Political ideology among adults who do not believe in God

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 3,414. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 13% 31% 50% 6% 3,414
2007 15% 34% 45% 6% 1,643

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in God by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Religious tradition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 0. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Catholic 25% 34% 40% 1% 114
Jewish 7% 23% 67% 3% 161
Mainline Protestant 24% 37% 36% 3% 111
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 12% 32% 50% 6% 2,736

Learn More: Conservative, Moderate, Liberal

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who are ages…

Political ideology 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 399. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 35% 27% 20% 17% 399
Moderate 38% 37% 15% 9% 1,038
Liberal 38% 34% 16% 12% 1,796
Don't know 44% 33% 14% 9% 139

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Political ideology Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 399. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 27% 14% 22% 24% 11% 2% 399
Moderate 27% 20% 29% 18% 6% 1% 1,038
Liberal 25% 22% 25% 20% 7% 1% 1,796
Don't know 28% 29% 21% 16% 7% 1% 139

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Political ideology Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 76% 24% 403
Moderate 72% 28% 1,048
Liberal 58% 42% 1,814
Don't know 67% 33% 149

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who identify as…

Political ideology White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 400. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 75% 2% 7% 13% 3% 400
Moderate 76% 3% 8% 9% 3% 1,032
Liberal 79% 2% 7% 8% 4% 1,797
Don't know 69% 3% 12% 10% 5% 143

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Political ideology Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 398. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 10% 18% 72% 398
Moderate 14% 14% 72% 1,035
Liberal 13% 15% 72% 1,800
Don't know 14% 13% 72% 143

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who have a household income of…

Political ideology Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 364. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 27% 19% 29% 25% 364
Moderate 22% 20% 31% 27% 952
Liberal 22% 17% 30% 30% 1,685
Don't know 40% 24% 21% 14% 119

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who have completed…

Political ideology High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 402. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 46% 29% 18% 7% 402
Moderate 30% 32% 24% 14% 1,046
Liberal 20% 29% 28% 22% 1,809
Don't know 54% 29% 9% 7% 146

Marital status among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Political ideology Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 400. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 43% 8% 11% 3% 35% 400
Moderate 38% 10% 8% 2% 42% 1,046
Liberal 38% 14% 9% 2% 37% 1,808
Don't know 34% 9% 5% 4% 48% 149

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who are…

Political ideology Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 401. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 20% 80% 401
Moderate 23% 77% 1,043
Liberal 20% 80% 1,811
Don't know 29% 71% 147

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who say religion is…

Political ideology Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 5% 7% 25% 62% 1% 403
Moderate 3% 8% 26% 62% < 1% 1,048
Liberal 2% 8% 21% 68% < 1% 1,814
Don't know 1% 6% 17% 74% 2% 149

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who attend religious services…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 4% 15% 81% < 1% 403
Moderate 1% 21% 77% < 1% 1,048
Liberal 2% 15% 82% < 1% 1,814
Don't know 1% 14% 83% 2% 149

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who pray…

Political ideology At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 5% 1% 4% 91% < 1% 403
Moderate 3% 2% 3% 92% < 1% 1,048
Liberal 2% 1% 3% 94% < 1% 1,814
Don't know 1% < 1% 2% 95% 2% 149

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who attend prayer group…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 2% 1% 1% 95% < 1% 403
Moderate 1% 1% 2% 96% < 1% 1,048
Liberal 1% 1% 2% 96% < 1% 1,814
Don't know 1% 2% 3% 92% 2% 149

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who meditate…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 15% 7% 4% 74% 1% 403
Moderate 17% 8% 5% 68% 1% 1,048
Liberal 21% 9% 6% 64% 1% 1,814
Don't know 12% 7% 3% 77% 1% 149

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 28% 9% 8% 53% 1% 403
Moderate 30% 14% 11% 43% 2% 1,048
Liberal 32% 18% 9% 40% 2% 1,814
Don't know 20% 9% 2% 63% 6% 149

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 36% 16% 16% 31% 2% 403
Moderate 42% 18% 15% 25% < 1% 1,048
Liberal 51% 18% 12% 18% 1% 1,814
Don't know 35% 12% 13% 38% 2% 149

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Political ideology Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 3% 10% 65% 21% 1% 403
Moderate 1% 18% 53% 27% 1% 1,048
Liberal 1% 23% 45% 29% 1% 1,814
Don't know 2% 11% 62% 19% 6% 149

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who say…

Political ideology There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 26% 72% < 1% 2% 403
Moderate 19% 80% < 1% 1% 1,048
Liberal 12% 87% 1% < 1% 1,814
Don't know 19% 77% 4% < 1% 149

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who read scripture…

Political ideology At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 4% 2% 4% 90% < 1% 403
Moderate 2% 4% 5% 90% < 1% 1,048
Liberal 2% 3% 5% 90% < 1% 1,814
Don't know < 1% 1% 4% 95% < 1% 149

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who say the holy scripture is…

Political ideology Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 2% 3% < 1% 90% 5% 403
Moderate 1% 1% < 1% 95% 3% 1,048
Liberal < 1% 2% < 1% 96% 2% 1,814
Don't know 1% 1% < 1% 85% 12% 149

Belief in Heaven among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who …in heaven

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 8% 87% 4% 403
Moderate 6% 90% 3% 1,048
Liberal 4% 94% 3% 1,814
Don't know 11% 81% 7% 149

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who …in hell

Political ideology Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 8% 88% 4% 403
Moderate 5% 91% 3% 1,048
Liberal 3% 96% 1% 1,814
Don't know 7% 84% 9% 149

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who identify as…

Political ideology Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 62% 15% 24% 403
Moderate 23% 22% 54% 1,048
Liberal 5% 9% 86% 1,814
Don't know 9% 65% 26% 149

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who would rather have…

Political ideology Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 76% 21% 2% 1% 403
Moderate 59% 35% 3% 4% 1,048
Liberal 24% 70% 3% 3% 1,814
Don't know 50% 37% 5% 8% 149

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who say government aid to the poor…

Political ideology Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 61% 33% 5% 1% 403
Moderate 37% 58% 4% 1% 1,048
Liberal 14% 83% 2% 1% 1,814
Don't know 43% 43% 8% 5% 149

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who say abortion should be…

Political ideology Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 74% 21% 4% 403
Moderate 84% 13% 2% 1,048
Liberal 92% 6% 2% 1,814
Don't know 67% 20% 13% 149

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who say homosexuality…

Political ideology Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 78% 15% 4% 3% 403
Moderate 91% 7% 2% 1% 1,048
Liberal 96% 3% 1% < 1% 1,814
Don't know 79% 11% 4% 6% 149

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who …same-sex marriage

Political ideology Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 71% 21% 8% 403
Moderate 88% 9% 3% 1,048
Liberal 96% 3% 1% 1,814
Don't know 72% 10% 19% 149

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who say…

Political ideology Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 51% 45% 2% 2% 403
Moderate 24% 72% 2% 3% 1,048
Liberal 8% 90% 1% < 1% 1,814
Don't know 24% 66% 3% 7% 149

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in God by political ideology

% of adults who do not believe in God who say humans…

Political ideology Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 403. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Conservative 79% 4% 2% 12% 3% 403
Moderate 87% 4% 1% 7% 1% 1,048
Liberal 92% 3% 1% 3% < 1% 1,814
Don't know 68% 7% 6% 12% 6% 149