Political ideology among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 21,904. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 31% 17% 7% 21,904
2007 43% 35% 16% 7% 25,667

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

Political ideology among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by religious group

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Religious tradition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 41% 36% 18% 5% 4,775
Evangelical Protestant 58% 26% 11% 6% 7,594
Historically Black Protestant 37% 32% 24% 7% 1,694
Jehovah's Witness 20% 18% 10% 53% 221
Jewish 34% 34% 27% 4% 277
Mainline Protestant 41% 36% 17% 5% 3,989
Mormon 65% 25% 7% 3% 576
Muslim 24% 38% 31% 7% 192
Orthodox Christian 37% 51% 11% 2% 113
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 27% 33% 29% 11% 1,805

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are ages…

Political ideology 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 9,974. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 14% 33% 31% 23% 9,974
Moderate 21% 34% 28% 18% 6,713
Liberal 21% 35% 28% 16% 3,531
Don't know 24% 35% 24% 18% 1,206

Generational cohort among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Political ideology Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 9,974. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 8% 10% 28% 37% 15% 1% 9,974
Moderate 13% 13% 29% 33% 11% 1% 6,713
Liberal 13% 15% 28% 33% 10% 1% 3,531
Don't know 13% 18% 27% 29% 12% 1% 1,206

Gender composition among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Political ideology Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 48% 52% 10,183
Moderate 40% 60% 6,834
Liberal 39% 61% 3,581
Don't know 39% 61% 1,306

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who identify as…

Political ideology White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 10,021. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 73% 12% 2% 11% 3% 10,021
Moderate 62% 16% 3% 15% 4% 6,746
Liberal 50% 22% 4% 20% 5% 3,532
Don't know 53% 20% 2% 17% 7% 1,260

Immigrant status among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Political ideology Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 10,094. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 10% 8% 82% 10,094
Moderate 13% 10% 77% 6,775
Liberal 18% 12% 70% 3,520
Don't know 19% 6% 75% 1,225

Income distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who have a household income of…

Political ideology Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 8,757. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 32% 21% 30% 18% 8,757
Moderate 36% 22% 27% 16% 6,023
Liberal 44% 21% 21% 14% 3,239
Don't know 59% 19% 15% 7% 851

Educational distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who have completed…

Political ideology High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 10,144. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 43% 33% 16% 8% 10,144
Moderate 39% 34% 16% 10% 6,811
Liberal 44% 31% 14% 11% 3,565
Don't know 58% 30% 7% 4% 1,252

Marital status among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Political ideology Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 10,145. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 59% 4% 12% 8% 17% 10,145
Moderate 48% 6% 14% 8% 24% 6,809
Liberal 40% 9% 18% 7% 26% 3,568
Don't know 42% 6% 16% 9% 27% 1,282

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are…

Political ideology Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 10,146. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 30% 70% 10,146
Moderate 30% 70% 6,807
Liberal 30% 70% 3,578
Don't know 31% 69% 1,288

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say religion is…

Political ideology Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 82% 15% 2% 1% 1% 10,183
Moderate 69% 24% 4% 3% < 1% 6,834
Liberal 63% 26% 5% 5% 1% 3,581
Don't know 74% 17% 4% 3% 2% 1,306

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who attend religious services…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 59% 28% 13% < 1% 10,183
Moderate 44% 37% 18% < 1% 6,834
Liberal 35% 39% 26% < 1% 3,581
Don't know 45% 28% 24% 3% 1,306

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who pray…

Political ideology At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 80% 13% 3% 4% 1% 10,183
Moderate 70% 18% 4% 7% 1% 6,834
Liberal 67% 18% 5% 9% 1% 3,581
Don't know 74% 12% 4% 8% 3% 1,306

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who attend prayer group…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 43% 12% 10% 35% 1% 10,183
Moderate 28% 12% 10% 49% 1% 6,834
Liberal 25% 11% 8% 55% < 1% 3,581
Don't know 36% 9% 8% 45% 2% 1,306

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who meditate…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 50% 7% 3% 38% 2% 10,183
Moderate 45% 8% 5% 41% 1% 6,834
Liberal 50% 8% 4% 36% 2% 3,581
Don't know 49% 5% 2% 37% 6% 1,306

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 75% 12% 6% 5% 1% 10,183
Moderate 68% 15% 8% 8% 1% 6,834
Liberal 67% 14% 8% 11% 1% 3,581
Don't know 66% 11% 6% 11% 6% 1,306

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 48% 16% 10% 25% 2% 10,183
Moderate 44% 17% 13% 25% 1% 6,834
Liberal 50% 14% 11% 24% 1% 3,581
Don't know 45% 11% 7% 31% 6% 1,306

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Political ideology Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 59% 5% 30% 3% 2% 10,183
Moderate 39% 8% 45% 5% 2% 6,834
Liberal 31% 12% 47% 8% 3% 3,581
Don't know 46% 4% 40% 4% 6% 1,306

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say…

Political ideology There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 53% 45% 2% 1% 10,183
Moderate 32% 67% 1% 1% 6,834
Liberal 24% 74% 1% 1% 3,581
Don't know 36% 56% 4% 4% 1,306

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who read scripture…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 59% 11% 8% 22% 1% 10,183
Moderate 43% 13% 10% 33% 1% 6,834
Liberal 39% 12% 10% 38% 1% 3,581
Don't know 50% 9% 7% 31% 3% 1,306

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say the holy scripture is…

Political ideology Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 53% 31% 4% 8% 5% 10,183
Moderate 34% 38% 3% 17% 8% 6,834
Liberal 33% 29% 2% 28% 8% 3,581
Don't know 45% 23% 8% 12% 12% 1,306

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who …in heaven

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 88% 5% 6% 10,183
Moderate 88% 7% 5% 6,834
Liberal 83% 12% 5% 3,581
Don't know 80% 10% 11% 1,306

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who …in hell

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 79% 13% 7% 10,183
Moderate 71% 22% 7% 6,834
Liberal 62% 31% 7% 3,581
Don't know 62% 27% 12% 1,306

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who identify as…

Political ideology Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 65% 12% 23% 10,183
Moderate 33% 18% 49% 6,834
Liberal 15% 17% 68% 3,581
Don't know 13% 62% 25% 1,306

Views about size of government among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who would rather have…

Political ideology Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 70% 26% 2% 2% 10,183
Moderate 50% 43% 4% 4% 6,834
Liberal 31% 63% 3% 3% 3,581
Don't know 33% 46% 7% 14% 1,306

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say government aid to the poor…

Political ideology Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 63% 32% 4% 2% 10,183
Moderate 40% 54% 4% 2% 6,834
Liberal 29% 66% 4% 2% 3,581
Don't know 37% 47% 8% 8% 1,306

Views about abortion among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say abortion should be…

Political ideology Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 28% 68% 4% 10,183
Moderate 53% 43% 4% 6,834
Liberal 62% 34% 4% 3,581
Don't know 35% 51% 13% 1,306

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say homosexuality…

Political ideology Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 35% 56% 5% 4% 10,183
Moderate 63% 29% 4% 4% 6,834
Liberal 70% 24% 3% 3% 3,581
Don't know 43% 39% 8% 10% 1,306

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who …same-sex marriage

Political ideology Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 24% 68% 7% 10,183
Moderate 53% 40% 8% 6,834
Liberal 64% 29% 6% 3,581
Don't know 34% 46% 19% 1,306

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say…

Political ideology Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 56% 38% 3% 3% 10,183
Moderate 34% 61% 3% 2% 6,834
Liberal 26% 69% 2% 3% 3,581
Don't know 36% 47% 5% 12% 1,306

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty by political ideology

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who say humans…

Political ideology Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 10,183. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 10% 26% 2% 56% 5% 10,183
Moderate 19% 35% 4% 38% 4% 6,834
Liberal 28% 32% 4% 32% 4% 3,581
Don't know 13% 22% 6% 43% 15% 1,306