Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 7,973. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 7% 8% 1% 79% 5% 7,973
2007 9% 11% 1% 71% 8% 6,275

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 151. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 1% 4% < 1% 84% 11% 151
Catholic 9% 14% 2% 69% 7% 709
Evangelical Protestant 42% 28% 4% 23% 4% 503
Jewish 2% 11% 1% 79% 7% 461
Mainline Protestant 7% 16% 1% 67% 9% 861
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 2% 3% < 1% 91% 4% 4,429

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 17% 34% 34% 14% 428
Word of God; not everything taken literally 23% 30% 28% 18% 575
Not the word of God 30% 36% 21% 14% 6,409
Other/don't know 21% 31% 24% 24% 391

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 428. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 10% 14% 28% 36% 9% 2% 428
Word of God; not everything taken literally 16% 12% 26% 34% 11% 1% 575
Not the word of God 19% 20% 27% 25% 8% 1% 6,409
Other/don't know 10% 19% 24% 29% 16% 3% 391

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 42% 58% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 46% 54% 588
Not the word of God 61% 39% 6,487
Other/don't know 56% 44% 409

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 52% 16% 2% 28% 2% 432
Word of God; not everything taken literally 62% 9% 2% 21% 5% 576
Not the word of God 75% 4% 6% 11% 4% 6,396
Other/don't know 62% 5% 12% 15% 6% 396

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 435. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 27% 8% 66% 435
Word of God; not everything taken literally 20% 11% 69% 583
Not the word of God 15% 14% 72% 6,424
Other/don't know 24% 12% 64% 401

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 369. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 43% 23% 21% 13% 369
Word of God; not everything taken literally 36% 23% 23% 18% 519
Not the word of God 23% 18% 30% 29% 5,918
Other/don't know 29% 21% 27% 22% 331

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 30% 12% 6% 432
Word of God; not everything taken literally 44% 29% 15% 12% 585
Not the word of God 26% 29% 25% 19% 6,463
Other/don't know 30% 33% 19% 18% 404

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 435. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 52% 7% 14% 7% 20% 435
Word of God; not everything taken literally 47% 6% 15% 4% 28% 586
Not the word of God 43% 11% 11% 3% 31% 6,462
Other/don't know 50% 9% 11% 7% 23% 406

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 437. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 28% 72% 437
Word of God; not everything taken literally 28% 72% 587
Not the word of God 24% 76% 6,468
Other/don't know 29% 71% 407

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 83% 13% 1% < 1% 1% 1% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 64% 22% 7% < 1% 6% 1% 588
Not the word of God 12% 20% 14% 1% 49% 5% 6,487
Other/don't know 33% 25% 11% 2% 22% 7% 409

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 79% 12% 5% 4% < 1% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 29% 12% 8% 1% 588
Not the word of God 7% 19% 27% 47% 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 26% 27% 25% 21% 1% 409

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 60% 23% 17% 1% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 35% 38% 27% < 1% 588
Not the word of God 4% 25% 71% < 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 11% 36% 52% < 1% 409

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 75% 14% 3% 8% 1% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 56% 16% 6% 22% 1% 588
Not the word of God 12% 8% 6% 74% < 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 28% 13% 8% 48% 3% 409

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 52% 9% 9% 28% 1% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 26% 9% 9% 56% < 1% 588
Not the word of God 3% 2% 3% 92% < 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 9% 6% 6% 78% 1% 409

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 7% 3% 32% 3% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 42% 8% 5% 43% 3% 588
Not the word of God 28% 11% 6% 55% 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 38% 8% 5% 47% 2% 409

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 74% 10% 4% 10% 2% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 15% 12% 21% 1% 588
Not the word of God 38% 16% 11% 33% 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 47% 11% 8% 30% 4% 409

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 12% 13% 24% 4% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 12% 11% 26% < 1% 588
Not the word of God 50% 17% 14% 19% 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 46% 12% 13% 26% 2% 409

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 63% 4% 24% 7% 2% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 31% 11% 44% 11% 2% 588
Not the word of God 2% 21% 54% 21% 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 10% 14% 54% 14% 8% 409

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 56% 41% 1% 2% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 36% 62% 1% 1% 588
Not the word of God 17% 81% 1% 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 22% 71% 4% 3% 409

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 67% 10% 5% 17% 1% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 36% 10% 8% 45% 1% 588
Not the word of God 4% 4% 7% 85% < 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 15% 7% 8% 69% 1% 409

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 54% 5% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 18% 79% 3% 588
Not the word of God 2% 97% 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 6% 89% 5% 409

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 24% 31% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 34% 26% 40% 588
Not the word of God 21% 16% 63% 6,487
Other/don't know 23% 32% 44% 409

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 50% 26% 14% 10% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 33% 32% 26% 9% 588
Not the word of God 14% 34% 48% 4% 6,487
Other/don't know 18% 35% 35% 12% 409

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 50% 46% 1% 2% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 52% 44% 1% 3% 588
Not the word of God 47% 47% 4% 3% 6,487
Other/don't know 44% 37% 10% 9% 409

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 45% 2% 2% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 52% 3% 1% 588
Not the word of God 31% 65% 3% 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 32% 51% 11% 6% 409

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 24% 73% 3% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 53% 43% 4% 588
Not the word of God 85% 12% 3% 6,487
Other/don't know 69% 22% 9% 409

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 37% 57% 3% 3% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 62% 30% 4% 3% 588
Not the word of God 90% 7% 2% 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 74% 15% 6% 5% 409

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 28% 66% 5% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 57% 36% 7% 588
Not the word of God 87% 10% 4% 6,487
Other/don't know 66% 20% 14% 409

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 50% 45% 2% 4% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 31% 63% 3% 3% 588
Not the word of God 21% 76% 2% 2% 6,487
Other/don't know 25% 62% 6% 7% 409

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 438. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 12% 16% 1% 66% 5% 438
Word of God; not everything taken literally 26% 30% 3% 38% 2% 588
Not the word of God 81% 8% 3% 7% 1% 6,487
Other/don't know 45% 17% 12% 17% 8% 409