Belief in Heaven among adults who attend services seldom or never

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,485. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 48% 43% 9% 10,485
2007 53% 35% 12% 8,946

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among adults who attend services seldom or never by religious group

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 107. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 37% 57% 6% 107
Catholic 73% 19% 8% 1,326
Evangelical Protestant 87% 7% 6% 995
Historically Black Protestant 88% 6% 5% 181
Jewish 30% 61% 9% 270
Mainline Protestant 71% 18% 11% 1,340
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 29% 61% 10% 5,580

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 4,524. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 35% 27% 15% 4,524
Don't believe 30% 36% 20% 14% 4,832
Other/don't know 23% 32% 26% 18% 966

Generational cohort among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 4,524. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 16% 29% 32% 9% 1% 4,524
Don't believe 19% 20% 27% 25% 8% 1% 4,832
Other/don't know 14% 16% 26% 32% 11% 1% 966

Gender composition among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 51% 4,596
Don't believe 61% 39% 4,893
Other/don't know 58% 42% 996

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 4,541. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 69% 9% 3% 14% 4% 4,541
Don't believe 76% 4% 6% 11% 4% 4,826
Other/don't know 74% 5% 2% 13% 5% 968

Immigrant status among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 4,520. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 9% 79% 4,520
Don't believe 13% 13% 74% 4,850
Other/don't know 11% 10% 78% 974

Income distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 4,008. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 22% 22% 13% 4,008
Don't believe 25% 19% 30% 27% 4,434
Other/don't know 37% 22% 22% 18% 829

Educational distribution among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 4,571. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 32% 11% 6% 4,571
Don't believe 30% 31% 23% 16% 4,871
Other/don't know 41% 35% 17% 8% 989

Marital status among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 4,576. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 10% 16% 7% 27% 4,576
Don't believe 41% 12% 12% 3% 32% 4,874
Other/don't know 39% 10% 13% 5% 32% 984

Parent of children under 18 among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 4,586. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 73% 4,586
Don't believe 23% 77% 4,883
Other/don't know 21% 79% 991

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 58% 30% 7% 1% 2% 1% 4,596
Don't believe 12% 17% 12% 1% 53% 5% 4,893
Other/don't know 32% 28% 13% 1% 8% 17% 996

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 37% 19% 9% 1% 4,596
Don't believe 5% 12% 24% 58% 1% 4,893
Other/don't know 15% 27% 30% 24% 3% 996

Frequency of prayer among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 19% 9% 29% 1% 4,596
Don't believe 9% 6% 4% 80% < 1% 4,893
Other/don't know 23% 14% 8% 52% 3% 996

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 6% 3% 3% 89% < 1% 4,596
Don't believe 1% 1% 1% 97% < 1% 4,893
Other/don't know 3% 2% 2% 92% 1% 996

Frequency of meditation among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 7% 3% 59% 1% 4,596
Don't believe 25% 9% 6% 59% 1% 4,893
Other/don't know 29% 8% 4% 57% 2% 996

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 15% 12% 25% 1% 4,596
Don't believe 35% 15% 10% 37% 2% 4,893
Other/don't know 41% 13% 11% 32% 3% 996

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 14% 13% 32% 1% 4,596
Don't believe 48% 16% 13% 21% 1% 4,893
Other/don't know 48% 16% 11% 23% 2% 996

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 10% 60% 9% 2% 4,596
Don't believe 2% 20% 55% 21% 2% 4,893
Other/don't know 8% 17% 60% 12% 4% 996

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 71% 1% 1% 4,596
Don't believe 18% 80% 1% 1% 4,893
Other/don't know 22% 73% 3% 2% 996

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 15% 7% 7% 70% < 1% 4,596
Don't believe 3% 3% 4% 89% < 1% 4,893
Other/don't know 8% 5% 7% 79% 1% 996

Interpreting scripture among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 28% 2% 38% 8% 4,596
Don't believe 2% 3% < 1% 90% 4% 4,893
Other/don't know 5% 11% 2% 61% 21% 996

Belief in Hell among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 70% 24% 6% 4,596
Don't believe 3% 96% 1% 4,893
Other/don't know 12% 28% 60% 996

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 22% 44% 4,596
Don't believe 21% 18% 60% 4,893
Other/don't know 29% 28% 43% 996

Political ideology among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 30% 35% 26% 9% 4,596
Don't believe 14% 33% 48% 5% 4,893
Other/don't know 26% 35% 27% 13% 996

Views about size of government among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 43% 2% 5% 4,596
Don't believe 48% 45% 4% 3% 4,893
Other/don't know 49% 35% 6% 10% 996

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 49% 4% 2% 4,596
Don't believe 32% 63% 4% 1% 4,893
Other/don't know 41% 48% 7% 4% 996

Views about abortion among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 35% 5% 4,596
Don't believe 84% 13% 3% 4,893
Other/don't know 68% 22% 10% 996

Views about homosexuality among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 70% 23% 3% 4% 4,596
Don't believe 89% 8% 2% 2% 4,893
Other/don't know 75% 14% 6% 5% 996

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 31% 8% 4,596
Don't believe 86% 10% 4% 4,893
Other/don't know 68% 19% 13% 996

Views about environmental regulation among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 55% 2% 3% 4,596
Don't believe 22% 74% 2% 2% 4,893
Other/don't know 33% 57% 5% 6% 996

Views about human evolution among adults who attend services seldom or never by belief in heaven

% of adults who attend services seldom or never who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,596. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 34% 29% 5% 28% 5% 4,596
Don't believe 80% 7% 3% 8% 1% 4,893
Other/don't know 51% 15% 13% 12% 9% 996