 10% 35% 5% 4% 132
Florida 44% 8% 41% 5% 2% 1,087
Georgia 55% 5% 34% 5% 2% 634
Hawaii 32% 9% 47% 8% 3% 146
Idaho 47% 5% 43% 2% 3% 171
Illinois 39% 8% 44% 8% 1% 713
Indiana 45% 7% 39% 6% 2% 417
Iowa 47% 8% 39% 4% 2% 192
Kansas 50% 5% 41% 3% 1% 192
Kentucky 49% 5% 40% 3% 2% 321
Louisiana 50% 8% 36% 4% 2% 318
Maine 34% 12% 48% 5% 1% 123
Maryland 49% 3% 39% 7% 3% 304
Massachusetts 27% 8% 55% 8% 2% 231
Michigan 40% 7% 44% 6% 3% 571
Minnesota 36% 9% 47% 5% 3% 303
Mississippi 54% 6% 33% 4% 2% 243
Missouri 46% 7% 38% 3% 5% 413
Montana 41% 6% 49% 4% < 1% 149
Nebraska 48% 6% 37% 6% 2% 191
Nevada 36% 7% 45% 9% 3% 154
New Hampshire 24% 13% 57% 4% 2% 118
New Jersey 39% 6% 43% 10% 3% 432
New Mexico 57% 4% 31% 5% 3% 149
New York 34% 12% 46% 6% 3% 886
North Carolina 51% 7% 35% 5% 2% 664
North Dakota 37% 4% 51% 6% 2% 218
Ohio 42% 7% 44% 4% 2% 669
Oklahoma 42% 7% 45% 3% 2% 258
Oregon 48% 5% 41% 4% 2% 170
Pennsylvania 45% 5% 41% 8% 1% 756
Rhode Island 40% 7% 45% 5% 3% 141
South Carolina 56% 5% 34% 2% 3% 332
South Dakota 43% 8% 45% 4% 1% 191
Tennessee 51% 5% 38% 3% 3% 483
Texas 51% 6% 35% 6% 2% 1,612
Utah 54% 6% 33% 5% 2% 139
Virginia 52% 6% 37% 4% 2% 503
Washington 48% 10% 37% 4% 1% 302
West Virginia 61% 2% 35% 2% 1% 229
Wisconsin 45% 8% 41% 4% 2% 327
Wyoming 43% 9% 40% 3% 5% 182

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

State There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 43% 55% 1% 1% 367
Alaska 42% 58% < 1% 1% 144
Arizona 45% 50% 2% 3% 330
Arkansas 41% 57% 2% < 1% 232
California 36% 60% 2% 2% 1,669
Colorado 50% 48% 2% < 1% 235
Connecticut 36% 63% 2% < 1% 160
Delaware 35% 64% < 1% 1% 168
District of Columbia 34% 61% 4% 2% 132
Florida 38% 60% 2% < 1% 1,087
Georgia 43% 55% 2% 1% 634
Hawaii 37% 61% 1% 1% 146
Idaho 49% 50% < 1% < 1% 171
Illinois 36% 62% 1% 1% 713
Indiana 39% 58% 1% 1% 417
Iowa 38% 62% 1% < 1% 192
Kansas 42% 58% < 1% < 1% 192
Kentucky 43% 53% 3% 1% 321
Louisiana 44% 55% 1% 1% 318
Maine 42% 54% 3% 2% 123
Maryland 38% 60% 1% 1% 304
Massachusetts 32% 63% 4% 1% 231
Michigan 43% 54% 2% 1% 571
Minnesota 41% 57% 1% 1% 303
Mississippi 40% 59% < 1% < 1% 243
Missouri 43% 57% < 1% < 1% 413
Montana 47% 52% 1% 1% 149
Nebraska 49% 50% < 1% 1% 191
Nevada 36% 63% < 1% 1% 154
New Hampshire 40% 58% 2% < 1% 118
New Jersey 32% 65% 1% 1% 432
New Mexico 41% 52% 4% 3% 149
New York 29% 69% 1% 1% 886
North Carolina 41% 57% 1% 1% 664
North Dakota 48% 50% < 1% 2% 218
Ohio 37% 61% 1% 1% 669
Oklahoma 39% 59% 2% 1% 258
Oregon 50% 49% < 1% 1% 170
Pennsylvania 41% 57% 1% 1% 756
Rhode Island 38% 58% 2% 2% 141
South Carolina 43% 54% 2% 1% 332
South Dakota 44% 55% < 1% < 1% 191
Tennessee 44% 53% 2% 1% 483
Texas 40% 58% 2% 1% 1,612
Utah 48% 49% 3% < 1% 139
Virginia 44% 53% 1% 1% 503
Washington 44% 54% 1% 1% 302
West Virginia 50% 48% 2% 1% 229
Wisconsin 33% 66% 2% < 1% 327
Wyoming 51% 49% < 1% < 1% 182

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who read scripture…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 59% 14% 9% 17% 1% 367
Alaska 46% 10% 5% 39% < 1% 144
Arizona 44% 10% 9% 35% 1% 330
Arkansas 53% 16% 6% 25% < 1% 232
California 42% 13% 9% 36% 1% 1,669
Colorado 44% 7% 10% 40% < 1% 235
Connecticut 33% 8% 9% 50% < 1% 160
Delaware 34% 20% 6% 38% 2% 168
District of Columbia 44% 17% 9% 29% < 1% 132
Florida 45% 13% 10% 31% 1% 1,087
Georgia 58% 13% 8% 21% < 1% 634
Hawaii 40% 16% 9% 35% < 1% 146
Idaho 50% 9% 7% 33% < 1% 171
Illinois 40% 13% 11% 35% 1% 713
Indiana 44% 9% 9% 36% < 1% 417
Iowa 38% 12% 12% 37% < 1% 192
Kansas 43% 13% 8% 35% < 1% 192
Kentucky 51% 8% 8% 32% 2% 321
Louisiana 53% 12% 8% 26% 1% 318
Maine 33% 8% 6% 53% < 1% 123
Maryland 47% 14% 9% 30% 1% 304
Massachusetts 28% 12% 11% 47% 1% 231
Michigan 42% 11% 10% 37% 1% 571
Minnesota 36% 9% 12% 43% < 1% 303
Mississippi 64% 13% 6% 16% 1% 243
Missouri 49% 13% 10% 28% < 1% 413
Montana 45% 5% 8% 42% < 1% 149
Nebraska 36% 15% 8% 40% 1% 191
Nevada 41% 15% 7% 37% < 1% 154
New Hampshire 29% 10% 7% 54% < 1% 118
New Jersey 39% 10% 9% 41% < 1% 432
New Mexico 54% 10% 5% 30% < 1% 149
New York 38% 10% 9% 42% 1% 886
North Carolina 53% 15% 8% 23% 1% 664
North Dakota 28% 17% 9% 45% 1% 218
Ohio 44% 12% 8% 35% < 1% 669
Oklahoma 53% 13% 10% 24% < 1% 258
Oregon 50% 9% 12% 29% < 1% 170
Pennsylvania 41% 11% 11% 36% 1% 756
Rhode Island 31% 16% 7% 45% < 1% 141
South Carolina 60% 13% 7% 18% 1% 332
South Dakota 33% 12% 11% 44% < 1% 191
Tennessee 64% 9% 6% 18% 2% 483
Texas 52% 13% 9% 26% 1% 1,612
Utah 63% 6% 8% 21% 3% 139
Virginia 57% 10% 6% 26% 1% 503
Washington 44% 15% 7% 34% < 1% 302
West Virginia 56% 12% 5% 26% 1% 229
Wisconsin 30% 13% 11% 46% < 1% 327
Wyoming 36% 15% 7% 42% < 1% 182

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

State Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 58% 28% 4% 7% 3% 367
Alaska 41% 31% 3% 22% 3% 144
Arizona 38% 37% 2% 15% 7% 330
Arkansas 50% 32% 3% 12% 4% 232
California 40% 32% 3% 19% 7% 1,669
Colorado 40% 34% 3% 16% 7% 235
Connecticut 35% 31% 3% 24% 7% 160
Delaware 29% 41% 4% 19% 6% 168
District of Columbia 47% 37% 2% 11% 3% 132
Florida 45% 29% 4% 17% 6% 1,087
Georgia 52% 31% 3% 8% 6% 634
Hawaii 40% 32% 3% 21% 4% 146
Idaho 38% 38% 3% 16% 5% 171
Illinois 38% 40% 3% 14% 5% 713
Indiana 47% 31% 4% 14% 3% 417
Iowa 32% 46% 3% 14% 4% 192
Kansas 36% 42% 4% 14% 5% 192
Kentucky 52% 27% 4% 12% 5% 321
Louisiana 52% 30% 3% 10% 4% 318
Maine 35% 30% 4% 19% 12% 123
Maryland 42% 33% 3% 15% 7% 304
Massachusetts 27% 37% 4% 24% 8% 231
Michigan 39% 35% 3% 16% 6% 571
Minnesota 35% 35% 3% 21% 6% 303
Mississippi 62% 26% 5% 4% 4% 243
Missouri 42% 34% 3% 15% 6% 413
Montana 32% 38% 5% 19% 6% 149
Nebraska 42% 42% 2% 9% 5% 191
Nevada 39% 32% 2% 22% 4% 154
New Hampshire 25% 38% 3% 29% 5% 118
New Jersey 34% 32% 4% 23% 6% 432
New Mexico 50% 29% 4% 11% 6% 149
New York 36% 30% 3% 24% 7% 886
North Carolina 48% 29% 4% 12% 7% 664
North Dakota 34% 38% 2% 20% 7% 218
Ohio 41% 36% 4% 13% 6% 669
Oklahoma 43% 34% 3% 14% 6% 258
Oregon 36% 43% 3% 11% 7% 170
Pennsylvania 42% 35% 2% 17% 4% 756
Rhode Island 33% 40% 1% 24% 2% 141
South Carolina 60% 28% 2% 6% 4% 332
South Dakota 33% 45% 2% 9% 11% 191
Tennessee 57% 22% 6% 9% 6% 483
Texas 49% 31% 3% 12% 5% 1,612
Utah 28% 47% 6% 16% 3% 139
Virginia 52% 27% 4% 13% 4% 503
Washington 39% 36% 4% 14% 7% 302
West Virginia 57% 25% 5% 8% 5% 229
Wisconsin 39% 37% 3% 17% 4% 327
Wyoming 44% 29% 5% 17% 4% 182

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who …in heaven

State Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 96% 1% 3% 367
Alaska 94% 3% 3% 144
Arizona 97% 2% 1% 330
Arkansas 95% 3% 2% 232
California 95% 3% 2% 1,669
Colorado 92% 4% 4% 235
Connecticut 96% 3% 1% 160
Delaware 99% < 1% 1% 168
District of Columbia 99% 1% < 1% 132
Florida 95% 3% 2% 1,087
Georgia 95% 2% 2% 634
Hawaii 95% 4% 2% 146
Idaho 94% 1% 5% 171
Illinois 94% 3% 3% 713
Indiana 96% 2% 2% 417
Iowa 94% 3% 3% 192
Kansas 95% 3% 3% 192
Kentucky 96% 2% 2% 321
Louisiana 97% 1% 2% 318
Maine 92% 3% 5% 123
Maryland 97% 2% 1% 304
Massachusetts 96% 1% 3% 231
Michigan 94% 2% 3% 571
Minnesota 94% 3% 4% 303
Mississippi 95% 2% 3% 243
Missouri 95% 3% 2% 413
Montana 93% 2% 5% 149
Nebraska 95% 3% 2% 191
Nevada 97% 1% 2% 154
New Hampshire 94% 3% 3% 118
New Jersey 98% 1% 2% 432
New Mexico 95% 4% 1% 149
New York 95% 3% 2% 886
North Carolina 95% 2% 3% 664
North Dakota 96% 1% 2% 218
Ohio 95% 3% 2% 669
Oklahoma 95% 2% 2% 258
Oregon 94% 3% 3% 170
Pennsylvania 94% 3% 3% 756
Rhode Island 97% 3% < 1% 141
South Carolina 95% 3% 2% 332
South Dakota 91% 1% 8% 191
Tennessee 95% 2% 4% 483
Texas 94% 2% 3% 1,612
Utah 95% 2% 2% 139
Virginia 95% 3% 2% 503
Washington 96% 2% 2% 302
West Virginia 96% 1% 2% 229
Wisconsin 95% 3% 2% 327
Wyoming 92% 4% 4% 182

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who identify as…

State Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 54% 12% 34% 367
Alaska 51% 31% 18% 144
Arizona 49% 20% 31% 330
Arkansas 47% 16% 37% 232
California 36% 21% 42% 1,669
Colorado 58% 14% 28% 235
Connecticut 31% 17% 52% 160
Delaware 34% 13% 52% 168
District of Columbia 16% 16% 68% 132
Florida 40% 18% 42% 1,087
Georgia 46% 17% 37% 634
Hawaii 34% 19% 48% 146
Idaho 63% 17% 20% 171
Illinois 41% 15% 44% 713
Indiana 46% 19% 35% 417
Iowa 49% 19% 31% 192
Kansas 52% 20% 29% 192
Kentucky 47% 12% 41% 321
Louisiana 46% 13% 41% 318
Maine 46% 25% 29% 123
Maryland 35% 14% 51% 304
Massachusetts 33% 13% 54% 231
Michigan 41% 17% 42% 571
Minnesota 50% 14% 37% 303
Mississippi 46% 12% 42% 243
Missouri 46% 16% 38% 413
Montana 61% 20% 19% 149
Nebraska 57% 15% 28% 191
Nevada 40% 16% 44% 154
New Hampshire 55% 17% 28% 118
New Jersey 34% 17% 48% 432
New Mexico 45% 18% 37% 149
New York 34% 19% 48% 886
North Carolina 45% 14% 40% 664
North Dakota 59% 16% 25% 218
Ohio 49% 16% 35% 669
Oklahoma 52% 14% 34% 258
Oregon 44% 22% 33% 170
Pennsylvania 47% 13% 40% 756
Rhode Island 35% 21% 44% 141
South Carolina 48% 15% 37% 332
South Dakota 61% 9% 30% 191
Tennessee 53% 13% 34% 483
Texas 45% 19% 37% 1,612
Utah 67% 13% 20% 139
Virginia 50% 16% 34% 503
Washington 47% 22% 31% 302
West Virginia 47% 13% 39% 229
Wisconsin 51% 17% 32% 327
Wyoming 65% 15% 20% 182

Political ideology among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who are…

State Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 55% 29% 8% 7% 367
Alaska 44% 38% 11% 6% 144
Arizona 50% 27% 15% 7% 330
Arkansas 47% 35% 11% 7% 232
California 40% 35% 20% 5% 1,669
Colorado 49% 30% 17% 4% 235
Connecticut 37% 39% 18% 5% 160
Delaware 36% 46% 12% 6% 168
District of Columbia 24% 46% 20% 10% 132
Florida 45% 30% 18% 7% 1,087
Georgia 50% 30% 14% 6% 634
Hawaii 37% 44% 14% 5% 146
Idaho 48% 28% 18% 6% 171
Illinois 39% 35% 21% 5% 713
Indiana 48% 29% 16% 7% 417
Iowa 48% 29% 17% 5% 192
Kansas 46% 29% 23% 2% 192
Kentucky 49% 28% 15% 7% 321
Louisiana 56% 30% 10% 5% 318
Maine 41% 32% 21% 6% 123
Maryland 36% 35% 20% 8% 304
Massachusetts 35% 34% 24% 7% 231
Michigan 43% 30% 19% 9% 571
Minnesota 43% 31% 21% 5% 303
Mississippi 53% 27% 15% 5% 243
Missouri 47% 30% 16% 8% 413
Montana 56% 29% 11% 4% 149
Nebraska 52% 27% 13% 8% 191
Nevada 39% 35% 19% 7% 154
New Hampshire 47% 29% 18% 6% 118
New Jersey 37% 34% 22% 7% 432
New Mexico 44% 36% 12% 7% 149
New York 37% 35% 23% 6% 886
North Carolina 47% 30% 18% 5% 664
North Dakota 57% 24% 15% 3% 218
Ohio 47% 30% 16% 7% 669
Oklahoma 44% 36% 14% 6% 258
Oregon 46% 35% 16% 3% 170
Pennsylvania 44% 33% 17% 6% 756
Rhode Island 39% 38% 16% 7% 141
South Carolina 51% 34% 11% 5% 332
South Dakota 53% 32% 10% 5% 191
Tennessee 52% 26% 14% 8% 483
Texas 46% 30% 17% 7% 1,612
Utah 56% 25% 13% 7% 139
Virginia 47% 34% 14% 5% 503
Washington 47% 35% 15% 3% 302
West Virginia 52% 31% 12% 6% 229
Wisconsin 52% 34% 11% 4% 327
Wyoming 51% 30% 13% 6% 182

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who would rather have…

State Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 57% 37% 4% 2% 367
Alaska 64% 31% 1% 3% 144
Arizona 62% 34% 1% 2% 330
Arkansas 54% 42% 1% 3% 232
California 44% 51% 3% 3% 1,669
Colorado 58% 36% 2% 3% 235
Connecticut 52% 44% 1% 3% 160
Delaware 48% 44% 3% 4% 168
District of Columbia 25% 67% 4% 4% 132
Florida 49% 44% 4% 3% 1,087
Georgia 50% 44% 2% 4% 634
Hawaii 47% 46% 4% 3% 146
Idaho 74% 23% 2% 1% 171
Illinois 53% 42% 1% 3% 713
Indiana 57% 36% 3% 4% 417
Iowa 64% 32% < 1% 3% 192
Kansas 67% 26% 2% 4% 192
Kentucky 55% 38% 4% 3% 321
Louisiana 53% 42% 3% 3% 318
Maine 64% 27% 3% 5% 123
Maryland 51% 44% 1% 4% 304
Massachusetts 48% 46% 2% 3% 231
Michigan 58% 36% 3% 3% 571
Minnesota 64% 32% 2% 2% 303
Mississippi 53% 41% 3% 4% 243
Missouri 63% 33% 1% 2% 413
Montana 72% 20% 2% 6% 149
Nebraska 71% 25% < 1% 3% 191
Nevada 53% 44% 3% 1% 154
New Hampshire 70% 27% 1% 2% 118
New Jersey 43% 51% 2% 4% 432
New Mexico 48% 45% 3% 4% 149
New York 42% 52% 2% 4% 886
North Carolina 50% 43% 3% 4% 664
North Dakota 74% 22% 1% 4% 218
Ohio 59% 34% 3% 4% 669
Oklahoma 62% 32% 2% 4% 258
Oregon 67% 28% < 1% 5% 170
Pennsylvania 61% 35% 2% 2% 756
Rhode Island 52% 40% 2% 6% 141
South Carolina 54% 40% 1% 4% 332
South Dakota 72% 24% 3% 1% 191
Tennessee 60% 33% 2% 5% 483
Texas 48% 45% 3% 4% 1,612
Utah 69% 27% 1% 4% 139
Virginia 59% 37% 2% 2% 503
Washington 64% 31% 3% 3% 302
West Virginia 60% 32% 4% 4% 229
Wisconsin 64% 32% 3% 2% 327
Wyoming 77% 17% 1% 5% 182

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

State Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 54% 40% 5% 1% 367
Alaska 60% 33% 4% 4% 144
Arizona 59% 35% 3% 3% 330
Arkansas 52% 44% 2% 2% 232
California 45% 50% 3% 2% 1,669
Colorado 55% 40% 2% 4% 235
Connecticut 40% 56% 4% < 1% 160
Delaware 44% 49% 4% 3% 168
District of Columbia 26% 68% 4% 2% 132
Florida 49% 46% 5% 1% 1,087
Georgia 50% 44% 4% 2% 634
Hawaii 49% 48% 3% < 1% 146
Idaho 55% 37% 6% 2% 171
Illinois 50% 44% 3% 2% 713
Indiana 60% 36% 3% 1% 417
Iowa 49% 48% 3% < 1% 192
Kansas 52% 42% 5% 1% 192
Kentucky 52% 37% 8% 3% 321
Louisiana 52% 43% 3% 2% 318
Maine 51% 40% 6% 3% 123
Maryland 46% 51% 2% 1% 304
Massachusetts 48% 47% 3% 2% 231
Michigan 48% 47% 4% 1% 571
Minnesota 51% 46% 3% 1% 303
Mississippi 51% 43% 4% 3% 243
Missouri 51% 43% 3% 2% 413
Montana 68% 29% < 1% 3% 149
Nebraska 59% 38% 2% 1% 191
Nevada 44% 51% 4% 1% 154
New Hampshire 51% 44% 4% < 1% 118
New Jersey 42% 52% 3% 3% 432
New Mexico 49% 45% 2% 4% 149
New York 44% 49% 5% 2% 886
North Carolina 44% 50% 4% 2% 664
North Dakota 61% 32% 5% 3% 218
Ohio 51% 43% 4% 2% 669
Oklahoma 54% 41% 2% 3% 258
Oregon 53% 41% 5% < 1% 170
Pennsylvania 54% 40% 4% 2% 756
Rhode Island 46% 47% 1% 5% 141
South Carolina 46% 47% 5% 2% 332
South Dakota 59% 37% 2% 1% 191
Tennessee 47% 48% 3% 2% 483
Texas 50% 43% 4% 2% 1,612
Utah 62% 37% < 1% 1% 139
Virginia 56% 39% 4% 2% 503
Washington 52% 44% 3% 2% 302
West Virginia 49% 46% 4% 1% 229
Wisconsin 59% 37% 2% 1% 327
Wyoming 74% 21% 4% 2% 182

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

State Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 31% 65% 3% 367
Alaska 50% 47% 3% 144
Arizona 40% 55% 5% 330
Arkansas 34% 63% 3% 232
California 45% 51% 4% 1,669
Colorado 42% 55% 3% 235
Connecticut 61% 36% 3% 160
Delaware 43% 50% 7% 168
District of Columbia 53% 43% 5% 132
Florida 48% 48% 4% 1,087
Georgia 38% 58% 3% 634
Hawaii 54% 42% 4% 146
Idaho 28% 65% 6% 171
Illinois 43% 54% 3% 713
Indiana 35% 60% 5% 417
Iowa 35% 63% 2% 192
Kansas 39% 59% 2% 192
Kentucky 28% 66% 6% 321
Louisiana 30% 66% 4% 318
Maine 47% 50% 3% 123
Maryland 55% 43% 2% 304
Massachusetts 61% 34% 5% 231
Michigan 44% 52% 4% 571
Minnesota 40% 59% 1% 303
Mississippi 32% 63% 5% 243
Missouri 37% 58% 5% 413
Montana 45% 51% 3% 149
Nebraska 36% 60% 3% 191
Nevada 50% 48% 3% 154
New Hampshire 54% 39% 7% 118
New Jersey 53% 43% 4% 432
New Mexico 37% 59% 4% 149
New York 54% 41% 4% 886
North Carolina 42% 52% 6% 664
North Dakota 35% 63% 2% 218
Ohio 39% 57% 4% 669
Oklahoma 46% 50% 3% 258
Oregon 47% 50% 4% 170
Pennsylvania 39% 57% 4% 756
Rhode Island 47% 48% 5% 141
South Carolina 35% 61% 4% 332
South Dakota 38% 60% 2% 191
Tennessee 35% 60% 5% 483
Texas 38% 58% 4% 1,612
Utah 33% 64% 3% 139
Virginia 47% 50% 3% 503
Washington 41% 54% 4% 302
West Virginia 29% 66% 5% 229
Wisconsin 43% 56% 1% 327
Wyoming 37% 61% 2% 182

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

State Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 34% 60% 3% 3% 367
Alaska 51% 40% 6% 3% 144
Arizona 56% 34% 6% 5% 330
Arkansas 39% 52% 5% 4% 232
California 59% 33% 4% 4% 1,669
Colorado 52% 38% 4% 6% 235
Connecticut 65% 30% 2% 3% 160
Delaware 59% 36% 3% 2% 168
District of Columbia 56% 37% 2% 5% 132
Florida 55% 36% 5% 4% 1,087
Georgia 45% 46% 5% 4% 634
Hawaii 56% 39% 1% 4% 146
Idaho 47% 46% 6% 1% 171
Illinois 54% 39% 3% 3% 713
Indiana 49% 44% 4% 3% 417
Iowa 47% 49% 4% 1% 192
Kansas 51% 38% 8% 3% 192
Kentucky 36% 53% 7% 4% 321
Louisiana 46% 43% 6% 6% 318
Maine 58% 35% 2% 5% 123
Maryland 53% 40% 6% 1% 304
Massachusetts 71% 21% 4% 4% 231
Michigan 54% 38% 6% 2% 571
Minnesota 52% 43% 3% 2% 303
Mississippi 33% 61% 5% 1% 243
Missouri 48% 46% 1% 4% 413
Montana 46% 43% 5% 6% 149
Nebraska 50% 43% 3% 3% 191
Nevada 58% 37% 3% 3% 154
New Hampshire 60% 30% 5% 5% 118
New Jersey 63% 31% 3% 3% 432
New Mexico 45% 46% 5% 4% 149
New York 61% 31% 4% 4% 886
North Carolina 47% 43% 6% 4% 664
North Dakota 50% 44% 4% 2% 218
Ohio 51% 41% 4% 4% 669
Oklahoma 45% 47% 4% 4% 258
Oregon 47% 42% 8% 4% 170
Pennsylvania 51% 41% 4% 3% 756
Rhode Island 65% 27% 5% 3% 141
South Carolina 44% 51% 4% 2% 332
South Dakota 52% 41% 4% 3% 191
Tennessee 32% 63% 3% 2% 483
Texas 47% 46% 4% 3% 1,612
Utah 43% 50% 4% 3% 139
Virginia 47% 48% 3% 2% 503
Washington 52% 41% 4% 3% 302
West Virginia 37% 54% 5% 4% 229
Wisconsin 57% 41% 1% 2% 327
Wyoming 47% 44% 7% 3% 182

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

State Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 27% 65% 8% 367
Alaska 45% 46% 8% 144
Arizona 48% 46% 6% 330
Arkansas 30% 58% 12% 232
California 49% 44% 6% 1,669
Colorado 47% 48% 5% 235
Connecticut 61% 37% 2% 160
Delaware 49% 48% 4% 168
District of Columbia 42% 44% 14% 132
Florida 42% 49% 9% 1,087
Georgia 35% 58% 7% 634
Hawaii 45% 46% 9% 146
Idaho 34% 50% 15% 171
Illinois 47% 45% 8% 713
Indiana 38% 52% 10% 417
Iowa 38% 56% 6% 192
Kansas 43% 50% 6% 192
Kentucky 28% 61% 11% 321
Louisiana 33% 60% 7% 318
Maine 48% 45% 7% 123
Maryland 46% 46% 8% 304
Massachusetts 59% 31% 10% 231
Michigan 44% 49% 7% 571
Minnesota 45% 49% 6% 303
Mississippi 26% 66% 8% 243
Missouri 37% 57% 7% 413
Montana 41% 47% 13% 149
Nebraska 42% 51% 7% 191
Nevada 41% 51% 8% 154
New Hampshire 59% 36% 6% 118
New Jersey 47% 45% 8% 432
New Mexico 31% 59% 10% 149
New York 49% 42% 8% 886
North Carolina 36% 55% 8% 664
North Dakota 40% 55% 6% 218
Ohio 40% 52% 8% 669
Oklahoma 36% 56% 8% 258
Oregon 39% 52% 9% 170
Pennsylvania 41% 49% 10% 756
Rhode Island 56% 39% 5% 141
South Carolina 32% 63% 5% 332
South Dakota 44% 53% 3% 191
Tennessee 26% 67% 7% 483
Texas 36% 57% 7% 1,612
Utah 38% 58% 4% 139
Virginia 35% 59% 6% 503
Washington 43% 48% 8% 302
West Virginia 31% 59% 10% 229
Wisconsin 47% 50% 4% 327
Wyoming 42% 51% 7% 182

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who say…

State Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 50% 42% 2% 6% 367
Alaska 55% 40% 2% 3% 144
Arizona 47% 48% 1% 4% 330
Arkansas 48% 48% 2% 2% 232
California 43% 52% 2% 4% 1,669
Colorado 48% 45% 3% 4% 235
Connecticut 36% 60% 1% 3% 160
Delaware 34% 53% 6% 7% 168
District of Columbia 33% 61% 3% 3% 132
Florida 45% 50% 2% 3% 1,087
Georgia 41% 54% 2% 3% 634
Hawaii 28% 67% < 1% 5% 146
Idaho 52% 45% < 1% 3% 171
Illinois 43% 53% 2% 2% 713
Indiana 50% 48% 1% 1% 417
Iowa 39% 55% 4% 2% 192
Kansas 46% 49% 2% 3% 192
Kentucky 55% 39% 2% 4% 321
Louisiana 45% 51% 2% 2% 318
Maine 42% 53% 1% 3% 123
Maryland 39% 59% 1% 1% 304
Massachusetts 40% 53% 3% 4% 231
Michigan 43% 50% 4% 4% 571
Minnesota 39% 56% 2% 3% 303
Mississippi 45% 49% 5% 2% 243
Missouri 47% 48% 2% 3% 413
Montana 66% 29% 2% 3% 149
Nebraska 47% 45% 3% 5% 191
Nevada 49% 46% 1% 5% 154
New Hampshire 35% 62% 2% < 1% 118
New Jersey 37% 57% 2% 4% 432
New Mexico 40% 52% 3% 5% 149
New York 38% 58% 1% 3% 886
North Carolina 42% 51% 3% 4% 664
North Dakota 49% 44% 3% 3% 218
Ohio 46% 48% 3% 3% 669
Oklahoma 42% 52% 2% 4% 258
Oregon 47% 48% 3% 2% 170
Pennsylvania 46% 50% 2% 2% 756
Rhode Island 35% 61% < 1% 3% 141
South Carolina 48% 48% 1% 3% 332
South Dakota 50% 50% < 1% < 1% 191
Tennessee 48% 45% 2% 4% 483
Texas 42% 53% 2% 3% 1,612
Utah 48% 45% 6% 1% 139
Virginia 42% 53% 3% 1% 503
Washington 37% 56% 4% 3% 302
West Virginia 59% 35% 4% 2% 229
Wisconsin 43% 53% 2% 2% 327
Wyoming 66% 28% 4% 2% 182

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Hell by state

% of adults who believe in Hell who say humans…

State Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 367. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 13% 27% 2% 53% 5% 367
Alaska 20% 27% 3% 44% 6% 144
Arizona 21% 30% < 1% 44% 4% 330
Arkansas 13% 30% 2% 52% 3% 232
California 25% 29% 3% 40% 4% 1,669
Colorado 20% 27% 2% 49% 3% 235
Connecticut 21% 34% 3% 40% 2% 160
Delaware 25% 31% 1% 37% 6% 168
District of Columbia 26% 36% 6% 30% 2% 132
Florida 20% 32% 3% 41% 4% 1,087
Georgia 15% 30% 3% 48% 5% 634
Hawaii 26% 30% 2% 38% 4% 146
Idaho 12% 32% 4% 47% 5% 171
Illinois 22% 31% 2% 41% 4% 713
Indiana 18% 31% 2% 46% 4% 417
Iowa 17% 36% 3% 40% 5% 192
Kansas 22% 27% 3% 45% 3% 192
Kentucky 16% 26% 3% 50% 5% 321
Louisiana 16% 31% 3% 46% 4% 318
Maine 30% 22% 4% 37% 6% 123
Maryland 25% 33% 4% 34% 4% 304
Massachusetts 28% 37% 3% 29% 4% 231
Michigan 22% 27% 3% 44% 4% 571
Minnesota 22% 25% 6% 43% 5% 303
Mississippi 11% 23% 3% 59% 5% 243
Missouri 18% 28% 4% 47% 3% 413
Montana 24% 22% < 1% 49% 5% 149
Nebraska 20% 34% 4% 35% 7% 191
Nevada 19% 30% 6% 42% 4% 154
New Hampshire 26% 32% 1% 38% 3% 118
New Jersey 24% 28% 3% 40% 5% 432
New Mexico 16% 27% 4% 52% 2% 149
New York 21% 29% 5% 41% 4% 886
North Carolina 14% 34% 4% 42% 5% 664
North Dakota 17% 29% 5% 43% 6% 218
Ohio 15% 30% 4% 45% 5% 669
Oklahoma 12% 31% 2% 47% 8% 258
Oregon 21% 30% 3% 42% 5% 170
Pennsylvania 22% 25% 3% 48% 3% 756
Rhode Island 24% 32% 2% 39% 3% 141
South Carolina 13% 30% 2% 52% 3% 332
South Dakota 19% 25% 2% 50% 4% 191
Tennessee 11% 23% 2% 56% 8% 483
Texas 18% 29% 4% 45% 4% 1,612
Utah 15% 35% 5% 42% 4% 139
Virginia 15% 35% 1% 45% 3% 503
Washington 16% 29% 6% 44% 5% 302
West Virginia 12% 24% 3% 55% 5% 229
Wisconsin 22% 30% 1% 42% 5% 327
Wyoming 24% 29% 5% 39% 3% 182