Belief in Hell among adults who believe in Heaven

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 24,337. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 76% 18% 5% 24,337
2007 76% 17% 7% 25,775

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 72% 21% 6% 6,083
Evangelical Protestant 88% 8% 4% 7,452
Historically Black Protestant 86% 10% 5% 1,761
Jehovah's Witness 14% 83% 3% 126
Jewish 51% 46% 3% 288
Mainline Protestant 72% 21% 7% 4,683
Mormon 65% 29% 6% 626
Muslim 84% 13% 4% 202
Orthodox Christian 72% 19% 9% 138
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 67% 29% 4% 2,430

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 17,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 21% 35% 27% 17% 17,845
Don't believe 21% 32% 27% 20% 4,577
Other/don't know 11% 30% 31% 29% 1,427

Generational cohort among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 17,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 14% 28% 32% 11% 1% 17,845
Don't believe 14% 13% 27% 33% 13% 1% 4,577
Other/don't know 5% 9% 26% 37% 20% 3% 1,427

Gender composition among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 53% 18,174
Don't believe 40% 60% 4,678
Other/don't know 38% 62% 1,485

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 17,963. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 63% 15% 3% 15% 4% 17,963
Don't believe 67% 10% 4% 16% 3% 4,620
Other/don't know 67% 12% 4% 13% 4% 1,446

Immigrant status among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 17,922. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 14% 9% 77% 17,922
Don't believe 15% 12% 73% 4,618
Other/don't know 16% 9% 75% 1,457

Income distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 15,810. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 21% 26% 15% 15,810
Don't believe 34% 20% 27% 19% 4,102
Other/don't know 41% 15% 26% 17% 1,172

Educational distribution among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 18,078. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 33% 14% 7% 18,078
Don't believe 40% 31% 17% 12% 4,652
Other/don't know 45% 27% 17% 11% 1,472

Marital status among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 18,104. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 6% 13% 7% 24% 18,104
Don't believe 49% 8% 12% 8% 24% 4,658
Other/don't know 50% 6% 13% 14% 17% 1,472

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 18,105. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 31% 69% 18,105
Don't believe 27% 73% 4,667
Other/don't know 25% 75% 1,472

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 79% 17% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 18,174
Don't believe 63% 29% 5% 1% 2% 1% 4,678
Other/don't know 73% 21% 3% 2% 1% 1% 1,485

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 69% 24% 5% 2% < 1% 18,174
Don't believe 49% 34% 11% 5% 1% 4,678
Other/don't know 67% 25% 5% 2% 1% 1,485

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 35% 19% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 32% 41% 27% < 1% 4,678
Other/don't know 42% 35% 21% 1% 1,485

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 68% 17% 5% 9% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 55% 20% 8% 16% < 1% 4,678
Other/don't know 67% 17% 5% 9% 2% 1,485

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 32% 12% 10% 46% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 20% 8% 9% 63% < 1% 4,678
Other/don't know 25% 9% 10% 55% 2% 1,485

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 8% 4% 44% 2% 18,174
Don't believe 40% 10% 4% 45% 1% 4,678
Other/don't know 46% 7% 6% 37% 4% 1,485

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 65% 15% 9% 11% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 58% 16% 11% 14% 1% 4,678
Other/don't know 63% 14% 9% 11% 3% 1,485

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 16% 13% 26% 2% 18,174
Don't believe 45% 15% 14% 25% 1% 4,678
Other/don't know 45% 15% 12% 24% 3% 1,485

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 7% 40% 6% 2% 18,174
Don't believe 25% 12% 52% 9% 2% 4,678
Other/don't know 36% 7% 46% 5% 6% 1,485

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 59% 1% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 27% 71% 1% 1% 4,678
Other/don't know 31% 65% 2% 2% 1,485

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 46% 12% 9% 32% 1% 18,174
Don't believe 29% 11% 9% 50% 1% 4,678
Other/don't know 39% 12% 8% 40% 1% 1,485

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 33% 3% 15% 5% 18,174
Don't believe 21% 34% 2% 36% 8% 4,678
Other/don't know 31% 31% 6% 18% 13% 1,485

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 17% 39% 18,174
Don't believe 33% 20% 47% 4,678
Other/don't know 37% 20% 43% 1,485

Political ideology among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 32% 17% 6% 18,174
Don't believe 29% 38% 27% 6% 4,678
Other/don't know 38% 34% 18% 10% 1,485

Views about size of government among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 54% 41% 2% 3% 18,174
Don't believe 49% 45% 2% 3% 4,678
Other/don't know 49% 38% 6% 7% 1,485

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 45% 4% 2% 18,174
Don't believe 40% 55% 3% 2% 4,678
Other/don't know 41% 46% 8% 5% 1,485

Views about abortion among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 54% 4% 18,174
Don't believe 61% 35% 4% 4,678
Other/don't know 46% 44% 10% 1,485

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 52% 41% 4% 3% 18,174
Don't believe 73% 20% 4% 3% 4,678
Other/don't know 55% 29% 8% 8% 1,485

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 51% 8% 18,174
Don't believe 65% 28% 8% 4,678
Other/don't know 46% 39% 15% 1,485

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 44% 51% 2% 3% 18,174
Don't believe 34% 60% 2% 3% 4,678
Other/don't know 38% 50% 4% 7% 1,485

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in Heaven by belief in hell

% of adults who believe in Heaven who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 18,174. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 19% 30% 3% 44% 4% 18,174
Don't believe 34% 30% 4% 29% 4% 4,678
Other/don't know 18% 30% 8% 33% 12% 1,485