Interpreting scripture among Christians

% of Christians who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 25,048. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 39% 33% 3% 18% 7% 25,048
2007 39% 31% 4% 18% 9% 28,279

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 8,829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 13% 33% 31% 23% 8,829
Word of God; not everything taken literally 22% 33% 26% 19% 8,298
Word of God; other/don't know 11% 29% 31% 30% 847
Not the word of God 20% 33% 29% 18% 4,821
Other/don't know 14% 31% 30% 25% 1,725

Generational cohort among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 8,829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 8% 10% 28% 37% 15% 2% 8,829
Word of God; not everything taken literally 15% 13% 27% 31% 12% 1% 8,298
Word of God; other/don't know 6% 8% 26% 37% 21% 3% 847
Not the word of God 12% 14% 27% 35% 11% 1% 4,821
Other/don't know 7% 13% 25% 37% 16% 2% 1,725

Gender composition among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 42% 58% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 55% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 41% 59% 889
Not the word of God 53% 47% 4,891
Other/don't know 46% 54% 1,800

Racial and ethnic composition among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 8,924. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 58% 18% 2% 18% 3% 8,924
Word of God; not everything taken literally 72% 10% 2% 13% 3% 8,361
Word of God; other/don't know 66% 11% 1% 17% 5% 859
Not the word of God 72% 7% 2% 17% 3% 4,838
Other/don't know 66% 13% 2% 15% 4% 1,755

Immigrant status among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 8,894. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 16% 7% 77% 8,894
Word of God; not everything taken literally 11% 10% 79% 8,368
Word of God; other/don't know 16% 7% 77% 873
Not the word of God 15% 11% 74% 4,847
Other/don't know 15% 9% 77% 1,767

Income distribution among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 7,691. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 22% 22% 11% 7,691
Word of God; not everything taken literally 28% 21% 30% 20% 7,437
Word of God; other/don't know 38% 20% 27% 15% 674
Not the word of God 28% 18% 29% 25% 4,375
Other/don't know 37% 19% 25% 18% 1,439

Educational distribution among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 8,966. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 30% 11% 5% 8,966
Word of God; not everything taken literally 36% 34% 19% 11% 8,413
Word of God; other/don't know 43% 34% 14% 9% 876
Not the word of God 35% 30% 21% 15% 4,866
Other/don't know 38% 35% 16% 11% 1,777

Marital status among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 8,991. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 53% 5% 15% 10% 18% 8,991
Word of God; not everything taken literally 52% 6% 12% 6% 24% 8,416
Word of God; other/don't know 57% 2% 13% 12% 15% 881
Not the word of God 50% 9% 13% 6% 23% 4,874
Other/don't know 48% 9% 15% 10% 17% 1,776

Parent of children under 18 among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 8,999. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 30% 70% 8,999
Word of God; not everything taken literally 31% 69% 8,407
Word of God; other/don't know 27% 73% 879
Not the word of God 28% 72% 4,880
Other/don't know 27% 73% 1,786

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 89% 9% 1% 1% < 1% < 1% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 79% 19% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 87% 9% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 889
Not the word of God 44% 38% 11% 1% 4% 2% 4,891
Other/don't know 69% 23% 4% 2% < 1% 2% 1,800

Importance of religion in one's life among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 88% 11% 1% 1% < 1% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 66% 30% 3% 1% < 1% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 84% 13% 1% 1% 1% 889
Not the word of God 30% 45% 19% 6% 1% 4,891
Other/don't know 58% 32% 7% 2% 2% 1,800

Attendance at religious services among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 64% 26% 10% < 1% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 46% 40% 14% < 1% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 58% 28% 13% 2% 889
Not the word of God 18% 48% 34% < 1% 4,891
Other/don't know 34% 44% 20% 2% 1,800

Frequency of prayer among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 82% 12% 2% 3% 1% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 67% 21% 5% 7% < 1% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 82% 11% 2% 2% 3% 889
Not the word of God 40% 24% 10% 25% 1% 4,891
Other/don't know 61% 19% 6% 11% 4% 1,800

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 48% 13% 9% 29% 1% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 26% 12% 11% 50% < 1% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 41% 11% 9% 38% 2% 889
Not the word of God 8% 6% 7% 79% < 1% 4,891
Other/don't know 20% 9% 9% 59% 2% 1,800

Frequency of meditation among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 7% 3% 34% 2% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 9% 4% 46% 1% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 53% 5% 3% 34% 4% 889
Not the word of God 33% 10% 5% 51% 1% 4,891
Other/don't know 42% 10% 4% 41% 3% 1,800

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 77% 10% 5% 6% 1% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 62% 18% 10% 9% 1% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 73% 10% 7% 5% 5% 889
Not the word of God 46% 18% 13% 21% 1% 4,891
Other/don't know 59% 15% 10% 13% 4% 1,800

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 14% 11% 26% 2% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 42% 18% 14% 24% 1% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 45% 12% 11% 26% 6% 889
Not the word of God 45% 17% 15% 23% 1% 4,891
Other/don't know 46% 14% 12% 24% 4% 1,800

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 62% 4% 28% 4% 2% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 8% 44% 5% 2% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 53% 3% 32% 3% 9% 889
Not the word of God 12% 14% 60% 12% 2% 4,891
Other/don't know 27% 9% 50% 6% 7% 1,800

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 51% 1% 1% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 38% 61% 1% < 1% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 45% 47% 5% 3% 889
Not the word of God 24% 73% 1% 1% 4,891
Other/don't know 29% 65% 4% 2% 1,800

Frequency of reading scripture among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 65% 11% 6% 17% 1% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 14% 11% 35% < 1% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 60% 10% 7% 20% 3% 889
Not the word of God 14% 10% 11% 65% < 1% 4,891
Other/don't know 32% 14% 11% 41% 2% 1,800

Belief in Heaven among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 91% 4% 4% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 91% 5% 4% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 84% 5% 11% 889
Not the word of God 66% 24% 9% 4,891
Other/don't know 74% 8% 17% 1,800

Belief in Hell among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 83% 10% 6% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 72% 21% 7% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 72% 13% 15% 889
Not the word of God 44% 47% 9% 4,891
Other/don't know 53% 27% 20% 1,800

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 17% 37% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 14% 37% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 27% 29% 889
Not the word of God 32% 16% 52% 4,891
Other/don't know 33% 24% 43% 1,800

Political ideology among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 55% 25% 14% 7% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 43% 38% 16% 4% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 49% 24% 11% 16% 889
Not the word of God 25% 40% 31% 5% 4,891
Other/don't know 32% 36% 21% 11% 1,800

Views about size of government among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 44% 2% 3% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 60% 35% 2% 3% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 53% 29% 6% 12% 889
Not the word of God 52% 41% 3% 3% 4,891
Other/don't know 48% 35% 8% 9% 1,800

Views about government aid to the poor among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 44% 3% 2% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 44% 3% 1% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 50% 34% 10% 7% 889
Not the word of God 42% 54% 3% 1% 4,891
Other/don't know 40% 47% 8% 4% 1,800

Views about abortion among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 31% 65% 4% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 47% 51% 3% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 29% 57% 15% 889
Not the word of God 72% 25% 3% 4,891
Other/don't know 53% 35% 11% 1,800

Views about homosexuality among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 36% 56% 4% 4% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 61% 32% 4% 3% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 35% 45% 10% 10% 889
Not the word of God 81% 14% 3% 2% 4,891
Other/don't know 61% 25% 9% 6% 1,800

Views about same-sex marriage among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 25% 67% 8% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 50% 43% 7% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 26% 56% 18% 889
Not the word of God 72% 21% 7% 4,891
Other/don't know 52% 33% 14% 1,800

Views about environmental regulation among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 49% 44% 2% 4% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 56% 2% 2% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 41% 42% 7% 11% 889
Not the word of God 33% 63% 2% 2% 4,891
Other/don't know 35% 52% 6% 7% 1,800

Views about human evolution among Christians by interpretation of scripture

% of Christians who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 9,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 11% 22% 2% 60% 5% 9,031
Word of God; not everything taken literally 18% 38% 3% 37% 3% 8,437
Word of God; other/don't know 8% 20% 5% 50% 17% 889
Not the word of God 48% 28% 5% 16% 3% 4,891
Other/don't know 23% 29% 11% 26% 10% 1,800