Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,973. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 79% 16% 5% 7,973

Learn More: Strongly favor/favor, Oppose/strongly oppose

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Religious tradition Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 85% 12% 3% 151
Catholic 66% 27% 7% 709
Evangelical Protestant 33% 61% 6% 503
Jewish 91% 5% 4% 461
Mainline Protestant 74% 21% 5% 861
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 88% 9% 4% 4,429

Learn More: Strongly favor/favor, Oppose/strongly oppose

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Views about same-sex marriage 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 6,319. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 31% 36% 21% 12% 6,319
Oppose/strongly oppose 16% 31% 30% 23% 1,200
Don't know 15% 31% 29% 26% 335

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Views about same-sex marriage Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 6,319. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 19% 20% 27% 25% 7% 1% 6,319
Oppose/strongly oppose 10% 11% 26% 36% 15% 3% 1,200
Don't know 9% 9% 27% 34% 17% 3% 335

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Views about same-sex marriage Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 56% 44% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 66% 34% 1,227
Don't know 68% 32% 352

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Views about same-sex marriage White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 6,308. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 74% 4% 6% 12% 4% 6,308
Oppose/strongly oppose 62% 10% 5% 19% 4% 1,203
Don't know 68% 7% 6% 15% 3% 337

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Views about same-sex marriage Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 6,335. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 15% 14% 72% 6,335
Oppose/strongly oppose 23% 9% 68% 1,213
Don't know 18% 14% 67% 344

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Views about same-sex marriage Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 5,824. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 23% 18% 30% 29% 5,824
Oppose/strongly oppose 35% 21% 26% 18% 1,068
Don't know 34% 20% 24% 22% 283

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Views about same-sex marriage High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 6,371. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 25% 30% 26% 20% 6,371
Oppose/strongly oppose 48% 29% 13% 10% 1,216
Don't know 46% 31% 13% 10% 348

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Views about same-sex marriage Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 6,370. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 43% 11% 11% 3% 32% 6,370
Oppose/strongly oppose 54% 6% 14% 7% 20% 1,220
Don't know 42% 8% 19% 8% 23% 350

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Views about same-sex marriage Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 6,377. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 25% 75% 6,377
Oppose/strongly oppose 26% 74% 1,221
Don't know 20% 80% 352

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Views about same-sex marriage Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 16% 20% 13% 1% 46% 5% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 51% 18% 9% 1% 18% 3% 1,227
Don't know 36% 23% 9% 1% 26% 5% 352

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Views about same-sex marriage Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 11% 19% 26% 45% 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 44% 21% 17% 18% < 1% 1,227
Don't know 26% 25% 17% 28% 4% 352

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Views about same-sex marriage At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 6% 26% 68% < 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 35% 25% 40% 1% 1,227
Don't know 15% 34% 50% 2% 352

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Views about same-sex marriage At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 15% 9% 5% 70% < 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 46% 11% 6% 36% 1% 1,227
Don't know 32% 11% 8% 47% 2% 352

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Views about same-sex marriage At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 4% 3% 4% 89% < 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 28% 6% 7% 59% < 1% 1,227
Don't know 12% 7% 8% 72% 1% 352

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Views about same-sex marriage At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 29% 11% 6% 53% 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 40% 7% 5% 46% 3% 1,227
Don't know 35% 9% 2% 51% 2% 352

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Views about same-sex marriage At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 40% 17% 11% 31% 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 51% 11% 8% 28% 2% 1,227
Don't know 42% 11% 10% 34% 3% 352

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Views about same-sex marriage At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 51% 17% 13% 18% 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 46% 13% 13% 27% 2% 1,227
Don't know 42% 11% 14% 30% 4% 352

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Views about same-sex marriage Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 4% 22% 52% 21% 2% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 35% 8% 44% 12% 2% 1,227
Don't know 12% 12% 57% 13% 6% 352

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Views about same-sex marriage There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 17% 81% 1% 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 42% 56% 1% 1% 1,227
Don't know 32% 61% 4% 2% 352

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Views about same-sex marriage At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 7% 5% 7% 81% < 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 35% 6% 6% 51% 1% 1,227
Don't know 18% 7% 9% 65% 1% 352

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Views about same-sex marriage Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 2% 6% < 1% 87% 4% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 28% 18% 2% 47% 6% 1,227
Don't know 8% 13% 2% 62% 15% 352

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Views about same-sex marriage Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 3% 96% 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 22% 75% 3% 1,227
Don't know 10% 86% 4% 352

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Views about same-sex marriage Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 18% 16% 66% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 49% 24% 26% 1,227
Don't know 34% 37% 29% 352

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Views about same-sex marriage Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 11% 34% 50% 4% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 47% 28% 16% 9% 1,227
Don't know 31% 33% 18% 19% 352

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Views about same-sex marriage Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 43% 50% 4% 3% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 66% 30% 2% 2% 1,227
Don't know 59% 29% 8% 5% 352

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Views about same-sex marriage Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 28% 68% 3% 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 58% 37% 4% 1% 1,227
Don't know 49% 38% 9% 5% 352

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Views about same-sex marriage Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 86% 12% 2% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 42% 54% 4% 1,227
Don't know 55% 27% 18% 352

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Views about same-sex marriage Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 96% 2% 1% 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 27% 65% 4% 3% 1,227
Don't know 52% 12% 19% 17% 352

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Views about same-sex marriage Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 18% 78% 2% 2% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 47% 48% 2% 3% 1,227
Don't know 43% 44% 6% 7% 352

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by views about same-sex marriage

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Views about same-sex marriage Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,394. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Strongly favor/favor 79% 9% 3% 8% 1% 6,394
Oppose/strongly oppose 34% 16% 3% 44% 4% 1,227
Don't know 45% 19% 8% 21% 7% 352