State among independents and those who don't lean to either party

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are in…

Survey year Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Sample Size
Sample size = 5,658. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 1% < 1% 2% 1% 13% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 7% 3% 1% < 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% < 1% 1% 2% 3% 1% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 3% 1% 7% 3% < 1% 4% 1% 1% 3% < 1% 2% < 1% 2% 9% 1% < 1% 3% 3% 1% 2% < 1% 5,658
2007 1% < 1% 2% 1% 13% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 5% 3% < 1% 1% 4% 2% 1% 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% 2% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 4% 1% 6% 3% < 1% 4% 1% 1% 4% 1% 1% < 1% 2% 8% 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 5,770

Learn More: Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, Washington

State among independents and those who don't lean to either party by religious group

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are in…

Religious tradition Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina South Dakota Tennessee Texas Utah Vermont Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic < 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 19% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 7% 1% 1% < 1% 5% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 3% 2% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 4% 1% 11% 1% < 1% 3% < 1% < 1% 3% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 12% < 1% < 1% 1% 3% < 1% 2% < 1% 1,158
Evangelical Protestant 3% < 1% 3% 1% 11% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 6% 5% < 1% < 1% 2% 3% 1% 1% 2% 2% < 1% 2% 1% 3% 2% 1% 3% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 3% 4% < 1% 4% 2% 2% 3% < 1% 3% < 1% 3% 10% < 1% < 1% 4% 2% < 1% 1% < 1% 1,230
Historically Black Protestant 2% < 1% < 1% 2% 5% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 10% 11% < 1% < 1% 5% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 5% < 1% 3% 1% 3% 1% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 5% 5% < 1% 6% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 2% 11% < 1% < 1% 5% 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 184
Jehovah's Witness 1% < 1% 5% < 1% 17% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 8% 5% 1% < 1% 4% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 2% 3% 1% < 1% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 1% 7% 2% < 1% 4% < 1% 1% 5% 1% 2% < 1% 2% 12% < 1% < 1% < 1% 5% < 1% 1% 1% 188
Mainline Protestant 1% < 1% 2% 1% 9% 1% 2% < 1% < 1% 5% 3% 1% < 1% 5% 2% 3% 2% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 2% 5% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% < 1% 3% < 1% 4% 4% < 1% 4% 2% 1% 6% < 1% 1% < 1% 1% 6% 1% < 1% 3% 2% 1% 2% < 1% 822
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") < 1% < 1% 2% 1% 13% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 7% 2% 1% 1% 5% 3% 1% 1% 1% 1% < 1% 2% 3% 4% 1% < 1% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 1% 2% < 1% 6% 2% < 1% 4% 1% 2% 3% < 1% 1% < 1% 2% 8% 1% < 1% 2% 4% 1% 1% < 1% 1,474

Learn More: Arizona, California, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Texas, Virginia, Washington

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are ages…

State 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 25% 40% 23% 12% 117
California 28% 42% 21% 10% 606
Florida 23% 35% 25% 17% 320
Georgia 30% 43% 16% 11% 149
Illinois 24% 40% 21% 15% 225
Indiana 28% 38% 20% 14% 112
Michigan 26% 33% 23% 19% 165
Missouri 27% 39% 24% 10% 100
New Jersey 22% 35% 31% 12% 133
New York 21% 44% 19% 16% 321
North Carolina 19% 44% 22% 15% 147
Ohio 27% 34% 28% 11% 164
Pennsylvania 33% 33% 18% 16% 172
Texas 26% 44% 21% 10% 450
Virginia 24% 37% 28% 11% 125
Washington 25% 38% 24% 13% 134

Generational cohort among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

State Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 16% 18% 30% 27% 8% 1% 117
California 15% 19% 35% 25% 6% < 1% 606
Florida 15% 14% 29% 30% 10% 2% 320
Georgia 21% 16% 36% 18% 8% 1% 149
Illinois 16% 18% 30% 26% 9% 1% 225
Indiana 18% 21% 26% 24% 8% 2% 112
Michigan 16% 18% 24% 29% 12% 1% 165
Missouri 14% 21% 30% 29% 5% < 1% 100
New Jersey 13% 17% 27% 33% 8% 1% 133
New York 12% 16% 36% 23% 11% 1% 321
North Carolina 9% 26% 28% 29% 8% < 1% 147
Ohio 17% 18% 26% 31% 8% < 1% 164
Pennsylvania 23% 14% 29% 26% 7% < 1% 172
Texas 17% 18% 35% 23% 7% < 1% 450
Virginia 16% 21% 24% 32% 6% < 1% 125
Washington 10% 22% 31% 29% 9% < 1% 134

Gender composition among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

State Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 44% 56% 119
California 49% 51% 638
Florida 49% 51% 336
Georgia 56% 44% 156
Illinois 47% 53% 234
Indiana 54% 46% 114
Massachusetts 40% 60% 103
Michigan 48% 52% 176
Missouri 53% 47% 105
New Jersey 48% 52% 145
New York 46% 54% 337
North Carolina 48% 52% 152
Ohio 49% 51% 175
Pennsylvania 47% 53% 179
Texas 49% 51% 476
Virginia 48% 52% 136
Washington 55% 45% 140

Racial and ethnic composition among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who identify as…

State White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 51% 5% 3% 36% 5% 113
California 29% 5% 14% 49% 3% 614
Florida 47% 11% 2% 33% 7% 328
Georgia 54% 24% < 1% 16% 6% 150
Illinois 57% 8% 6% 24% 5% 223
Indiana 81% 6% < 1% 10% 3% 110
Michigan 83% 8% 1% 5% 3% 173
Missouri 81% 6% 1% 7% 5% 104
New Jersey 56% 8% 6% 22% 9% 140
New York 55% 11% 6% 23% 5% 328
North Carolina 68% 14% 5% 7% 6% 149
Ohio 80% 8% 4% 6% 2% 170
Pennsylvania 80% 6% 2% 8% 4% 174
Texas 32% 9% 4% 52% 4% 458
Virginia 64% 16% 5% 11% 4% 128
Washington 64% 1% 8% 16% 11% 135

Immigrant status among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

State Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 18% 11% 70% 117
California 50% 13% 37% 614
Florida 34% 12% 54% 321
Georgia 14% 6% 80% 151
Illinois 24% 10% 66% 224
Indiana 11% 5% 84% 114
Massachusetts 16% 9% 75% 103
Michigan 7% 6% 88% 174
Missouri 8% 4% 88% 102
New Jersey 31% 18% 51% 139
New York 33% 14% 53% 323
North Carolina 13% 4% 83% 150
Ohio 8% 7% 85% 174
Pennsylvania 8% 6% 86% 170
Texas 39% 11% 50% 455
Virginia 15% 6% 79% 125
Washington 18% 8% 75% 137

Income distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who have a household income of…

State Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 52% 14% 24% 10% 100
California 53% 18% 14% 15% 481
Florida 48% 21% 22% 9% 253
Georgia 48% 20% 18% 14% 116
Illinois 47% 17% 26% 10% 170
Michigan 51% 22% 18% 10% 130
New York 45% 18% 22% 14% 239
North Carolina 52% 17% 23% 8% 126
Ohio 53% 21% 18% 8% 143
Pennsylvania 46% 20% 23% 11% 136
Texas 51% 17% 20% 11% 367
Virginia 51% 18% 20% 12% 102
Washington 48% 24% 16% 12% 118

Educational distribution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who have completed…

State High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 52% 32% 10% 7% 119
California 56% 25% 12% 6% 621
Florida 53% 29% 12% 5% 327
Georgia 49% 34% 10% 7% 153
Illinois 46% 29% 14% 11% 231
Indiana 60% 29% 8% 3% 113
Massachusetts 42% 29% 16% 13% 103
Michigan 42% 42% 10% 6% 171
Missouri 50% 35% 8% 7% 104
New Jersey 45% 35% 13% 7% 143
New York 52% 28% 13% 7% 331
North Carolina 48% 36% 10% 6% 151
Ohio 50% 33% 12% 5% 172
Pennsylvania 58% 31% 7% 4% 175
Texas 56% 25% 11% 8% 467
Virginia 48% 28% 14% 10% 135
Washington 45% 40% 11% 4% 138

Marital status among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

State Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 41% 9% 20% 5% 26% 119
California 44% 12% 12% 4% 28% 629
Florida 40% 8% 16% 6% 30% 331
Georgia 37% 6% 15% 8% 35% 153
Illinois 49% 6% 13% 5% 27% 226
Indiana 39% 3% 18% 13% 27% 114
Massachusetts 48% 11% 8% 11% 22% 100
Michigan 42% 10% 14% 8% 26% 171
Missouri 49% 11% 21% 2% 18% 104
New Jersey 50% 7% 13% 7% 24% 141
New York 48% 10% 12% 5% 25% 333
North Carolina 44% 8% 16% 7% 24% 152
Ohio 44% 7% 14% 7% 29% 174
Pennsylvania 38% 9% 12% 7% 33% 177
Texas 47% 10% 16% 5% 22% 470
Virginia 48% 8% 13% 9% 23% 134
Washington 51% 13% 13% 2% 20% 139

Parent of children under 18 among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

State Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 27% 73% 119
California 40% 60% 633
Florida 27% 73% 333
Georgia 29% 71% 155
Illinois 30% 70% 234
Indiana 32% 68% 113
Massachusetts 33% 67% 102
Michigan 27% 73% 175
Missouri 39% 61% 105
New Jersey 36% 64% 144
New York 28% 72% 334
North Carolina 27% 73% 150
Ohio 32% 68% 173
Pennsylvania 32% 68% 177
Texas 38% 62% 469
Virginia 32% 68% 135
Washington 32% 68% 138

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say they…

State Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 62% 23% 3% < 1% 10% 1% 119
California 55% 24% 7% 2% 10% 3% 638
Florida 62% 17% 6% 1% 10% 4% 336
Georgia 74% 10% 7% < 1% 5% 3% 156
Illinois 59% 22% 3% 1% 9% 6% 234
Indiana 58% 18% 6% 2% 13% 3% 114
Massachusetts 43% 19% 12% 5% 18% 4% 103
Michigan 56% 27% 5% 2% 6% 3% 176
Missouri 64% 24% 3% 1% 8% 1% 105
New Jersey 64% 20% 9% < 1% 4% 3% 145
New York 59% 21% 6% 1% 11% 3% 337
North Carolina 70% 14% 2% 2% 12% < 1% 152
Ohio 65% 18% 6% 1% 8% 3% 175
Pennsylvania 57% 25% 5% 2% 10% 2% 179
Texas 69% 19% 4% 1% 6% 2% 476
Virginia 72% 9% 4% 1% 10% 3% 136
Washington 58% 24% 6% 2% 9% 1% 140

Importance of religion in one's life among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say religion is…

State Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 54% 24% 8% 13% 1% 119
California 49% 26% 12% 11% 2% 638
Florida 53% 23% 8% 14% 1% 336
Georgia 62% 21% 5% 9% 2% 156
Illinois 47% 27% 13% 12% 1% 234
Indiana 45% 23% 13% 17% 2% 114
Massachusetts 38% 30% 12% 20% 1% 103
Michigan 46% 28% 11% 14% 1% 176
Missouri 54% 26% 7% 10% 2% 105
New Jersey 52% 25% 12% 8% 2% 145
New York 47% 27% 12% 13% 2% 337
North Carolina 59% 19% 6% 13% 2% 152
Ohio 49% 27% 9% 14% 1% 175
Pennsylvania 45% 25% 14% 14% 2% 179
Texas 64% 22% 5% 8% 1% 476
Virginia 58% 23% 7% 11% < 1% 136
Washington 45% 26% 16% 12% 1% 140

Attendance at religious services among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who attend religious services…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 37% 27% 35% 1% 119
California 35% 32% 32% 1% 638
Florida 33% 29% 36% 2% 336
Georgia 36% 32% 31% 2% 156
Illinois 30% 28% 41% 2% 234
Indiana 24% 28% 46% 2% 114
Massachusetts 19% 36% 44% 1% 103
Michigan 26% 32% 42% 1% 176
Missouri 32% 32% 35% < 1% 105
New Jersey 36% 34% 28% 1% 145
New York 32% 26% 40% 1% 337
North Carolina 34% 38% 23% 4% 152
Ohio 30% 33% 36% 2% 175
Pennsylvania 29% 30% 39% 2% 179
Texas 43% 29% 27% 1% 476
Virginia 44% 32% 23% 1% 136
Washington 30% 26% 44% < 1% 140

Frequency of prayer among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who pray…

State At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 64% 11% 3% 22% < 1% 119
California 54% 13% 8% 23% 1% 638
Florida 54% 14% 6% 23% 3% 336
Georgia 58% 15% 6% 18% 3% 156
Illinois 50% 13% 10% 25% 2% 234
Indiana 47% 18% 4% 29% 2% 114
Massachusetts 42% 11% 4% 42% 1% 103
Michigan 47% 12% 6% 31% 3% 176
Missouri 56% 11% 7% 25% 2% 105
New Jersey 48% 20% 7% 24% 2% 145
New York 50% 14% 9% 25% 2% 337
North Carolina 60% 15% 3% 19% 3% 152
Ohio 57% 12% 8% 22% 1% 175
Pennsylvania 45% 17% 5% 30% 2% 179
Texas 65% 12% 4% 18% 1% 476
Virginia 64% 9% 4% 22% 1% 136
Washington 49% 10% 8% 32% < 1% 140

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who attend prayer group…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 36% 2% 11% 50% 1% 119
California 25% 10% 9% 55% 1% 638
Florida 27% 6% 6% 58% 2% 336
Georgia 30% 9% 10% 49% 2% 156
Illinois 20% 8% 7% 63% 1% 234
Indiana 24% 8% 3% 62% 2% 114
Massachusetts 10% 8% 1% 78% 3% 103
Michigan 14% 9% 7% 67% 4% 176
Missouri 20% 12% 11% 56% 1% 105
New Jersey 20% 10% 10% 57% 3% 145
New York 19% 8% 6% 66% 1% 337
North Carolina 29% 9% 13% 49% < 1% 152
Ohio 29% 6% 7% 59% < 1% 175
Pennsylvania 21% 4% 7% 67% 1% 179
Texas 36% 10% 6% 48% < 1% 476
Virginia 28% 9% 6% 55% 2% 136
Washington 23% 8% 3% 63% 2% 140

Frequency of meditation among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who meditate…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 49% 6% 3% 40% 1% 119
California 42% 9% 4% 43% 2% 638
Florida 45% 6% 3% 42% 4% 336
Georgia 47% 9% 5% 31% 7% 156
Illinois 44% 9% 4% 39% 4% 234
Indiana 41% 11% 3% 43% 2% 114
Massachusetts 38% 8% 3% 51% 1% 103
Michigan 38% 6% 2% 51% 3% 176
Missouri 46% 7% 5% 38% 4% 105
New Jersey 28% 6% 5% 56% 5% 145
New York 41% 7% 3% 46% 2% 337
North Carolina 44% 5% 4% 45% 2% 152
Ohio 44% 6% 4% 45% 1% 175
Pennsylvania 39% 6% 5% 48% 1% 179
Texas 50% 8% 3% 34% 4% 476
Virginia 47% 12% 4% 35% 2% 136
Washington 40% 7% 3% 48% 1% 140

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 66% 8% 7% 18% 1% 119
California 57% 14% 8% 17% 4% 638
Florida 64% 11% 7% 15% 3% 336
Georgia 66% 15% 3% 11% 5% 156
Illinois 54% 12% 5% 25% 5% 234
Indiana 54% 16% 9% 20% 2% 114
Massachusetts 45% 17% 12% 22% 4% 103
Michigan 53% 11% 13% 19% 4% 176
Missouri 51% 15% 14% 18% 2% 105
New Jersey 54% 14% 7% 23% 2% 145
New York 53% 15% 9% 22% 2% 337
North Carolina 65% 8% 10% 15% 1% 152
Ohio 58% 17% 7% 17% 2% 175
Pennsylvania 55% 12% 12% 18% 3% 179
Texas 66% 12% 7% 11% 4% 476
Virginia 66% 10% 7% 13% 3% 136
Washington 57% 9% 13% 20% < 1% 140

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 58% 10% 9% 21% 2% 119
California 48% 12% 13% 23% 3% 638
Florida 49% 11% 11% 25% 5% 336
Georgia 42% 14% 7% 34% 3% 156
Illinois 45% 10% 15% 27% 3% 234
Indiana 43% 16% 17% 23% 1% 114
Massachusetts 44% 14% 11% 27% 4% 103
Michigan 40% 18% 10% 31% 1% 176
Missouri 45% 14% 9% 30% 2% 105
New Jersey 44% 11% 15% 26% 4% 145
New York 49% 12% 13% 24% 2% 337
North Carolina 40% 13% 10% 36% 1% 152
Ohio 43% 17% 13% 24% 2% 175
Pennsylvania 46% 17% 10% 25% 1% 179
Texas 54% 12% 9% 22% 3% 476
Virginia 53% 8% 11% 23% 4% 136
Washington 52% 10% 7% 31% 1% 140

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

State Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 41% 10% 34% 8% 7% 119
California 32% 11% 42% 11% 4% 638
Florida 32% 13% 45% 5% 5% 336
Georgia 41% 8% 41% 6% 4% 156
Illinois 33% 10% 41% 13% 4% 234
Indiana 33% 10% 43% 7% 7% 114
Massachusetts 11% 5% 64% 16% 4% 103
Michigan 30% 6% 54% 6% 4% 176
Missouri 31% 7% 48% 10% 4% 105
New Jersey 29% 6% 54% 9% 3% 145
New York 25% 12% 51% 8% 4% 337
North Carolina 40% 8% 40% 6% 5% 152
Ohio 31% 13% 48% 6% 3% 175
Pennsylvania 33% 5% 49% 10% 3% 179
Texas 37% 9% 38% 12% 4% 476
Virginia 43% 10% 38% 5% 4% 136
Washington 27% 9% 53% 8% 3% 140

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say…

State There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 33% 58% 8% < 1% 119
California 28% 66% 3% 3% 638
Florida 28% 67% 3% 2% 336
Georgia 31% 65% 2% 1% 156
Illinois 26% 70% 2% 2% 234
Indiana 26% 71% 3% < 1% 114
Massachusetts 24% 72% 1% 3% 103
Michigan 38% 57% 4% 1% 176
Missouri 34% 65% 1% < 1% 105
New Jersey 27% 72% < 1% 1% 145
New York 25% 70% 2% 3% 337
North Carolina 28% 67% 2% 3% 152
Ohio 28% 71% < 1% 1% 175
Pennsylvania 37% 62% < 1% 1% 179
Texas 28% 68% 2% 3% 476
Virginia 29% 65% 3% 3% 136
Washington 31% 68% < 1% 1% 140

Frequency of reading scripture among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who read scripture…

State At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 42% 10% 5% 42% 1% 119
California 33% 11% 7% 47% 1% 638
Florida 35% 11% 7% 45% 2% 336
Georgia 50% 8% 7% 34% 1% 156
Illinois 24% 11% 11% 50% 3% 234
Indiana 34% 7% 10% 49% < 1% 114
Massachusetts 16% 3% 9% 72% < 1% 103
Michigan 23% 7% 6% 59% 5% 176
Missouri 39% 8% 8% 44% < 1% 105
New Jersey 34% 10% 7% 47% 3% 145
New York 28% 7% 8% 56% 1% 337
North Carolina 43% 12% 8% 34% 2% 152
Ohio 34% 9% 6% 50% < 1% 175
Pennsylvania 31% 6% 9% 53% 1% 179
Texas 48% 7% 8% 36% 2% 476
Virginia 45% 9% 5% 40% < 1% 136
Washington 32% 9% 7% 52% < 1% 140

Interpreting scripture among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say the holy scripture is…

State Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 30% 25% 2% 28% 15% 119
California 34% 20% 3% 31% 12% 638
Florida 33% 18% 8% 32% 9% 336
Georgia 33% 27% 3% 27% 9% 156
Illinois 26% 26% 2% 34% 11% 234
Indiana 35% 25% 8% 28% 4% 114
Massachusetts 13% 17% 2% 54% 14% 103
Michigan 25% 26% 5% 30% 14% 176
Missouri 23% 30% 3% 33% 11% 105
New Jersey 29% 27% 2% 29% 12% 145
New York 23% 23% 3% 38% 13% 337
North Carolina 29% 23% 9% 29% 11% 152
Ohio 26% 28% 4% 30% 12% 175
Pennsylvania 30% 20% 2% 36% 12% 179
Texas 40% 19% 4% 28% 9% 476
Virginia 43% 15% 3% 30% 9% 136
Washington 22% 25% 6% 34% 14% 140

Belief in Heaven among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …in heaven

State Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 73% 17% 9% 119
California 64% 26% 10% 638
Florida 67% 22% 10% 336
Georgia 74% 17% 10% 156
Illinois 65% 20% 15% 234
Indiana 75% 19% 6% 114
Massachusetts 56% 29% 15% 103
Michigan 73% 17% 10% 176
Missouri 76% 19% 6% 105
New Jersey 68% 18% 14% 145
New York 66% 25% 10% 337
North Carolina 65% 26% 10% 152
Ohio 70% 21% 9% 175
Pennsylvania 65% 25% 9% 179
Texas 72% 18% 10% 476
Virginia 76% 14% 11% 136
Washington 66% 21% 13% 140

Belief in Hell among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …in hell

State Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 52% 36% 12% 119
California 53% 36% 11% 638
Florida 53% 35% 12% 336
Georgia 60% 32% 8% 156
Illinois 44% 42% 14% 234
Indiana 63% 31% 6% 114
Massachusetts 28% 52% 19% 103
Michigan 54% 38% 8% 176
Missouri 61% 31% 8% 105
New Jersey 48% 38% 14% 145
New York 48% 40% 12% 337
North Carolina 60% 28% 12% 152
Ohio 55% 33% 12% 175
Pennsylvania 50% 44% 7% 179
Texas 57% 33% 10% 476
Virginia 57% 30% 13% 136
Washington 42% 46% 12% 140

SocialandPoliticalViews

Political ideology among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who are…

State Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 26% 36% 14% 24% 119
California 25% 34% 23% 18% 638
Florida 25% 30% 20% 24% 336
Georgia 22% 38% 16% 24% 156
Illinois 25% 35% 18% 22% 234
Indiana 24% 33% 20% 23% 114
Massachusetts 19% 42% 21% 18% 103
Michigan 20% 36% 13% 31% 176
Missouri 27% 35% 17% 21% 105
New Jersey 23% 32% 23% 22% 145
New York 28% 29% 25% 19% 337
North Carolina 32% 31% 23% 15% 152
Ohio 20% 36% 18% 27% 175
Pennsylvania 23% 26% 24% 27% 179
Texas 26% 29% 23% 22% 476
Virginia 24% 40% 18% 19% 136
Washington 23% 31% 20% 25% 140

Views about size of government among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who would rather have…

State Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 50% 42% 2% 6% 119
California 39% 54% 4% 4% 638
Florida 41% 43% 8% 8% 336
Georgia 45% 42% 4% 9% 156
Illinois 47% 40% 5% 8% 234
Indiana 47% 35% 8% 10% 114
Massachusetts 51% 34% 5% 10% 103
Michigan 53% 36% 7% 4% 176
Missouri 54% 35% 2% 9% 105
New Jersey 38% 50% 5% 7% 145
New York 38% 50% 6% 5% 337
North Carolina 55% 28% 5% 12% 152
Ohio 56% 32% 3% 8% 175
Pennsylvania 48% 38% 6% 9% 179
Texas 35% 55% 5% 5% 476
Virginia 51% 38% 5% 6% 136
Washington 47% 40% 5% 7% 140

Views about government aid to the poor among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say government aid to the poor…

State Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 38% 47% 10% 6% 119
California 35% 56% 5% 4% 638
Florida 42% 49% 6% 4% 336
Georgia 33% 48% 12% 6% 156
Illinois 41% 47% 4% 8% 234
Indiana 49% 39% 10% 2% 114
Massachusetts 43% 45% 6% 6% 103
Michigan 40% 49% 7% 4% 176
Missouri 46% 46% 6% 2% 105
New Jersey 39% 53% 5% 3% 145
New York 38% 51% 8% 3% 337
North Carolina 49% 40% 6% 5% 152
Ohio 47% 40% 7% 6% 175
Pennsylvania 46% 48% 4% 2% 179
Texas 41% 48% 5% 5% 476
Virginia 43% 45% 5% 7% 136
Washington 45% 48% 5% 2% 140

Views about abortion among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say abortion should be…

State Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 43% 46% 11% 119
California 45% 47% 8% 638
Florida 47% 43% 10% 336
Georgia 43% 50% 8% 156
Illinois 53% 40% 7% 234
Indiana 42% 49% 9% 114
Massachusetts 71% 23% 6% 103
Michigan 48% 46% 6% 176
Missouri 42% 51% 6% 105
New Jersey 52% 41% 7% 145
New York 55% 38% 7% 337
North Carolina 43% 48% 9% 152
Ohio 39% 51% 9% 175
Pennsylvania 43% 48% 9% 179
Texas 39% 56% 6% 476
Virginia 52% 45% 3% 136
Washington 54% 38% 8% 140

Views about homosexuality among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say homosexuality…

State Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 58% 26% 7% 9% 119
California 62% 27% 5% 5% 638
Florida 57% 28% 8% 8% 336
Georgia 51% 30% 9% 9% 156
Illinois 64% 22% 7% 7% 234
Indiana 59% 26% 7% 7% 114
Massachusetts 82% 10% 1% 6% 103
Michigan 68% 25% 4% 3% 176
Missouri 53% 39% 2% 6% 105
New Jersey 65% 27% 4% 5% 145
New York 59% 27% 6% 9% 337
North Carolina 42% 41% 9% 8% 152
Ohio 57% 28% 6% 9% 175
Pennsylvania 59% 29% 6% 6% 179
Texas 53% 33% 8% 6% 476
Virginia 65% 27% 6% 2% 136
Washington 66% 25% 5% 5% 140

Views about same-sex marriage among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who …same-sex marriage

State Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 58% 29% 13% 119
California 54% 34% 12% 638
Florida 48% 36% 16% 336
Georgia 44% 40% 16% 156
Illinois 55% 28% 18% 234
Indiana 46% 38% 16% 114
Massachusetts 75% 15% 10% 103
Michigan 55% 30% 15% 176
Missouri 50% 42% 8% 105
New Jersey 60% 29% 11% 145
New York 50% 33% 17% 337
North Carolina 37% 47% 15% 152
Ohio 50% 35% 15% 175
Pennsylvania 49% 36% 15% 179
Texas 42% 44% 14% 476
Virginia 48% 40% 12% 136
Washington 54% 32% 14% 140

Views about environmental regulation among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say…

State Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 30% 55% 7% 7% 119
California 32% 56% 4% 8% 638
Florida 37% 53% 3% 7% 336
Georgia 31% 60% 6% 3% 156
Illinois 39% 52% 3% 6% 234
Indiana 45% 53% 1% 1% 114
Massachusetts 42% 42% 3% 13% 103
Michigan 30% 52% 6% 11% 176
Missouri 46% 49% 2% 4% 105
New Jersey 28% 64% 3% 5% 145
New York 34% 56% 4% 7% 337
North Carolina 41% 51% 5% 4% 152
Ohio 34% 58% 4% 4% 175
Pennsylvania 40% 52% 5% 3% 179
Texas 34% 54% 4% 7% 476
Virginia 29% 65% 3% 2% 136
Washington 28% 59% 5% 8% 140

Views about human evolution among independents and those who don't lean to either party by state

% of independents and those who don't lean to either party who say humans…

State Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Arizona 25% 24% 4% 32% 14% 119
California 33% 21% 5% 33% 8% 638
Florida 31% 22% 6% 32% 9% 336
Georgia 22% 25% 4% 41% 8% 156
Illinois 37% 25% 3% 28% 7% 234
Indiana 29% 26% 5% 31% 10% 114
Massachusetts 40% 17% 11% 23% 9% 103
Michigan 32% 20% 4% 35% 8% 176
Missouri 26% 20% 7% 42% 5% 105
New Jersey 28% 19% 10% 37% 6% 145
New York 34% 24% 6% 30% 6% 337
North Carolina 27% 22% 8% 36% 7% 152
Ohio 25% 25% 8% 35% 8% 175
Pennsylvania 39% 20% 7% 29% 5% 179
Texas 25% 24% 5% 39% 8% 476
Virginia 23% 33% 5% 34% 5% 136
Washington 38% 19% 10% 27% 6% 140