Belief in Heaven

% of adults who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 35,071. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 72% 21% 7% 35,071
2007 74% 17% 9% 35,556

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 264. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 47% 46% 7% 264
Catholic 85% 10% 5% 7,202
Evangelical Protestant 88% 5% 7% 8,593
Hindu 48% 42% 9% 199
Historically Black Protestant 93% 4% 3% 1,916
Jehovah's Witness 50% 38% 12% 245
Jewish 40% 49% 11% 847
Mainline Protestant 80% 12% 8% 6,083
Mormon 95% 2% 3% 664
Muslim 89% 7% 4% 237
Orthodox Christian 81% 10% 9% 186
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 37% 53% 9% 7,556

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution by belief in heaven

% of adults who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 23,849. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 34% 27% 18% 23,849
Don't believe 28% 35% 22% 15% 7,854
Other/don't know 18% 34% 28% 21% 2,642

Learn More: 18-29, 30-49, 50-64, 65+

Switch Display To: belief in heaven by age group

Generational cohort by belief in heaven

% of adults who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 23,849. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 14% 28% 32% 12% 1% 23,849
Don't believe 17% 18% 27% 27% 9% 1% 7,854
Other/don't know 11% 13% 28% 34% 13% 2% 2,642

Learn More: Younger Millennial, Older Millennial, Generation X, Baby Boomer, Silent, Greatest

Gender composition by belief in heaven

% of adults who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 55% 24,337
Don't believe 58% 42% 7,973
Other/don't know 51% 49% 2,761

Learn More: Men, Women

Switch Display To: belief in heaven by gender

Racial and ethnic composition by belief in heaven

% of adults who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 24,029. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 14% 3% 15% 4% 24,029
Don't believe 72% 5% 6% 13% 4% 7,848
Other/don't know 71% 7% 3% 14% 5% 2,672

Learn More: White, Black, Asian, Latino, Other/Mixed

Immigrant status by belief in heaven

% of adults who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 23,997. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 9% 76% 23,997
Don't believe 16% 13% 71% 7,892
Other/don't know 14% 9% 77% 2,704

Learn More: Immigrants, Second generation, Third generation or higher

Income distribution by belief in heaven

% of adults who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 21,084. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 21% 26% 16% 21,084
Don't believe 25% 19% 29% 27% 7,175
Other/don't know 34% 20% 25% 22% 2,231

Learn More: Less than $30,000, $30,000-$49,999, $50,000-$99,999, $100,000 or more

Educational distribution by belief in heaven

% of adults who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 24,202. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 32% 15% 8% 24,202
Don't believe 29% 29% 23% 18% 7,935
Other/don't know 37% 32% 19% 12% 2,731

Learn More: High school or less, Some college, College, Post-graduate degree

Marital status by belief in heaven

% of adults who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 24,234. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 7% 13% 7% 24% 24,234
Don't believe 44% 10% 12% 4% 30% 7,940
Other/don't know 51% 7% 13% 6% 24% 2,717

Learn More: Married, Living with a partner, Divorced/separated, Widowed, Never married

Parent of children under 18 by belief in heaven

% of adults who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 24,244. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 70% 24,244
Don't believe 25% 75% 7,950
Other/don't know 27% 73% 2,739

Learn More: Parents, Non-parents

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God by belief in heaven

% of adults who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 76% 19% 3% 1% 1% 1% 24,337
Don't believe 22% 20% 12% 1% 40% 5% 7,973
Other/don't know 50% 23% 10% 2% 4% 11% 2,761

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Importance of religion in one's life by belief in heaven

% of adults who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 65% 26% 6% 3% < 1% 24,337
Don't believe 17% 19% 24% 39% 1% 7,973
Other/don't know 42% 27% 17% 11% 3% 2,761

Learn More: Very important, Somewhat important, Not too important, Not at all important

Attendance at religious services by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 36% 20% < 1% 24,337
Don't believe 11% 26% 62% < 1% 7,973
Other/don't know 30% 29% 39% 2% 2,761

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month/a few times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of prayer by belief in heaven

% of adults who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 66% 17% 6% 10% 1% 24,337
Don't believe 21% 9% 6% 64% 1% 7,973
Other/don't know 47% 14% 6% 28% 4% 2,761

Learn More: At least daily, Weekly, Monthly, Seldom/never

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 11% 9% 50% 1% 24,337
Don't believe 8% 4% 4% 83% < 1% 7,973
Other/don't know 22% 7% 6% 63% 2% 2,761

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of meditation by belief in heaven

% of adults who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 8% 4% 43% 2% 24,337
Don't believe 31% 10% 6% 52% 1% 7,973
Other/don't know 40% 8% 4% 44% 4% 2,761

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing by belief in heaven

% of adults who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 15% 9% 11% 1% 24,337
Don't believe 42% 16% 10% 30% 2% 7,973
Other/don't know 56% 13% 10% 18% 4% 2,761

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe by belief in heaven

% of adults who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 16% 13% 26% 2% 24,337
Don't believe 50% 16% 13% 20% 1% 7,973
Other/don't know 51% 14% 11% 20% 4% 2,761

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Sources of guidance on right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 8% 43% 6% 2% 24,337
Don't believe 9% 19% 51% 19% 2% 7,973
Other/don't know 26% 14% 46% 8% 6% 2,761

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong by belief in heaven

% of adults who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 61% 1% 1% 24,337
Don't believe 22% 76% 1% 1% 7,973
Other/don't know 33% 63% 3% 2% 2,761

Learn More: There are clear standards for what is right and wrong, Right or wrong depends on the situation

Frequency of reading scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 12% 9% 36% 1% 24,337
Don't believe 12% 5% 7% 76% < 1% 7,973
Other/don't know 31% 8% 7% 51% 3% 2,761

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Interpreting scripture by belief in heaven

% of adults who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 33% 3% 19% 6% 24,337
Don't believe 7% 8% 1% 79% 5% 7,973
Other/don't know 19% 16% 4% 41% 20% 2,761

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Belief in Hell by belief in heaven

% of adults who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 76% 18% 5% 24,337
Don't believe 7% 92% 1% 7,973
Other/don't know 20% 25% 54% 2,761

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation by belief in heaven

% of adults who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 18% 41% 24,337
Don't believe 23% 18% 58% 7,973
Other/don't know 35% 26% 39% 2,761

Learn More: Republican/lean Rep., No lean, Democrat/lean Dem.

Political ideology by belief in heaven

% of adults who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 33% 19% 6% 24,337
Don't believe 18% 33% 43% 6% 7,973
Other/don't know 34% 32% 22% 12% 2,761

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

Views about size of government by belief in heaven

% of adults who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 41% 3% 3% 24,337
Don't believe 47% 46% 4% 3% 7,973
Other/don't know 52% 33% 6% 9% 2,761

Learn More: Smaller government; fewer services, Bigger government; more services

Views about government aid to the poor by belief in heaven

% of adults who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 47% 4% 2% 24,337
Don't believe 34% 62% 3% 1% 7,973
Other/don't know 43% 46% 7% 5% 2,761

Learn More: Does more harm than good, Does more good than harm

Views about abortion by belief in heaven

% of adults who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 50% 4% 24,337
Don't believe 77% 20% 3% 7,973
Other/don't know 53% 38% 8% 2,761

Learn More: Legal in all/most cases, Illegal in all/most cases

Views about homosexuality by belief in heaven

% of adults who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 56% 37% 4% 4% 24,337
Don't believe 83% 13% 2% 2% 7,973
Other/don't know 61% 27% 6% 6% 2,761

Learn More: Should be accepted, Should be discouraged

Views about same-sex marriage by belief in heaven

% of adults who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 46% 8% 24,337
Don't believe 79% 16% 5% 7,973
Other/don't know 53% 34% 13% 2,761

Learn More: Strongly favor/favor, Oppose/strongly oppose

Views about environmental regulation by belief in heaven

% of adults who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 53% 2% 3% 24,337
Don't believe 24% 72% 2% 2% 7,973
Other/don't know 37% 52% 5% 7% 2,761

Learn More: Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy, Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost

Views about human evolution by belief in heaven

% of adults who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 30% 3% 41% 5% 24,337
Don't believe 70% 11% 4% 14% 2% 7,973
Other/don't know 36% 16% 11% 28% 9% 2,761

Learn More: Evolved; due to natural processes, Evolved; due to God's design, Always existed in present form