Income distribution by religious group

% of adults who have a household income of…

Religious tradition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 233. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 36% 18% 32% 13% 233
Catholic 36% 19% 26% 19% 6,137
Evangelical Protestant 35% 22% 28% 14% 7,462
Hindu 17% 13% 34% 36% 172
Historically Black Protestant 53% 22% 17% 8% 1,704
Jehovah's Witness 48% 25% 22% 4% 208
Jewish 16% 15% 24% 44% 708
Mainline Protestant 29% 20% 28% 23% 5,208
Mormon 27% 20% 33% 20% 594
Muslim 34% 17% 29% 20% 205
Orthodox Christian 18% 17% 36% 29% 155
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 33% 20% 26% 21% 6,790

Learn More: Less than $30,000, $30,000-$49,999, $50,000-$99,999, $100,000 or more

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God by household income

% of adults who say they…

Income distribution Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 66% 20% 5% 1% 7% 2% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 65% 19% 4% 1% 9% 2% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 62% 19% 5% < 1% 11% 2% 8,723
$100,000 or more 53% 22% 8% < 1% 14% 3% 7,002

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Importance of religion in one's life by household income

% of adults who say religion is…

Income distribution Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 58% 24% 9% 9% 1% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 53% 25% 11% 10% 1% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 50% 25% 12% 12% 1% 8,723
$100,000 or more 42% 27% 14% 16% < 1% 7,002

Learn More: Very important, Somewhat important, Not too important, Not at all important

Attendance at religious services by household income

% of adults who attend religious services…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 35% 33% 31% 1% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 35% 34% 31% < 1% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 37% 34% 30% < 1% 8,723
$100,000 or more 30% 38% 32% < 1% 7,002

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month/a few times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of prayer by household income

% of adults who pray…

Income distribution At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 60% 15% 5% 18% 1% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 55% 15% 5% 23% < 1% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 53% 16% 6% 25% < 1% 8,723
$100,000 or more 45% 16% 7% 31% < 1% 7,002

Learn More: At least daily, Weekly, Monthly, Seldom/never

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups by household income

% of adults who attend prayer group…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 27% 10% 8% 54% 1% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 24% 9% 9% 58% < 1% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 24% 9% 9% 58% < 1% 8,723
$100,000 or more 18% 8% 8% 66% < 1% 7,002

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of meditation by household income

% of adults who meditate…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 45% 9% 4% 40% 2% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 41% 8% 4% 46% 1% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 37% 9% 4% 49% 1% 8,723
$100,000 or more 34% 9% 5% 51% 1% 7,002

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing by household income

% of adults who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 60% 14% 9% 17% 1% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 59% 15% 9% 16% 1% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 58% 16% 10% 15% 1% 8,723
$100,000 or more 55% 17% 12% 16% 1% 7,002

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe by household income

% of adults who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 48% 14% 11% 25% 2% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 45% 16% 13% 25% 1% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 44% 18% 14% 23% 1% 8,723
$100,000 or more 44% 19% 16% 20% 1% 7,002

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Sources of guidance on right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Income distribution Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 35% 10% 45% 9% 2% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 34% 10% 46% 8% 2% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 33% 11% 45% 9% 2% 8,723
$100,000 or more 26% 14% 45% 12% 2% 7,002

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say…

Income distribution There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 29% 68% 1% 1% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 33% 65% 1% 1% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 37% 61% 1% < 1% 8,723
$100,000 or more 35% 63% 1% < 1% 7,002

Learn More: There are clear standards for what is right and wrong, Right or wrong depends on the situation

Frequency of reading scripture by household income

% of adults who read scripture…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 40% 11% 8% 40% 1% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 36% 11% 8% 44% < 1% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 33% 10% 9% 48% < 1% 8,723
$100,000 or more 25% 9% 9% 56% < 1% 7,002

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Interpreting scripture by household income

% of adults who say the holy scripture is…

Income distribution Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 40% 23% 3% 27% 7% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 32% 28% 2% 32% 6% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 24% 30% 2% 37% 6% 8,723
$100,000 or more 16% 29% 2% 47% 6% 7,002

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Belief in Heaven by household income

% of adults who …in heaven

Income distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 77% 16% 7% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 73% 20% 7% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 70% 24% 6% 8,723
$100,000 or more 61% 31% 8% 7,002

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell by household income

% of adults who …in hell

Income distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 63% 29% 8% 8,845
$30,000-$49,999 60% 33% 7% 5,920
$50,000-$99,999 56% 37% 7% 8,723
$100,000 or more 46% 46% 8% 7,002

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe