Interpreting scripture among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say the holy scripture is…

Survey year Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 874. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
2014 17% 39% 2% 32% 10% 874
2007 21% 40% 2% 28% 9% 1,186

Learn More: Word of God; should be taken literally, Word of God; not everything taken literally, Not the word of God

DemographicInformation

Age distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are ages…

Interpreting scripture 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 142. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 7% 18% 31% 44% 142
Word of God; not everything taken literally 15% 32% 28% 25% 359
Not the word of God 15% 39% 28% 18% 256

Generational cohort among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Interpreting scripture Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 142. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 4% 5% 16% 39% 29% 8% 142
Word of God; not everything taken literally 11% 7% 29% 34% 17% 2% 359
Not the word of God 10% 10% 34% 34% 11% < 1% 256

Gender composition among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Interpreting scripture Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 34% 66% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 49% 51% 360
Not the word of God 53% 47% 266

Racial and ethnic composition among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who identify as…

Interpreting scripture White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 147. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 92% 2% 3% 3% < 1% 147
Word of God; not everything taken literally 98% 1% < 1% < 1% 1% 355
Not the word of God 92% 2% 2% 1% 4% 263

Immigrant status among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Interpreting scripture Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 147. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 3% 9% 87% 147
Word of God; not everything taken literally 3% 5% 92% 359
Not the word of God 2% 11% 87% 263

Income distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who have a household income of…

Interpreting scripture Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 123. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 43% 26% 20% 12% 123
Word of God; not everything taken literally 19% 23% 32% 27% 314
Not the word of God 16% 17% 35% 32% 234

Educational distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who have completed…

Interpreting scripture High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 63% 27% 5% 6% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 34% 33% 21% 12% 360
Not the word of God 30% 25% 26% 19% 262

Marital status among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Interpreting scripture Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 55% 3% 10% 18% 13% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 59% 5% 11% 7% 17% 359
Not the word of God 60% 6% 11% 3% 21% 265

Parent of children under 18 among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Interpreting scripture Parents Non-parents Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 17% 83% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 26% 74% 360
Not the word of God 32% 68% 265

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say they…

Interpreting scripture Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 87% 12% < 1% < 1% < 1% < 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 71% 26% 2% < 1% < 1% 1% 360
Not the word of God 37% 46% 9% < 1% 5% 3% 266

Importance of religion in one's life among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say religion is…

Interpreting scripture Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 72% 21% 7% < 1% < 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 55% 40% 4% 1% < 1% 360
Not the word of God 19% 51% 25% 4% 1% 266

Attendance at religious services among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who attend religious services…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 39% 39% 22% < 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 31% 49% 19% < 1% 360
Not the word of God 14% 55% 30% 1% 266

Frequency of prayer among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who pray…

Interpreting scripture At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 66% 28% 3% 3% < 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 50% 29% 9% 11% 1% 360
Not the word of God 30% 30% 10% 30% < 1% 266

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who attend prayer group…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 24% 18% 6% 52% < 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 12% 7% 14% 66% < 1% 360
Not the word of God 4% 3% 7% 86% < 1% 266

Frequency of meditation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who meditate…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 42% 7% 4% 45% 2% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 26% 9% 4% 60% 1% 360
Not the word of God 23% 10% 7% 60% 1% 266

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 59% 17% 11% 12% 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 50% 24% 10% 15% 1% 360
Not the word of God 48% 18% 15% 19% < 1% 266

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 39% 14% 9% 37% 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 41% 20% 11% 27% 1% 360
Not the word of God 39% 21% 17% 22% 1% 266

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Interpreting scripture Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 46% 2% 44% 7% 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 33% 4% 58% 4% 2% 360
Not the word of God 10% 17% 63% 8% 3% 266

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say…

Interpreting scripture There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 34% 66% < 1% < 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 31% 67% 1% < 1% 360
Not the word of God 22% 77% 1% < 1% 266

Frequency of reading scripture among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who read scripture…

Interpreting scripture At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 41% 16% 13% 29% 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 22% 14% 17% 46% < 1% 360
Not the word of God 8% 8% 14% 70% < 1% 266

Belief in Heaven among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …in heaven

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 93% 4% 3% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 90% 3% 7% 360
Not the word of God 66% 22% 12% 266

Belief in Hell among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …in hell

Interpreting scripture Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 76% 15% 9% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 68% 22% 10% 360
Not the word of God 40% 50% 10% 266

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who identify as…

Interpreting scripture Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 40% 14% 46% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 51% 14% 35% 360
Not the word of God 40% 12% 48% 266

Political ideology among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Interpreting scripture Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 42% 40% 14% 4% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 39% 38% 20% 3% 360
Not the word of God 27% 41% 29% 3% 266

Views about size of government among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who would rather have…

Interpreting scripture Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 60% 35% 4% 2% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 68% 27% 3% 3% 360
Not the word of God 64% 30% 4% 2% 266

Views about government aid to the poor among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor…

Interpreting scripture Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 51% 47% 1% 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 53% 39% 6% 3% 360
Not the word of God 44% 54% 2% < 1% 266

Views about abortion among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say abortion should be…

Interpreting scripture Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 45% 53% 2% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 60% 39% 2% 360
Not the word of God 82% 15% 3% 266

Views about homosexuality among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say homosexuality…

Interpreting scripture Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 38% 59% 2% 1% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 75% 20% 3% 2% 360
Not the word of God 86% 10% 3% 1% 266

Views about same-sex marriage among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …same-sex marriage

Interpreting scripture Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 35% 62% 3% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 63% 29% 8% 360
Not the word of God 80% 14% 6% 266

Views about environmental regulation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say…

Interpreting scripture Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 48% 48% 1% 3% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 37% 60% 2% 1% 360
Not the word of God 32% 66% < 1% 2% 266

Views about human evolution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by interpretation of scripture

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say humans…

Interpreting scripture Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 148. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Word of God; should be taken literally 11% 25% 2% 60% 3% 148
Word of God; not everything taken literally 19% 47% 4% 26% 4% 360
Not the word of God 51% 33% 3% 11% 2% 266