DemographicInformation

Age distribution among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are ages…

Survey year 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 448. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 10% 32% 28% 30% 448
2007 11% 32% 31% 26% 582

Learn More: age distribution, 50-64, 65+

Generational cohort among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Survey year Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 448. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 7% 6% 28% 35% 21% 2% 448
2007 < 1% 8% 21% 40% 25% 7% 582

Learn More: generational cohort, Baby Boomer, Silent

Gender composition among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Survey year Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 53% 459
2007 47% 53% 588

Learn More: gender composition, Men, Women

Racial and ethnic composition among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who identify as…

Survey year White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 456. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 95% 2% < 1% 1% 2% 456
2007 95% 2% 1% 1% 1% 583

Learn More: racial and ethnic composition, White

Immigrant status among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Survey year Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 457. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 3% 6% 92% 457
2007 2% 8% 90% 584

Learn More: immigrant status, Third generation or higher

Income distribution among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who have a household income of…

Survey year Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 390. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 22% 21% 34% 22% 390
2007 24% 20% 38% 17% 478

Learn More: income distribution, $50,000-$99,999

Educational distribution among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who have completed…

Survey year High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 457. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 35% 34% 20% 12% 457

Learn More: educational distribution, High school or less, Some college, College

Marital status among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Survey year Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 457. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 59% 4% 9% 12% 15% 457
2007 60% 5% 11% 13% 11% 586

Learn More: marital status, Married

Parent of children under 18 among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Survey year Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 457. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 22% 78% 457
2007 28% 72% 587

Learn More: parent of children under 18, Non-parents

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say they…

Survey year Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 80% 18% 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 459
2007 84% 12% 2% < 1% 1% 1% 588

Learn More: belief in God, Believe in God; absolutely certain

Importance of religion in one's life among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say religion is…

Survey year Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 65% 30% 3% 1% < 1% 459
2007 66% 28% 4% 1% < 1% 588

Learn More: importance of religion in one's life, Very important, Somewhat important

Attendance at religious services among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who attend religious services…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 47% 38% 16% < 1% 459
2007 41% 47% 11% < 1% 588

Learn More: attendance at religious services, At least once a week, Once or twice a month/a few times a year

Frequency of prayer among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who pray…

Survey year At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 64% 22% 7% 6% 1% 459
2007 64% 22% 6% 7% 2% 588

Learn More: frequency of prayer, At least daily

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who attend prayer group…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 23% 13% 10% 53% 1% 459
2007 19% 11% 11% 59% 1% 588

Learn More: frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups, At least once a week, Seldom/never

Frequency of meditation among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who meditate…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 5% 4% 49% 1% 459
2007 35% 7% 5% 50% 2% 588

Learn More: frequency of meditation, At least once a week, Seldom/never

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 63% 17% 8% 11% 1% 459
2007 55% 16% 13% 15% 2% 588

Learn More: frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing, At least once a week

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 40% 18% 12% 27% 2% 459
2007 36% 15% 14% 31% 4% 588

Learn More: frequency of feeling wonder about the universe, At least once a week, Seldom/never

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Survey year Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 41% 8% 45% 4% 2% 459
2007 34% 5% 55% 5% 1% 588

Learn More: sources of guidance on right and wrong, Religion, Common sense

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say…

Survey year There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 44% 55% 1% < 1% 459

Learn More: belief in absolute standards for right and wrong, There are clear standards for what is right and wrong, Right or wrong depends on the situation

Frequency of reading scripture among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who read scripture…

Survey year At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 36% 15% 10% 39% < 1% 459
2007 33% 15% 13% 39% 1% 588

Learn More: frequency of reading scripture, At least once a week, Seldom/never

Interpreting scripture among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 40% 41% 4% 11% 4% 459
2007 42% 35% 4% 15% 4% 588

Learn More: interpreting scripture, Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally

Belief in Heaven among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who …in heaven

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 88% 6% 6% 459
2007 85% 7% 8% 588

Learn More: belief in Heaven, Believe

Belief in Hell among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who …in hell

Survey year Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 75% 18% 7% 459
2007 72% 17% 11% 588

Learn More: belief in Hell, Believe

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who identify as…

Survey year Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 59% 14% 27% 459
2007 53% 13% 34% 588

Learn More: party affiliation, Republican/lean Rep., Democrat/lean Dem.

Political ideology among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who are…

Survey year Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 52% 33% 10% 4% 459
2007 48% 36% 12% 4% 588

Learn More: political ideology, Conservative, Moderate

Views about size of government among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who would rather have…

Survey year Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 72% 24% 2% 3% 459
2007 58% 33% 3% 5% 588

Learn More: views about size of government, Smaller government; fewer services

Views about government aid to the poor among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say government aid to the poor…

Survey year Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 62% 35% 2% 2% 459

Learn More: views about government aid to the poor, Does more harm than good, Does more good than harm

Views about abortion among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say abortion should be…

Survey year Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 51% 3% 459
2007 51% 45% 5% 588

Learn More: views about abortion, Legal in all/most cases, Illegal in all/most cases

Views about homosexuality among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say homosexuality…

Survey year Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 56% 37% 3% 3% 459
2007 44% 47% 4% 5% 588

Learn More: views about homosexuality, Should be accepted, Should be discouraged

Views about same-sex marriage among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who …same-sex marriage

Survey year Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 45% 48% 7% 459

Learn More: views about same-sex marriage, Strongly favor/favor, Oppose/strongly oppose

Views about environmental regulation among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say…

Survey year Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 46% 51% 1% 2% 459
2007 33% 57% 5% 5% 588

Learn More: views about environmental regulation, Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy, Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost

Views about human evolution among members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod

% of members of the Lutheran Church-Missouri Synod who say humans…

Survey year Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 459. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 18% 32% 2% 45% 3% 459

Learn More: views about human evolution, Evolved; due to God's design, Always existed in present form