Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Hell by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Religious tradition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 192. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 15% 19% 66% 192
Catholic 27% 16% 56% 2,061
Evangelical Protestant 12% 7% 81% 945
Hindu 85% 12% 3% 117
Historically Black Protestant 5% 6% 89% 220
Jehovah's Witness 28% 7% 65% 215
Jewish 10% 20% 70% 634
Mainline Protestant 7% 9% 84% 2,036
Mormon 3% 8% 90% 226
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 13% 13% 74% 5,220

Learn More: Immigrants, Second generation, Third generation or higher

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are ages…

Immigrant status 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,531. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 23% 44% 21% 12% 1,531
Second generation 37% 25% 17% 21% 1,503
Third generation or higher 23% 33% 26% 18% 9,466

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Immigrant status Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,531. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 13% 19% 35% 24% 8% 1% 1,531
Second generation 28% 15% 19% 21% 13% 4% 1,503
Third generation or higher 14% 16% 26% 32% 11% 1% 9,466

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Immigrant status Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 50% 50% 1,558
Second generation 51% 49% 1,537
Third generation or higher 51% 49% 9,614

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Immigrant status White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,539. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 27% 4% 22% 45% 2% 1,539
Second generation 54% 4% 9% 28% 5% 1,515
Third generation or higher 83% 8% 1% 4% 4% 9,481

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have a household income of…

Immigrant status Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 1,342. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 39% 19% 21% 21% 1,342
Second generation 30% 20% 27% 24% 1,340
Third generation or higher 25% 19% 30% 25% 8,659

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who have completed…

Immigrant status High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,547. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 41% 22% 19% 18% 1,547
Second generation 32% 33% 21% 14% 1,535
Third generation or higher 31% 31% 22% 16% 9,585

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Immigrant status Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,549. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 52% 9% 11% 3% 25% 1,549
Second generation 36% 9% 8% 7% 39% 1,529
Third generation or higher 47% 9% 13% 5% 26% 9,577

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Immigrant status Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,555. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 36% 64% 1,555
Second generation 19% 81% 1,533
Third generation or higher 25% 75% 9,592

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they…

Immigrant status Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 39% 27% 11% 1% 20% 2% 1,558
Second generation 34% 21% 12% 1% 30% 3% 1,537
Third generation or higher 37% 24% 9% 1% 26% 4% 9,614

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say religion is…

Immigrant status Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 35% 27% 17% 20% 1% 1,558
Second generation 23% 26% 21% 28% 1% 1,537
Third generation or higher 27% 25% 20% 27% 1% 9,614

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend religious services…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 25% 37% 38% 1% 1,558
Second generation 16% 32% 52% < 1% 1,537
Third generation or higher 17% 31% 51% < 1% 9,614

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who pray…

Immigrant status At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 38% 12% 9% 39% 1% 1,558
Second generation 32% 12% 7% 49% 1% 1,537
Third generation or higher 33% 14% 6% 46% 1% 9,614

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who attend prayer group…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 17% 7% 9% 66% 1% 1,558
Second generation 10% 5% 4% 80% < 1% 1,537
Third generation or higher 11% 5% 6% 78% < 1% 9,614

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who meditate…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 40% 10% 5% 42% 3% 1,558
Second generation 33% 10% 4% 52% < 1% 1,537
Third generation or higher 34% 10% 5% 50% 1% 9,614

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 51% 15% 12% 20% 2% 1,558
Second generation 46% 15% 10% 28% 1% 1,537
Third generation or higher 47% 16% 11% 25% 1% 9,614

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 44% 16% 16% 22% 2% 1,558
Second generation 50% 15% 12% 23% < 1% 1,537
Third generation or higher 49% 16% 13% 21% 1% 9,614

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Immigrant status Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 18% 15% 44% 22% 2% 1,558
Second generation 12% 20% 50% 16% 2% 1,537
Third generation or higher 13% 17% 54% 13% 2% 9,614

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Immigrant status There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 22% 76% 1% 2% 1,558
Second generation 20% 77% 2% 1% 1,537
Third generation or higher 23% 75% 1% 1% 9,614

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who read scripture…

Immigrant status At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 22% 8% 8% 61% 1% 1,558
Second generation 15% 8% 6% 70% < 1% 1,537
Third generation or higher 17% 7% 8% 68% < 1% 9,614

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say the holy scripture is…

Immigrant status Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 19% 16% 1% 57% 7% 1,558
Second generation 8% 18% 1% 67% 6% 1,537
Third generation or higher 9% 18% 1% 65% 7% 9,614

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …in heaven

Immigrant status Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 36% 59% 5% 1,558
Second generation 37% 59% 4% 1,537
Third generation or higher 39% 56% 6% 9,614

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who identify as…

Immigrant status Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 19% 29% 52% 1,558
Second generation 25% 16% 59% 1,537
Third generation or higher 28% 18% 54% 9,614

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who are…

Immigrant status Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 19% 34% 39% 8% 1,558
Second generation 20% 34% 41% 4% 1,537
Third generation or higher 22% 36% 37% 6% 9,614

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who would rather have…

Immigrant status Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 33% 61% 3% 3% 1,558
Second generation 49% 45% 3% 3% 1,537
Third generation or higher 51% 42% 3% 4% 9,614

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say government aid to the poor…

Immigrant status Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 35% 59% 4% 2% 1,558
Second generation 33% 62% 3% 2% 1,537
Third generation or higher 36% 59% 3% 1% 9,614

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say abortion should be…

Immigrant status Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 62% 35% 3% 1,558
Second generation 76% 20% 3% 1,537
Third generation or higher 74% 22% 4% 9,614

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say homosexuality…

Immigrant status Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 76% 18% 3% 3% 1,558
Second generation 82% 12% 3% 3% 1,537
Third generation or higher 81% 14% 3% 2% 9,614

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who …same-sex marriage

Immigrant status Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 68% 25% 7% 1,558
Second generation 79% 15% 6% 1,537
Third generation or higher 76% 18% 6% 9,614

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say…

Immigrant status Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 26% 66% 2% 6% 1,558
Second generation 25% 71% 2% 2% 1,537
Third generation or higher 28% 68% 2% 2% 9,614

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Hell by immigrant status

% of adults who do not believe in Hell who say humans…

Immigrant status Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,558. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Immigrants 50% 17% 4% 25% 4% 1,558
Second generation 60% 17% 4% 15% 4% 1,537
Third generation or higher 58% 19% 4% 18% 2% 9,614