Income distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by religious group

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have a household income of…

Religious tradition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 34% 16% 27% 23% 637
Evangelical Protestant 37% 21% 23% 19% 375
Historically Black Protestant 60% 13% 19% 8% 103
Jewish 15% 10% 30% 45% 125
Mainline Protestant 26% 18% 27% 29% 581
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 29% 19% 27% 24% 1,273

Learn More: Less than $30,000, $30,000-$49,999, $50,000-$99,999, $100,000 or more

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are ages…

Income distribution 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 43% 28% 18% 11% 825
$30,000-$49,999 42% 31% 16% 12% 571
$50,000-$99,999 27% 38% 25% 11% 1,019
$100,000 or more 19% 42% 29% 11% 1,047

Generational cohort among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Income distribution Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 825. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 25% 25% 21% 20% 8% 1% 825
$30,000-$49,999 26% 24% 23% 19% 8% 1% 571
$50,000-$99,999 18% 18% 29% 29% 6% < 1% 1,019
$100,000 or more 15% 9% 37% 33% 6% < 1% 1,047

Gender composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Income distribution Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 47% 53% 829
$30,000-$49,999 57% 43% 576
$50,000-$99,999 57% 43% 1,027
$100,000 or more 61% 39% 1,053

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Income distribution White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 821. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 52% 14% 3% 26% 5% 821
$30,000-$49,999 67% 7% 7% 14% 4% 572
$50,000-$99,999 75% 7% 5% 12% 2% 1,019
$100,000 or more 79% 3% 8% 6% 4% 1,044

Immigrant status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Income distribution Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 815. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 20% 14% 66% 815
$30,000-$49,999 13% 15% 72% 575
$50,000-$99,999 11% 13% 77% 1,021
$100,000 or more 14% 13% 73% 1,050

Educational distribution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who have completed…

Income distribution High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 827. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 48% 36% 12% 5% 827
$30,000-$49,999 32% 39% 20% 9% 576
$50,000-$99,999 16% 36% 29% 19% 1,026
$100,000 or more 13% 21% 31% 36% 1,052

Marital status among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Income distribution Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 827. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 21% 12% 18% 6% 44% 827
$30,000-$49,999 32% 13% 12% 5% 38% 576
$50,000-$99,999 47% 11% 13% 3% 27% 1,027
$100,000 or more 64% 6% 7% 2% 21% 1,051

Parent of children under 18 among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Income distribution Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 828. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 25% 75% 828
$30,000-$49,999 23% 77% 576
$50,000-$99,999 25% 75% 1,025
$100,000 or more 33% 67% 1,051

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say they…

Income distribution Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 51% 23% 9% 1% 12% 4% 829
$30,000-$49,999 42% 29% 10% 1% 16% 2% 576
$50,000-$99,999 41% 24% 10% < 1% 19% 4% 1,027
$100,000 or more 33% 27% 13% 1% 23% 4% 1,053

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say religion is…

Income distribution Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 40% 30% 15% 15% < 1% 829
$30,000-$49,999 26% 32% 21% 20% 2% 576
$50,000-$99,999 27% 32% 20% 21% < 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 23% 33% 21% 23% < 1% 1,053

Attendance at religious services among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend religious services…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 20% 36% 43% 1% 829
$30,000-$49,999 18% 36% 46% < 1% 576
$50,000-$99,999 17% 39% 44% < 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 17% 41% 42% < 1% 1,053

Frequency of prayer among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who pray…

Income distribution At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 45% 18% 6% 30% 1% 829
$30,000-$49,999 38% 15% 7% 39% < 1% 576
$50,000-$99,999 34% 19% 8% 39% < 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 28% 21% 9% 42% 1% 1,053

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who attend prayer group…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 15% 10% 9% 66% < 1% 829
$30,000-$49,999 10% 8% 9% 73% < 1% 576
$50,000-$99,999 10% 8% 8% 74% < 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 8% 6% 7% 79% 1% 1,053

Frequency of meditation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who meditate…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 45% 10% 4% 40% < 1% 829
$30,000-$49,999 39% 13% 5% 42% 1% 576
$50,000-$99,999 36% 13% 5% 44% 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 37% 11% 8% 44% 1% 1,053

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 53% 15% 10% 21% 1% 829
$30,000-$49,999 51% 19% 10% 20% < 1% 576
$50,000-$99,999 49% 22% 12% 17% 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 49% 21% 12% 18% 1% 1,053

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 61% 11% 10% 17% 1% 829
$30,000-$49,999 56% 16% 13% 14% < 1% 576
$50,000-$99,999 52% 22% 13% 13% 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 54% 17% 14% 13% 1% 1,053

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Income distribution There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 20% 77% 2% 1% 829
$30,000-$49,999 22% 76% 1% 1% 576
$50,000-$99,999 26% 72% 1% < 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 27% 72% 1% 1% 1,053

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who read scripture…

Income distribution At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 27% 12% 11% 50% < 1% 829
$30,000-$49,999 20% 11% 8% 60% < 1% 576
$50,000-$99,999 17% 13% 11% 59% 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 12% 10% 11% 67% < 1% 1,053

Interpreting scripture among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say the holy scripture is…

Income distribution Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 23% 23% 1% 46% 7% 829
$30,000-$49,999 11% 21% 1% 61% 6% 576
$50,000-$99,999 6% 23% 1% 64% 7% 1,027
$100,000 or more 5% 22% < 1% 68% 5% 1,053

Belief in Heaven among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in heaven

Income distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 62% 28% 10% 829
$30,000-$49,999 56% 36% 8% 576
$50,000-$99,999 48% 43% 9% 1,027
$100,000 or more 45% 47% 8% 1,053

Belief in Hell among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …in hell

Income distribution Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 47% 44% 9% 829
$30,000-$49,999 39% 54% 7% 576
$50,000-$99,999 31% 61% 8% 1,027
$100,000 or more 28% 66% 6% 1,053

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who identify as…

Income distribution Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 21% 22% 57% 829
$30,000-$49,999 29% 17% 54% 576
$50,000-$99,999 31% 10% 59% 1,027
$100,000 or more 31% 9% 60% 1,053

Political ideology among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who are…

Income distribution Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 21% 34% 39% 6% 829
$30,000-$49,999 19% 39% 39% 3% 576
$50,000-$99,999 21% 36% 40% 2% 1,027
$100,000 or more 17% 39% 41% 2% 1,053

Views about size of government among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who would rather have…

Income distribution Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 37% 57% 3% 4% 829
$30,000-$49,999 46% 48% 4% 2% 576
$50,000-$99,999 49% 45% 3% 3% 1,027
$100,000 or more 52% 42% 3% 3% 1,053

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say government aid to the poor…

Income distribution Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 29% 66% 4% 2% 829
$30,000-$49,999 33% 62% 4% 1% 576
$50,000-$99,999 37% 58% 4% 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 30% 66% 3% < 1% 1,053

Views about abortion among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say abortion should be…

Income distribution Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 62% 35% 3% 829
$30,000-$49,999 69% 29% 2% 576
$50,000-$99,999 75% 22% 2% 1,027
$100,000 or more 79% 19% 2% 1,053

Views about homosexuality among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say homosexuality…

Income distribution Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 77% 18% 3% 2% 829
$30,000-$49,999 84% 11% 4% 2% 576
$50,000-$99,999 85% 11% 3% 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 88% 9% 2% 1% 1,053

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who …same-sex marriage

Income distribution Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 70% 23% 6% 829
$30,000-$49,999 80% 17% 3% 576
$50,000-$99,999 80% 15% 4% 1,027
$100,000 or more 83% 13% 4% 1,053

Views about environmental regulation among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say…

Income distribution Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 28% 67% 2% 3% 829
$30,000-$49,999 24% 72% 2% 2% 576
$50,000-$99,999 24% 72% 3% 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 22% 75% 2% 1% 1,053

Views about human evolution among adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong by household income

% of adults who say philosophy/reason is their primary source of guidance on what's right and wrong who say humans…

Income distribution Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 829. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Less than $30,000 46% 24% 5% 22% 3% 829
$30,000-$49,999 48% 27% 4% 20% 2% 576
$50,000-$99,999 58% 23% 5% 13% 1% 1,027
$100,000 or more 64% 24% 5% 7% 1% 1,053