Political ideology among Christians

% of Christians who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 25,048. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 32% 18% 6% 25,048
2007 42% 35% 16% 7% 28,279

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who are ages…

Political ideology 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 11,042. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 13% 32% 31% 24% 11,042
Moderate 20% 33% 28% 19% 8,017
Liberal 21% 35% 27% 17% 4,239
Don't know 21% 34% 25% 20% 1,222

Generational cohort among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who are…

Political ideology Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 11,042. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 8% 10% 27% 37% 16% 2% 11,042
Moderate 13% 13% 28% 33% 12% 1% 8,017
Liberal 13% 15% 28% 33% 11% 1% 4,239
Don't know 12% 15% 27% 30% 14% 1% 1,222

Gender composition among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who are…

Political ideology Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 49% 51% 11,260
Moderate 43% 57% 8,162
Liberal 41% 59% 4,301
Don't know 39% 61% 1,325

Racial and ethnic composition among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who identify as…

Political ideology White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 11,112. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 73% 10% 1% 13% 3% 11,112
Moderate 65% 13% 2% 16% 4% 8,086
Liberal 53% 18% 2% 24% 4% 4,258
Don't know 54% 18% 1% 21% 6% 1,281

Immigrant status among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who are…

Political ideology Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 11,177. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 11% 7% 81% 11,177
Moderate 13% 10% 77% 8,085
Liberal 21% 11% 68% 4,245
Don't know 21% 7% 72% 1,242

Income distribution among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who have a household income of…

Political ideology Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 9,704. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 31% 21% 30% 18% 9,704
Moderate 34% 21% 27% 18% 7,176
Liberal 44% 20% 22% 15% 3,869
Don't know 56% 20% 18% 6% 867

Educational distribution among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who have completed…

Political ideology High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 11,215. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 44% 32% 16% 8% 11,215
Moderate 39% 33% 17% 11% 8,138
Liberal 45% 29% 15% 12% 4,277
Don't know 58% 30% 7% 4% 1,268

Marital status among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who are…

Political ideology Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 11,221. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 59% 4% 12% 8% 16% 11,221
Moderate 49% 6% 13% 8% 23% 8,136
Liberal 43% 9% 16% 7% 25% 4,283
Don't know 45% 6% 15% 10% 23% 1,298

Parent of children under 18 among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who are…

Political ideology Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 11,216. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 30% 70% 11,216
Moderate 30% 70% 8,137
Liberal 31% 69% 4,290
Don't know 29% 71% 1,308

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who say they…

Political ideology Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 84% 13% 2% 1% 1% < 1% 11,260
Moderate 73% 22% 3% 1% 1% 1% 8,162
Liberal 64% 27% 5% 1% 2% 1% 4,301
Don't know 78% 15% 3% 2% < 1% 2% 1,325

Importance of religion in one's life among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who say religion is…

Political ideology Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 77% 19% 3% 1% < 1% 11,260
Moderate 61% 30% 7% 2% < 1% 8,162
Liberal 57% 31% 8% 3% 1% 4,301
Don't know 72% 20% 4% 2% 2% 1,325

Attendance at religious services among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who attend religious services…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 56% 30% 13% < 1% 11,260
Moderate 42% 41% 17% < 1% 8,162
Liberal 36% 41% 23% < 1% 4,301
Don't know 46% 31% 20% 3% 1,325

Frequency of prayer among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who pray…

Political ideology At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 75% 15% 4% 6% 1% 11,260
Moderate 62% 20% 6% 11% 1% 8,162
Liberal 59% 20% 6% 13% < 1% 4,301
Don't know 69% 13% 5% 9% 3% 1,325

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who attend prayer group…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 40% 12% 10% 39% 1% 11,260
Moderate 25% 11% 10% 54% 1% 8,162
Liberal 23% 11% 9% 57% < 1% 4,301
Don't know 36% 9% 7% 46% 3% 1,325

Frequency of meditation among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who meditate…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 48% 7% 3% 40% 2% 11,260
Moderate 41% 9% 5% 44% 1% 8,162
Liberal 44% 9% 5% 41% 2% 4,301
Don't know 46% 6% 3% 39% 6% 1,325

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 71% 13% 7% 8% 1% 11,260
Moderate 61% 16% 11% 11% 1% 8,162
Liberal 59% 15% 11% 14% 1% 4,301
Don't know 62% 12% 7% 14% 6% 1,325

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 46% 16% 11% 25% 2% 11,260
Moderate 42% 17% 15% 25% 1% 8,162
Liberal 47% 16% 13% 23% 1% 4,301
Don't know 42% 11% 9% 30% 7% 1,325

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Political ideology Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 55% 5% 33% 4% 2% 11,260
Moderate 35% 9% 48% 6% 2% 8,162
Liberal 29% 12% 47% 10% 2% 4,301
Don't know 46% 4% 40% 4% 5% 1,325

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who say…

Political ideology There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 51% 46% 1% 1% 11,260
Moderate 30% 68% 1% 1% 8,162
Liberal 23% 74% 1% 1% 4,301
Don't know 35% 58% 3% 4% 1,325

Frequency of reading scripture among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who read scripture…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 54% 11% 8% 26% 1% 11,260
Moderate 38% 13% 10% 39% 1% 8,162
Liberal 35% 12% 10% 43% < 1% 4,301
Don't know 47% 9% 7% 33% 3% 1,325

Interpreting scripture among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who say the holy scripture is…

Political ideology Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 49% 32% 4% 10% 5% 11,260
Moderate 30% 38% 2% 22% 7% 8,162
Liberal 30% 28% 2% 32% 8% 4,301
Don't know 44% 22% 9% 14% 12% 1,325

Belief in Heaven among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who …in heaven

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 88% 6% 6% 11,260
Moderate 86% 9% 5% 8,162
Liberal 81% 13% 6% 4,301
Don't know 80% 8% 11% 1,325

Belief in Hell among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who …in hell

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 78% 15% 8% 11,260
Moderate 67% 25% 8% 8,162
Liberal 61% 31% 8% 4,301
Don't know 62% 25% 13% 1,325

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who identify as…

Political ideology Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 66% 12% 23% 11,260
Moderate 34% 16% 49% 8,162
Liberal 15% 16% 69% 4,301
Don't know 14% 59% 27% 1,325

Views about size of government among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who would rather have…

Political ideology Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 70% 26% 2% 2% 11,260
Moderate 51% 42% 4% 4% 8,162
Liberal 28% 65% 3% 3% 4,301
Don't know 35% 46% 7% 12% 1,325

Views about government aid to the poor among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who say government aid to the poor…

Political ideology Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 64% 31% 4% 2% 11,260
Moderate 41% 53% 4% 2% 8,162
Liberal 29% 67% 3% 1% 4,301
Don't know 39% 47% 8% 7% 1,325

Views about abortion among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who say abortion should be…

Political ideology Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 30% 66% 4% 11,260
Moderate 55% 41% 4% 8,162
Liberal 64% 32% 4% 4,301
Don't know 38% 50% 12% 1,325

Views about homosexuality among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who say homosexuality…

Political ideology Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 38% 54% 5% 4% 11,260
Moderate 66% 26% 4% 3% 8,162
Liberal 73% 22% 3% 3% 4,301
Don't know 45% 38% 7% 10% 1,325

Views about same-sex marriage among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who …same-sex marriage

Political ideology Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 26% 66% 8% 11,260
Moderate 56% 36% 8% 8,162
Liberal 66% 27% 6% 4,301
Don't know 35% 45% 19% 1,325

Views about environmental regulation among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who say…

Political ideology Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 56% 38% 2% 3% 11,260
Moderate 34% 61% 2% 3% 8,162
Liberal 26% 69% 1% 3% 4,301
Don't know 37% 47% 6% 11% 1,325

Views about human evolution among Christians by political ideology

% of Christians who say humans…

Political ideology Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 11,260. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 14% 26% 3% 53% 5% 11,260
Moderate 25% 33% 4% 34% 4% 8,162
Liberal 33% 30% 4% 29% 4% 4,301
Don't know 16% 21% 7% 43% 13% 1,325