Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,792. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 49% 42% 9% 6,792
2007 44% 43% 13% 5,816

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by religious group

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 58% 34% 9% 1,854
Evangelical Protestant 69% 23% 8% 827
Historically Black Protestant 58% 33% 9% 175
Jewish 14% 80% 6% 231
Mainline Protestant 48% 40% 11% 1,550
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 37% 53% 10% 1,614

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 2,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 36% 24% 11% 2,935
Don't believe 21% 35% 26% 18% 3,067
Other/don't know 15% 36% 27% 22% 672

Generational cohort among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 2,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 18% 18% 29% 27% 7% 1% 2,935
Don't believe 13% 15% 28% 32% 11% 1% 3,067
Other/don't know 7% 16% 28% 33% 15% 1% 672

Gender composition among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 55% 45% 2,972
Don't believe 49% 51% 3,120
Other/don't know 48% 52% 700

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 2,949. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 8% 4% 25% 3% 2,949
Don't believe 72% 6% 5% 15% 3% 3,093
Other/don't know 68% 6% 5% 18% 4% 689

Immigrant status among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 2,930. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 22% 10% 68% 2,930
Don't believe 17% 11% 72% 3,092
Other/don't know 21% 10% 69% 682

Income distribution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 2,607. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 20% 25% 15% 2,607
Don't believe 28% 19% 28% 26% 2,790
Other/don't know 34% 22% 21% 23% 587

Educational distribution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 2,959. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 51% 29% 13% 7% 2,959
Don't believe 31% 30% 21% 17% 3,108
Other/don't know 41% 27% 17% 16% 693

Marital status among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 2,963. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 11% 11% 4% 30% 2,963
Don't believe 49% 10% 13% 5% 23% 3,107
Other/don't know 50% 10% 12% 7% 20% 696

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 2,962. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 67% 2,962
Don't believe 27% 73% 3,115
Other/don't know 28% 72% 697

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 49% 15% 3% < 1% 2,972
Don't believe 20% 43% 24% 11% 1% 3,120
Other/don't know 29% 46% 18% 5% 2% 700

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 23% 44% 32% 1% 2,972
Don't believe 15% 41% 44% < 1% 3,120
Other/don't know 20% 41% 38% 1% 700

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 25% 13% 23% < 1% 2,972
Don't believe 29% 24% 11% 36% < 1% 3,120
Other/don't know 32% 27% 10% 28% 3% 700

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 10% 9% 67% < 1% 2,972
Don't believe 8% 6% 7% 79% < 1% 3,120
Other/don't know 8% 5% 6% 80% 1% 700

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 11% 5% 55% 1% 2,972
Don't believe 33% 13% 6% 47% 1% 3,120
Other/don't know 33% 10% 7% 47% 2% 700

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 20% 14% 22% 1% 2,972
Don't believe 43% 19% 15% 22% 1% 3,120
Other/don't know 41% 19% 18% 18% 4% 700

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 18% 17% 26% 1% 2,972
Don't believe 46% 16% 16% 21% 1% 3,120
Other/don't know 44% 16% 15% 21% 3% 700

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 20% 11% 55% 12% 2% 2,972
Don't believe 9% 18% 59% 13% 2% 3,120
Other/don't know 12% 12% 62% 9% 5% 700

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 70% 1% 1% 2,972
Don't believe 21% 78% 1% 1% 3,120
Other/don't know 24% 72% 2% 2% 700

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 18% 12% 10% 59% 1% 2,972
Don't believe 11% 8% 10% 70% < 1% 3,120
Other/don't know 14% 9% 11% 65% 1% 700

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 23% 36% 2% 33% 7% 2,972
Don't believe 7% 20% < 1% 66% 7% 3,120
Other/don't know 11% 19% 4% 45% 22% 700

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 96% 2% 2% 2,972
Don't believe 45% 48% 7% 3,120
Other/don't know 45% 2% 53% 700

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 20% 44% 2,972
Don't believe 29% 17% 54% 3,120
Other/don't know 30% 23% 46% 700

Political ideology among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 38% 25% 6% 2,972
Don't believe 20% 40% 36% 4% 3,120
Other/don't know 26% 41% 25% 7% 700

Views about size of government among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 48% 2% 3% 2,972
Don't believe 49% 45% 3% 3% 3,120
Other/don't know 48% 41% 6% 6% 700

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 48% 3% 2% 2,972
Don't believe 37% 59% 3% 1% 3,120
Other/don't know 40% 49% 5% 6% 700

Views about abortion among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 57% 39% 3% 2,972
Don't believe 73% 24% 3% 3,120
Other/don't know 60% 31% 9% 700

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 72% 22% 3% 3% 2,972
Don't believe 84% 11% 3% 2% 3,120
Other/don't know 75% 15% 5% 5% 700

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 30% 8% 2,972
Don't believe 78% 16% 6% 3,120
Other/don't know 61% 26% 13% 700

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 57% 2% 3% 2,972
Don't believe 28% 68% 2% 2% 3,120
Other/don't know 31% 59% 5% 6% 700

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in God and are fairly certain by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in God and are fairly certain who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 2,972. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 31% 5% 24% 4% 2,972
Don't believe 57% 20% 5% 15% 2% 3,120
Other/don't know 43% 21% 11% 16% 8% 700