DemographicInformation

Age distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are ages…

Parent of children under 18 18-29 30-49 50-64 65+ Sample Size
Sample size = 169. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 8% 80% 11% 1% 169
Non-parents 15% 13% 36% 36% 683

Generational cohort among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Parent of children under 18 Younger Millennial Older Millennial Generation X Baby Boomer Silent Greatest Sample Size
Sample size = 169. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 2% 13% 73% 12% < 1% < 1% 169
Non-parents 12% 5% 11% 44% 24% 3% 683

Gender composition among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Parent of children under 18 Men Women Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 49% 51% 170
Non-parents 45% 55% 703

Racial and ethnic composition among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who identify as…

Parent of children under 18 White Black Asian Latino Other/Mixed Sample Size
Sample size = 167. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 95% < 1% 3% < 1% 2% 167
Non-parents 95% 2% < 1% 1% 2% 694

Immigrant status among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Parent of children under 18 Immigrants Second generation Third generation or higher Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 7% 5% 88% 170
Non-parents 2% 9% 89% 695

Income distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who have a household income of…

Parent of children under 18 Less than $30,000 $30,000-$49,999 $50,000-$99,999 $100,000 or more Sample Size
Sample size = 161. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 13% 14% 34% 38% 161
Non-parents 27% 24% 30% 19% 588

Educational distribution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who have completed…

Parent of children under 18 High school or less Some college College Post-graduate degree Sample Size
Sample size = 169. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 27% 32% 24% 17% 169
Non-parents 41% 30% 18% 12% 698

Marital status among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Parent of children under 18 Married Living with a partner Divorced/separated Widowed Never married Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 76% 8% 10% 1% 6% 170
Non-parents 53% 4% 11% 11% 21% 699

BeliefsandPractices

Belief in God among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say they…

Parent of children under 18 Believe in God; absolutely certain Believe in God; fairly certain Believe in God; not too/not at all certain Believe in God; don't know Do not believe in God Other/don't know if they believe in God Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 60% 35% 2% < 1% < 1% 3% 170
Non-parents 64% 28% 4% 1% 2% 1% 703

Importance of religion in one's life among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say religion is…

Parent of children under 18 Very important Somewhat important Not too important Not at all important Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 35% 50% 13% 1% 1% 170
Non-parents 51% 36% 11% 2% 1% 703

Attendance at religious services among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who attend religious services…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month/a few times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 19% 58% 23% < 1% 170
Non-parents 29% 48% 23% 1% 703

Frequency of prayer among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who pray…

Parent of children under 18 At least daily Weekly Monthly Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 42% 34% 10% 14% < 1% 170
Non-parents 49% 27% 7% 15% 2% 703

Frequency of participation in prayer, scripture study or religious education groups among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who attend prayer group…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 8% 7% 10% 75% < 1% 170
Non-parents 14% 8% 10% 68% 1% 703

Frequency of meditation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who meditate…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 20% 7% 8% 64% < 1% 170
Non-parents 32% 9% 3% 53% 2% 703

Frequency of feeling spiritual peace and wellbeing among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who feel a sense of spiritual peace and wellbeing…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 45% 24% 15% 16% < 1% 170
Non-parents 54% 17% 11% 16% 2% 703

Frequency of feeling wonder about the universe among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who feel a sense of wonder about the universe…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 35% 19% 17% 29% < 1% 170
Non-parents 41% 18% 11% 27% 2% 703

Sources of guidance on right and wrong among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say they look to…most for guidance on right and wrong

Parent of children under 18 Religion Philosophy/reason Common sense Science Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 23% 14% 56% 4% 4% 170
Non-parents 28% 6% 56% 7% 2% 703

Belief in absolute standards for right and wrong among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say…

Parent of children under 18 There are clear standards for what is right and wrong Right or wrong depends on the situation Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 30% 69% 1% < 1% 170
Non-parents 28% 70% 1% 1% 703

Frequency of reading scripture among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who read scripture…

Parent of children under 18 At least once a week Once or twice a month Several times a year Seldom/never Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 12% 10% 20% 58% < 1% 170
Non-parents 22% 14% 14% 49% 1% 703

Interpreting scripture among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say the holy scripture is…

Parent of children under 18 Word of God; should be taken literally Word of God; not everything taken literally Word of God; other/don't know Not the word of God Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 11% 39% 1% 40% 9% 170
Non-parents 19% 40% 2% 29% 10% 703

Belief in Heaven among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …in heaven

Parent of children under 18 Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 84% 8% 8% 170
Non-parents 80% 11% 10% 703

Belief in Hell among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …in hell

Parent of children under 18 Believe Don't believe Other/don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 58% 34% 8% 170
Non-parents 57% 29% 13% 703

SocialandPoliticalViews

Party affiliation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who identify as…

Parent of children under 18 Republican/lean Rep. No lean Democrat/lean Dem. Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 50% 10% 40% 170
Non-parents 41% 16% 43% 703

Political ideology among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who are…

Parent of children under 18 Conservative Moderate Liberal Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 29% 44% 24% 3% 170
Non-parents 36% 37% 22% 5% 703

Views about size of government among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who would rather have…

Parent of children under 18 Smaller government; fewer services Bigger government; more services Depends Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 71% 21% 5% 3% 170
Non-parents 60% 32% 4% 4% 703

Views about government aid to the poor among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say government aid to the poor…

Parent of children under 18 Does more harm than good Does more good than harm Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 47% 47% 6% < 1% 170
Non-parents 48% 45% 4% 3% 703

Views about abortion among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say abortion should be…

Parent of children under 18 Legal in all/most cases Illegal in all/most cases Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 62% 38% < 1% 170
Non-parents 66% 30% 4% 703

Views about homosexuality among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say homosexuality…

Parent of children under 18 Should be accepted Should be discouraged Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 83% 14% 1% 2% 170
Non-parents 66% 26% 5% 2% 703

Views about same-sex marriage among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who …same-sex marriage

Parent of children under 18 Strongly favor/favor Oppose/strongly oppose Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 72% 22% 5% 170
Non-parents 60% 32% 8% 703

Views about environmental regulation among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say…

Parent of children under 18 Stricter environmental laws and regulations cost too many jobs and hurt the economy Stricter environmental laws and regulations are worth the cost Neither/both equally Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 36% 61% 2% 2% 170
Non-parents 36% 59% 2% 3% 703

Views about human evolution among lutherans in the Mainline Tradition by parental status

% of lutherans in the Mainline Tradition who say humans…

Parent of children under 18 Evolved; due to natural processes Evolved; due to God's design Evolved; don't know how Always existed in present form Don't know Sample Size
Sample size = 170. Visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire. Sample sizes and margins of error vary from subgroup to subgroup, from year to year and from state to state. You can see the sample size for the estimates in this chart on rollover or in the last column of the table. And visit this table to see approximate margins of error for a group of a given size. Readers should always bear in mind the approximate margin of error for the group they are examining when making comparisons with other groups or assessing the significance of trends over time. For full question wording, see the survey questionnaire.
Parents 34% 38% 2% 24% 3% 170
Non-parents 26% 36% 4% 29% 5% 703