Belief in Heaven among non-parents

% of non-parents who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 26,567. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 70% 22% 7% 26,567
2007 72% 18% 10% 24,726

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Heaven among non-parents by religious group

% of non-parents who …in heaven

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 217. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 47% 46% 6% 217
Catholic 84% 10% 5% 5,411
Evangelical Protestant 88% 5% 6% 6,385
Hindu 47% 47% 7% 115
Historically Black Protestant 93% 4% 3% 1,421
Jehovah's Witness 58% 34% 8% 182
Jewish 37% 51% 11% 661
Mainline Protestant 79% 12% 8% 4,844
Mormon 95% 3% 2% 419
Muslim 89% 7% 4% 147
Orthodox Christian 79% 10% 11% 137
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 35% 55% 10% 5,788

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who are ages…

Belief in Heaven 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 17,812. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 19% 33% 25% 17,812
Don't believe 33% 23% 25% 19% 6,157
Other/don't know 20% 21% 32% 28% 2,052

Generational cohort among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who are…

Belief in Heaven Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 17,812. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 16% 9% 16% 40% 17% 2% 17,812
Don't believe 22% 17% 17% 31% 11% 2% 6,157
Other/don't know 13% 11% 17% 39% 18% 2% 2,052

Gender composition among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who are…

Belief in Heaven Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 53% 18,176
Don't believe 60% 40% 6,247
Other/don't know 52% 48% 2,144

Racial and ethnic composition among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who identify as…

Belief in Heaven White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 17,937. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 67% 14% 3% 13% 4% 17,937
Don't believe 74% 5% 6% 12% 4% 6,147
Other/don't know 74% 7% 3% 12% 5% 2,080

Immigrant status among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who are…

Belief in Heaven Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 17,929. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 12% 10% 78% 17,929
Don't believe 14% 14% 72% 6,183
Other/don't know 11% 11% 78% 2,105

Income distribution among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who have a household income of…

Belief in Heaven Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 15,447. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 22% 25% 15% 15,447
Don't believe 27% 20% 29% 24% 5,559
Other/don't know 35% 23% 23% 18% 1,703

Educational distribution among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who have completed…

Belief in Heaven High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 18,084. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 32% 14% 8% 18,084
Don't believe 30% 30% 23% 17% 6,217
Other/don't know 38% 33% 17% 12% 2,120

Marital status among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who are…

Belief in Heaven Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 18,099. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 6% 14% 10% 29% 18,099
Don't believe 36% 10% 12% 4% 37% 6,220
Other/don't know 41% 7% 14% 8% 30% 2,111

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who say they…

Belief in Heaven Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 76% 19% 3% 1% 1% 1% 18,176
Don't believe 22% 19% 12% 1% 42% 5% 6,247
Other/don't know 48% 24% 10% 2% 5% 12% 2,144

Importance of religion in one's life among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who say religion is…

Belief in Heaven Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 26% 7% 3% 1% 18,176
Don't believe 15% 19% 25% 41% 1% 6,247
Other/don't know 39% 27% 18% 12% 4% 2,144

Attendance at religious services among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who attend religious services…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 35% 21% 1% 18,176
Don't believe 11% 25% 64% < 1% 6,247
Other/don't know 27% 29% 42% 2% 2,144

Frequency of prayer among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who pray…

Belief in Heaven At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 65% 17% 6% 11% 1% 18,176
Don't believe 20% 9% 5% 65% 1% 6,247
Other/don't know 44% 15% 6% 30% 5% 2,144

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who attend prayer group…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 10% 9% 51% 1% 18,176
Don't believe 8% 3% 4% 85% < 1% 6,247
Other/don't know 19% 6% 6% 67% 2% 2,144

Frequency of meditation among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who meditate…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 8% 4% 42% 2% 18,176
Don't believe 31% 10% 6% 52% 1% 6,247
Other/don't know 40% 8% 4% 43% 5% 2,144

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 64% 14% 9% 11% 1% 18,176
Don't believe 40% 16% 11% 32% 2% 6,247
Other/don't know 54% 12% 10% 20% 4% 2,144

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 15% 12% 26% 2% 18,176
Don't believe 51% 16% 13% 20% 1% 6,247
Other/don't know 51% 14% 10% 20% 5% 2,144

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Heaven Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 8% 43% 6% 2% 18,176
Don't believe 9% 20% 51% 18% 2% 6,247
Other/don't know 24% 15% 48% 8% 6% 2,144

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who say…

Belief in Heaven There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 62% 1% 1% 18,176
Don't believe 22% 76% 1% 1% 6,247
Other/don't know 31% 64% 3% 2% 2,144

Frequency of reading scripture among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who read scripture…

Belief in Heaven At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 12% 9% 37% 1% 18,176
Don't believe 11% 5% 7% 76% < 1% 6,247
Other/don't know 28% 8% 7% 53% 3% 2,144

Interpreting scripture among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Heaven Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 32% 3% 19% 6% 18,176
Don't believe 6% 8% 1% 80% 5% 6,247
Other/don't know 16% 17% 4% 43% 20% 2,144

Belief in Hell among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who …in hell

Belief in Heaven Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 75% 19% 6% 18,176
Don't believe 7% 92% 1% 6,247
Other/don't know 19% 26% 55% 2,144

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who identify as…

Belief in Heaven Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 16% 42% 18,176
Don't believe 23% 18% 59% 6,247
Other/don't know 34% 25% 41% 2,144

Political ideology among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who are…

Belief in Heaven Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 33% 19% 6% 18,176
Don't believe 18% 33% 44% 6% 6,247
Other/don't know 32% 33% 22% 12% 2,144

Views about size of government among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who would rather have…

Belief in Heaven Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 40% 3% 4% 18,176
Don't believe 47% 46% 4% 3% 6,247
Other/don't know 51% 33% 7% 9% 2,144

Views about government aid to the poor among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Heaven Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 47% 4% 2% 18,176
Don't believe 33% 62% 3% 2% 6,247
Other/don't know 42% 46% 7% 5% 2,144

Views about abortion among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who say abortion should be…

Belief in Heaven Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 48% 5% 18,176
Don't believe 79% 18% 3% 6,247
Other/don't know 57% 34% 10% 2,144

Views about homosexuality among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who say homosexuality…

Belief in Heaven Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 55% 37% 4% 3% 18,176
Don't believe 83% 12% 2% 2% 6,247
Other/don't know 61% 26% 6% 7% 2,144

Views about same-sex marriage among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Heaven Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 47% 8% 18,176
Don't believe 79% 16% 5% 6,247
Other/don't know 54% 33% 13% 2,144

Views about environmental regulation among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who say…

Belief in Heaven Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 52% 2% 3% 18,176
Don't believe 24% 72% 2% 2% 6,247
Other/don't know 35% 53% 5% 7% 2,144

Views about human evolution among non-parents by belief in heaven

% of non-parents who say humans…

Belief in Heaven Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,176. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 30% 4% 40% 5% 18,176
Don't believe 71% 10% 4% 14% 2% 6,247
Other/don't know 36% 17% 11% 27% 9% 2,144