Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 7,973. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 22% 20% 12% 1% 40% 5% 7,973
2007 33% 24% 11% 1% 24% 6% 6,275

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Religious tradition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 22% 22% 5% 1% 46% 5% 151
Catholic 30% 35% 17% 1% 13% 3% 709
Evangelical Protestant 74% 15% 6% < 1% 4% 1% 503
Jewish 18% 25% 21% 1% 30% 5% 461
Mainline Protestant 32% 36% 17% 2% 11% 3% 861
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 10% 15% 11% < 1% 58% 5% 4,429

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Belief in God 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,697. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 19% 34% 31% 17% 1,697
Believe in God; fairly certain 21% 37% 26% 16% 1,598
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 31% 34% 21% 15% 959
Do not believe in God 36% 35% 17% 12% 3,130
Other/don't know if they believe in God 24% 36% 23% 18% 419

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,697. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 11% 14% 28% 36% 10% 1% 1,697
Believe in God; fairly certain 11% 18% 29% 31% 9% 2% 1,598
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 19% 20% 26% 25% 9% 1% 959
Do not believe in God 24% 21% 26% 20% 8% 1% 3,130
Other/don't know if they believe in God 12% 19% 28% 28% 12% 1% 419

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 47% 53% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 54% 46% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 60% 40% 968
Do not believe in God 66% 34% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 60% 40% 434

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Belief in God White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,692. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 61% 12% 4% 19% 5% 1,692
Believe in God; fairly certain 71% 5% 5% 15% 4% 1,596
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 69% 3% 10% 16% 3% 954
Do not believe in God 78% 3% 7% 9% 3% 3,131
Other/don't know if they believe in God 82% 5% 3% 6% 4% 426

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,711. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 20% 9% 71% 1,711
Believe in God; fairly certain 18% 12% 70% 1,603
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 20% 16% 64% 961
Do not believe in God 12% 15% 73% 3,138
Other/don't know if they believe in God 11% 9% 79% 428

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Belief in God Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,510. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 31% 22% 28% 19% 1,510
Believe in God; fairly certain 24% 20% 28% 28% 1,449
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 25% 16% 28% 31% 890
Do not believe in God 23% 18% 31% 29% 2,907
Other/don't know if they believe in God 22% 16% 28% 34% 377

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Belief in God High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,712. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 35% 32% 19% 14% 1,712
Believe in God; fairly certain 28% 30% 22% 19% 1,615
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 30% 25% 25% 20% 962
Do not believe in God 27% 29% 26% 18% 3,161
Other/don't know if they believe in God 25% 26% 26% 23% 433

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,720. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 49% 8% 16% 5% 22% 1,720
Believe in God; fairly certain 49% 10% 13% 4% 23% 1,610
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 43% 11% 11% 5% 30% 965
Do not believe in God 40% 11% 9% 2% 38% 3,161
Other/don't know if they believe in God 48% 7% 14% 3% 28% 432

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,728. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 28% 72% 1,728
Believe in God; fairly certain 27% 73% 1,616
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 24% 76% 963
Do not believe in God 22% 78% 3,160
Other/don't know if they believe in God 25% 75% 431

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Belief in God Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 51% 25% 11% 12% 1% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 16% 35% 29% 19% 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 6% 26% 40% 27% < 1% 968
Do not believe in God 2% 7% 22% 68% 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 6% 15% 35% 42% 1% 434

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 35% 32% 33% 1% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 9% 37% 54% < 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 4% 33% 62% < 1% 968
Do not believe in God 2% 16% 82% < 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 6% 22% 71% < 1% 434

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Belief in God At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 61% 14% 5% 18% 1% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 22% 20% 11% 47% 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 12% 11% 9% 67% < 1% 968
Do not believe in God 2% 1% 2% 95% < 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 7% 6% 5% 80% 1% 434

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 29% 8% 8% 54% 1% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 6% 5% 5% 84% < 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 3% 2% 4% 91% < 1% 968
Do not believe in God 1% 1% 2% 96% < 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 3% 1% 3% 91% 1% 434

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 54% 7% 5% 31% 2% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 36% 14% 6% 43% 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 24% 14% 6% 55% 1% 968
Do not believe in God 18% 8% 5% 68% 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 26% 9% 6% 55% 3% 434

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 67% 13% 7% 12% 1% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 44% 18% 15% 22% 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 33% 19% 12% 36% 1% 968
Do not believe in God 30% 15% 9% 44% 2% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 40% 14% 10% 31% 5% 434

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 55% 13% 10% 21% 1% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 50% 16% 15% 18% 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 49% 16% 16% 19% < 1% 968
Do not believe in God 46% 18% 14% 22% 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 56% 16% 12% 15% 1% 434

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in God Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 32% 14% 43% 9% 3% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 5% 19% 58% 16% 2% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 3% 23% 55% 17% 2% 968
Do not believe in God 1% 20% 51% 27% 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 3% 20% 55% 17% 5% 434

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Belief in God There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 36% 61% 2% 2% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 22% 77% 1% 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 18% 80% 1% 1% 968
Do not believe in God 16% 82% 1% 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 17% 79% 3% 1% 434

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 39% 10% 8% 42% 1% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 8% 8% 10% 74% < 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 4% 3% 5% 87% 1% 968
Do not believe in God 2% 3% 5% 91% < 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 6% 4% 5% 85% < 1% 434

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in God Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 25% 23% 2% 42% 7% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 4% 9% < 1% 80% 6% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 1% 5% < 1% 90% 5% 968
Do not believe in God < 1% 1% < 1% 96% 3% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 1% 1% 1% 89% 7% 434

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 19% 78% 3% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 5% 94% 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 5% 94% 2% 968
Do not believe in God 1% 98% < 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 4% 95% 1% 434

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Belief in God Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 33% 25% 41% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 27% 17% 56% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 22% 13% 66% 968
Do not believe in God 17% 17% 66% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 19% 20% 60% 434

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in God Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 32% 31% 29% 9% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 18% 37% 42% 3% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 13% 39% 43% 5% 968
Do not believe in God 12% 31% 52% 5% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 12% 34% 48% 5% 434

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Belief in God Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 53% 40% 3% 4% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 50% 44% 3% 3% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 46% 46% 5% 2% 968
Do not believe in God 43% 51% 3% 3% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 47% 39% 8% 7% 434

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in God Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 42% 52% 3% 2% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 37% 60% 3% 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 33% 62% 3% 1% 968
Do not believe in God 28% 68% 3% 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 28% 63% 6% 3% 434

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Belief in God Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 55% 42% 4% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 77% 20% 3% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 84% 14% 2% 968
Do not believe in God 87% 10% 3% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 86% 10% 4% 434

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Belief in God Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 62% 31% 3% 3% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 84% 11% 2% 3% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 88% 10% 1% 1% 968
Do not believe in God 92% 5% 2% 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 85% 9% 3% 2% 434

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Belief in God Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 56% 36% 7% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 80% 14% 5% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 84% 13% 3% 968
Do not believe in God 90% 7% 3% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 83% 12% 5% 434

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Belief in God Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 34% 60% 3% 4% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 26% 70% 2% 1% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 20% 76% 2% 1% 968
Do not believe in God 19% 78% 2% 2% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 21% 73% 2% 5% 434

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Belief in God Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,730. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 31% 23% 5% 37% 4% 1,730
Believe in God; fairly certain 67% 14% 5% 12% 2% 1,618
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 77% 9% 3% 9% 1% 968
Do not believe in God 89% 3% 1% 5% 1% 3,171
Other/don't know if they believe in God 82% 4% 10% 3% 1% 434