Interpreting scripture among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 13,702. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 28% 4% 12% 5% 13,702

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Interpreting scripture among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by religious group

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say the holy scripture is…

Religious tradition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 36% 38% 3% 16% 7% 2,547
Evangelical Protestant 66% 23% 4% 4% 3% 5,738
Historically Black Protestant 70% 19% 2% 4% 5% 994
Jehovah's Witness 46% 41% 7% 1% 4% 188
Jewish 39% 37% 7% 10% 7% 119
Mainline Protestant 42% 34% 4% 13% 7% 2,103
Mormon 32% 58% 6% 2% 2% 468
Muslim 56% 25% 10% 6% 3% 117
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 30% 19% 2% 41% 9% 1,117

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 6,622. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 11% 32% 32% 25% 6,622
Word of God; not everything taken literally 19% 34% 27% 21% 4,000
Word of God; other/don't know 10% 30% 30% 31% 529
Not the word of God 17% 31% 29% 23% 1,557
Other/don't know 11% 32% 31% 26% 687

Generational cohort among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 6,622. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 7% 9% 27% 38% 17% 2% 6,622
Word of God; not everything taken literally 12% 13% 28% 33% 14% 1% 4,000
Word of God; other/don't know 5% 7% 27% 37% 21% 3% 529
Not the word of God 11% 11% 26% 36% 14% 2% 1,557
Other/don't know 7% 11% 25% 38% 16% 4% 687

Gender composition among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 54% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 53% 47% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 48% 52% 554
Not the word of God 73% 27% 1,584
Other/don't know 61% 39% 709

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 6,699. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 63% 18% 2% 14% 3% 6,699
Word of God; not everything taken literally 72% 10% 2% 12% 4% 4,026
Word of God; other/don't know 73% 9% 3% 10% 5% 537
Not the word of God 63% 10% 6% 17% 4% 1,560
Other/don't know 60% 15% 5% 16% 4% 686

Immigrant status among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 6,681. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 14% 6% 79% 6,681
Word of God; not everything taken literally 13% 8% 80% 4,033
Word of God; other/don't know 14% 7% 79% 542
Not the word of God 18% 12% 71% 1,560
Other/don't know 22% 5% 73% 696

Income distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 5,763. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 42% 22% 24% 11% 5,763
Word of God; not everything taken literally 29% 20% 31% 19% 3,610
Word of God; other/don't know 33% 19% 31% 17% 427
Not the word of God 35% 20% 27% 18% 1,414
Other/don't know 40% 23% 21% 16% 548

Educational distribution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 6,732. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 54% 30% 12% 5% 6,732
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 33% 18% 10% 4,056
Word of God; other/don't know 41% 34% 16% 9% 546
Not the word of God 52% 27% 11% 9% 1,573
Other/don't know 46% 34% 13% 8% 704

Marital status among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 6,754. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 57% 3% 14% 10% 16% 6,754
Word of God; not everything taken literally 57% 4% 12% 6% 20% 4,063
Word of God; other/don't know 65% 1% 11% 11% 12% 549
Not the word of God 49% 7% 15% 8% 22% 1,577
Other/don't know 48% 6% 16% 10% 19% 698

Parent of children under 18 among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 6,760. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 29% 71% 6,760
Word of God; not everything taken literally 32% 68% 4,055
Word of God; other/don't know 28% 72% 548
Not the word of God 26% 74% 1,579
Other/don't know 27% 73% 702

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 91% 7% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 84% 14% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 89% 7% 1% 2% < 1% 1% 554
Not the word of God 42% 28% 12% 1% 13% 4% 1,584
Other/don't know 70% 19% 3% 3% 2% 4% 709

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 89% 9% 1% 1% < 1% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 74% 22% 3% 1% < 1% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 84% 12% 1% 1% 2% 554
Not the word of God 28% 34% 20% 17% 1% 1,584
Other/don't know 60% 26% 7% 5% 2% 709

Attendance at religious services among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 68% 22% 10% < 1% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 55% 31% 13% < 1% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 65% 20% 15% 1% 554
Not the word of God 16% 36% 48% < 1% 1,584
Other/don't know 36% 39% 23% 2% 709

Frequency of prayer among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 84% 10% 2% 3% 1% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 73% 16% 5% 6% 1% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 84% 10% 1% 2% 2% 554
Not the word of God 33% 17% 10% 40% < 1% 1,584
Other/don't know 62% 14% 6% 14% 4% 709

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 53% 13% 9% 25% 1% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 36% 12% 11% 41% 1% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 48% 10% 8% 33% 1% 554
Not the word of God 9% 5% 7% 79% < 1% 1,584
Other/don't know 26% 10% 9% 54% 1% 709

Frequency of meditation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 56% 6% 3% 32% 2% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 45% 7% 4% 42% 1% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 49% 6% 3% 35% 6% 554
Not the word of God 32% 8% 5% 54% 1% 1,584
Other/don't know 42% 8% 4% 43% 4% 709

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 79% 9% 5% 6% 1% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 67% 15% 8% 9% 1% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 77% 8% 6% 5% 4% 554
Not the word of God 40% 14% 12% 33% 1% 1,584
Other/don't know 58% 12% 7% 19% 3% 709

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 47% 14% 10% 26% 2% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 44% 18% 12% 24% 1% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 44% 12% 11% 26% 7% 554
Not the word of God 42% 13% 16% 29% < 1% 1,584
Other/don't know 46% 12% 11% 26% 5% 709

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 68% 3% 24% 3% 2% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 52% 5% 36% 4% 2% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 60% 3% 25% 3% 9% 554
Not the word of God 14% 11% 61% 13% 1% 1,584
Other/don't know 35% 6% 49% 4% 6% 709

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 52% 46% 1% 1% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 48% 50% 1% 1% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 53% 38% 5% 3% 554
Not the word of God 29% 69% 1% 1% 1,584
Other/don't know 34% 61% 3% 2% 709

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 70% 10% 5% 14% 1% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 12% 9% 27% 1% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 69% 8% 8% 13% 2% 554
Not the word of God 15% 7% 9% 68% < 1% 1,584
Other/don't know 38% 12% 8% 39% 3% 709

Belief in Heaven among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 91% 5% 5% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 90% 6% 5% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 83% 4% 14% 554
Not the word of God 56% 35% 9% 1,584
Other/don't know 70% 11% 19% 709

Belief in Hell among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 85% 9% 5% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 77% 17% 7% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 76% 10% 14% 554
Not the word of God 41% 50% 9% 1,584
Other/don't know 59% 21% 19% 709

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 52% 16% 32% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 60% 14% 27% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 55% 22% 23% 554
Not the word of God 48% 20% 32% 1,584
Other/don't know 39% 26% 35% 709

Political ideology among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 61% 21% 12% 6% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 58% 29% 8% 5% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 57% 20% 8% 14% 554
Not the word of God 43% 33% 18% 6% 1,584
Other/don't know 46% 30% 13% 12% 709

Views about size of government among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 57% 38% 2% 3% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 69% 27% 2% 2% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 63% 21% 6% 11% 554
Not the word of God 67% 30% 2% 2% 1,584
Other/don't know 56% 31% 6% 7% 709

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 55% 39% 3% 2% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 61% 35% 3% 1% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 57% 28% 9% 7% 554
Not the word of God 59% 36% 3% 2% 1,584
Other/don't know 48% 40% 8% 4% 709

Views about abortion among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 24% 73% 3% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 29% 68% 3% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 20% 68% 12% 554
Not the word of God 55% 42% 3% 1,584
Other/don't know 35% 53% 12% 709

Views about homosexuality among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 18% 77% 3% 2% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 29% 64% 5% 3% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 12% 76% 6% 6% 554
Not the word of God 37% 55% 4% 3% 1,584
Other/don't know 24% 59% 10% 7% 709

Views about environmental regulation among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 52% 42% 2% 4% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 50% 46% 2% 2% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 47% 35% 8% 10% 554
Not the word of God 51% 44% 2% 3% 1,584
Other/don't know 46% 39% 6% 8% 709

Views about human evolution among adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage by interpretation of scripture

% of adults who oppose or strongly oppose gay marriage who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 6,782. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 9% 18% 2% 65% 6% 6,782
Word of God; not everything taken literally 13% 33% 2% 48% 4% 4,073
Word of God; other/don't know 8% 16% 4% 56% 15% 554
Not the word of God 41% 24% 4% 28% 4% 1,584
Other/don't know 19% 27% 9% 35% 10% 709