Racial and ethnic composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by religious group

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Religious tradition White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 150. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Buddhist 56% 5% 15% 13% 10% 150
Catholic 54% 2% 3% 40% 1% 699
Evangelical Protestant 82% 5% 1% 7% 4% 494
Jewish 95% 1% < 1% 3% 2% 456
Mainline Protestant 87% 2% 1% 7% 3% 848
Unaffiliated (religious "nones") 74% 5% 6% 11% 4% 4,366

Learn More: White, Black, Asian, Latino, Other/Mixed

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are ages…

Racial and ethnic composition 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 24% 33% 25% 18% 6,031
Black 33% 34% 22% 10% 339
Asian 46% 42% 9% 3% 311
Latino 38% 41% 16% 6% 744
Other/Mixed 31% 38% 23% 8% 324

Generational cohort among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,031. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 15% 17% 26% 30% 11% 2% 6,031
Black 19% 23% 26% 26% 6% 1% 339
Asian 25% 31% 32% 10% 1% 1% 311
Latino 25% 23% 30% 18% 3% < 1% 744
Other/Mixed 22% 19% 27% 24% 7% < 1% 324

Gender composition among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Men Women Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 58% 42% 6,102
Black 58% 42% 347
Asian 61% 39% 316
Latino 58% 42% 753
Other/Mixed 56% 44% 330

Immigrant status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,060. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 7% 9% 84% 6,060
Black 13% 8% 79% 341
Asian 66% 27% 7% 311
Latino 51% 26% 23% 739
Other/Mixed 8% 15% 77% 327

Income distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have a household income of…

Racial and ethnic composition Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 5,545. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 22% 17% 31% 30% 5,545
Black 37% 22% 26% 15% 316
Asian 18% 22% 27% 34% 283
Latino 43% 24% 21% 12% 651
Other/Mixed 37% 21% 22% 20% 306

Educational distribution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who have completed…

Racial and ethnic composition High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,087. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 26% 29% 25% 19% 6,087
Black 39% 36% 16% 9% 345
Asian 18% 25% 28% 29% 314
Latino 54% 27% 13% 7% 745
Other/Mixed 27% 36% 22% 14% 327

Marital status among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,080. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 47% 10% 13% 4% 26% 6,080
Black 28% 13% 14% 5% 40% 347
Asian 47% 4% 3% 1% 46% 314
Latino 37% 14% 11% 1% 37% 750
Other/Mixed 37% 12% 14% 4% 34% 329

Parent of children under 18 among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,087. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 23% 77% 6,087
Black 26% 74% 346
Asian 26% 74% 316
Latino 34% 66% 750
Other/Mixed 27% 73% 330

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they…

Racial and ethnic composition Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 19% 20% 12% 1% 44% 5% 6,102
Black 49% 20% 8% 1% 19% 4% 347
Asian 14% 16% 19% < 1% 47% 3% 316
Latino 32% 23% 14% 1% 28% 2% 753
Other/Mixed 30% 20% 9% 1% 35% 5% 330

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say religion is…

Racial and ethnic composition Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 14% 17% 24% 44% 1% 6,102
Black 33% 24% 20% 22% 1% 347
Asian 9% 21% 35% 34% 1% 316
Latino 29% 25% 18% 28% < 1% 753
Other/Mixed 16% 26% 22% 36% < 1% 330

Attendance at religious services among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend religious services…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 10% 24% 66% < 1% 6,102
Black 22% 32% 46% < 1% 347
Asian 7% 34% 58% 1% 316
Latino 16% 34% 50% < 1% 753
Other/Mixed 15% 23% 62% < 1% 330

Frequency of prayer among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who pray…

Racial and ethnic composition At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 17% 9% 5% 68% 1% 6,102
Black 38% 13% 8% 39% 1% 347
Asian 16% 7% 9% 67% < 1% 316
Latino 30% 12% 7% 50% 1% 753
Other/Mixed 30% 9% 4% 57% 1% 330

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who attend prayer group…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 7% 3% 3% 87% < 1% 6,102
Black 21% 5% 8% 66% < 1% 347
Asian 5% 5% 7% 82% < 1% 316
Latino 12% 6% 6% 76% < 1% 753
Other/Mixed 8% 2% 7% 82% < 1% 330

Frequency of meditation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who meditate…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 29% 10% 6% 55% 1% 6,102
Black 50% 7% 4% 38% 1% 347
Asian 21% 12% 6% 59% 2% 316
Latino 38% 10% 5% 45% 3% 753
Other/Mixed 45% 9% 5% 40% 1% 330

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 40% 16% 10% 33% 2% 6,102
Black 53% 17% 8% 20% 3% 347
Asian 32% 18% 17% 31% 1% 316
Latino 52% 11% 11% 25% 1% 753
Other/Mixed 48% 19% 8% 23% 1% 330

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 50% 17% 13% 19% 1% 6,102
Black 49% 16% 10% 24% 1% 347
Asian 32% 17% 28% 23% 1% 316
Latino 51% 12% 12% 23% 2% 753
Other/Mixed 59% 16% 9% 14% 1% 330

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Racial and ethnic composition Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 8% 19% 53% 18% 2% 6,102
Black 20% 15% 49% 14% 2% 347
Asian 2% 20% 50% 26% 1% 316
Latino 16% 16% 45% 21% 2% 753
Other/Mixed 9% 20% 48% 19% 3% 330

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Racial and ethnic composition There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 22% 76% 1% 1% 6,102
Black 24% 74% 2% < 1% 347
Asian 13% 85% 1% < 1% 316
Latino 23% 74% 1% 2% 753
Other/Mixed 19% 75% 3% 3% 330

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who read scripture…

Racial and ethnic composition At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 9% 5% 6% 79% < 1% 6,102
Black 31% 7% 10% 52% 1% 347
Asian 7% 5% 8% 80% < 1% 316
Latino 17% 8% 8% 66% 1% 753
Other/Mixed 18% 4% 10% 66% 2% 330

Interpreting scripture among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say the holy scripture is…

Racial and ethnic composition Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 5% 7% 1% 83% 4% 6,102
Black 21% 14% 1% 60% 4% 347
Asian 2% 3% < 1% 84% 10% 316
Latino 14% 13% 1% 66% 6% 753
Other/Mixed 4% 11% < 1% 77% 8% 330

Belief in Hell among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …in hell

Racial and ethnic composition Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 6% 93% 1% 6,102
Black 14% 84% 1% 347
Asian 5% 94% 2% 316
Latino 10% 89% 1% 753
Other/Mixed 7% 89% 4% 330

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who identify as…

Racial and ethnic composition Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 26% 15% 59% 6,102
Black 10% 19% 70% 347
Asian 17% 24% 59% 316
Latino 17% 31% 52% 753
Other/Mixed 20% 23% 58% 330

Political ideology among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who are…

Racial and ethnic composition Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 18% 33% 45% 4% 6,102
Black 20% 31% 39% 10% 347
Asian 12% 34% 47% 8% 316
Latino 19% 35% 38% 8% 753
Other/Mixed 15% 33% 44% 8% 330

Views about size of government among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who would rather have…

Racial and ethnic composition Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 51% 42% 4% 3% 6,102
Black 36% 53% 6% 5% 347
Asian 40% 55% 3% 2% 316
Latino 35% 60% 2% 3% 753
Other/Mixed 45% 46% 5% 4% 330

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say government aid to the poor…

Racial and ethnic composition Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 34% 62% 3% 1% 6,102
Black 30% 64% 5% 1% 347
Asian 32% 62% 4% 2% 316
Latino 37% 58% 4% 1% 753
Other/Mixed 25% 69% 4% 2% 330

Views about abortion among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say abortion should be…

Racial and ethnic composition Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 81% 16% 3% 6,102
Black 63% 33% 4% 347
Asian 79% 16% 5% 316
Latino 59% 39% 3% 753
Other/Mixed 80% 15% 5% 330

Views about homosexuality among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say homosexuality…

Racial and ethnic composition Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 85% 11% 2% 2% 6,102
Black 68% 26% 4% 2% 347
Asian 82% 12% 1% 4% 316
Latino 76% 18% 2% 3% 753
Other/Mixed 84% 13% 2% 2% 330

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who …same-sex marriage

Racial and ethnic composition Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 82% 14% 4% 6,102
Black 64% 30% 6% 347
Asian 83% 13% 5% 316
Latino 71% 24% 5% 753
Other/Mixed 80% 16% 4% 330

Views about environmental regulation among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say…

Racial and ethnic composition Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 23% 73% 2% 2% 6,102
Black 24% 72% 3% 1% 347
Asian 22% 72% 2% 3% 316
Latino 28% 67% 2% 4% 753
Other/Mixed 23% 74% 3% 1% 330

Views about human evolution among adults who do not believe in Heaven by race/ethnicity

% of adults who do not believe in Heaven who say humans…

Racial and ethnic composition Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Note: Whites, blacks, Asians and those in the other/mixed category include only those who are not Latinos. Latinos include people of all races. Sample size = 6,102. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
White 75% 9% 3% 12% 1% 6,102
Black 44% 20% 4% 29% 3% 347
Asian 73% 7% 5% 11% 4% 316
Latino 52% 18% 3% 25% 2% 753
Other/Mixed 68% 13% 4% 13% 1% 330