DemographicInformation

Age distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 446. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 8% 25% 34% 33% 446
2007 8% 36% 30% 26% 660

Generational cohort among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 446. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 5% 5% 23% 41% 23% 3% 446
2007 < 1% 6% 24% 37% 24% 9% 660

Gender composition among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 59% 456
2007 39% 61% 672

Racial and ethnic composition among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 451. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 96% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 451
2007 96% 1% 1% 2% 1% 670

Immigrant status among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 452. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 2% 8% 90% 452
2007 3% 6% 91% 669

Income distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 386. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 18% 25% 33% 24% 386
2007 26% 23% 35% 16% 553

Educational distribution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 453. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 31% 35% 21% 14% 453

Marital status among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 65% 2% 10% 11% 12% 456
2007 64% 3% 10% 13% 10% 669

Parent of children under 18 among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 22% 78% 456
2007 31% 69% 671

BeliefsandPractices

Importance of religion in one's life among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 75% 22% 2% < 1% < 1% 456
2007 73% 25% 2% < 1% < 1% 672

Attendance at religious services among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 43% 46% 11% < 1% 456
2007 54% 39% 7% < 1% 672

Frequency of prayer among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 71% 22% 2% 5% 1% 456
2007 68% 21% 5% 5% 1% 672

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 21% 10% 14% 54% < 1% 456
2007 18% 17% 13% 52% < 1% 672

Frequency of meditation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 9% 5% 48% 1% 456
2007 39% 8% 5% 46% 3% 672

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 66% 19% 7% 7% 1% 456
2007 54% 18% 14% 9% 5% 672

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 19% 10% 25% 1% 456
2007 36% 15% 18% 26% 5% 672

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 42% 6% 46% 4% 3% 456
2007 34% 8% 52% 3% 2% 672

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 32% 66% 2% < 1% 456

Frequency of reading scripture among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 34% 12% 17% 37% < 1% 456
2007 37% 14% 11% 36% 1% 672

Interpreting scripture among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 25% 48% 2% 16% 9% 456
2007 27% 50% 3% 13% 7% 672

Belief in Heaven among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 91% 3% 6% 456
2007 87% 5% 8% 672

Belief in Hell among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 66% 24% 11% 456
2007 70% 18% 12% 672

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 11% 42% 456
2007 45% 13% 43% 672

Political ideology among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 37% 40% 21% 2% 456
2007 42% 42% 12% 4% 672

Views about size of government among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 65% 27% 5% 3% 456
2007 54% 32% 6% 8% 672

Views about government aid to the poor among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 49% 44% 6% 1% 456

Views about abortion among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 62% 36% 2% 456
2007 57% 36% 7% 672

Views about homosexuality among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 67% 26% 4% 3% 456
2007 53% 35% 6% 6% 672

Views about same-sex marriage among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 58% 34% 8% 456

Views about environmental regulation among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 60% 2% 1% 456
2007 25% 67% 3% 4% 672

Views about human evolution among adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA)

% of adults who believe in God with absolute certainty who are Evangelical Lutheran Church in America (ELCA) who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 13% 42% 4% 36% 4% 456