Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Religious tradition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 134. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 37% 15% 32% 15% 134
Catholic 35% 17% 27% 21% 628
Evangelical Protestant 31% 18% 32% 19% 448
Jewish 11% 14% 26% 49% 392
Mainline Protestant 16% 18% 29% 37% 754
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 24% 20% 29% 27% 4,063

Learn More: Less than $30,000, $30,000-$49,999, $50,000-$99,999, $100,000 or more

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Income distribution 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 1,494. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 38% 29% 18% 14% 1,494
$30,000-$49,999 32% 36% 18% 14% 1,190
$50,000-$99,999 24% 37% 24% 15% 2,202
$100,000 or more 18% 42% 28% 12% 2,246

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Income distribution Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 1,494. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 22% 24% 21% 22% 9% 2% 1,494
$30,000-$49,999 18% 25% 25% 22% 9% 1% 1,190
$50,000-$99,999 14% 19% 28% 29% 9% 1% 2,202
$100,000 or more 13% 12% 35% 34% 6% 1% 2,246

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Income distribution Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 54% 46% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 58% 42% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 60% 40% 2,208
$100,000 or more 63% 37% 2,268

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Income distribution White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 1,489. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 62% 8% 4% 21% 5% 1,489
$30,000-$49,999 67% 6% 7% 16% 4% 1,189
$50,000-$99,999 78% 5% 5% 9% 3% 2,178
$100,000 or more 82% 3% 7% 5% 3% 2,245

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Income distribution Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 1,479. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 21% 14% 65% 1,479
$30,000-$49,999 16% 12% 72% 1,190
$50,000-$99,999 12% 12% 76% 2,195
$100,000 or more 14% 12% 74% 2,260

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Income distribution High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 1,495. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 47% 33% 13% 6% 1,495
$30,000-$49,999 34% 35% 21% 9% 1,197
$50,000-$99,999 22% 32% 28% 19% 2,206
$100,000 or more 14% 21% 31% 34% 2,263

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Income distribution Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 1,494. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 22% 14% 20% 6% 39% 1,494
$30,000-$49,999 33% 12% 14% 4% 36% 1,195
$50,000-$99,999 51% 9% 11% 2% 26% 2,208
$100,000 or more 66% 8% 6% 2% 19% 2,263

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Income distribution Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 1,498. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 22% 78% 1,498
$30,000-$49,999 22% 78% 1,197
$50,000-$99,999 25% 75% 2,203
$100,000 or more 32% 68% 2,264

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Income distribution Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 27% 19% 12% 1% 37% 4% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 26% 21% 10% 1% 38% 4% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 21% 19% 12% < 1% 43% 5% 2,208
$100,000 or more 15% 21% 14% < 1% 44% 6% 2,268

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Income distribution Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 21% 21% 20% 38% < 1% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 18% 20% 26% 36% 1% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 14% 19% 24% 42% 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 12% 19% 27% 43% < 1% 2,268

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 14% 24% 62% < 1% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 10% 28% 62% < 1% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 11% 25% 64% < 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 8% 29% 63% < 1% 2,268

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Income distribution At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 27% 9% 5% 58% < 1% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 22% 9% 5% 63% < 1% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 19% 9% 6% 66% < 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 14% 10% 6% 69% < 1% 2,268

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 12% 4% 5% 79% < 1% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 6% 4% 4% 85% < 1% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 8% 4% 4% 84% < 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 6% 3% 4% 88% < 1% 2,268

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 37% 9% 5% 47% 2% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 31% 9% 6% 53% 1% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 29% 10% 6% 54% 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 28% 11% 6% 55% < 1% 2,268

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 42% 14% 9% 34% 2% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 40% 17% 11% 31% 1% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 43% 15% 11% 29% 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 42% 18% 12% 28% 1% 2,268

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 53% 13% 10% 23% 1% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 48% 15% 13% 23% 1% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 49% 18% 15% 17% < 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 49% 19% 16% 16% 1% 2,268

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Income distribution Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 13% 17% 51% 18% 2% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 10% 17% 54% 16% 2% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 8% 20% 51% 19% 2% 2,208
$100,000 or more 6% 22% 49% 22% 1% 2,268

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Income distribution There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 22% 76% 1% 1% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 21% 77% 1% 1% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 24% 74% 1% < 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 21% 78% 1% < 1% 2,268

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 16% 6% 7% 70% < 1% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 13% 5% 6% 76% < 1% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 11% 5% 7% 77% 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 6% 5% 7% 81% < 1% 2,268

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Income distribution Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 11% 11% 1% 72% 5% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 8% 10% < 1% 77% 5% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 5% 6% 1% 84% 4% 2,208
$100,000 or more 3% 5% < 1% 87% 4% 2,268

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Income distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 11% 88% 1% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 6% 93% 2% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 5% 93% 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 4% 95% 1% 2,268

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Income distribution Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 17% 29% 54% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 27% 16% 57% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 24% 13% 62% 2,208
$100,000 or more 26% 9% 64% 2,268

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Income distribution Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 18% 31% 43% 8% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 19% 35% 41% 6% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 18% 35% 44% 3% 2,208
$100,000 or more 15% 34% 49% 3% 2,268

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Income distribution Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 42% 50% 4% 4% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 48% 47% 3% 3% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 50% 44% 4% 3% 2,208
$100,000 or more 49% 45% 4% 3% 2,268

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Income distribution Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 31% 65% 4% 1% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 35% 59% 3% 2% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 36% 59% 3% 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 32% 65% 3% 1% 2,268

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Income distribution Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 68% 29% 3% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 74% 22% 4% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 83% 15% 2% 2,208
$100,000 or more 85% 12% 2% 2,268

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Income distribution Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 79% 17% 2% 2% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 81% 14% 2% 3% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 85% 11% 2% 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 89% 9% 2% 1% 2,268

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Income distribution Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 73% 22% 5% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 78% 18% 4% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 82% 14% 3% 2,208
$100,000 or more 86% 11% 3% 2,268

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Income distribution Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 28% 67% 2% 3% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 26% 70% 2% 2% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 21% 76% 2% 2% 2,208
$100,000 or more 21% 77% 2% 1% 2,268

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by household income

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Income distribution Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 1,501. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 61% 13% 4% 20% 3% 1,501
$30,000-$49,999 64% 14% 3% 18% 1% 1,198
$50,000-$99,999 74% 9% 4% 12% 1% 2,208
$100,000 or more 81% 8% 3% 7% 1% 2,268