State among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are in…

Survey year Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 1% < 1% 2% 1% 15% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 7% 2% < 1% 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 3% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 8% 2% < 1% 3% 1% 2% 4% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 7% 1% < 1% 2% 3% < 1% 2% < 1% 12,839
2007 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 15% 2% 2% < 1% < 1% 5% 2% < 1% < 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 3% 3% 2% < 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 3% 1% 8% 2% < 1% 4% 1% 2% 6% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 5% 1% 1% 3% 2% < 1% 2% < 1% 10,938

Learn More: Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, Wyoming

State among adults who do not believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are in…

Religious tradition Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Sample Size
Sample size = 192. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist < 1% 1% 3% < 1% 19% 3% 2% < 1% < 1% 3% 1% 4% < 1% 6% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 2% 5% 2% < 1% 3% 1% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 11% 1% < 1% 3% < 1% < 1% 3% < 1% < 1% < 1% 3% 8% 2% < 1% 3% 3% < 1% < 1% < 1% 192
Catholic < 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 15% 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 7% 1% < 1% < 1% 5% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 2% 5% 3% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 1% 5% 1% 10% 1% < 1% 3% < 1% 1% 5% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 9% < 1% < 1% 1% 2% < 1% 2% < 1% 2,080
Evangelical Protestant 3% < 1% 2% 1% 11% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% 6% 4% 1% < 1% 4% 2% 2% 1% 2% 2% 1% 2% 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% 1% 1% 2% < 1% 2% 1% 2% 2% < 1% 3% 3% 2% 3% < 1% 2% < 1% 3% 8% < 1% < 1% 3% 3% 1% 1% < 1% 957
Hindu < 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 33% < 1% 1% 1% 1% 4% 1% < 1% < 1% 5% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 6% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 11% < 1% 14% 3% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 3% 1% < 1% 1% 4% < 1% < 1% < 1% 118
Historically Black Protestant 4% < 1% 1% 1% 5% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 8% 9% < 1% < 1% 4% 2% < 1% < 1% < 1% 5% < 1% 5% < 1% 4% < 1% 3% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 6% 2% < 1% 6% 1% < 1% 5% < 1% 3% < 1% < 1% 8% < 1% < 1% 10% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 225
Jehovah's Witness 1% < 1% 4% < 1% 17% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 6% 5% < 1% < 1% 4% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% 3% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 2% 1% 8% 2% < 1% 4% 1% 1% 5% 1% 2% < 1% 2% 13% < 1% < 1% 1% 5% < 1% 2% 1% 215
Jewish < 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 15% 2% 2% 1% 1% 11% < 1% < 1% < 1% 4% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 4% 4% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 8% < 1% 20% 2% < 1% 2% < 1% 1% 4% < 1% 1% < 1% 2% 3% < 1% < 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 637
Mainline Protestant 1% < 1% 2% 1% 9% 2% 2% < 1% < 1% 7% 3% < 1% < 1% 4% 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 3% 3% 3% 4% < 1% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 3% 1% 5% 3% < 1% 3% 1% 1% 7% < 1% 1% 1% 1% 7% 1% < 1% 3% 3% < 1% 2% < 1% 2,056
Mormon 1% < 1% 6% < 1% 8% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 2% 2% < 1% 5% 1% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 2% 1% 1% 1% < 1% 4% 1% < 1% 1% 2% 2% < 1% 2% 1% 4% < 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 2% 4% 34% < 1% 1% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 227
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 1% < 1% 2% 1% 16% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 6% 2% < 1% 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 4% 3% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 2% 1% 8% 2% < 1% 3% 1% 2% 4% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 6% 1% < 1% 2% 4% < 1% 2% < 1% 5,272

Learn More: Alaska, Arizona, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, District of Columbia, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are ages…

State 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 25% 31% 30% 15% 135
Arizona 23% 33% 22% 22% 255
California 26% 35% 23% 17% 1,654
Colorado 26% 34% 24% 16% 221
Connecticut 27% 31% 22% 20% 175
Delaware 24% 29% 29% 18% 100
District of Columbia 40% 34% 22% 3% 140
Florida 22% 29% 24% 26% 750
Georgia 26% 41% 23% 10% 251
Hawaii 21% 30% 32% 17% 139
Idaho 29% 27% 23% 22% 124
Illinois 26% 32% 25% 17% 479
Indiana 23% 41% 18% 18% 185
Iowa 24% 32% 29% 14% 108
Louisiana 24% 38% 26% 12% 110
Maine 19% 31% 25% 25% 146
Maryland 24% 33% 25% 19% 275
Massachusetts 25% 34% 24% 17% 393
Michigan 25% 27% 29% 19% 309
Minnesota 26% 35% 27% 12% 203
Missouri 28% 32% 22% 18% 178
Montana 18% 34% 27% 20% 135
Nevada 25% 37% 21% 17% 125
New Hampshire 21% 30% 32% 17% 147
New Jersey 23% 35% 25% 17% 352
New Mexico 23% 36% 27% 14% 123
New York 24% 34% 25% 17% 861
North Carolina 23% 35% 23% 18% 284
Ohio 25% 30% 27% 18% 354
Oregon 19% 36% 27% 18% 206
Pennsylvania 26% 30% 25% 20% 493
Rhode Island 17% 44% 23% 15% 130
South Carolina 29% 26% 29% 15% 108
Tennessee 32% 41% 17% 10% 132
Texas 27% 36% 24% 12% 712
Utah 22% 33% 25% 19% 153
Vermont 18% 34% 30% 18% 182
Virginia 27% 37% 21% 15% 296
Washington 21% 35% 27% 17% 345
Wisconsin 27% 33% 21% 19% 209
Wyoming 26% 31% 26% 16% 104

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

State Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 13% 17% 26% 32% 13% < 1% 135
Arizona 15% 15% 26% 26% 17% 1% 255
California 15% 17% 28% 28% 11% 1% 1,654
Colorado 16% 17% 28% 30% 8% 2% 221
Connecticut 19% 16% 23% 27% 12% 2% 175
Delaware 16% 14% 23% 34% 13% 1% 100
District of Columbia 16% 36% 22% 23% 3% < 1% 140
Florida 13% 12% 25% 32% 15% 3% 750
Georgia 19% 17% 31% 26% 6% 1% 251
Hawaii 13% 14% 24% 40% 9% < 1% 139
Idaho 22% 13% 21% 30% 15% < 1% 124
Illinois 18% 16% 25% 29% 11% 2% 479
Indiana 14% 16% 34% 23% 12% 1% 185
Iowa 17% 17% 23% 32% 10% 1% 108
Louisiana 15% 14% 33% 33% 5% < 1% 110
Maine 15% 12% 23% 32% 17% 2% 146
Maryland 13% 18% 26% 29% 14% < 1% 275
Massachusetts 14% 17% 28% 28% 11% 2% 393
Michigan 15% 16% 21% 36% 10% 2% 309
Minnesota 19% 17% 26% 29% 9% 1% 203
Missouri 18% 13% 28% 28% 12% 1% 178
Montana 14% 9% 30% 33% 14% < 1% 135
Nevada 17% 14% 32% 27% 10% 1% 125
New Hampshire 15% 14% 22% 40% 10% < 1% 147
New Jersey 15% 17% 27% 30% 9% 3% 352
New Mexico 13% 19% 27% 31% 10% < 1% 123
New York 15% 16% 26% 30% 11% 2% 861
North Carolina 10% 20% 28% 30% 11% 1% 284
Ohio 15% 14% 26% 33% 11% 1% 354
Oregon 9% 16% 30% 32% 12% 1% 206
Pennsylvania 17% 14% 25% 32% 11% 1% 493
Rhode Island 9% 11% 42% 31% 7% 1% 130
South Carolina 19% 17% 19% 37% 7% 1% 108
Tennessee 19% 28% 26% 22% 5% < 1% 132
Texas 19% 17% 28% 27% 9% 1% 712
Utah 15% 16% 25% 34% 10% < 1% 153
Vermont 14% 11% 27% 35% 13% 1% 182
Virginia 16% 22% 25% 26% 10% 1% 296
Washington 12% 14% 30% 33% 10% 1% 345
Wisconsin 19% 11% 30% 26% 13% 1% 209
Wyoming 13% 21% 24% 31% 8% 3% 104

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

State Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 50% 50% 100
Alaska 58% 42% 139
Arizona 53% 47% 259
California 51% 49% 1,693
Colorado 51% 49% 223
Connecticut 56% 44% 182
Delaware 50% 50% 104
District of Columbia 50% 50% 147
Florida 53% 47% 771
Georgia 58% 42% 255
Hawaii 47% 53% 140
Idaho 49% 51% 125
Illinois 56% 44% 488
Indiana 54% 46% 187
Iowa 46% 54% 110
Louisiana 54% 46% 110
Maine 52% 48% 147
Maryland 42% 58% 280
Massachusetts 48% 52% 400
Michigan 50% 50% 317
Minnesota 48% 52% 207
Missouri 52% 48% 182
Montana 53% 47% 137
Nevada 54% 46% 127
New Hampshire 54% 46% 149
New Jersey 47% 53% 360
New Mexico 42% 58% 126
New York 47% 53% 884
North Carolina 54% 46% 285
Ohio 48% 52% 358
Oklahoma 47% 53% 100
Oregon 47% 53% 209
Pennsylvania 52% 48% 496
Rhode Island 50% 50% 132
South Carolina 59% 41% 112
Tennessee 50% 50% 133
Texas 52% 48% 730
Utah 42% 58% 157
Vermont 45% 55% 184
Virginia 56% 44% 300
Washington 51% 49% 348
Wisconsin 55% 45% 211
Wyoming 49% 51% 105

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

State White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 72% 1% 4% 7% 16% 138
Arizona 63% 4% 5% 22% 6% 249
California 53% 3% 15% 25% 3% 1,664
Colorado 83% 2% 1% 10% 3% 221
Connecticut 81% 9% 3% 5% 2% 180
District of Columbia 57% 26% 6% 7% 4% 147
Florida 68% 8% 1% 20% 3% 764
Georgia 61% 22% 1% 10% 6% 254
Hawaii 40% < 1% 29% 5% 26% 139
Idaho 80% 4% 1% 14% 1% 125
Illinois 71% 8% 5% 13% 3% 480
Indiana 87% 4% < 1% 6% 3% 182
Iowa 87% 1% 3% 5% 4% 110
Louisiana 69% 19% < 1% 7% 4% 108
Maine 98% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 147
Maryland 69% 19% 4% 4% 3% 277
Massachusetts 84% 3% 4% 5% 5% 388
Michigan 82% 10% < 1% 5% 2% 315
Minnesota 89% 1% 3% 4% 2% 205
Missouri 84% 7% 2% 5% 3% 179
Montana 88% < 1% < 1% 3% 9% 135
Nevada 69% 3% 2% 19% 7% 124
New Hampshire 90% 1% 1% 4% 3% 147
New Jersey 69% 6% 11% 11% 3% 353
New Mexico 49% 2% < 1% 41% 8% 125
New York 68% 7% 6% 16% 3% 871
North Carolina 78% 13% 2% 7% 1% 281
Ohio 84% 10% 2% 2% 2% 349
Oklahoma 71% 4% < 1% 15% 10% 100
Oregon 82% < 1% 3% 9% 6% 203
Pennsylvania 84% 7% 2% 4% 3% 487
Rhode Island 85% 4% 1% 6% 4% 132
South Carolina 74% 22% < 1% 1% 3% 112
Tennessee 81% 7% 2% 9% 2% 128
Texas 50% 7% 3% 37% 3% 723
Utah 86% < 1% 2% 8% 3% 155
Vermont 98% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 182
Virginia 71% 16% 4% 7% 2% 296
Washington 73% 2% 8% 10% 7% 343
Wisconsin 87% 1% 3% 5% 4% 208
Wyoming 89% 1% 1% 8% 1% 103

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

State Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 5% 6% 89% 100
Alaska 13% 5% 82% 137
Arizona 13% 16% 71% 256
California 29% 19% 51% 1,677
Colorado 10% 10% 79% 222
Connecticut 16% 12% 72% 179
Delaware 12% 5% 83% 102
District of Columbia 16% 10% 74% 145
Florida 21% 15% 64% 760
Georgia 9% 8% 82% 255
Hawaii 17% 12% 71% 138
Idaho 3% 5% 92% 125
Illinois 12% 13% 74% 482
Indiana 8% 6% 86% 186
Iowa 4% 5% 91% 110
Louisiana 9% 3% 88% 107
Maine 2% 14% 84% 146
Maryland 13% 9% 77% 276
Massachusetts 12% 17% 71% 395
Michigan 8% 7% 84% 317
Minnesota 7% 8% 85% 207
Missouri 6% 6% 87% 178
Montana < 1% 10% 90% 136
Nevada 19% 13% 69% 127
New Hampshire 6% 9% 85% 148
New Jersey 22% 13% 65% 353
New Mexico 20% 9% 72% 125
New York 21% 18% 62% 872
North Carolina 12% 8% 80% 281
Ohio 5% 10% 85% 355
Oklahoma 17% 4% 79% 100
Oregon 7% 11% 82% 208
Pennsylvania 6% 10% 84% 492
Rhode Island 10% 19% 71% 131
South Carolina 4% 5% 91% 111
Tennessee 10% 10% 80% 133
Texas 26% 14% 60% 715
Utah 8% 9% 83% 157
Vermont 4% 17% 79% 183
Virginia 13% 9% 78% 298
Washington 14% 11% 75% 346
Wisconsin 9% 8% 83% 210
Wyoming < 1% 6% 94% 105

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have a household income of…

State Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 29% 24% 25% 23% 122
Arizona 35% 21% 25% 20% 231
California 27% 20% 24% 29% 1,501
Colorado 21% 19% 26% 34% 203
Connecticut 16% 20% 28% 36% 153
District of Columbia 19% 15% 24% 42% 125
Florida 28% 23% 29% 20% 667
Georgia 27% 19% 27% 27% 239
Hawaii 23% 21% 34% 22% 133
Idaho 31% 22% 31% 16% 114
Illinois 29% 18% 28% 25% 418
Indiana 32% 22% 29% 17% 173
Iowa 22% 23% 41% 14% 102
Louisiana 45% 11% 28% 16% 102
Maine 33% 12% 41% 14% 133
Maryland 19% 14% 30% 38% 253
Massachusetts 21% 17% 31% 31% 344
Michigan 33% 24% 27% 16% 279
Minnesota 24% 17% 28% 30% 183
Missouri 25% 22% 26% 26% 167
Montana 31% 21% 36% 12% 124
Nevada 26% 26% 29% 19% 114
New Hampshire 23% 18% 31% 29% 130
New Jersey 20% 9% 31% 40% 307
New Mexico 36% 23% 28% 12% 112
New York 27% 18% 31% 24% 764
North Carolina 26% 15% 37% 23% 257
Ohio 39% 20% 25% 15% 329
Oregon 29% 23% 30% 19% 188
Pennsylvania 34% 14% 26% 26% 422
Rhode Island 12% 19% 45% 24% 114
Tennessee 23% 27% 26% 24% 124
Texas 33% 16% 27% 23% 658
Utah 27% 19% 38% 16% 149
Vermont 23% 26% 36% 16% 172
Virginia 22% 19% 24% 35% 268
Washington 29% 24% 24% 24% 318
Wisconsin 27% 22% 35% 16% 188

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have completed…

State High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 26% 37% 21% 16% 138
Arizona 33% 36% 18% 13% 257
California 30% 32% 21% 17% 1,680
Colorado 22% 32% 25% 21% 222
Connecticut 31% 20% 27% 22% 181
Delaware 37% 24% 19% 20% 104
District of Columbia 19% 16% 38% 27% 146
Florida 38% 28% 19% 16% 766
Georgia 37% 32% 17% 14% 253
Hawaii 27% 27% 29% 16% 140
Idaho 37% 29% 22% 12% 125
Illinois 28% 31% 25% 16% 484
Indiana 43% 25% 19% 13% 187
Iowa 34% 38% 18% 10% 110
Louisiana 47% 28% 16% 10% 110
Maine 33% 29% 24% 14% 146
Maryland 30% 26% 22% 22% 278
Massachusetts 30% 27% 23% 21% 399
Michigan 32% 34% 20% 13% 316
Minnesota 33% 35% 19% 13% 207
Missouri 33% 29% 23% 15% 181
Montana 46% 23% 19% 12% 137
Nevada 34% 40% 17% 9% 127
New Hampshire 33% 26% 23% 19% 147
New Jersey 30% 23% 22% 25% 358
New Mexico 27% 39% 21% 13% 125
New York 30% 28% 25% 17% 879
North Carolina 29% 28% 24% 19% 285
Ohio 36% 34% 19% 12% 357
Oklahoma 40% 33% 16% 11% 100
Oregon 26% 33% 28% 14% 209
Pennsylvania 37% 27% 19% 16% 494
Rhode Island 21% 35% 26% 18% 130
South Carolina 34% 31% 24% 11% 112
Tennessee 31% 28% 26% 15% 133
Texas 37% 30% 19% 14% 726
Utah 36% 33% 20% 11% 157
Vermont 27% 29% 26% 18% 182
Virginia 25% 24% 26% 25% 300
Washington 31% 33% 22% 14% 348
Wisconsin 39% 29% 18% 14% 211
Wyoming 30% 42% 19% 8% 104

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

State Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 46% 10% 14% 2% 28% 137
Arizona 46% 10% 17% 4% 23% 258
California 44% 11% 12% 5% 28% 1,681
Colorado 50% 12% 11% 4% 24% 223
Connecticut 52% 5% 11% 3% 28% 181
Delaware 54% 17% 11% 4% 14% 104
District of Columbia 33% 14% 7% 4% 43% 146
Florida 46% 9% 14% 7% 25% 770
Georgia 49% 6% 11% 3% 31% 255
Hawaii 39% 12% 15% 4% 30% 139
Idaho 55% 6% 19% 4% 16% 125
Illinois 46% 8% 9% 6% 32% 484
Indiana 47% 8% 12% 6% 28% 186
Iowa 46% 10% 13% 6% 25% 110
Louisiana 33% 18% 17% 7% 25% 110
Maine 56% 9% 12% 5% 18% 147
Maryland 46% 7% 9% 6% 32% 279
Massachusetts 43% 9% 9% 6% 32% 397
Michigan 46% 10% 16% 4% 24% 316
Minnesota 48% 6% 7% 5% 33% 207
Missouri 44% 12% 13% 7% 24% 181
Montana 56% 5% 8% 6% 24% 137
Nevada 47% 16% 14% 5% 19% 127
New Hampshire 48% 13% 12% 2% 25% 148
New Jersey 55% 8% 8% 6% 23% 357
New Mexico 40% 17% 15% 7% 21% 126
New York 42% 8% 10% 6% 34% 883
North Carolina 48% 8% 12% 6% 27% 284
Ohio 47% 6% 14% 6% 27% 358
Oklahoma 44% 11% 15% 6% 24% 100
Oregon 55% 6% 17% 4% 18% 207
Pennsylvania 46% 6% 13% 7% 28% 493
Rhode Island 40% 24% 5% 5% 26% 132
South Carolina 46% 13% 15% 7% 19% 111
Tennessee 45% 7% 14% 3% 31% 132
Texas 48% 10% 13% 3% 27% 726
Utah 46% 14% 15% 5% 20% 157
Vermont 55% 10% 10% 4% 21% 182
Virginia 50% 11% 8% 3% 29% 300
Washington 45% 14% 14% 5% 21% 348
Wisconsin 48% 9% 11% 6% 26% 211
Wyoming 47% 10% 11% 7% 25% 105

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

State Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alaska 28% 72% 139
Arizona 24% 76% 257
California 24% 76% 1,687
Colorado 26% 74% 223
Connecticut 23% 77% 181
Delaware 31% 69% 104
District of Columbia 14% 86% 147
Florida 23% 77% 769
Georgia 31% 69% 254
Hawaii 25% 75% 140
Idaho 35% 65% 125
Illinois 25% 75% 488
Indiana 28% 72% 187
Iowa 25% 75% 110
Louisiana 23% 77% 110
Maine 25% 75% 147
Maryland 25% 75% 278
Massachusetts 24% 76% 399
Michigan 23% 77% 317
Minnesota 27% 73% 207
Missouri 29% 71% 182
Montana 22% 78% 137
Nevada 28% 72% 126
New Hampshire 19% 81% 149
New Jersey 29% 71% 358
New Mexico 29% 71% 125
New York 25% 75% 883
North Carolina 27% 73% 284
Ohio 26% 74% 357
Oklahoma 14% 86% 100
Oregon 25% 75% 208
Pennsylvania 25% 75% 495
Rhode Island 24% 76% 132
South Carolina 27% 73% 112
Tennessee 32% 68% 133
Texas 31% 69% 725
Utah 25% 75% 156
Vermont 26% 74% 184
Virginia 27% 73% 299
Washington 24% 76% 347
Wisconsin 21% 79% 210
Wyoming 28% 72% 104

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they…

State Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 59% 21% 7% 1% 11% 2% 100
Alaska 35% 23% 11% < 1% 27% 5% 139
Arizona 38% 21% 12% < 1% 25% 4% 259
California 34% 22% 12% 1% 28% 3% 1,693
Colorado 33% 28% 9% 2% 25% 3% 223
Connecticut 37% 24% 9% 1% 23% 5% 182
Delaware 44% 22% 8% 1% 22% 4% 104
District of Columbia 28% 20% 15% 1% 30% 5% 147
Florida 40% 23% 7% 1% 26% 3% 771
Georgia 41% 23% 11% < 1% 22% 3% 255
Hawaii 41% 20% 9% 1% 26% 3% 140
Idaho 36% 22% 9% 1% 28% 4% 125
Illinois 34% 28% 10% < 1% 24% 4% 488
Indiana 35% 24% 7% < 1% 30% 4% 187
Iowa 38% 22% 10% < 1% 26% 4% 110
Louisiana 42% 22% 6% < 1% 25% 5% 110
Maine 24% 33% 9% < 1% 32% 2% 147
Maryland 40% 21% 9% < 1% 26% 5% 280
Massachusetts 24% 26% 13% 1% 32% 4% 400
Michigan 35% 28% 9% < 1% 26% 2% 317
Minnesota 32% 30% 9% < 1% 23% 6% 207
Missouri 40% 26% 9% 1% 21% 4% 182
Montana 47% 26% 9% < 1% 16% 2% 137
Nevada 37% 22% 10% < 1% 27% 4% 127
New Hampshire 29% 21% 7% 1% 33% 8% 149
New Jersey 38% 28% 9% < 1% 21% 3% 360
New Mexico 37% 23% 11% < 1% 27% 2% 126
New York 35% 22% 11% 1% 26% 4% 884
North Carolina 40% 23% 6% < 1% 28% 4% 285
Ohio 42% 25% 8% 1% 20% 4% 358
Oklahoma 43% 26% 6% < 1% 23% 1% 100
Oregon 35% 20% 11% < 1% 28% 6% 209
Pennsylvania 35% 26% 9% 1% 25% 4% 496
Rhode Island 31% 25% 9% 1% 23% 11% 132
South Carolina 39% 28% 5% 1% 22% 4% 112
Tennessee 51% 12% 14% 2% 19% 2% 133
Texas 46% 24% 7% 1% 20% 2% 730
Utah 49% 23% 10% 2% 13% 4% 157
Vermont 25% 23% 5% 1% 39% 6% 184
Virginia 36% 25% 9% < 1% 25% 4% 300
Washington 33% 25% 12% < 1% 27% 3% 348
Wisconsin 26% 27% 11% < 1% 32% 3% 211
Wyoming 46% 21% 8% < 1% 17% 9% 105

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say religion is…

State Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 42% 21% 18% 19% < 1% 100
Alaska 20% 30% 17% 32% 1% 139
Arizona 31% 23% 19% 26% 1% 259
California 26% 24% 20% 29% 1% 1,693
Colorado 20% 36% 18% 26% < 1% 223
Connecticut 25% 27% 22% 26% < 1% 182
Delaware 28% 31% 14% 27% < 1% 104
District of Columbia 20% 24% 28% 29% < 1% 147
Florida 26% 28% 19% 27% < 1% 771
Georgia 31% 22% 19% 26% 1% 255
Hawaii 25% 31% 19% 24% < 1% 140
Idaho 28% 21% 18% 33% < 1% 125
Illinois 26% 28% 22% 25% < 1% 488
Indiana 27% 24% 16% 31% 2% 187
Iowa 25% 32% 18% 26% < 1% 110
Louisiana 45% 23% 9% 22% < 1% 110
Maine 15% 29% 23% 32% < 1% 147
Maryland 29% 25% 20% 25% 1% 280
Massachusetts 20% 25% 23% 31% < 1% 400
Michigan 26% 25% 20% 28% 1% 317
Minnesota 24% 27% 20% 26% 2% 207
Missouri 30% 24% 25% 21% < 1% 182
Montana 30% 23% 16% 29% 2% 137
Nevada 24% 28% 13% 33% 1% 127
New Hampshire 22% 24% 26% 28% < 1% 149
New Jersey 28% 31% 19% 21% 1% 360
New Mexico 34% 20% 13% 32% 1% 126
New York 24% 29% 18% 27% 2% 884
North Carolina 27% 25% 21% 27% < 1% 285
Ohio 32% 25% 17% 25% < 1% 358
Oklahoma 43% 20% 9% 27% < 1% 100
Oregon 23% 23% 17% 35% 1% 209
Pennsylvania 26% 28% 20% 26% < 1% 496
Rhode Island 21% 29% 20% 30% < 1% 132
South Carolina 31% 24% 24% 20% 1% 112
Tennessee 38% 22% 17% 23% 1% 133
Texas 38% 28% 15% 20% < 1% 730
Utah 43% 15% 17% 21% 4% 157
Vermont 18% 24% 21% 38% < 1% 184
Virginia 30% 23% 23% 24% < 1% 300
Washington 26% 20% 24% 29% 1% 348
Wisconsin 21% 27% 22% 29% 1% 211
Wyoming 36% 27% 19% 18% < 1% 105

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend religious services…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 29% 32% 39% < 1% 100
Alaska 20% 29% 51% < 1% 139
Arizona 20% 36% 44% 1% 259
California 17% 30% 52% < 1% 1,693
Colorado 14% 31% 55% < 1% 223
Connecticut 14% 37% 49% < 1% 182
Delaware 19% 28% 51% 2% 104
District of Columbia 9% 37% 53% < 1% 147
Florida 19% 33% 48% 1% 771
Georgia 16% 35% 48% < 1% 255
Hawaii 13% 37% 50% < 1% 140
Idaho 18% 20% 59% 2% 125
Illinois 17% 30% 52% < 1% 488
Indiana 20% 26% 52% 1% 187
Iowa 15% 34% 51% < 1% 110
Louisiana 26% 30% 45% < 1% 110
Maine 13% 30% 57% < 1% 147
Maryland 17% 34% 48% < 1% 280
Massachusetts 11% 32% 57% < 1% 400
Michigan 17% 33% 51% < 1% 317
Minnesota 18% 35% 47% < 1% 207
Missouri 16% 34% 50% < 1% 182
Montana 22% 25% 53% < 1% 137
Nevada 19% 35% 46% < 1% 127
New Hampshire 15% 21% 65% < 1% 149
New Jersey 23% 39% 38% < 1% 360
New Mexico 23% 27% 50% < 1% 126
New York 17% 32% 51% < 1% 884
North Carolina 16% 34% 50% < 1% 285
Ohio 16% 34% 50% < 1% 358
Oklahoma 29% 21% 50% < 1% 100
Oregon 13% 31% 56% < 1% 209
Pennsylvania 16% 34% 49% < 1% 496
Rhode Island 21% 27% 52% < 1% 132
South Carolina 20% 33% 46% < 1% 112
Tennessee 23% 30% 46% < 1% 133
Texas 25% 34% 41% 1% 730
Utah 40% 18% 42% < 1% 157
Vermont 13% 28% 58% < 1% 184
Virginia 19% 35% 46% < 1% 300
Washington 20% 28% 51% 1% 348
Wisconsin 12% 40% 48% < 1% 211
Wyoming 29% 23% 48% < 1% 105

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who pray…

State At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 42% 12% 4% 42% 1% 100
Alaska 28% 17% 5% 49% 1% 139
Arizona 39% 15% 3% 43% < 1% 259
California 34% 11% 7% 48% < 1% 1,693
Colorado 30% 15% 6% 48% < 1% 223
Connecticut 29% 12% 13% 44% 2% 182
Delaware 21% 14% 7% 54% 4% 104
District of Columbia 22% 22% 9% 46% < 1% 147
Florida 33% 13% 8% 44% 1% 771
Georgia 38% 12% 4% 46% < 1% 255
Hawaii 37% 9% 1% 50% 2% 140
Idaho 29% 11% 1% 60% < 1% 125
Illinois 27% 16% 7% 49% < 1% 488
Indiana 26% 17% 6% 49% 2% 187
Iowa 28% 15% 9% 47% 1% 110
Louisiana 50% 8% 3% 39% < 1% 110
Maine 18% 15% 10% 56% 1% 147
Maryland 33% 16% 5% 46% 1% 280
Massachusetts 24% 10% 7% 58% 1% 400
Michigan 33% 13% 6% 47% < 1% 317
Minnesota 26% 16% 6% 51% < 1% 207
Missouri 36% 14% 6% 44% < 1% 182
Montana 39% 19% 3% 37% 2% 137
Nevada 32% 10% 6% 51% < 1% 127
New Hampshire 24% 12% 9% 55% < 1% 149
New Jersey 30% 20% 8% 41% 1% 360
New Mexico 36% 9% 5% 50% 1% 126
New York 32% 14% 7% 47% 1% 884
North Carolina 39% 13% 6% 43% < 1% 285
Ohio 37% 16% 7% 39% < 1% 358
Oklahoma 42% 15% 4% 39% < 1% 100
Oregon 29% 7% 10% 53% < 1% 209
Pennsylvania 34% 14% 6% 45% < 1% 496
Rhode Island 27% 13% 12% 48% < 1% 132
South Carolina 41% 13% 8% 37% 1% 112
Tennessee 36% 17% 13% 33% 1% 133
Texas 43% 14% 6% 37% 1% 730
Utah 47% 8% 7% 37% < 1% 157
Vermont 22% 11% 7% 60% < 1% 184
Virginia 34% 12% 8% 45% 1% 300
Washington 28% 15% 8% 49% 1% 348
Wisconsin 23% 19% 7% 50% 1% 211
Wyoming 37% 23% 8% 31% < 1% 105

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 25% 4% 5% 65% < 1% 100
Alaska 9% 3% 4% 85% < 1% 139
Arizona 17% 6% 6% 71% < 1% 259
California 13% 5% 6% 77% < 1% 1,693
Colorado 5% 6% 8% 81% < 1% 223
Connecticut 6% 2% 9% 83% < 1% 182
Delaware 6% 5% 7% 81% 1% 104
District of Columbia 7% 8% 5% 79% 1% 147
Florida 12% 3% 6% 78% 1% 771
Georgia 12% 8% 7% 72% < 1% 255
Hawaii 9% 3% 4% 84% < 1% 140
Idaho 10% 6% 9% 73% 2% 125
Illinois 8% 4% 6% 83% < 1% 488
Indiana 12% 5% 7% 74% 1% 187
Iowa 7% 5% 3% 85% < 1% 110
Louisiana 24% 4% 4% 68% < 1% 110
Maine 3% 1% 4% 92% < 1% 147
Maryland 10% 4% 9% 77% < 1% 280
Massachusetts 4% 5% 3% 87% < 1% 400
Michigan 10% 6% 4% 80% < 1% 317
Minnesota 9% 5% 2% 83% < 1% 207
Missouri 7% 8% 3% 82% < 1% 182
Montana 15% 2% 6% 77% < 1% 137
Nevada 17% 6% 4% 73% < 1% 127
New Hampshire 10% 4% 3% 83% < 1% 149
New Jersey 9% 9% 8% 74% < 1% 360
New Mexico 14% 8% 8% 71% < 1% 126
New York 9% 6% 6% 78% 1% 884
North Carolina 13% 6% 5% 75% < 1% 285
Ohio 10% 6% 7% 77% < 1% 358
Oklahoma 12% 12% 8% 67% < 1% 100
Oregon 13% 4% 5% 77% 1% 209
Pennsylvania 10% 3% 6% 81% < 1% 496
Rhode Island 9% 2% 6% 83% < 1% 132
South Carolina 18% 5% 12% 65% 1% 112
Tennessee 18% 7% 8% 66% 1% 133
Texas 18% 7% 7% 69% < 1% 730
Utah 34% 7% 7% 52% < 1% 157
Vermont 7% 2% 5% 85% < 1% 184
Virginia 10% 5% 4% 80% < 1% 300
Washington 13% 5% 4% 78% 1% 348
Wisconsin 6% 4% 7% 82% < 1% 211
Wyoming 26% < 1% 7% 68% < 1% 105

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who meditate…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 43% 7% 5% 46% < 1% 100
Alaska 30% 10% 5% 54% < 1% 139
Arizona 39% 10% 3% 47% 1% 259
California 36% 11% 6% 46% 2% 1,693
Colorado 37% 10% 5% 48% < 1% 223
Connecticut 31% 14% 5% 49% 1% 182
Delaware 25% 12% 4% 58% 1% 104
District of Columbia 22% 6% 6% 66% < 1% 147
Florida 35% 10% 3% 50% 2% 771
Georgia 32% 10% 10% 47% 1% 255
Hawaii 37% 8% 13% 42% < 1% 140
Idaho 31% 9% 12% 48% < 1% 125
Illinois 35% 7% 5% 52% 1% 488
Indiana 33% 7% 5% 55% < 1% 187
Iowa 19% 8% 7% 66% < 1% 110
Louisiana 35% 8% 7% 50% < 1% 110
Maine 32% 10% 9% 48% 1% 147
Maryland 34% 10% 3% 51% 1% 280
Massachusetts 26% 8% 4% 61% 1% 400
Michigan 32% 9% 4% 55% 1% 317
Minnesota 31% 12% 4% 52% 1% 207
Missouri 32% 12% 3% 53% < 1% 182
Montana 31% 6% 5% 54% 3% 137
Nevada 46% 5% 3% 47% < 1% 127
New Hampshire 31% 13% 4% 50% 1% 149
New Jersey 31% 9% 5% 54% 1% 360
New Mexico 42% 11% < 1% 47% < 1% 126
New York 36% 10% 7% 46% 1% 884
North Carolina 35% 11% 4% 49% 1% 285
Ohio 38% 8% 3% 50% 1% 358
Oklahoma 52% 5% 1% 42% 1% 100
Oregon 34% 12% 4% 48% 2% 209
Pennsylvania 33% 9% 7% 50% 1% 496
Rhode Island 37% 8% 5% 50% < 1% 132
South Carolina 32% 9% 6% 50% 3% 112
Tennessee 44% 10% 5% 40% 1% 133
Texas 39% 10% 5% 44% 1% 730
Utah 40% 20% 2% 36% 1% 157
Vermont 28% 11% 6% 53% 1% 184
Virginia 34% 14% 7% 43% 1% 300
Washington 36% 9% 4% 50% 1% 348
Wisconsin 25% 10% 8% 56% 1% 211
Wyoming 53% 8% 2% 37% < 1% 105

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 54% 20% 4% 23% < 1% 100
Alaska 52% 13% 11% 23% 1% 139
Arizona 47% 12% 12% 29% 1% 259
California 50% 15% 11% 22% 2% 1,693
Colorado 47% 17% 12% 20% 3% 223
Connecticut 46% 16% 13% 24% 1% 182
Delaware 52% 10% 10% 28% 1% 104
District of Columbia 40% 19% 13% 26% 2% 147
Florida 51% 14% 10% 24% 1% 771
Georgia 45% 22% 14% 18% < 1% 255
Hawaii 55% 16% 10% 19% 1% 140
Idaho 54% 10% 14% 23% < 1% 125
Illinois 44% 17% 10% 29% < 1% 488
Indiana 44% 15% 10% 29% 2% 187
Iowa 41% 9% 16% 32% 2% 110
Louisiana 52% 11% 8% 26% 3% 110
Maine 45% 16% 9% 29% 2% 147
Maryland 46% 21% 13% 20% < 1% 280
Massachusetts 38% 19% 11% 31% 1% 400
Michigan 46% 15% 9% 30% < 1% 317
Minnesota 49% 21% 8% 19% 2% 207
Missouri 48% 17% 12% 22% 1% 182
Montana 46% 25% 9% 19% 2% 137
Nevada 59% 14% 11% 15% 1% 127
New Hampshire 36% 18% 16% 29% 1% 149
New Jersey 47% 16% 15% 22% 1% 360
New Mexico 52% 17% 9% 20% 3% 126
New York 42% 17% 11% 27% 2% 884
North Carolina 56% 14% 9% 21% < 1% 285
Ohio 52% 14% 9% 24% 1% 358
Oklahoma 55% 11% 5% 28% 2% 100
Oregon 49% 20% 6% 25% 1% 209
Pennsylvania 44% 15% 12% 27% 2% 496
Rhode Island 46% 12% 19% 23% 1% 132
South Carolina 45% 12% 11% 31% < 1% 112
Tennessee 54% 15% 7% 25% < 1% 133
Texas 53% 15% 8% 22% 2% 730
Utah 58% 16% 10% 14% 2% 157
Vermont 45% 15% 14% 24% 1% 184
Virginia 47% 16% 12% 23% 1% 300
Washington 46% 17% 14% 22% < 1% 348
Wisconsin 42% 18% 10% 29% 1% 211
Wyoming 48% 20% 3% 26% 2% 105

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 44% 16% 10% 29% 1% 100
Alaska 53% 12% 16% 18% < 1% 139
Arizona 48% 15% 14% 23% < 1% 259
California 50% 16% 15% 19% 1% 1,693
Colorado 50% 16% 17% 15% 3% 223
Connecticut 40% 18% 12% 28% 1% 182
Delaware 41% 22% 9% 27% 2% 104
District of Columbia 45% 18% 17% 19% 2% 147
Florida 47% 14% 13% 25% 1% 771
Georgia 54% 18% 8% 19% 1% 255
Hawaii 53% 12% 12% 22% 1% 140
Idaho 52% 11% 8% 29% < 1% 125
Illinois 47% 14% 15% 23% 1% 488
Indiana 50% 13% 12% 25% < 1% 187
Iowa 45% 9% 17% 28% 1% 110
Louisiana 48% 11% 14% 25% 3% 110
Maine 40% 11% 20% 28% 1% 147
Maryland 47% 11% 17% 24% 1% 280
Massachusetts 46% 15% 16% 23% 1% 400
Michigan 42% 17% 14% 25% 1% 317
Minnesota 47% 18% 12% 23% < 1% 207
Missouri 46% 21% 6% 26% < 1% 182
Montana 53% 9% 15% 23% < 1% 137
Nevada 56% 21% 12% 11% < 1% 127
New Hampshire 45% 18% 8% 28% 1% 149
New Jersey 42% 16% 19% 24% < 1% 360
New Mexico 51% 17% 9% 21% 3% 126
New York 47% 18% 13% 21% 1% 884
North Carolina 49% 16% 13% 21% 1% 285
Ohio 50% 17% 9% 23% < 1% 358
Oklahoma 54% 11% 14% 20% 1% 100
Oregon 57% 17% 9% 17% < 1% 209
Pennsylvania 47% 16% 13% 23% 1% 496
Rhode Island 56% 12% 15% 16% < 1% 132
South Carolina 47% 16% 13% 24% < 1% 112
Tennessee 54% 12% 13% 21% < 1% 133
Texas 52% 14% 13% 20% 1% 730
Utah 48% 21% 15% 16% < 1% 157
Vermont 49% 20% 12% 20% < 1% 184
Virginia 53% 15% 13% 19% 1% 300
Washington 51% 17% 12% 19% 1% 348
Wisconsin 37% 24% 16% 23% < 1% 211
Wyoming 53% 16% 8% 22% 1% 105

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

State Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 27% 6% 58% 8% 1% 100
Alaska 13% 7% 51% 22% 6% 139
Arizona 18% 17% 47% 16% 3% 259
California 13% 21% 48% 16% 2% 1,693
Colorado 12% 25% 50% 12% 1% 223
Connecticut 8% 17% 60% 12% 2% 182
Delaware 16% 16% 52% 12% 4% 104
District of Columbia 5% 24% 49% 20% 2% 147
Florida 13% 15% 57% 14% 1% 771
Georgia 18% 19% 49% 13% 1% 255
Hawaii 9% 19% 60% 10% 2% 140
Idaho 15% 10% 61% 14% 1% 125
Illinois 12% 19% 50% 16% 2% 488
Indiana 14% 11% 55% 17% 3% 187
Iowa 15% 16% 61% 6% 1% 110
Louisiana 24% 12% 51% 11% 2% 110
Maine 5% 15% 66% 11% 2% 147
Maryland 16% 14% 51% 17% 2% 280
Massachusetts 8% 12% 56% 21% 2% 400
Michigan 18% 11% 58% 11% 2% 317
Minnesota 11% 16% 59% 13% 2% 207
Missouri 14% 19% 51% 14% 2% 182
Montana 14% 19% 49% 14% 4% 137
Nevada 15% 15% 53% 16% 2% 127
New Hampshire 9% 14% 59% 16% 1% 149
New Jersey 12% 18% 56% 13% 1% 360
New Mexico 16% 17% 41% 20% 6% 126
New York 12% 19% 53% 14% 3% 884
North Carolina 12% 16% 54% 15% 2% 285
Ohio 14% 17% 54% 13% 2% 358
Oklahoma 20% 14% 50% 15% < 1% 100
Oregon 11% 20% 47% 21% 1% 209
Pennsylvania 17% 13% 51% 17% 2% 496
Rhode Island 13% 18% 53% 15% 1% 132
South Carolina 15% 19% 51% 13% 2% 112
Tennessee 24% 17% 48% 8% 3% 133
Texas 19% 16% 47% 16% 2% 730
Utah 29% 9% 50% 10% 2% 157
Vermont 6% 17% 57% 17% 2% 184
Virginia 10% 22% 51% 16% 2% 300
Washington 9% 17% 52% 18% 4% 348
Wisconsin 11% 16% 53% 19% 1% 211
Wyoming 26% 14% 42% 14% 3% 105

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

State There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 36% 62% 1% < 1% 100
Alaska 29% 63% 3% 5% 139
Arizona 27% 67% 2% 4% 259
California 21% 78% 1% 1% 1,693
Colorado 26% 72% < 1% 3% 223
Connecticut 24% 75% < 1% < 1% 182
Delaware 19% 81% < 1% < 1% 104
District of Columbia 11% 89% < 1% < 1% 147
Florida 23% 74% 1% 1% 771
Georgia 24% 76% < 1% < 1% 255
Hawaii 15% 84% < 1% 1% 140
Idaho 31% 68% 1% < 1% 125
Illinois 19% 79% 2% 1% 488
Indiana 23% 77% < 1% < 1% 187
Iowa 26% 74% 1% < 1% 110
Louisiana 26% 69% 2% 3% 110
Maine 13% 85% 2% < 1% 147
Maryland 20% 78% < 1% 2% 280
Massachusetts 20% 78% 1% 1% 400
Michigan 23% 75% 1% 1% 317
Minnesota 18% 81% < 1% < 1% 207
Missouri 27% 73% 1% < 1% 182
Montana 34% 64% 3% < 1% 137
Nevada 20% 79% 1% < 1% 127
New Hampshire 19% 79% 1% < 1% 149
New Jersey 22% 76% 1% 1% 360
New Mexico 25% 73% 1% 1% 126
New York 20% 77% 2% 1% 884
North Carolina 23% 75% 1% < 1% 285
Ohio 23% 76% 1% < 1% 358
Oklahoma 14% 83% 2% 1% 100
Oregon 23% 76% < 1% < 1% 209
Pennsylvania 27% 71% 1% 1% 496
Rhode Island 31% 64% 4% 1% 132
South Carolina 27% 70% 3% < 1% 112
Tennessee 26% 70% 4% < 1% 133
Texas 23% 73% 2% 2% 730
Utah 29% 69% 1% 1% 157
Vermont 21% 76% 2% 1% 184
Virginia 23% 75% 1% 1% 300
Washington 25% 74% 1% < 1% 348
Wisconsin 24% 76% 1% < 1% 211
Wyoming 31% 65% 3% 2% 105

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who read scripture…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 39% 13% 3% 45% < 1% 100
Alaska 12% 8% 9% 71% < 1% 139
Arizona 24% 7% 5% 63% < 1% 259
California 17% 7% 7% 69% 1% 1,693
Colorado 16% 8% 8% 68% < 1% 223
Connecticut 11% 6% 8% 74% < 1% 182
Delaware 16% 5% 4% 73% 1% 104
District of Columbia 8% 6% 7% 78% < 1% 147
Florida 20% 8% 7% 64% 1% 771
Georgia 23% 8% 6% 62% < 1% 255
Hawaii 15% 1% 12% 71% < 1% 140
Idaho 17% 11% 12% 58% 2% 125
Illinois 14% 7% 8% 71% < 1% 488
Indiana 14% 8% 9% 68% 2% 187
Iowa 16% 4% 6% 75% < 1% 110
Louisiana 33% 6% 6% 55% < 1% 110
Maine 9% 4% 6% 81% 1% 147
Maryland 19% 11% 6% 63% < 1% 280
Massachusetts 5% 7% 8% 80% < 1% 400
Michigan 15% 9% 6% 68% 1% 317
Minnesota 12% 6% 10% 71% 1% 207
Missouri 15% 10% 9% 66% < 1% 182
Montana 19% 4% 11% 67% < 1% 137
Nevada 16% 8% 11% 66% < 1% 127
New Hampshire 10% 4% 7% 78% 1% 149
New Jersey 16% 8% 6% 69% 1% 360
New Mexico 17% 16% 5% 62% < 1% 126
New York 15% 6% 10% 68% 1% 884
North Carolina 18% 12% 7% 62% < 1% 285
Ohio 17% 6% 7% 70% < 1% 358
Oklahoma 35% 12% 2% 51% < 1% 100
Oregon 13% 11% 5% 70% 1% 209
Pennsylvania 14% 5% 9% 71% 1% 496
Rhode Island 13% 4% 5% 77% 1% 132
South Carolina 20% 5% 4% 70% < 1% 112
Tennessee 26% 9% 6% 58% < 1% 133
Texas 23% 10% 9% 58% 1% 730
Utah 39% 3% 12% 47% < 1% 157
Vermont 9% 7% 6% 78% < 1% 184
Virginia 17% 9% 7% 67% < 1% 300
Washington 16% 7% 7% 71% < 1% 348
Wisconsin 15% 6% 7% 71% < 1% 211
Wyoming 28% 9% 9% 54% 1% 105

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

State Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 25% 26% 2% 43% 4% 100
Alaska 7% 11% 1% 76% 6% 139
Arizona 10% 23% 1% 55% 10% 259
California 10% 14% 1% 69% 7% 1,693
Colorado 7% 14% 1% 72% 6% 223
Connecticut 6% 21% 1% 67% 6% 182
Delaware 7% 15% 4% 66% 7% 104
District of Columbia 9% 10% < 1% 74% 7% 147
Florida 10% 19% 1% 63% 7% 771
Georgia 13% 20% 1% 61% 5% 255
Hawaii 13% 11% 1% 69% 6% 140
Idaho 8% 21% < 1% 66% 5% 125
Illinois 6% 18% 2% 67% 7% 488
Indiana 8% 20% < 1% 64% 8% 187
Iowa 11% 21% < 1% 63% 5% 110
Louisiana 23% 16% < 1% 53% 8% 110
Maine 5% 15% 1% 70% 8% 147
Maryland 8% 20% 1% 67% 4% 280
Massachusetts 6% 15% 1% 74% 5% 400
Michigan 11% 21% 1% 60% 8% 317
Minnesota 7% 16% 2% 64% 11% 207
Missouri 5% 22% 2% 59% 13% 182
Montana 8% 29% 2% 51% 10% 137
Nevada 11% 19% < 1% 63% 7% 127
New Hampshire 9% 12% < 1% 70% 9% 149
New Jersey 11% 21% 1% 62% 6% 360
New Mexico 14% 16% 1% 65% 5% 126
New York 9% 18% 1% 66% 6% 884
North Carolina 4% 17% 2% 68% 8% 285
Ohio 15% 21% < 1% 58% 5% 358
Oklahoma 19% 17% < 1% 59% 5% 100
Oregon 9% 14% 3% 67% 7% 209
Pennsylvania 10% 17% 2% 65% 6% 496
Rhode Island 8% 17% < 1% 69% 6% 132
South Carolina 20% 13% < 1% 57% 10% 112
Tennessee 7% 28% < 1% 59% 6% 133
Texas 19% 18% 1% 57% 5% 730
Utah 15% 32% < 1% 47% 7% 157
Vermont 6% 11% 1% 77% 6% 184
Virginia 11% 14% 1% 68% 6% 300
Washington 7% 16% 2% 69% 6% 348
Wisconsin 7% 22% 2% 65% 4% 211
Wyoming 13% 29% 1% 48% 9% 105

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …in heaven

State Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 51% 44% 5% 100
Alaska 23% 71% 6% 139
Arizona 41% 54% 5% 259
California 32% 63% 6% 1,693
Colorado 32% 64% 4% 223
Connecticut 43% 50% 7% 182
Delaware 39% 56% 5% 104
District of Columbia 35% 60% 5% 147
Florida 36% 58% 6% 771
Georgia 39% 54% 7% 255
Hawaii 35% 60% 5% 140
Idaho 35% 62% 3% 125
Illinois 40% 56% 4% 488
Indiana 39% 50% 11% 187
Iowa 43% 53% 4% 110
Louisiana 39% 53% 8% 110
Maine 29% 67% 4% 147
Maryland 37% 61% 2% 280
Massachusetts 30% 63% 7% 400
Michigan 41% 53% 6% 317
Minnesota 46% 52% 3% 207
Missouri 42% 54% 4% 182
Montana 45% 51% 4% 137
Nevada 37% 60% 3% 127
New Hampshire 26% 67% 8% 149
New Jersey 43% 53% 4% 360
New Mexico 32% 62% 6% 126
New York 37% 58% 4% 884
North Carolina 37% 55% 8% 285
Ohio 46% 51% 2% 358
Oklahoma 42% 54% 4% 100
Oregon 31% 62% 7% 209
Pennsylvania 40% 55% 5% 496
Rhode Island 31% 61% 8% 132
South Carolina 44% 47% 10% 112
Tennessee 36% 60% 4% 133
Texas 43% 51% 6% 730
Utah 61% 37% 2% 157
Vermont 27% 68% 5% 184
Virginia 41% 54% 6% 300
Washington 30% 63% 7% 348
Wisconsin 41% 53% 5% 211
Wyoming 51% 42% 7% 105

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

State Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 48% 17% 34% 100
Alaska 25% 27% 48% 139
Arizona 26% 20% 54% 259
California 22% 18% 60% 1,693
Colorado 25% 18% 57% 223
Connecticut 32% 17% 51% 182
Delaware 21% 21% 58% 104
District of Columbia 7% 12% 81% 147
Florida 33% 19% 48% 771
Georgia 26% 22% 51% 255
Hawaii 20% 22% 59% 140
Idaho 32% 21% 48% 125
Illinois 21% 24% 55% 488
Indiana 31% 23% 46% 187
Iowa 28% 17% 55% 110
Louisiana 27% 24% 49% 110
Maine 28% 11% 61% 147
Maryland 23% 12% 65% 280
Massachusetts 26% 16% 58% 400
Michigan 21% 22% 56% 317
Minnesota 25% 18% 57% 207
Missouri 29% 20% 51% 182
Montana 37% 22% 42% 137
Nevada 29% 17% 54% 127
New Hampshire 16% 20% 64% 149
New Jersey 26% 19% 55% 360
New Mexico 27% 10% 64% 126
New York 21% 19% 61% 884
North Carolina 27% 19% 54% 285
Ohio 30% 19% 50% 358
Oklahoma 27% 17% 56% 100
Oregon 21% 21% 59% 209
Pennsylvania 27% 19% 55% 496
Rhode Island 27% 17% 55% 132
South Carolina 30% 27% 43% 112
Tennessee 30% 21% 50% 133
Texas 27% 25% 48% 730
Utah 43% 17% 40% 157
Vermont 18% 9% 73% 184
Virginia 31% 20% 50% 300
Washington 22% 23% 56% 348
Wisconsin 27% 13% 59% 211
Wyoming 40% 26% 35% 105

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

State Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 35% 33% 24% 8% 100
Alaska 21% 34% 39% 6% 139
Arizona 22% 34% 36% 7% 259
California 19% 34% 42% 5% 1,693
Colorado 17% 36% 40% 7% 223
Connecticut 26% 33% 35% 6% 182
Delaware 9% 33% 43% 15% 104
District of Columbia 5% 33% 55% 7% 147
Florida 22% 34% 37% 7% 771
Georgia 21% 36% 37% 6% 255
Hawaii 20% 43% 29% 7% 140
Idaho 33% 39% 24% 4% 125
Illinois 19% 35% 39% 7% 488
Indiana 21% 36% 31% 11% 187
Iowa 28% 35% 31% 6% 110
Louisiana 32% 34% 24% 10% 110
Maine 26% 34% 38% 1% 147
Maryland 15% 36% 43% 6% 280
Massachusetts 17% 34% 44% 5% 400
Michigan 21% 35% 35% 8% 317
Minnesota 21% 33% 37% 10% 207
Missouri 23% 39% 32% 7% 182
Montana 31% 31% 32% 5% 137
Nevada 25% 42% 31% 3% 127
New Hampshire 22% 37% 40% 1% 149
New Jersey 17% 43% 35% 6% 360
New Mexico 18% 37% 40% 5% 126
New York 20% 32% 43% 5% 884
North Carolina 20% 36% 40% 4% 285
Ohio 27% 36% 32% 6% 358
Oklahoma 21% 41% 32% 6% 100
Oregon 17% 34% 43% 6% 209
Pennsylvania 22% 37% 32% 9% 496
Rhode Island 16% 26% 51% 7% 132
South Carolina 18% 41% 31% 10% 112
Tennessee 22% 25% 47% 6% 133
Texas 25% 35% 32% 8% 730
Utah 35% 34% 28% 2% 157
Vermont 15% 33% 50% 2% 184
Virginia 24% 41% 31% 3% 300
Washington 14% 30% 46% 10% 348
Wisconsin 24% 38% 35% 3% 211
Wyoming 25% 36% 29% 10% 105

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who would rather have…

State Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 57% 36% 2% 5% 100
Alaska 43% 53% 1% 3% 139
Arizona 50% 44% 3% 3% 259
California 44% 48% 4% 4% 1,693
Colorado 49% 46% 3% 2% 223
Connecticut 51% 42% 4% 3% 182
Delaware 45% 47% 1% 7% 104
District of Columbia 15% 81% 3% 2% 147
Florida 45% 49% 3% 3% 771
Georgia 49% 43% 4% 4% 255
Hawaii 54% 41% 3% 2% 140
Idaho 55% 38% 6% 1% 125
Illinois 48% 44% 5% 3% 488
Indiana 57% 38% 2% 2% 187
Iowa 47% 47% 5% 1% 110
Louisiana 53% 43% 2% 2% 110
Maine 55% 39% 3% 3% 147
Maryland 42% 50% 1% 6% 280
Massachusetts 48% 47% 2% 4% 400
Michigan 52% 41% 3% 5% 317
Minnesota 50% 43% 3% 4% 207
Missouri 58% 34% 1% 6% 182
Montana 60% 37% 2% 1% 137
Nevada 59% 35% 5% 2% 127
New Hampshire 60% 37% 1% 2% 149
New Jersey 47% 46% 5% 2% 360
New Mexico 38% 56% 3% 3% 126
New York 38% 55% 4% 3% 884
North Carolina 51% 44% 3% 2% 285
Ohio 57% 36% 2% 5% 358
Oklahoma 48% 46% 3% 2% 100
Oregon 45% 47% 2% 5% 209
Pennsylvania 49% 41% 4% 6% 496
Rhode Island 44% 42% 9% 5% 132
South Carolina 49% 41% 5% 5% 112
Tennessee 48% 44% 3% 6% 133
Texas 44% 49% 3% 4% 730
Utah 61% 30% 5% 4% 157
Vermont 39% 51% 3% 6% 184
Virginia 51% 45% 3% 2% 300
Washington 45% 47% 4% 3% 348
Wisconsin 55% 43% 1% 2% 211
Wyoming 66% 23% 2% 10% 105

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

State Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 54% 41% 4% 1% 100
Alaska 29% 63% 6% 1% 139
Arizona 36% 56% 4% 4% 259
California 29% 65% 4% 2% 1,693
Colorado 36% 61% 2% 1% 223
Connecticut 39% 55% 4% 2% 182
Delaware 39% 59% 1% 1% 104
District of Columbia 16% 81% 2% 1% 147
Florida 43% 54% 3% 1% 771
Georgia 34% 58% 6% 2% 255
Hawaii 37% 56% 7% 1% 140
Idaho 40% 56% 3% < 1% 125
Illinois 31% 66% 2% 2% 488
Indiana 48% 44% 6% 2% 187
Iowa 42% 55% 3% < 1% 110
Louisiana 39% 48% 6% 7% 110
Maine 32% 65% 2% 1% 147
Maryland 29% 64% 5% 2% 280
Massachusetts 33% 63% 3% 1% 400
Michigan 39% 57% 2% 2% 317
Minnesota 33% 63% 3% 2% 207
Missouri 41% 55% 3% 1% 182
Montana 40% 56% 2% 1% 137
Nevada 45% 51% 4% < 1% 127
New Hampshire 29% 68% 1% 2% 149
New Jersey 38% 57% 3% 2% 360
New Mexico 31% 63% 4% 2% 126
New York 30% 64% 5% 1% 884
North Carolina 38% 57% 4% 1% 285
Ohio 41% 55% 3% 1% 358
Oklahoma 38% 56% 3% 3% 100
Oregon 29% 67% 3% 1% 209
Pennsylvania 40% 56% 3% 1% 496
Rhode Island 33% 62% < 1% 4% 132
South Carolina 35% 60% 4% 1% 112
Tennessee 46% 43% 6% 5% 133
Texas 40% 55% 3% 2% 730
Utah 43% 54% 3% < 1% 157
Vermont 20% 75% 2% 3% 184
Virginia 34% 59% 4% 3% 300
Washington 28% 67% 3% 2% 348
Wisconsin 35% 64% 1% 1% 211
Wyoming 46% 45% 8% 2% 105

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

State Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 58% 34% 8% 100
Alaska 79% 18% 4% 139
Arizona 64% 33% 3% 259
California 74% 22% 4% 1,693
Colorado 83% 13% 5% 223
Connecticut 76% 18% 7% 182
Delaware 75% 19% 6% 104
District of Columbia 88% 10% 2% 147
Florida 69% 27% 4% 771
Georgia 74% 24% 2% 255
Hawaii 88% 12% < 1% 140
Idaho 69% 26% 5% 125
Illinois 77% 21% 2% 488
Indiana 62% 33% 5% 187
Iowa 76% 20% 4% 110
Louisiana 61% 36% 3% 110
Maine 81% 17% 3% 147
Maryland 76% 21% 3% 280
Massachusetts 84% 14% 2% 400
Michigan 73% 24% 3% 317
Minnesota 72% 24% 4% 207
Missouri 69% 26% 5% 182
Montana 69% 24% 7% 137
Nevada 80% 18% 1% 127
New Hampshire 79% 20% < 1% 149
New Jersey 73% 23% 4% 360
New Mexico 73% 25% 3% 126
New York 77% 20% 3% 884
North Carolina 70% 25% 5% 285
Ohio 70% 27% 4% 358
Oklahoma 66% 31% 3% 100
Oregon 79% 19% 2% 209
Pennsylvania 71% 24% 4% 496
Rhode Island 80% 15% 5% 132
South Carolina 60% 34% 5% 112
Tennessee 64% 34% 2% 133
Texas 61% 35% 4% 730
Utah 62% 35% 3% 157
Vermont 84% 14% 2% 184
Virginia 73% 24% 3% 300
Washington 79% 16% 5% 348
Wisconsin 70% 28% 2% 211
Wyoming 64% 34% 2% 105

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

State Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 57% 34% 4% 4% 100
Alaska 75% 20% 5% < 1% 139
Arizona 75% 17% 5% 3% 259
California 82% 14% 3% 2% 1,693
Colorado 83% 10% 4% 3% 223
Connecticut 88% 8% 2% 2% 182
Delaware 83% 14% 1% 2% 104
District of Columbia 91% 5% 3% 1% 147
Florida 80% 14% 3% 3% 771
Georgia 79% 18% 1% 2% 255
Hawaii 76% 17% 4% 3% 140
Idaho 74% 14% 7% 6% 125
Illinois 82% 13% 3% 2% 488
Indiana 72% 20% 4% 3% 187
Iowa 75% 17% 4% 4% 110
Louisiana 71% 21% 5% 2% 110
Maine 83% 12% 3% 2% 147
Maryland 83% 13% 2% 3% 280
Massachusetts 90% 8% 1% 1% 400
Michigan 78% 16% 4% 2% 317
Minnesota 84% 15% 1% < 1% 207
Missouri 78% 12% 5% 5% 182
Montana 80% 16% 3% 1% 137
Nevada 82% 15% 1% 1% 127
New Hampshire 84% 13% 1% 2% 149
New Jersey 84% 10% 2% 4% 360
New Mexico 81% 16% 2% 1% 126
New York 82% 13% 3% 2% 884
North Carolina 78% 16% 4% 2% 285
Ohio 79% 16% 2% 3% 358
Oklahoma 74% 23% 1% 2% 100
Oregon 85% 12% 3% < 1% 209
Pennsylvania 80% 14% 4% 2% 496
Rhode Island 84% 10% 1% 5% 132
South Carolina 77% 15% 4% 5% 112
Tennessee 78% 17% 2% 2% 133
Texas 76% 17% 3% 4% 730
Utah 74% 20% 2% 3% 157
Vermont 91% 4% 2% 3% 184
Virginia 87% 9% 3% 1% 300
Washington 83% 14% 1% 1% 348
Wisconsin 84% 13% < 1% 2% 211
Wyoming 64% 31% 4% 1% 105

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

State Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 51% 35% 14% 100
Alaska 76% 21% 3% 139
Arizona 72% 22% 6% 259
California 79% 16% 4% 1,693
Colorado 81% 13% 6% 223
Connecticut 84% 13% 3% 182
Delaware 81% 17% 2% 104
District of Columbia 89% 6% 5% 147
Florida 71% 22% 7% 771
Georgia 70% 24% 6% 255
Hawaii 70% 16% 14% 140
Idaho 71% 20% 9% 125
Illinois 78% 16% 6% 488
Indiana 67% 25% 8% 187
Iowa 74% 16% 9% 110
Louisiana 70% 25% 5% 110
Maine 82% 15% 3% 147
Maryland 79% 18% 4% 280
Massachusetts 80% 14% 6% 400
Michigan 70% 21% 9% 317
Minnesota 80% 18% 3% 207
Missouri 76% 17% 7% 182
Montana 68% 20% 12% 137
Nevada 73% 22% 5% 127
New Hampshire 81% 16% 3% 149
New Jersey 75% 18% 7% 360
New Mexico 73% 21% 5% 126
New York 80% 16% 4% 884
North Carolina 73% 17% 10% 285
Ohio 72% 23% 5% 358
Oklahoma 67% 28% 6% 100
Oregon 77% 18% 5% 209
Pennsylvania 75% 18% 7% 496
Rhode Island 82% 12% 6% 132
South Carolina 69% 27% 4% 112
Tennessee 74% 22% 3% 133
Texas 68% 25% 7% 730
Utah 62% 34% 4% 157
Vermont 85% 9% 6% 184
Virginia 82% 13% 5% 300
Washington 78% 15% 7% 348
Wisconsin 80% 14% 6% 211
Wyoming 66% 25% 9% 105

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

State Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 41% 55% 2% 2% 100
Alaska 23% 72% 2% 3% 139
Arizona 30% 65% 2% 3% 259
California 23% 71% 2% 3% 1,693
Colorado 26% 69% 1% 4% 223
Connecticut 27% 69% 1% 3% 182
Delaware 29% 66% 3% 2% 104
District of Columbia 12% 83% 2% 4% 147
Florida 29% 67% 1% 3% 771
Georgia 26% 71% 2% 1% 255
Hawaii 24% 71% 1% 4% 140
Idaho 35% 62% 3% < 1% 125
Illinois 26% 70% 2% 2% 488
Indiana 28% 69% 2% 1% 187
Iowa 29% 69% 3% < 1% 110
Louisiana 35% 58% 2% 5% 110
Maine 24% 72% 2% 3% 147
Maryland 20% 74% 2% 4% 280
Massachusetts 26% 70% 1% 3% 400
Michigan 28% 63% 3% 6% 317
Minnesota 26% 68% 3% 3% 207
Missouri 35% 63% 2% < 1% 182
Montana 44% 52% 3% 1% 137
Nevada 30% 63% 5% 2% 127
New Hampshire 25% 73% 1% 1% 149
New Jersey 26% 70% 1% 2% 360
New Mexico 32% 64% 4% < 1% 126
New York 20% 75% 3% 2% 884
North Carolina 31% 65% 2% 2% 285
Ohio 35% 62% 2% 1% 358
Oklahoma 39% 54% 4% 3% 100
Oregon 29% 64% 1% 6% 209
Pennsylvania 31% 65% 2% 2% 496
Rhode Island 13% 77% 5% 4% 132
South Carolina 33% 62% 5% < 1% 112
Tennessee 29% 65% 4% 2% 133
Texas 29% 64% 3% 3% 730
Utah 37% 59% 2% 2% 157
Vermont 10% 88% < 1% 1% 184
Virginia 28% 70% 1% 1% 300
Washington 18% 77% 2% 4% 348
Wisconsin 28% 69% 2% 2% 211
Wyoming 39% 53% 1% 6% 105

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Hell by state

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say humans…

State Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 100. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Alabama 39% 24% 3% 34% < 1% 100
Alaska 55% 22% 5% 15% 3% 139
Arizona 52% 16% 6% 20% 6% 259
California 62% 15% 5% 16% 3% 1,693
Colorado 56% 24% 3% 12% 4% 223
Connecticut 61% 18% 5% 14% 2% 182
Delaware 63% 12% 7% 18% 1% 104
District of Columbia 66% 16% 5% 10% 3% 147
Florida 53% 18% 3% 23% 3% 771
Georgia 54% 19% 4% 21% 2% 255
Hawaii 62% 13% 6% 16% 2% 140
Idaho 45% 28% 7% 17% 3% 125
Illinois 61% 19% 4% 14% 1% 488
Indiana 51% 20% 7% 20% 2% 187
Iowa 63% 15% 2% 16% 4% 110
Louisiana 45% 23% 2% 21% 8% 110
Maine 66% 10% 4% 16% 2% 147
Maryland 56% 19% 3% 22% 1% 280
Massachusetts 65% 15% 6% 12% 2% 400
Michigan 56% 16% 2% 22% 4% 317
Minnesota 51% 20% 5% 21% 3% 207
Missouri 55% 19% 2% 20% 4% 182
Montana 56% 22% 5% 14% 3% 137
Nevada 60% 15% 5% 18% 2% 127
New Hampshire 68% 12% 1% 18% 2% 149
New Jersey 56% 20% 5% 16% 3% 360
New Mexico 51% 28% 4% 15% 2% 126
New York 60% 17% 3% 17% 3% 884
North Carolina 62% 13% 4% 18% 3% 285
Ohio 51% 22% 4% 21% 3% 358
Oklahoma 52% 15% 3% 29% 1% 100
Oregon 61% 15% 6% 15% 3% 209
Pennsylvania 55% 21% 4% 17% 3% 496
Rhode Island 64% 15% 5% 14% 2% 132
South Carolina 51% 16% 3% 26% 5% 112
Tennessee 45% 26% 3% 26% < 1% 133
Texas 48% 21% 3% 25% 4% 730
Utah 40% 21% 2% 34% 3% 157
Vermont 73% 12% 6% 9% < 1% 184
Virginia 62% 18% 3% 15% 2% 300
Washington 63% 14% 7% 14% 1% 348
Wisconsin 58% 20% 2% 16% 3% 211
Wyoming 37% 21% 13% 26% 2% 105