Political ideology

% of adults who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 35,071. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 33% 24% 7% 35,071
2007 37% 36% 20% 7% 35,556

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

Political ideology by religious group

% of adults who are…

Religious tradition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 264. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 16% 36% 44% 4% 264
Catholic 37% 36% 22% 5% 7,202
Evangelical Protestant 55% 27% 13% 6% 8,593
Hindu 14% 38% 43% 4% 199
Historically Black Protestant 36% 33% 24% 7% 1,916
Jehovah's Witness 20% 18% 12% 50% 245
Jewish 21% 33% 43% 3% 847
Mainline Protestant 37% 38% 20% 5% 6,083
Mormon 61% 27% 9% 4% 664
Muslim 22% 39% 33% 6% 237
Orthodox Christian 34% 48% 16% 1% 186
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 18% 36% 39% 8% 7,556

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God by political ideology

% of adults who say they…

Political ideology Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 78% 14% 3% 1% 3% 1% 12,935
Moderate 59% 23% 6% 1% 9% 2% 11,653
Liberal 45% 24% 8% 1% 19% 3% 8,504
Don't know 65% 16% 5% 2% 8% 4% 1,979

Learn More: Believe in God; absolutely certain, Believe in God; fairly certain, Believe in God; not too/not at all certain, Do not believe in God

Importance of religion in one's life by political ideology

% of adults who say religion is…

Political ideology Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 70% 20% 6% 4% 1% 12,935
Moderate 47% 29% 13% 10% 1% 11,653
Liberal 36% 26% 16% 21% 1% 8,504
Don't know 55% 21% 9% 12% 3% 1,979

Learn More: Very important, Somewhat important, Not too important, Not at all important

Attendance at religious services by political ideology

% of adults who attend religious services…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 50% 30% 19% < 1% 12,935
Moderate 31% 38% 31% < 1% 11,653
Liberal 22% 34% 45% < 1% 8,504
Don't know 34% 28% 35% 3% 1,979

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month/a few times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of prayer by political ideology

% of adults who pray…

Political ideology At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 69% 14% 4% 12% 1% 12,935
Moderate 50% 17% 7% 25% 1% 11,653
Liberal 41% 16% 7% 37% 1% 8,504
Don't know 56% 12% 5% 23% 4% 1,979

Learn More: At least daily, Weekly, Monthly, Seldom/never

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups by political ideology

% of adults who attend prayer group…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 36% 11% 9% 44% 1% 12,935
Moderate 19% 9% 9% 63% < 1% 11,653
Liberal 15% 8% 6% 71% < 1% 8,504
Don't know 26% 8% 7% 57% 3% 1,979

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of meditation by political ideology

% of adults who meditate…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 45% 7% 3% 43% 2% 12,935
Moderate 37% 9% 5% 48% 1% 11,653
Liberal 38% 10% 5% 46% 1% 8,504
Don't know 40% 6% 3% 45% 6% 1,979

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing by political ideology

% of adults who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 67% 13% 7% 11% 1% 12,935
Moderate 55% 16% 11% 17% 1% 11,653
Liberal 52% 16% 11% 21% 1% 8,504
Don't know 54% 12% 7% 21% 7% 1,979

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe by political ideology

% of adults who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 46% 16% 11% 25% 2% 12,935
Moderate 43% 17% 15% 24% 1% 11,653
Liberal 49% 16% 13% 21% 1% 8,504
Don't know 42% 11% 9% 32% 6% 1,979

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Sources of guidance on right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Political ideology Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 50% 6% 37% 5% 2% 12,935
Moderate 26% 12% 51% 9% 2% 11,653
Liberal 18% 17% 48% 15% 2% 8,504
Don't know 35% 6% 46% 6% 6% 1,979

Learn More: Religion, Philosophy/reason, Common sense, Science

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong by political ideology

% of adults who say…

Political ideology There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 48% 49% 2% 1% 12,935
Moderate 27% 71% 1% 1% 11,653
Liberal 19% 79% 1% 1% 8,504
Don't know 31% 62% 4% 4% 1,979

Learn More: There are clear standards for what is right and wrong, Right or wrong depends on the situation

Frequency of reading scripture by political ideology

% of adults who read scripture…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 49% 11% 8% 31% 1% 12,935
Moderate 29% 11% 9% 50% 1% 11,653
Liberal 22% 9% 8% 60% < 1% 8,504
Don't know 37% 8% 6% 46% 3% 1,979

Learn More: At least once a week, Once or twice a month, Several times a year, Seldom/never

Interpreting scripture by political ideology

% of adults who say the holy scripture is…

Political ideology Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 45% 30% 3% 17% 6% 12,935
Moderate 23% 30% 2% 37% 8% 11,653
Liberal 19% 19% 1% 54% 7% 8,504
Don't know 34% 19% 7% 26% 14% 1,979

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

Belief in Heaven by political ideology

% of adults who …in heaven

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 83% 10% 7% 12,935
Moderate 72% 21% 7% 11,653
Liberal 56% 37% 7% 8,504
Don't know 69% 18% 13% 1,979

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe

Belief in Hell by political ideology

% of adults who …in hell

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 12,935. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 72% 20% 8% 12,935
Moderate 56% 36% 8% 11,653
Liberal 41% 53% 7% 8,504
Don't know 54% 32% 14% 1,979

Learn More: Believe, Don't believe