Interpreting scripture among adults with a household income of less than $30,000

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 8,845. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 40% 23% 3% 27% 7% 8,845
2007 44% 23% 4% 20% 9% 8,068

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by religious group

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 39% 27% 3% 23% 7% 1,812
Evangelical Protestant 57% 26% 4% 8% 5% 2,370
Historically Black Protestant 67% 19% 2% 8% 4% 791
Jehovah's Witness 54% 36% 2% 3% 5% 102
Mainline Protestant 37% 30% 2% 22% 9% 1,208
Mormon 41% 46% 3% 6% 4% 131
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 16% 15% 1% 60% 8% 1,852

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 3,426. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 17% 33% 28% 22% 3,426
Word of God; not everything taken literally 31% 28% 22% 19% 2,055
Word of God; other/don't know 13% 26% 28% 32% 262
Not the word of God 40% 29% 18% 13% 2,362
Other/don't know 22% 28% 29% 21% 663

Generational cohort among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 3,426. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 9% 14% 27% 33% 15% 2% 3,426
Word of God; not everything taken literally 19% 18% 23% 27% 13% 1% 2,055
Word of God; other/don't know 6% 9% 24% 33% 23% 4% 262
Not the word of God 23% 25% 21% 22% 8% 1% 2,362
Other/don't know 11% 17% 23% 34% 13% 2% 663

Gender composition among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 38% 62% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 60% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 36% 64% 267
Not the word of God 51% 49% 2,376
Other/don't know 45% 55% 672

Racial and ethnic composition among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 3,432. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 42% 25% 2% 27% 4% 3,432
Word of God; not everything taken literally 59% 14% 2% 19% 5% 2,061
Word of God; other/don't know 59% 13% 1% 23% 4% 263
Not the word of God 62% 9% 4% 20% 6% 2,352
Other/don't know 59% 13% 3% 20% 5% 656

Immigrant status among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 3,389. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 23% 8% 69% 3,389
Word of God; not everything taken literally 17% 10% 73% 2,046
Word of God; other/don't know 22% 5% 72% 262
Not the word of God 15% 14% 71% 2,338
Other/don't know 18% 9% 73% 650

Educational distribution among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 3,446. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 70% 24% 4% 1% 3,446
Word of God; not everything taken literally 57% 33% 7% 3% 2,072
Word of God; other/don't know 63% 27% 7% 3% 265
Not the word of God 49% 36% 10% 5% 2,369
Other/don't know 55% 35% 9% 2% 665

Marital status among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 3,446. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 33% 8% 21% 13% 25% 3,446
Word of God; not everything taken literally 28% 9% 20% 10% 34% 2,071
Word of God; other/don't know 30% 6% 21% 21% 22% 265
Not the word of God 20% 14% 18% 6% 41% 2,368
Other/don't know 22% 12% 23% 11% 32% 666

Parent of children under 18 among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 3,452. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 31% 69% 3,452
Word of God; not everything taken literally 29% 71% 2,072
Word of God; other/don't know 24% 76% 266
Not the word of God 25% 75% 2,370
Other/don't know 24% 76% 669

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 84% 13% 2% 1% < 1% < 1% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 73% 23% 3% 1% 1% < 1% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 79% 16% 1% 2% < 1% 2% 267
Not the word of God 34% 26% 13% 1% 23% 4% 2,376
Other/don't know 61% 23% 5% 3% 4% 4% 672

Importance of religion in one's life among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 83% 13% 2% 1% < 1% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 58% 32% 7% 3% < 1% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 74% 21% 3% 1% 1% 267
Not the word of God 21% 32% 19% 26% 1% 2,376
Other/don't know 50% 26% 14% 6% 3% 672

Attendance at religious services among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 53% 30% 15% 1% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 35% 39% 26% 1% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 48% 30% 22% < 1% 267
Not the word of God 11% 30% 59% < 1% 2,376
Other/don't know 23% 37% 38% 2% 672

Frequency of prayer among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 77% 14% 3% 5% < 1% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 63% 20% 6% 10% < 1% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 79% 8% 3% 7% 2% 267
Not the word of God 31% 14% 8% 46% 1% 2,376
Other/don't know 55% 14% 8% 20% 4% 672

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 43% 14% 9% 33% 1% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 25% 11% 11% 53% < 1% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 34% 10% 10% 44% 2% 267
Not the word of God 6% 5% 5% 84% < 1% 2,376
Other/don't know 15% 8% 8% 65% 4% 672

Frequency of meditation among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 56% 8% 3% 31% 2% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 8% 4% 45% 1% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 53% 5% 2% 35% 5% 267
Not the word of God 33% 10% 4% 51% 1% 2,376
Other/don't know 43% 10% 4% 39% 3% 672

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 72% 11% 7% 9% 1% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 59% 16% 9% 15% 1% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 65% 11% 10% 8% 6% 267
Not the word of God 42% 17% 10% 31% 1% 2,376
Other/don't know 54% 13% 9% 20% 3% 672

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 49% 13% 10% 26% 2% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 44% 15% 13% 27% 1% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 12% 12% 23% 10% 267
Not the word of God 52% 15% 9% 24% 1% 2,376
Other/don't know 49% 11% 12% 25% 4% 672

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 6% 32% 6% 2% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 34% 10% 49% 6% 2% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 43% 3% 37% 5% 12% 267
Not the word of God 9% 17% 58% 15% 1% 2,376
Other/don't know 22% 10% 55% 7% 5% 672

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 35% 62% 1% 2% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 30% 68% 1% 1% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 34% 57% 4% 5% 267
Not the word of God 18% 79% 1% 1% 2,376
Other/don't know 25% 68% 5% 2% 672

Frequency of reading scripture among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 61% 11% 6% 21% 1% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 38% 14% 11% 37% < 1% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 53% 10% 6% 29% 2% 267
Not the word of God 13% 8% 7% 71% < 1% 2,376
Other/don't know 32% 11% 9% 47% 2% 672

Belief in Heaven among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 92% 4% 4% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 88% 8% 4% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 84% 6% 11% 267
Not the word of God 48% 43% 9% 2,376
Other/don't know 67% 12% 21% 672

Belief in Hell among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 80% 13% 6% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 71% 24% 6% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 74% 10% 15% 267
Not the word of God 33% 58% 9% 2,376
Other/don't know 52% 27% 21% 672

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 30% 21% 49% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 21% 48% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 28% 34% 38% 267
Not the word of God 19% 25% 56% 2,376
Other/don't know 20% 34% 46% 672

Political ideology among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 43% 28% 21% 8% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 33% 38% 22% 7% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 41% 26% 18% 16% 267
Not the word of God 19% 33% 40% 8% 2,376
Other/don't know 26% 33% 26% 15% 672

Views about size of government among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 31% 64% 2% 3% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 44% 51% 2% 3% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 33% 50% 5% 11% 267
Not the word of God 42% 50% 4% 4% 2,376
Other/don't know 34% 45% 9% 12% 672

Views about government aid to the poor among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 37% 57% 4% 3% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 37% 58% 4% 1% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 37% 46% 11% 6% 267
Not the word of God 30% 65% 3% 2% 2,376
Other/don't know 29% 55% 11% 6% 672

Views about abortion among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 33% 62% 4% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 50% 3% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 35% 48% 17% 267
Not the word of God 71% 26% 4% 2,376
Other/don't know 53% 34% 13% 672

Views about homosexuality among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 43% 49% 4% 4% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 63% 31% 4% 2% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 40% 6% 10% 267
Not the word of God 83% 13% 3% 2% 2,376
Other/don't know 61% 23% 8% 8% 672

Views about same-sex marriage among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 32% 60% 9% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 53% 40% 7% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 30% 47% 23% 267
Not the word of God 75% 18% 7% 2,376
Other/don't know 55% 29% 16% 672

Views about environmental regulation among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 48% 2% 5% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 40% 57% 1% 2% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 32% 44% 8% 16% 267
Not the word of God 30% 65% 2% 3% 2,376
Other/don't know 35% 51% 5% 8% 672

Views about human evolution among adults with a household income of less than $30,000 by interpretation of scripture

% of adults with a household income of less than $30,000 who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,455. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 16% 24% 3% 52% 6% 3,455
Word of God; not everything taken literally 22% 33% 2% 39% 3% 2,075
Word of God; other/don't know 14% 19% 7% 37% 23% 267
Not the word of God 55% 19% 4% 19% 3% 2,376
Other/don't know 28% 24% 11% 25% 12% 672