Belief in Hell among second generation immigrants

% of second generation immigrants who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,395. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 50% 42% 8% 3,395
2007 51% 36% 13% 3,018

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell among second generation immigrants by religious group

% of second generation immigrants who …in hell

Religious tradition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 62% 31% 7% 1,028
Evangelical Protestant 81% 12% 7% 522
Jewish 26% 65% 9% 199
Mainline Protestant 52% 38% 10% 406
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 20% 71% 9% 845

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who are ages…

Belief in Hell 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,550. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 30% 16% 16% 1,550
Don't believe 37% 25% 17% 21% 1,503
Other/don't know 31% 25% 19% 24% 270

Generational cohort among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who are…

Belief in Hell Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,550. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 29% 15% 24% 19% 11% 2% 1,550
Don't believe 28% 15% 19% 21% 13% 4% 1,503
Other/don't know 23% 11% 22% 24% 15% 5% 270

Gender composition among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who are…

Belief in Hell Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 47% 53% 1,575
Don't believe 51% 49% 1,537
Other/don't know 46% 54% 283

Racial and ethnic composition among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who identify as…

Belief in Hell White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 8% 8% 38% 3% 1,558
Don't believe 54% 4% 9% 28% 5% 1,515
Other/don't know 59% 3% 7% 25% 7% 269

Income distribution among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who have a household income of…

Belief in Hell Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,365. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 39% 21% 24% 16% 1,365
Don't believe 30% 20% 27% 24% 1,340
Other/don't know 31% 21% 26% 21% 221

Educational distribution among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who have completed…

Belief in Hell High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,572. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 40% 36% 15% 8% 1,572
Don't believe 32% 33% 21% 14% 1,535
Other/don't know 35% 35% 18% 12% 282

Marital status among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who are…

Belief in Hell Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,571. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 8% 11% 7% 38% 1,571
Don't believe 36% 9% 8% 7% 39% 1,529
Other/don't know 36% 7% 12% 9% 36% 275

Parent of children under 18 among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who are…

Belief in Hell Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,572. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 28% 72% 1,572
Don't believe 19% 81% 1,533
Other/don't know 17% 83% 282

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who say they…

Belief in Hell Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 74% 19% 4% 1% 2% < 1% 1,575
Don't believe 34% 21% 12% 1% 30% 3% 1,537
Other/don't know 50% 22% 10% 2% 5% 11% 283

Importance of religion in one's life among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who say religion is…

Belief in Hell Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 61% 29% 7% 3% < 1% 1,575
Don't believe 23% 26% 21% 28% 1% 1,537
Other/don't know 40% 30% 17% 9% 4% 283

Attendance at religious services among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who attend religious services…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 43% 38% 19% < 1% 1,575
Don't believe 16% 32% 52% < 1% 1,537
Other/don't know 28% 37% 33% 2% 283

Frequency of prayer among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who pray…

Belief in Hell At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 63% 18% 6% 13% < 1% 1,575
Don't believe 32% 12% 7% 49% 1% 1,537
Other/don't know 45% 15% 8% 27% 4% 283

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who attend prayer group…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 26% 12% 9% 52% < 1% 1,575
Don't believe 10% 5% 4% 80% < 1% 1,537
Other/don't know 15% 8% 6% 69% 2% 283

Frequency of meditation among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who meditate…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 41% 8% 4% 45% 2% 1,575
Don't believe 33% 10% 4% 52% < 1% 1,537
Other/don't know 41% 10% 5% 40% 5% 283

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 60% 17% 10% 12% 1% 1,575
Don't believe 46% 15% 10% 28% 1% 1,537
Other/don't know 55% 12% 9% 18% 5% 283

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 45% 15% 14% 26% 1% 1,575
Don't believe 50% 15% 12% 23% < 1% 1,537
Other/don't know 51% 17% 7% 18% 7% 283

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Belief in Hell Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 10% 43% 8% 1% 1,575
Don't believe 12% 20% 50% 16% 2% 1,537
Other/don't know 23% 14% 49% 9% 5% 283

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who say…

Belief in Hell There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 33% 65% 1% 1% 1,575
Don't believe 20% 77% 2% 1% 1,537
Other/don't know 24% 73% 2% 1% 283

Frequency of reading scripture among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who read scripture…

Belief in Hell At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 38% 13% 11% 38% < 1% 1,575
Don't believe 15% 8% 6% 70% < 1% 1,537
Other/don't know 28% 6% 6% 56% 4% 283

Interpreting scripture among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who say the holy scripture is…

Belief in Hell Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 36% 2% 21% 5% 1,575
Don't believe 8% 18% 1% 67% 6% 1,537
Other/don't know 16% 21% 5% 41% 18% 283

Belief in Heaven among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who …in heaven

Belief in Hell Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 95% 3% 2% 1,575
Don't believe 37% 59% 4% 1,537
Other/don't know 45% 3% 52% 283

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who identify as…

Belief in Hell Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 37% 15% 47% 1,575
Don't believe 25% 16% 59% 1,537
Other/don't know 28% 27% 45% 283

Political ideology among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who are…

Belief in Hell Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 36% 36% 23% 4% 1,575
Don't believe 20% 34% 41% 4% 1,537
Other/don't know 30% 32% 25% 14% 283

Views about size of government among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who would rather have…

Belief in Hell Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 49% 47% 2% 2% 1,575
Don't believe 49% 45% 3% 3% 1,537
Other/don't know 48% 38% 4% 10% 283

Views about government aid to the poor among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who say government aid to the poor…

Belief in Hell Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 48% 48% 3% 1% 1,575
Don't believe 33% 62% 3% 2% 1,537
Other/don't know 38% 48% 8% 6% 283

Views about abortion among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who say abortion should be…

Belief in Hell Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 50% 45% 4% 1,575
Don't believe 76% 20% 3% 1,537
Other/don't know 62% 33% 5% 283

Views about homosexuality among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who say homosexuality…

Belief in Hell Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 62% 30% 4% 3% 1,575
Don't believe 82% 12% 3% 3% 1,537
Other/don't know 74% 18% 3% 5% 283

Views about same-sex marriage among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who …same-sex marriage

Belief in Hell Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 53% 39% 8% 1,575
Don't believe 79% 15% 6% 1,537
Other/don't know 63% 23% 13% 283

Views about environmental regulation among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who say…

Belief in Hell Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 42% 55% 1% 2% 1,575
Don't believe 25% 71% 2% 2% 1,537
Other/don't know 37% 49% 5% 9% 283

Views about human evolution among second generation immigrants by belief in hell

% of second generation immigrants who say humans…

Belief in Hell Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,575. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Believe 27% 30% 3% 38% 3% 1,575
Don't believe 60% 17% 4% 15% 4% 1,537
Other/don't know 37% 17% 10% 27% 9% 283