Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Hell

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 12,839. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 24% 10% 1% 25% 4% 12,839
2007 48% 25% 8% 1% 14% 5% 10,938

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they…

Religious tradition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 192. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 27% 25% 5% 1% 37% 4% 192
Catholic 52% 32% 9% 1% 5% 2% 2,080
Evangelical Protestant 72% 22% 4% < 1% 2% 1% 957
Hindu 31% 35% 17% < 1% 16% 1% 118
Historically Black Protestant 71% 25% 2% 1% 1% 1% 225
Jehovah's Witness 90% 9% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 215
Jewish 24% 31% 18% < 1% 22% 5% 637
Mainline Protestant 49% 35% 9% 1% 5% 2% 2,056
Mormon 82% 13% 4% < 1% 1% < 1% 227
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 16% 18% 11% < 1% 48% 5% 5,272

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are ages…

Belief in God 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 4,533. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 18% 32% 30% 21% 4,533
Believe in God; fairly certain 21% 35% 26% 18% 3,067
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 31% 33% 21% 14% 1,211
Do not believe in God 37% 34% 17% 12% 3,184
Other/don't know if they believe in God 23% 35% 23% 18% 522

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 4,533. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 11% 13% 27% 35% 13% 1% 4,533
Believe in God; fairly certain 13% 15% 28% 32% 11% 1% 3,067
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 20% 18% 27% 25% 9% 1% 1,211
Do not believe in God 25% 21% 26% 20% 7% 1% 3,184
Other/don't know if they believe in God 12% 20% 27% 28% 11% 2% 522

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 40% 60% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 49% 51% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 58% 42% 1,227
Do not believe in God 66% 34% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 59% 41% 541

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Belief in God White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 4,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 63% 12% 3% 17% 4% 4,549
Believe in God; fairly certain 72% 6% 5% 15% 3% 3,093
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 72% 3% 8% 14% 3% 1,208
Do not believe in God 78% 3% 7% 9% 3% 3,187
Other/don't know if they believe in God 85% 4% 3% 4% 4% 529

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 4,582. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 16% 12% 72% 4,582
Believe in God; fairly certain 17% 11% 72% 3,092
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 19% 15% 66% 1,217
Do not believe in God 12% 15% 73% 3,195
Other/don't know if they believe in God 10% 9% 81% 535

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Belief in God Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 4,033. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 34% 21% 27% 18% 4,033
Believe in God; fairly certain 28% 19% 28% 26% 2,790
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 25% 17% 26% 32% 1,116
Do not believe in God 23% 18% 31% 28% 2,959
Other/don't know if they believe in God 21% 17% 30% 32% 458

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have completed…

Belief in God High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 4,602. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 39% 31% 17% 13% 4,602
Believe in God; fairly certain 31% 30% 21% 17% 3,108
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 31% 26% 24% 20% 1,224
Do not believe in God 27% 30% 26% 17% 3,216
Other/don't know if they believe in God 25% 27% 26% 21% 539

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 4,614. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 50% 7% 14% 8% 21% 4,614
Believe in God; fairly certain 49% 10% 13% 5% 23% 3,107
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 43% 12% 9% 4% 32% 1,222
Do not believe in God 39% 11% 9% 2% 38% 3,215
Other/don't know if they believe in God 48% 8% 13% 4% 27% 537

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 4,627. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 28% 72% 4,627
Believe in God; fairly certain 27% 73% 3,115
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 24% 76% 1,221
Do not believe in God 22% 78% 3,215
Other/don't know if they believe in God 25% 75% 537

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say religion is…

Belief in God Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 58% 27% 7% 6% 1% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 20% 43% 24% 11% 1% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 7% 27% 40% 26% < 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 2% 7% 22% 68% 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 4% 17% 37% 40% 1% 541

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 36% 37% 27% < 1% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 15% 41% 44% < 1% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 5% 36% 59% < 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 2% 17% 81% < 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 4% 26% 70% < 1% 541

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who pray…

Belief in God At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 65% 17% 5% 12% 1% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 29% 24% 11% 36% < 1% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 13% 12% 11% 64% < 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 2% 1% 3% 94% < 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 7% 6% 5% 80% 2% 541

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 25% 9% 9% 57% 1% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 8% 6% 7% 79% < 1% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 3% 2% 4% 91% < 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 1% 1% 2% 96% < 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 3% 2% 3% 92% 1% 541

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who meditate…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 50% 8% 4% 36% 2% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 33% 13% 6% 47% 1% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 24% 13% 7% 55% < 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 19% 9% 5% 67% 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 25% 9% 6% 58% 1% 541

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 67% 14% 9% 10% 1% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 43% 19% 15% 22% 1% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 33% 19% 13% 34% 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 31% 15% 9% 43% 2% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 40% 14% 10% 31% 5% 541

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 51% 14% 11% 23% 1% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 46% 16% 16% 21% 1% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 48% 16% 17% 19% < 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 46% 18% 14% 22% 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 51% 16% 13% 18% 2% 541

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in God Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 29% 12% 48% 8% 3% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 9% 18% 59% 13% 2% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 4% 24% 54% 17% 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 1% 20% 51% 27% 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 3% 20% 56% 16% 5% 541

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Belief in God There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 30% 67% 1% 1% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 21% 78% 1% 1% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 18% 80% 1% 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 16% 83% 1% < 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 16% 81% 3% 1% 541

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who read scripture…

Belief in God At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 36% 12% 8% 43% 1% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 11% 8% 10% 70% < 1% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 4% 4% 6% 85% < 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 2% 3% 5% 91% < 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 5% 4% 4% 87% < 1% 541

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in God Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 23% 32% 2% 33% 9% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 7% 20% < 1% 66% 7% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 2% 7% < 1% 86% 5% 1,227
Do not believe in God < 1% 1% < 1% 96% 3% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God < 1% 2% 1% 86% 10% 541

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …in heaven

Belief in God Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 65% 29% 6% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 45% 48% 7% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 21% 73% 6% 1,227
Do not believe in God 2% 96% 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 10% 77% 13% 541

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Belief in God Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 31% 24% 44% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 29% 17% 54% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 23% 12% 65% 1,227
Do not believe in God 17% 17% 66% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 23% 19% 58% 541

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Belief in God Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 30% 34% 27% 9% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 20% 40% 36% 4% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 14% 40% 42% 4% 1,227
Do not believe in God 12% 31% 52% 5% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 14% 36% 44% 6% 541

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who would rather have…

Belief in God Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 50% 42% 3% 4% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 49% 45% 3% 3% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 46% 48% 4% 2% 1,227
Do not believe in God 43% 51% 3% 3% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 50% 35% 8% 7% 541

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in God Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 41% 53% 3% 2% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 37% 59% 3% 1% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 33% 63% 3% 2% 1,227
Do not believe in God 28% 67% 3% 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 32% 57% 8% 3% 541

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Belief in God Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 58% 37% 4% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 73% 24% 3% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 83% 15% 2% 1,227
Do not believe in God 87% 10% 3% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 84% 11% 5% 541

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Belief in God Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 68% 25% 4% 4% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 84% 11% 3% 2% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 87% 10% 2% 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 92% 5% 2% 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 86% 8% 4% 2% 541

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Belief in God Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 60% 32% 8% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 78% 16% 6% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 83% 14% 3% 1,227
Do not believe in God 90% 7% 3% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 83% 10% 6% 541

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Belief in God Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 35% 59% 3% 4% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 28% 68% 2% 2% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 21% 76% 2% 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 18% 78% 1% 2% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 22% 71% 3% 5% 541

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Hell by belief in God

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say humans…

Belief in God Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,636. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe in God; absolutely certain 27% 30% 5% 34% 5% 4,636
Believe in God; fairly certain 57% 20% 5% 15% 2% 3,120
Believe in God; not too/not at all certain 76% 9% 4% 10% 1% 1,227
Do not believe in God 89% 3% 1% 5% 1% 3,226
Other/don't know if they believe in God 79% 4% 11% 3% 3% 541