Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,792. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 70% 21% 9% 6,792
2007 64% 24% 12% 5,816

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by religious group

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 81% 13% 6% 1,854
Evangelical Protestant 86% 8% 6% 827
Historically Black Protestant 84% 10% 5% 175
Jewish 44% 45% 10% 231
Mainline Protestant 72% 17% 11% 1,550
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 54% 35% 11% 1,614

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 4,406. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 36% 24% 14% 4,406
Don't believe 21% 37% 26% 16% 1,598
Other/don't know 14% 35% 28% 23% 670

Generational cohort among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 4,406. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 17% 17% 29% 28% 9% 1% 4,406
Don't believe 11% 18% 29% 31% 9% 2% 1,598
Other/don't know 9% 13% 27% 35% 14% 1% 670

Gender composition among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 49% 4,475
Don't believe 54% 46% 1,618
Other/don't know 50% 50% 699

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 4,443. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 7% 4% 22% 3% 4,443
Don't believe 71% 5% 5% 15% 4% 1,596
Other/don't know 71% 5% 3% 17% 4% 692

Immigrant status among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 4,415. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 20% 10% 70% 4,415
Don't believe 18% 12% 70% 1,603
Other/don't know 20% 9% 71% 686

Income distribution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 3,956. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 19% 25% 18% 3,956
Don't believe 24% 20% 28% 28% 1,449
Other/don't know 30% 23% 24% 23% 579

Educational distribution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 4,454. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 30% 14% 9% 4,454
Don't believe 28% 30% 22% 19% 1,615
Other/don't know 38% 27% 22% 13% 691

Marital status among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 4,460. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 10% 11% 5% 27% 4,460
Don't believe 49% 10% 13% 4% 23% 1,610
Other/don't know 48% 10% 13% 6% 23% 696

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 4,461. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 69% 4,461
Don't believe 27% 73% 1,616
Other/don't know 26% 74% 697

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 49% 16% 3% < 1% 4,475
Don't believe 16% 35% 29% 19% 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 20% 48% 24% 6% 2% 699

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 24% 45% 31% < 1% 4,475
Don't believe 9% 37% 54% < 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 12% 39% 48% 1% 699

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 26% 13% 22% < 1% 4,475
Don't believe 22% 20% 11% 47% 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 28% 25% 11% 33% 2% 699

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 13% 9% 9% 69% < 1% 4,475
Don't believe 6% 5% 5% 84% < 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 4% 5% 6% 83% 1% 699

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 11% 5% 54% 1% 4,475
Don't believe 36% 14% 6% 43% 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 31% 12% 7% 48% 1% 699

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 20% 15% 21% 1% 4,475
Don't believe 44% 18% 15% 22% 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 40% 18% 18% 21% 3% 699

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 18% 17% 26% 1% 4,475
Don't believe 50% 16% 15% 18% 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 47% 14% 16% 21% 2% 699

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 18% 12% 57% 11% 2% 4,475
Don't believe 5% 19% 58% 16% 2% 1,618
Other/don't know 9% 18% 59% 10% 4% 699

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 72% 1% 1% 4,475
Don't believe 22% 77% 1% 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 22% 74% 3% 2% 699

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 18% 11% 10% 60% 1% 4,475
Don't believe 8% 8% 10% 74% < 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 10% 9% 10% 71% 1% 699

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 35% 1% 37% 8% 4,475
Don't believe 4% 9% < 1% 80% 6% 1,618
Other/don't know 6% 14% 3% 56% 21% 699

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 27% 6% 4,475
Don't believe 5% 94% 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 10% 32% 58% 699

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 35% 19% 46% 4,475
Don't believe 27% 17% 56% 1,618
Other/don't know 29% 23% 49% 699

Political ideology among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 39% 26% 6% 4,475
Don't believe 18% 37% 42% 3% 1,618
Other/don't know 23% 42% 28% 7% 699

Views about size of government among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 47% 2% 3% 4,475
Don't believe 50% 44% 3% 3% 1,618
Other/don't know 47% 41% 5% 7% 699

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 51% 3% 2% 4,475
Don't believe 37% 60% 3% 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 38% 52% 5% 5% 699

Views about abortion among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 37% 3% 4,475
Don't believe 77% 20% 3% 1,618
Other/don't know 65% 27% 8% 699

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 75% 19% 3% 2% 4,475
Don't believe 84% 11% 2% 3% 1,618
Other/don't know 76% 15% 4% 5% 699

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 65% 27% 8% 4,475
Don't believe 80% 14% 5% 1,618
Other/don't know 69% 21% 11% 699

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 59% 2% 3% 4,475
Don't believe 26% 70% 2% 1% 1,618
Other/don't know 28% 62% 4% 5% 699

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in heaven

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 4,475. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 30% 5% 22% 3% 4,475
Don't believe 67% 14% 5% 12% 2% 1,618
Other/don't know 47% 18% 12% 16% 7% 699