Immigrant status by religious group

% of adults who are…

Religious tradition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 262. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 26% 22% 52% 262
Catholic 28% 15% 58% 7,127
Evangelical Protestant 9% 7% 84% 8,484
Hindu 87% 9% 4% 197
Historically Black Protestant 7% 3% 90% 1,875
Jehovah's Witness 25% 8% 67% 243
Jewish 12% 22% 67% 842
Mainline Protestant 7% 7% 87% 6,019
Mormon 7% 7% 86% 658
Muslim 64% 17% 18% 228
Orthodox Christian 40% 23% 36% 185
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 13% 12% 75% 7,435

Learn More: Immigrants, Second generation, Third generation or higher

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God by immigrant status

% of adults who say they…

Immigrant status Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 56% 26% 7% 1% 8% 1% 3,954
Second generation 55% 20% 8% 1% 14% 2% 3,395
Third generation or higher 65% 18% 5% 1% 9% 2% 27,244

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Importance of religion in one's life by immigrant status

% of adults who say religion is…

Immigrant status Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 58% 24% 9% 9% 1% 3,954
Second generation 43% 28% 14% 14% 1% 3,395
Third generation or higher 54% 24% 11% 11% 1% 27,244

Learn More: Very important, Somewhat important, Not too important, Not at all important

Attendance at religious services by immigrant status

% of adults who attend religious services…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 40% 35% 25% 1% 3,954
Second generation 30% 35% 34% < 1% 3,395
Third generation or higher 36% 33% 31% 1% 27,244

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month/a few times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of prayer by immigrant status

% of adults who pray…

Immigrant status At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 56% 15% 6% 21% 1% 3,954
Second generation 48% 15% 6% 29% 1% 3,395
Third generation or higher 56% 16% 5% 22% 1% 27,244

Learn More: At least daily, Weekly, Monthly, Seldom/never

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups by immigrant status

% of adults who attend prayer group…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 28% 12% 10% 49% 1% 3,954
Second generation 18% 9% 7% 66% < 1% 3,395
Third generation or higher 25% 9% 8% 58% 1% 27,244

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of meditation by immigrant status

% of adults who meditate…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 48% 10% 5% 34% 3% 3,954
Second generation 38% 9% 5% 48% 1% 3,395
Third generation or higher 39% 8% 4% 47% 1% 27,244

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing by immigrant status

% of adults who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 60% 14% 11% 13% 2% 3,954
Second generation 54% 16% 10% 19% 1% 3,395
Third generation or higher 59% 15% 9% 16% 1% 27,244

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe by immigrant status

% of adults who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 47% 15% 15% 20% 2% 3,954
Second generation 47% 15% 13% 24% 1% 3,395
Third generation or higher 45% 16% 12% 25% 1% 27,244

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Sources of guidance on right and wrong by immigrant status

% of adults who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Immigrant status Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 33% 11% 38% 16% 3% 3,954
Second generation 26% 14% 46% 11% 2% 3,395
Third generation or higher 34% 10% 46% 7% 3% 27,244

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong by immigrant status

% of adults who say…

Immigrant status There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 27% 70% 2% 2% 3,954
Second generation 27% 71% 1% 1% 3,395
Third generation or higher 35% 62% 1% 1% 27,244

Learn More: There are clear standards for what is right and wrong, Right or wrong depends on the situation

Frequency of reading scripture by immigrant status

% of adults who read scripture…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 36% 11% 9% 42% 1% 3,954
Second generation 28% 11% 8% 53% 1% 3,395
Third generation or higher 36% 10% 8% 45% 1% 27,244

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Interpreting scripture by immigrant status

% of adults who say the holy scripture is…

Immigrant status Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 36% 22% 3% 31% 7% 3,954
Second generation 22% 27% 2% 42% 6% 3,395
Third generation or higher 31% 27% 3% 32% 7% 27,244

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Belief in Heaven by immigrant status

% of adults who …in heaven

Immigrant status Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 70% 23% 7% 3,954
Second generation 67% 27% 7% 3,395
Third generation or higher 73% 20% 7% 27,244

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who …in hell

Immigrant status Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,954. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 56% 36% 8% 3,954
Second generation 50% 42% 8% 3,395
Third generation or higher 59% 33% 8% 27,244

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe